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Susanne Grossman-Clarke

Susanne Grossman-Clarke

Assistant Research Professor, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability

sgclarke@pik-potsdam.de

+49-331-288-20728

Climate Impacts and Vulnerabilities
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
PO Box 60 12 03
14412 Potsdam, Germany

Titles

  • Senior Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
  • Assistant Research Professor, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
  • Adjunct Faculty, School of Sustainability

Biography

Dr. Grossman-Clarke received her PhD in Geoecology from the University of Potsdam, Germany. She received her MA and BSc in Physics from Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany. Susanne studies atmospheric dynamics and has been working with Arizona State University (ASU) since 2000. Her current research emphasizes the improvement of atmospheric boundary layer schemes and the physical representation of urban surfaces in meso-scale meteorological models MM5 and WRF. The models are applied in order to study the influence of urbanization on weather in the Phoenix metropolitan region. In previous research with the Potsdam-Institute for Climate Impact Research, (Germany) Grossman-Clarke studied the impact of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations on the energy exchange in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere systems and crop growth.

Education

  • PhD, Geoecology, University of Postdam, 2000
  • MS, Semiconductor Physics, Humboldt University, 1987
  • BS, Physics, Humboldt University, 1986

Expertise

Journal Articles

2012

Aggarwal, R. M., S. Guhathakurta, S. Grossman-Clarke and V. Lathey. 2012. How do variations in urban heat islands in space and time influence household water use? The case of Phoenix, Arizona. Water Resources Research 48:W06518. DOI: 10.1029/2011WR010924. (link )

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke and G. Chowell. 2012. Scales of perception: Public awareness of regional and neighborhood climates. Climatic Change 111(3-4):581-607. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0165-y. (link )

2011

Chen, F., H. Kusaka, R. Bornstein, J. Ching, C. B. Grimmond, S. Grossman-Clarke, T. Loridan, K. W. Manning, A. Martilli, S. Miao, D. Sailor, F. Salamanca Palou, H. Taha, M. Tewari, X. Wang, A. A. Wyszogrodzki and C. Zhang. 2011. The integrated WRF/urban modelling system: Development, evaluation, and applications to urban environmental problems. International Journal of Climatology 31(2):273-288. DOI: 10.1002/joc.2158. (link )

Myint, S. W., P. Gober, A. J. Brazel, S. Grossman-Clarke and Q. Weng. 2011. Per-pixel versus object-based classification of urban land cover extraction using high spatial resolution imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(5):1145-1161. (link )

2010

Gober, P., A. J. Brazel, R. Quay, S. W. Myint, S. Grossman-Clarke, A. Miller and S. Rossi. 2010. Using watered landscapes to manipulate urban heat island effects: How much water will it take to cool Phoenix?. Journal of the American Planning Association 76(1):109-121. (link )

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder, T. Loridan and C. B. Grimmond. 2010. Contribution of land use changes to near surface air temperatures during recent summer extreme heat events in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 49(8):1649-1664. DOI: 10.1175/2010JAMC2362.1. (link )

2008

Grossman-Clarke, S., Y. Liu, J. A. Zehnder and J. D. Fast. 2008. Simulations of the urban planetary boundary layer in an arid metropolitan area. Journal of Applied Meterology and Climatology 47(3):752-768. (link )

2007

Brazel, A. J., P. Gober, S. J. Lee, S. Grossman-Clarke, J. A. Zehnder, B. C. Hedquist and E. Comparri. 2007. Determinants of changes in the regional urban heat island in metropolitan Phoenix (Arizona, USA) between 1990 and 2004. Climate Research 33(2):171-182. (link )

2006

Lee, S. M., H. J. Fernando and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2006. MM5-SMOKE-CMAQ as a modeling tool for 8-h ozone regulatory enforcement: application to the state of Arizona. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 12(1):63-74. DOI: 10.1007/s10666-006-9053-7. (link )

2005

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder, W. L. Stefanov, Y. Liu and M. A. Zoldak. 2005. Urban modifications in a mesoscale meteorological model and the effects on surface energetics in an arid metropolitan region. Journal of Applied Meteorology 44(9):1281-1297. (link )

2003

Fenn, M. E., R. Haebuer, G. S. Tonnesen, J. S. Baron, S. Grossman-Clarke, D. Hope, D. A. Jaffe, S. Copeland, L. Geiser, H. M. Rueth and J. O. Sickman. 2003. Nitrogen emissions, deposition and monitoring in the western United States. BioScience 53(4):397-403. (link )

2001

Fernando, H. J., M. S. Lee, J. R. Anderson, M. Princevac, E. Pardyjak and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2001. Urban fluid mechanics 2001: Air circulation and contaminant dispersion in cities. Environmental Fluid Mechanics 1(1):107-164. DOI: 10.1023/A:1011504001479. (link )

