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Robert Cramer

Robert Cramer

Journal Articles


Neal, T. M. and R. J. Cramer. 2017. Moral disengagement in legal judgments. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 14(4):745-761. DOI: 10.1111/jels.12163. (link )


Cramer, R. J., J. DeCoster, T. M. Neal and S. L. Brodsky. 2013. The Observed Witness Efficacy Scale: A measure of effective testimony skills. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 43(8):1696-1703. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12124. (link )

Girvan, E., R. J. Cramer, C. Titcomb, T. M. Neal and S. L. Brodsky. 2013. The propriety of peremptory challenges for perceived personality traits. Law & Psychology Review 37:49-82. (link )

Neal, T. M., R. J. Cramer, M. H. Ziemke and S. L. Brodsky. 2013. Online searches for jury selection. Criminal Law Bulletin 49:305-318.


Wilson, J. K., S. L. Brodsky, T. M. Neal and R. J. Cramer. 2011. Prosecutor pretrial attitudes and plea-bargening behavior toward veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Services 8(4):319-331. DOI: 10.1037/a0025330. (link )


Cramer, R. J., T. M. Neal, J. DeCoster and S. L. Brodsky. 2010. Witness self-efficacy: Development and validation of the construct. Behavioral Sciences & the Law 28(6):784-800. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.952. (link )


Brodsky, S. L., T. M. Neal, R. J. Cramer and M. H. Ziemke. 2009. Credibility in the courtroom: How likeable should an expert witness be?. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 37(4):525-532. (link )

Cramer, R. J., T. M. Neal and S. L. Brodsky. 2009. Self-efficacy and confidence: Theoretical distinctions and implications for trial consultation. Consulting Psychology Journal 61(4):319-334. DOI: 10.1037/a0017310. (link )