- Senior Sustainability Scientist, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation
- Associate Professor, School of Transborder Studies, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation
Maria Cruz-Torres is a socio-cultural anthropologist who specializes in environmental, applied and economic anthropology. Her areas of teaching and research are gender and globalization; gender, sustainability and the environment; political ecology; women and work in the informal economic sector; impact of globalization upon local communities and households; and the environmental and social aspects of fisheries and aquaculture development. Professor Cruz-Torres geographic areas of interest are Latin America and the Caribbean. Currently she is conducting research on the topic of gender, globalization, and the environment in Mexico, and is also involved in a National Science Foundation interdisciplinary, transnational collaborative research project focusing on the links between human and biophysical processes in coastal marine ecosystems in Baja California, Mexico. She is an affiliated faculty member with the Center for Biodiversity Outcomes.
Professor Cruz-Torres' teaching reflects many of her research interests and she has developed and taught the following undergraduate and graduate courses: (1) Gender, Culture and Development (2) Gender and Globalization in Latin America; (3) Gender, Sustainability and Social Justice,; and (4) Gender, Globalization and Sustainability. These courses examine current issues facing women in Third World Countries, the manner in which gender shapes and is shaped by globalization processes, and promoting and achieving sustainability and social justice.
- PhD, Rutgers University, 1991
- MA, Rutgers University, 1987
- BS, University of Puerto Rico, 1985
- urban social-ecological systems
- coastal and marine life
- water resources and treatment
- natural resources
- urban affairs/planning
- climate change
- economic development
- Life Below Water
- Gender Equality
- Reduced Inequalities
- human ecology
- climate change impacts
- food policy
- fisheries management
- urban development
- marine ecology
- economic anthropology
- land use and land cover
- food systems
- agrarian societies
- natural resource management
Broglio, R. and M. L. Cruz-Torres. 2018. Figuring out environments and living with critters in the Anthropocene. Resilience: A Journal of the Environmental Humanities 5(2):122-136. DOI: 10.5250/resilience.5.2.0122. (link )
Munoz-Erickson, T. A., A. E. Lugo, E. Melendez-Ackerman, L. E. Santiago-Acevedo, J. Seguinot-Barbosa, P. Mendez-Lazaro, M. Hall, B. Quintero, A. Ramirez, D. Garcia-Montiel, R. G. Pontius Jr, O. M. Ramos-Gonzalez, R. Santiago-Bartolomei, J. Verdejo-Ortiz, J. R. Ortiz-Zayas, C. M. Concepcion, D. Cusack, J. Giusti, W. McDowell, M. L. Cruz-Torres, J. Vallejo, L. Cray, J. Zimmerman, V. Cuadrado-Landrau and M. Figueroa. 2014. Knowledge to serve the city: Insights from an emerging knowledge-action network to address vulnerability and sustainability in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Cities and the Environment 7(1):Art. 5. (link )
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2012. Unruly women and invisible workers: The shrimp traders of Mazatlán, Mexico. Signs 37(3):610-617. DOI: 10.1086/662722. (link )
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2001. Local-level responses to environmental degradation in northwestern Mexico. Journal of Anthropological Research 57(2):11-136. (link )
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2000. "Pink gold rush": Shrimp aquaculture, sustainable development and the environment in northwestern Mexico. Journal of Political Ecology 7:63-90. (link )
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 1992. Shrimp mariculture in Mexico. World Aquaculture 23(1):49-51.
Pardo Benitez, M. G., M. L. Cruz-Torres and R. Gonzalez Navar eds. 2019. Trabajo Social: Temas para la Reflexión, Investigación e Intervención en la Complejidad Social. Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa/Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Mexico.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2015. Voices Throughout Time: Ethnographic Testimonies of Women Seafood Traders in Southern Sinaloa, Mexico. Autonomous University of Sinaloa Press. Sinaloa, Mexico.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. and P. McElwee eds. 2012. Gender and Sustainability: Lessons from Asia and Latin America. University of Arizona Press. Tucson, AZ.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. and R. E. Moran Angulo. 2007. Fisheries, Sustainability and the Environment in Sinaloa, (Pesca, Medio Ambiente y Sustentabilidad en Sinaloa). University of Sinaloa Press.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2004. Lives of Dust and Water: An Anthropology of Change and Resistance in Northwestern Mexico. University of Arizona Press. Tucson, AZ.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2012. Contested livelihoods: Gender, fisheries and resistance in northwestern Mexico. Pp. 207-230 In: Cruz-Torres, M. L. and P. McElwee eds., Gender and Sustainability: Lessons from Asia and Latin America. University of Arizona Press. Tucson, AZ.
Cruz-Torres, M. L., P. McElwee and P. McElwee. 2012. Introduction: Gender and Sustainability. Pp. 1-24 In: Cruz-Torres, M. L. ed., Gender and Sustainability: Lessons from Asia and Latin America. University of Arizona Press. Tucson, AZ.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2011. El Género y la Sustentabilidad desde la Perspectiva de la Antropología Cultural. Pp. 182-193 In: Acharya, A. ed., Migración, Género y Tráfico de Mujeres: Una Perspectiva desde la Sustenabilidad. Editorial Académia Española. Madrid.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2007. Gender, work and globalization: The shrimp traders of Mazatlan, Mexico. In: Cruz-Torres, M. L. and R. E. Moran Angulo eds., Fisheries and Sustainable Development in Northwestern Mexico. University of Sinaloa Press. Culiacán, Mexico.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 2001. The rural people of Mexico's northwest coast. Pp. 19-38 In: Stonich, S. ed., Endangered Peoples of Latin America: Struggles to Survive and Thrive. Greenwood Press.
Cruz-Torres, M. L. 1996. Shrimp mariculture development in two Mexican rural communities. Pp. 171-191 In: Bailey, C., S. Jentoft and P. Sinclair eds., Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry. Westview Press. Boulder, CO.