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Stanley Faeth

Stanley Faeth

Professor/ Head, Dept. of Biology, U. of North Carolina-Greensboro

sfaeth@uncg.edu

336-334-5391

Dept. of Biology, U. of North Carolina-Greensboro
University of North Carolina-Greensboro
Greensboro, NC 27402-6170

Titles

  • Professor/ Head, Dept. of Biology, U. of North Carolina-Greensboro

Biography

Dr. Faeth's research focuses on terrestrial and urban ecology.His research in terrestrial ecology studies the ecology and evolution of plant-fungi-herbivore-natural enemy interactions. Specifically, he studies how these interactions vary from parasitic to mutualistic over time and in different environments, and based upon host and symbiont genotypes and environmental variation. Through field, laboratory and greenhouse experiments, and molecular methods, he examines the role of endophytic fungi (asymptomatic fungal infections within plants) in mediating interactions among host plants and their invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores, plant competitors, and seed predators. The research group tests how ecological selective pressures, such as drought and nutrients, and migration maintains or disrupts mutualistic interactions between endophytic fungi and plants and how endophytic fungi influence plant and arthropod community structure.

As of 2008, more than half of the world’s population now resides in cities or their suburbs. Urbanization and suburbanization are well known for altering biodiversity, but the mechanisms for changes in diversity, food web structure, relative abundances of species, and trophic dynamics are poorly understood in urban areas, even though urban areas are the most rapidly expanding habitat type on earth. Dr. Faeth’s research group studies how urbanization influences arthropod diversity and how trophic structure of plant-herbivore-natural enemy communities changes in human-dominated environments. They use observational and experimental methods to determine the underlying causes for changing in biological populations and communities in an urbanizing world.

External Links

Journal Articles

2012

Bang, C., S. H. Faeth and J. L. Sabo. 2012. Control of arthropod abundances, richness and composition in a heterogeneous desert city. Ecological Monographs 82(1):85-100. DOI: 10.1890/11-0828.1.

2011

Bang, C. and S. H. Faeth. 2011. Variation in arthropod communities in response to urbanization: Seven years of arthropod monitoring in a desert city. Landscape and Urban Planning 103(3-4):383-399. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.08.013. (link )

Faeth, S. H., C. Bang and S. Saari. 2011. Urban biodiversity: Patterns and mechanisms. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1223:69-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05925.x. (link )

2010

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo and S. H. Faeth. 2010. Reduced wind speed improves plant growth in a desert city. PLoS One 5(6):e11061. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.001161. (link )

Faeth, S. H. and E. Shochat. 2010. Inherited microbial symbionts increase herbivore abundances and alter arthropod diversity on a native grass. Ecology 91:1329-1343. (link )

Shochat, E., S. B. Lerman, J. M. Anderies, P. S. Warren, S. H. Faeth and C. H. Nilon. 2010. Invasion, competition, and biodiversity loss in urban ecosystems. BioScience 60(3):199-208. DOI: 10.1525/bio.2010.60.3.6. (link )

2009

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Effects of urbanization on trophic dynamics of arthropod communities on a common desert host plant. Urban Ecosystems 12(3):265-286. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-009-0086-y. (link )

2008

Grimm, N. B., S. H. Faeth, N. E. Golubiewski, C. L. Redman, J. Wu, X. Bai and J. M. Briggs. 2008. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science 319(5864):756-760. (link )

2006

Cook, W. M. and S. H. Faeth. 2006. Irrigation and land use drive ground arthropod community patterns in urban desert. Environmental Entomology 35:1532-1540. DOI: 10.1603/0046-225X(2006)35[1532:IALUDG]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Shochat, E., P. S. Warren and S. H. Faeth. 2006. Future directions in urban ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(12):661-662. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2006.09.007. (link )

Shochat, E., P. S. Warren, S. H. Faeth, N. E. McIntyre and D. Hope. 2006. From patterns to emerging processes in mechanistic urban ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(4):186-191. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2005.11.019. (link )

Warren, P. S., C. Tripler, D. Bolger, S. H. Faeth, N. Huntly, C. A. Lepczyk, J. L. Meyer, C. Parker, E. Shochat and J. S. Walker. 2006. Urban food webs: Predators, prey, and the people who feed them. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 87(4):387-393. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9623(2006)87[387:UFWPPA]2.0.CO;2. (link )

2005

Faeth, S. H., P. S. Warren, E. Shochat and W. A. Marussich. 2005. Trophic dynamics in urban communities. BioScience 55(5):399-407. (link )