Grossman-Clarke, S., P. J. Pinter Jr, T. Kartschall, B. A. Kimball, D. J. Hunsaker, G. W. Wall, R. L. Garcia and R. L. LaMorte. 2001. Modelling a spring wheat crop under elevated carbon dioxide and drought. New Phytologist 150(2):315-336. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00098.x. (link )

2000

Wall, G. W., N. R. Adam, T. J. Brooks, B. A. Kimball, P. J. Pinter Jr, R. L. LaMorte, F. J. Adamsen, D. J. Hunsaker, F. Wechsung, S. Grossman-Clarke, S. W. Leavitt, A. D. Matthias and A. N. Webber. 2000. Acclimation response of spring wheat in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) atmosphere with variable soil nitrogen regimes. 2. Net assimilation and stomatal conductance of leaves. Photosynthesis Research 66(1-2):79-95. DOI: 10.1023/A:1010646225929. (link )

Book Chapters

2011

Grossman-Clarke, S., W. L. Stefanov and J. A. Zehnder. 2011. Urban weather, climate and air quality modeling: Increasing resolution and accuracy using improved landscape characterization. Pp. 305-319 In: Yang, X. ed., Urban Remote Sensing: Monitoring, Synthesis and Modeling in the Urban Environment. John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

2010

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke and A. Buyantuyev. 2010. Risk and exposure to extreme heat in microclimates of Phoenix, AZ. Pp. 179-202 In: Showalter, P. S. and Y. L. eds., Geospatial Techniques in Urban Hazard and Disaster Analysis. Springer-Verlag.

2009

Zehnder, J. A. and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2009. Urban meteorological modeling. Pp. 93-108 In: Steinebach, G., S. Guhathakurta and H. Hagen eds., Visualizing Sustainable Planning. Springer.

2006

Grossman-Clarke, S. and J. A. Zehnder. 2006. Urban induced mesoscale circulations in an arid region. Pp. 140-143 Preprints, 6th International Conference on Urban Climate.

Posters

2011

Ruddell, D. M., E. A. Wentz, A. J. Brazel, J. Declet, P. G. Dixon, P. Gober, S. Grossman-Clarke, S. L. Harlan and S. R. Kelley. 2011. Environmental tradeoffs in a desert city: An investigation of water use, energy consumption, and local air temperature in Phoenix, AZ. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 12-13 January 2011 CAP LTER 13th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

2010

Ruddell, D., J. Declet-Barreto, S. L. Harlan and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2010. Climate change in an urban desert: Examining the role of vegetation in local temperature variability in Phoenix, AZ. Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the January 14, 2010 12th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability. (link )

2009

Aggarwal, R. M., S. Guhathakurta, S. Grossman-Clarke and V. Lathey. 2009. How do variation in heat islands in space and time influence household water use? A longitudinal study of single family residences in Phoenix. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at 11th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) Poster Symposium, January 15, 2009, Global Institute of Sustainability. (link )

Ruddell, D. M., J. Declet, S. L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke and G. Chowell. 2009. Climate change in an urban desert: An examination of vegetation and local temperature variability in Phoenix. Estes Park, CO. Poster presented at 14-16 September 2009 LTER All Scientists Meeting, Integrating Science and Society in a World of Constant Change.

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2009. Assessing exposure and experience with extreme heat in Phoenix, AZ. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at 11th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) Poster Symposium, January 15, 2009, Global Institute of Sustainability. (link )

2006

Grossman-Clarke, S. and J. A. Zehnder. 2006. Testing a planetary boundary layer scheme in MM5 for the Phoenix metropolitan region: Influence of urbanization on weather in the Phoenix metropolitan region. Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Hedquist, B. C., E. Comparri, J. A. Zehnder, S. Grossman-Clarke, A. J. Brazel and P. Gober. 2006. Spatial expansion of the greater Phoenix urban heat island (1990-2004). Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2005

Gober, P., C. L. Redman, B. L. Shears, L. H. Kuby, J. A. Zehnder and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2005. The International Institute for Sustainability and The Decision Center for a Desert City: Research with a purpose. Poster presented at the February 3, 2005 Annual Meeting of the National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, DC.

