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Brian Sullivan

Brian Sullivan

Professor, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences

brian.sullivan@asu.edu

602-543-6022

Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Arizona State University
PO Box 37100
Phoenix, AZ 85069

Titles

  • Senior Sustainability Scholar, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation
  • Professor, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences
  • Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation

Biography

Sullivan has spent 40 years investigating the behavior, ecology and evolution of amphibians and reptiles of the Sonoran Desert. He is a leading herpetologist in the Southwest with active research projects designed to increase our understanding the distribution and abundance of amphibians and reptiles in landscapes ranging from urban parks and preserves to absolutely pristine desert areas. As a natural historian, Sullivan has been gathering data in Arizona since 1970, recorded in highly detailed daily field notes, a practice he learned from his first mentor, one of the most famous naturalists of the western US, R. C. Stebbins at Cal. Sullivan’s field notes, with entries from the late 1960s through today, comprises thousands of pages of detailed information on various species, photographs of habitat, combined with information gleaned from dozens of his former undergraduate and graduate students, and current and past colleagues. Over the past five years, as a result of the massive data set accumulated over the previous four decades, Sullivan’s collaborators have provided the opportunity to formulate dozens of contributions that allow us to understand the evolutionary relationships among treefrogs, various toads, whiptailed lizards, and even the venomous Gila monster. Sullivan has been called upon to summarize the influence of cattle grazing on plant and animal communities of Arizona, and characterize how human mediated change has allowed some herps to increase in abundance while other close relatives have declined. When the solar industry proposed to simply move federally protected desert tortoises from harm’s way in southern California, it was Sullivan’s original research, and recent review that was cited as the reason the practice was re-evaluated. He has been called upon to advise urban planners as the structure of future Phoenix area parks and preserves—to suggest how designs might better encompass all the habitats required to conserve the greatest diversity and abundance of herp species in the coming years. It is by these contributions that Sullivan’s work as a natural historian with special interest in reptiles and amphibians has brought much needed attention to these little known organisms, and with continued effort, will lead to their conservation.

Education

  • PhD, Arizona State University, 1983
  • BA, University of California-Berkeley, 1979

Expertise

External Links

Journal Articles

In Press

Chafin, T., B. K. Sullivan, M. R. Douglas, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cordes, M. A. Davis, W. J. Anthonysamy and M. E. Douglas. Conservation and management of polytypic species: the tiger whiptail complex (Aspidoscelis tigris). Copiea

2019

Sullivan, B. K. and T. Cahill. 2019. Seasonal timing of calcium-rich caliche consumption in Sonoran desert tortoise (Gopherus morafkai) in central Arizona. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 18(1):98-101. DOI: 10.2744/CCB-1339.1. (link )

Wooten, J., B. K. Sullivan, M. R. Klooster, T. D. Schwaner, K. O. Sullivan, A. D. Brown and M. Takahashi. 2019. Thirty years of hybridization between toads along the Agua Fria River in Arizona: II. Fine-scale assessment of genetic changes over time using microsatellites. Journal of Herpetology 53(2):104-114. DOI: 10.1670/18-101. (link )

2018

Wooten, J., M. R. Klooster, A. D. Brown, P. R. Bradford, T. D. Schwaner and B. K. Sullivan. 2018. Characterization of eight microsatellites markers for use in studies of genetic diversity and hybridization in Bufo microscaphus and Bufo woodhousii (Anura: Bufonidae) in Arizona, USA. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 47(2):45-53. DOI: 10.2181/036.047.0204. (link )

2017

Sullivan, B. K., D. J. Leavitt and K. O. Sullivan. 2017. Snake communities on the urban fringe in the Sonoran Desert: influences on species richness and abundance. Urban Ecosystems 20(1):199-206. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-016-0577-6. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and S. Weinstein. 2017. Foraging and prey-handling in the western patchnosed snake (Salvadora hexalepis), and consideration of venom use in non-front-fanged colubroid snakes. Herpetological Review 48(1):21-27.

2016

Sullivan, B. K., A. K. Owens, K. O. Sullivan and E. A. Sullivan. 2016. Spatial ecology of Sonoran Desert tortoises (Gopherus morafkai): I. fidelity in home range, refuge use, and foraging behavior. Journal of Herpetology 50(4):509-520. DOI: 10.1670/15-148. (link )

2015

Ackley, J. W., M. J. Angilletta Jr., D. DeNardo, B. K. Sullivan and J. Wu. 2015. Urban heat island mitigation strategies and lizard thermal ecology: Landscaping can quadruple potential activity time in an arid city. Urban Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s11252-015-0460-x. (link )

Ackley, J. W., J. Wu, M. J. Angilletta, S. W. Myint and B. K. Sullivan. 2015. Rich lizards: How affluence and land cover influence the diversity and abundance of desert reptiles persisting in an urban landscape. Biological Conservation 182:87-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.11.009. (link )