2004

Shochat, E., W. L. Stefanov, M. E. Whitehorse and S. H. Faeth. 2004. Urbanization and spider diversity: Influences of human modification of habitat structure and productivity. Ecological Applications 14(1):268-280. DOI: 10.1890/02-5341. (link )

2001

McIntyre, N. E., J. Rango, W. F. Fagan and S. H. Faeth. 2001. Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environment. Landscape and Urban Planning 52:257-274. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-2046(00)00122-5. (link )

1997

Faeth, S. H. 1997. Fungal endophytes in oak trees. I. Long-term patterns of abundance and associations with leafminers.. Ecology

Faeth, S. H. and K. E. Hammon. 1997. Fungal endophytes in oak trees. II. Experimental analyses of interactions with leafminers.. Ecology

Wilson, S., M. Barr-Bigelow and S. H. Faeth. 1997. The ecology of a new species of deuteromycetes, Ophiognomia cryptica, from Quercus emoryi.. Mycological Research

1996

Faeth, S. H. and K. E. Hammon. 1996. Fungal endophytes and phytochemistry of oak foliage: determinants of oviposition preference of leafminers?. Oecologia 728-736.

1995

Fox, C. W., K. J. Waddell, K. D. White, S. H. Faeth and T. A. Mousseau. 1995. Manipulation of leafminer herbivory in an ecological study: Suppression of leafminer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) populations on Turkey oak (Fagaceae) using implants of acephate.. Environ. Entomol. 1548-1556.

Lopez, J. E., S. H. Faeth and J. Miller. 1995. The effect of endophytic fungi on herbivory by redlegged grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) on Arizona Fescue.. Environ. Entomol. 1576-1580.

1993

Faeth, S. H. and R. F. Rooney. 1993. Variable budbreak and insect folivory of Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii: Fagaceae). Southwestern Naturalist 38(1):1-8. DOI: 10.2307/3671636. (link )

Knoch, T. R., S. H. Faeth and D. Arnott. 1993. Endophytic fungi alter foraging by two species of desert seed-harvesting ants. Oecologia 470-475.

1992

Faeth, S. H. 1992. Interspecific and intraspecific interactions via plant responses to folivory: an experimental field test. Ecology 1802-1813.

Hammon, K. E. and S. H. Faeth. 1992. Ecology of plant-herbivore communities: a fungal component?. Natural Toxins 197-208.

Book Chapters

2008

Shochat, E., W. L. Stefanov, M. E. Whitehouse and S. H. Faeth. 2008. Urbanization and spider diversity: Influences of human modification of habitat structure and productivity. In: Marzluff, J. M., E. Shulenberger, W. Endlicher, M. Alberti, G. Bradley, C. Ryan, U. Simon and C. ZumBrunnen eds., Urban Ecology. Springer. Boston, MA.

1996

Faeth, S. H. 1996. Fungal endophytes: contrasting effects in trees and grasses,. Pp. 58-59 In: Mattson, W. J., P. Niemela and M. Rousi eds., US Dept. of Agriculture, US Forest Service.

Faeth, S. H. and S. Wilson. 1996. Induced responses in trees: Mediators of interactions between macro- and micro-herbivores.. Pp. 201-215 In: Gange, A. C. ed., British Ecological Symposium, Blackwell Scientific.

1994

Faeth, S. H. 1994. Do plants manipulate the third trophic level?. In: Visser, J. H. ed., Elsevier Publications. Netherlands.

Faeth, S. H. 1994. Induced plant responses: effects on parasitoids and other natural enemies of phytphagous insects.. Pp. 245-260 In: Hawkins, B. A. and W. S. Sheehan eds., Oxford University Press.

Posters

2010

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo and S. H. Faeth. 2010. Emerging patterns from urban ecological field studies. Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the January 14, 2010 12th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability.

2009

Bang, C. and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Arthropod diversity in urban areas - ups and downs in long-term monitoring. Poster presented at the September 14-16, 2009, 2009 LTER All Scientist Meeting, Integrating Science and Society in a World of Constant Change, Estes Park, CO.

Bang, C. and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Variation in community structure and diversity: A decade of arthropod monitoring in urban areas. Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the February 26 - March 1, 2009 Dynamic Deserts: Resource Uncertainty in Arid Environments.