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder, H. Liu and J. D. Fast. 2005. Testing a planetary boundary layer schema in MMS for the Phoenix metropolitan region. Poster presented at the 19 January 2005 CAP LTER Seventh Annual Poster Symposium. International Institute for Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. (link )

2004

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder, W. L. Stefanov, D. Hope and H. J. Fernando. 2004. Effects of land cover modifications in mesoscale meterological and air quality models in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Poster presented at the 23 February 2004 Sixth Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium. Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2003

Grossman-Clarke, S., D. Hope, S. Lee, H. J. Fernando, P. G. Hyde, W. L. Stefanov and N. B. Grimm. 2003. Modeling temporal and spatial characteristics of nitrogen dry deposition in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Presented at February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder and W. L. Stefanov. 2003. Effects of urban land cover modifications in a mesoscale meteorological model on surface temperature and heat fluxes in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Presented at February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium. Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Hope, D., S. Grossman-Clarke, S. Lee, H. J. Fernando, P. G. Hyde, W. L. Stefanov and N. B. Grimm. 2003. The importance of dry deposition to the nitrogen mass balance of an arid urban ecosystem. Presented at February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2002

Grossman-Clarke, S., D. Hope, P. G. Hyde, W. L. Stefanov, H. J. Fernando and N. B. Grimm. 2002. Assessment of temporal and spatial characteristics of nitrogen dry deposition in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2001

Grimm, N. B., L. A. Baker, D. Hope, W. Zhu, J. R. Anderson, A. Coppola, J. W. Edmonds, S. Grossman-Clarke, D. Jenerette, A. P. Kinzig, J. M. Klopatek, D. B. Lewis, M. A. Luck, M. R. Sommerfeld, P. K. Westerhoff, J. Wu and Y. Xu. 2001. Biogeochemical processes in an urban ecosystem, metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Poster presented at the January 19, 2001, CAP LTER Third Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ. (link )

Hope, D., S. Grossman-Clarke, W. L. Stefanov and P. G. Hyde. 2001. Modeling nitrogen dry deposition inputs to the CAP LTER urban ecosystem. Poster presented at the January 19, 2001, CAP LTER Third Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ. (link )

Presentations

2012

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke and G. Chowell. 2012. Scales of perception: Public awareness of regional and neighborhood climates. Presented February 25, 2012 at the AAG 2012 Annual Meeting, New York, NY, February 24-28, 2012.

2009

Brazel, A. J., P. Gober, S. Grossman-Clarke, S. W. Myint, R. Quay, A. Miller, S. Rossi and S. Grimmond. 2009. Mitigating urban heat island effects with water- and energy-sensitive urban designs. Phoenix, AZ. Presentation on January 15, 2009 at the Eighth Symposium on the Urban Environment and 89th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, Arizona.

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2009. Scales of perceptions: Public awareness of regional and neighborhood climate change. Presented at the January 2009 89th American Meteorological Society Conference, Phoenix, AZ.

Ruddell, D. M., S. L. Harlan, E. A. Wentz and S. Grossman-Clarke. 2009. Climate change and urban vulnerability: Recommendations from Phoenix, AZ. Presented at the April 2009 Association of American Geographers Conference, Las Vegas, NV.

2006

Grossman-Clarke, S. and J. A. Zehnder. 2006. Urban induced mesoscale circulations in an arid region. Paper presented June 13, 2006 at the International Conference on Urban Climate, Goteborg, Sweden.

2005

Grossman-Clarke, S. and J. A. Zehnder. 2005. Remote sensing derived land use/cover data for urban modeling in MM5 and WRF. Paper presented at the September 13-15, 2005 Fifth WRF Land Surface Modeling Workshop, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO.

Guhathakurta, S., S. Gaver, P. Gober, S. Grossman-Clarke and J. A. Zehnder. 2005. The impact of urban heat islands on water use: The case of Phoenix metropolitan area. Presented at the November 11, 2005 North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International, Las Vegas, NV.

Zehnder, J. A., S. Grossman-Clarke and S. Guhathakurta. 2005. Implications of urban growth patterns for heat island effects and water use: A case study of Metropolitan Phoenix. Presented at August 5, 2005 Arizona Water Summit, Flagstaff, AZ.

2002

Grossman-Clarke, S., D. Hope, S. M. Lee, H. J. Fernando, P. G. Hyde, W. L. Stefanov and N. B. Grimm. 2002. Modeling temporal and spatial characteristics of nitrogen dry deposition in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract B22B-0755, American Geophysical Union.

Hope, D., S. Grossman-Clarke, S. M. Lee, H. J. Fernando, P. G. Hyde, W. L. Stefanov and N. B. Grimm. 2002. The importance of dry deposition to the nitrogen mass balance of an arid urban ecosystem. Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract B22B-0756, American Geophysical Union.

Conference Papers

2004

Grossman-Clarke, S., J. A. Zehnder and W. L. Stefanov. 2004. Urban modifications in a mesoscale meteorological model and the effects on surface energetics in an arid metropolitan region. Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Lee, S. M., S. Grossman-Clarke and H. J. Fernando. 2004. Some issues related to the simulation of contaminant distribution in complex-terrain areas. Proceedings of the January 2004, 85th AMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

2003

Brazel, A. J., S. Grossman-Clarke, J. A. Zehnder and B. C. Hedquist. 2003. Observations and MM5 simulations of the urban heat island in Phoenix, Arizona, USA with a modified land cover scheme. Lodz, Poland.