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Is the answer still blowing in the wind? Plant growth in urban areas. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at 11th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) Poster Symposium, January 15, 2009, Global Institute of Sustainability. (link )

2008

Bang, C. and S. H. Faeth. 2008. Variation in arthropod diversity, guild composition and abundances along an urban-rural gradient: Nine years of CAP LTER monioring. Poster presented at 10 January 2008 CAP LTER 10th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Taylor-Taft, L. and S. H. Faeth. 2008. Ground arthropod dversity of North Desert Village. Poster presented at 10 January 2008 CAP LTER 10th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2007

Bang, C., S. H. Faeth and J. M. Anderies. 2007. Modeling trophic dynamics in the CAP area. Poster presented at the January 10, 2007 CAP LTER Ninth Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.. (link )

Shochat, E., J. Lobo, J. M. Anderies, P. S. Warren, S. H. Faeth and C. H. Nilon. 2007. Productivity, inequality, and biodiversity loss in human-dominated ecosystems. Poster presented at the January 10, 2007 CAP LTER Ninth Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.. (link )

Taylor-Taft, L. and S. H. Faeth. 2007. Neighborhood effects on arthropod diversity and food webs. Poster presented at the January 10, 2007 CAP LTER Ninth Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.. (link )

2006

Bang, C., R. J. Bills, J. M. Briggs, M. A. Diiorio, L. Dugan, R. E. Erickson, S. R. Earl, S. H. Faeth, M. J. Feldner, C. Gries, N. B. Grimm, E. J. Holmes, D. Hope, J. P. Kaye, A. P. Kinzig, C. Kochert, A. Majumdar, C. L. Redman, E. Shock, Q. Stewart, J. C. Stutz, M. S. Tseng, J. S. Walker, S. Whitcomb and X. Zhuo. 2006. Survey 200: CAP LTER's approach to extensive field monitoring. Poster presented at the 20-23 September 2006 LTER All Scientist Meeting, YMCA of the Rockies, Estes Park, CO. (link )

Faeth, S. H. and W. A. Marussich. 2006. Trophic dynamics in urban communities. Poster presented at the 8-12 January 2006 Ecological Society of America meeting, Ecology in an Era of Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities for Environmental Scientists in the Americas, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.

Faeth, S. H., W. A. Marussich, P. S. Warren and E. Shochat. 2006. Trophic dynamics in urban ecosystems. Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Gries, C., D. Hope, N. B. Grimm, S. H. Faeth, C. A. Martin, P. S. Warren, J. Hutchins, C. L. Redman, W. L. Stefanov, M. S. Moeller and J. W. Edmonds. 2006. Long-term monitoring data at CAP. Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Grimm, N. B., C. L. Redman, J. M. Briggs, C. Gries, M. M. Elser, B. Bolin, J. O. Allen, S. L. Harlan, S. H. Faeth, J. M. Anderies, J. C. Stutz, C. A. Martin, P. K. Westerhoff, R. Arrowsmith, J. A. Zehnder, J. Wu and A. P. Kinzig. 2006. Central Arizona -- Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) Project. Poster presented at the September 20-23 LTER All Scientist Meeting, YMCA of the Rockies, Estes Park, CO.

Warren, P. S., P. E. Tarrant, E. Adley, J. M. Grove, E. Shochat and S. H. Faeth. 2006. Humans in the urban food web: Emerging insights from Phoenix and Baltimore. Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2005

Faeth, S. H., P. S. Warren, E. Shochat and W. A. Marussich. 2005. Urban trophic dynamics. Poster presented at the 19 January 2005 CAP LTER Seventh Annual Poster Symposium, International Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2004

Cook, W. M. and S. H. Faeth. 2004. Ground arthropod community composition within the urban landscape of greater Phoenix. Poster presented at July 30-August 7, 2004, 89th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Portland, OR.

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2004. Understanding trophic dynamics in urban and desert ecosystems using arthropod communities on brittlebush (Encelia farinosa). Poster presented at the 23 February 2004 Sixth Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University. Tempe, AZ. (link )

2003

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2003. Comparing trophic dynamics in urban and desert ecosystems using arthropod communities on brittlebush (Encelia farinosa). Presented at February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2002

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2002. Trophic dynamics of urban and desert ecosystems: Arthropod communities on brittlebush (Encelia farinosa). Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

Shochat, E., S. H. Faeth, W. F. Fagan, M. S. Tseng, J. Rambo and R. Cassalata. 2002. Seventy-eight years of ground-arthropod sampling in the greater Phoenix area: Results from the first three years. Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2001

Marussich, W. A., J. MacHeffner, W. F. Fagan and S. H. Faeth. 2001. Urban ecology: Population and community patterns. Poster presented at the January 19, 2001, CAP LTER Third Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ.

Rango, J., E. Shochat, M. S. Tseng, W. F. Fagan and S. H. Faeth. 2001. Ground arthropod community composition in a heterogeneous urban environment. Poster presented at the January 19, 2001, CAP LTER Third Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ. (link )

2000

McIntyre, N. E., J. Rango, W. F. Fagan and S. H. Faeth. 2000. Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environment. Poster presented at 19 January 2000, CAP LTER Second Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Rango, J., N. E. McIntyre, W. F. Fagan and S. H. Faeth. 2000. Ground arthropod structure in a heterogeneous urban community. Poster presented at 2-4 August 2000, Long-Term Ecological Research: Unifying Principles and Global Applications, LTER All Scientists Meeting, Snowbird, UT.

1999

McIntyre, N. E., J. Rango, S. H. Faeth and W. F. Fagan. 1999. Effects of urban land-use type on ground-arthropod communities. Poster presented at October 1999, Second Annual Meeting of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, Baltimore, MD.

McIntyre, N. E., J. Rango, S. H. Faeth and W. F. Fagan. 1999. Effects of urban land-use type on ground-arthropod communities. Poster presented at the 22 January 1999, CAP LTER First Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe.

Presentations

2011

Faeth, S. H., A. Jani and E. Shochat. 2011. Inherited microbial symbionts in two native grasses increase herbivore abundances and richness. Presentation at the 7-12 August 2011 96th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Austin, TX.

Faeth, S. H., S. Saart and C. Bang. 2011. The patterns of urban diversity of terrestrial animals. Presentation at the 7-12 August 2011 96th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Austin, TX.

2009

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Arthropod diversity and trophic dynamics in urban and desert areas in Phoenix: Long term monitoring and field experiments. Presentation at the August 2-7, 2009 94th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Albuquerque, NM.

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo and S. H. Faeth. 2009. Arthropod diversity and trophic dynamics in urban areas of Phoenix - Long-term monitoring and experimental studies. Invited talk at the June 2009 Symposium on "Managing Residential Landscapes for Wildlife" at the Urban Wildlife Ecology and Management Conference, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA.

2007

Bang, C., J. L. Sabo, J. M. Anderies and S. H. Faeth. 2007. Trophic dynamics and effects of urbanization: A complex field experiment compared to a simple mathematical model. Presentation at the August 6-10, 2007 Ecological Restoration in a Changing World at the 92 Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in conjunction with the Society for Ecological Restoration 18th International Conference, San Jose, CA.

2006

Faeth, S. H. 2006. Experimental approaches to understanding urban trophic dynamics. Presentation at the 6-11 August 2006 symposium, "The Urban Food Web: How Humans Alter the State and Interactions of Trophic Dynamics" at the 91st Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Memphis, TN.

Faeth, S. H. 2006. Trophic dynamics in urban ecosystems. Presentation at the January 19, 2006 8th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium, Tempe, AZ.

Shochat, E., P. S. Warren, S. H. Faeth and J. M. Anderies. 2006. Linking community structure to biodiversity in urban settings: why is species diversity lower in cities?. Presentation at the 6-11 August 2006 symposium, The Urban Food Web: How Humans Alter the State and Interactions of Trophic Dynamics at the 91st Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Memphis, TN.

2004

Faeth, S. H., W. A. Marussich, N. E. McIntyre, J. Rango and E. Shochat. 2004. Urban community ecology. Presentation at the 21 February 2004, CAP LTER 1st Annual Urban Community Ecology Symposium, Tempe, AZ.

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2004. Exploring urban trophic dynamics using arthropod communities on brittlebush (Encelia farinosa). Presentation at the 21 February 2004, CAP LTER 1st Annual Urban Community Ecology Symposium, Tempe, AZ.

2003

Marussich, W. A. and S. H. Faeth. 2003. Comparing trophic dynamics in urban and desert ecosystems using arthropod communities on brittlebush (Encelia farinosa). Presented at 21 September 2003 LTER All Scientists Meeting, Seattle, WA.

2000

Parmenter, B., S. Gage, S. H. Faeth and N. E. McIntyre. 2000. Arthropod studies in the LTER network: Current assessments, cross-site activities, and future directions. Workshop presented at 2-4 August 2000, Long-Term Ecological Research: Unifying Principles and Global Applications, LTER All Scientists Meeting, Snowbird, UT.