Goldberg, S. R., C. R. Bursey, K. O. Sullivan, R. W. Bowker and B. K. Sullivan. 2015. Old World nematodes in the ocellated skink, Chalcides ocellatus (Squamata: Scincidae) now established in Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona, U.S.A. Comparative Physiology 82(2):304-305. DOI: 10.1654/4768.1. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., E. M. Nowak and M. A. Kwiatkowski. 2015. Problems with mitigation translocation of herpetofauna. Conservation Biology 29(1):12-18. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12336 . (link )

Sullivan, B. K., J. Wooten, T. D. Schwaner, K. O. Sullivan and M. Takahashi. 2015. Thirty years of hybridization between toads along the Agua Fria River in Arizona: I. Evidence from morphology and mtDNA. Journal of Herpetology 49(1):150-156. DOI: 10.1670/14-011. (link )

Walker, J. M., J. E. Cordes, G. J. Manning and B. K. Sullivan. 2015. Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis (Burger 1950), plateau tiger whiptail, in the western United States: Individual, ontogenetic, and geographic variation in color pattern. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 10(3):935-947. (link )

2014

Sullivan, B. K., R. Averill-Murray, K. O. Sullivan, J. R. Sullivan, E. A. Sullivan and J. D. Riedle. 2014. Winter activity of Sonoran desert tortoise (Gopherus morafkai) in central Arizona. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 13(1):114-119. DOI: 10.2744/CCB-1056.1. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., M. R. Douglas, J. M. Walker, J. E. Cordes, M. A. Davis, W. J. Anthonysamy, K. O. Sullivan and M. E. Douglas. 2014. Conservation and management of polytypic species: The little striped whiptail complex (Aspidoscelis inornata) as a case study. Copeia 2014(3):519-529. DOI: 10.1643/CG-13-140. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., E. M. Nowak and M. A. Kwiatkowski. 2014. Problems with mitigation translocation of herpetofauna. Conservation Biology 29(1):12-18. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12336. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., K. O. Sullivan, D. Vardukyan and T. Suminski. 2014. Persistence of horned lizards (Phrynosoma spp.) in urban preserves of central Arizona. Urban Ecosystems 17(3):707-717. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-014-0353-4. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., D. Vardukyan and K. O. Sullivan. 2014. Historic and current composition of lizard communities in urban preserves of central Arizona, USA. Urban Naturalist 2014(2):1-18. (link )

Walker, J. W. and B. K. Sullivan. 2014. Ontogeny of color pattern in Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis (Dickerson), Sonoran tiger whiptail, in central Arizona. Herpetological Review 45(3):398-401.

2013

Loughran, C. L., E. M. Nowak, J. Schofer, K. O. Sullivan and B. K. Sullivan. 2013. Lagopmorphs as prey of western diamond-backed rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox in Arizona. The Southwestern Naturalist 58(4):502-505. DOI: 10.1894/0038-4909-58.4.502. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., J. M. Walker, H. L. Taylor, J. E. Cordes, M. A. Kwiatkowski, K. O. Sullivan, J. R. Sullivan, M. R. Douglas and M. E. Douglas. 2013. Morphological diagnosability of Aspidoscelis arizonae (Squamata: Teiidae) as an indication of evolutionary divergence in the Aspidoscelis ornata complex. Copeia 2013(3):366-377. (link )

2012

Gunn, J., R. W. Bowker, K. O. Sullivan and B. K. Sullivan. 2012. An Old World skink, Chalcides ocellatus, with a long history of anthropogenically assisted dispersal, now established in Mesa, Arizona, USA. Herpetological Review 43(4):551-553.

Sullivan, B. K. and K. O. Sullivan. 2012. Common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater) in an urban preserve: Persistence of a small population and estimation of longevity. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 7(3):437-441. (link )

Walker, J. M., B. K. Sullivan, K. O. Sullivan, M. R. Douglas and M. E. Douglas. 2012. Evolutionary, ecological, and morphological distinctiveness of an endemic Arizona lizard, Pai striped whiptail (Aspidoscelis pai). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 7(3):265-275. (link )

2011

Jones, T. R., R. D. Babb, F. R. Hensley, C. LiWanPo and B. K. Sullivan. 2011. Sonoran Desert snake communities at two sites: Concordance and effects of increased road traffic. Herpetological Conservation Biology 6(1):61-71. (link )

2010

Douglas, M. E., M. R. Douglas, G. W. Schuett, D. D. Beck and B. K. Sullivan. 2010. Conservation phylogenetics of helodermatid lizards using multiple molecular markers and a supertree approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55(1):153-167. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.009. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and R. E. Williams. 2010. Common chuckwallas (Sauromalus ater) in urban preserves: Do food plants or crevice retreats influence abundance?. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5(1):102-110. (link )

2009

Schwaner, T. D. and B. K. Sullivan. 2009. Fifty years of hybridization: Introgression between the Arizona toad (Bufo microscaphus and Woodhouse's toad (B.woodhousii) along Beaver Dam Wash in Utah. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 4(7):198-206. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Comment: The greening of public lands grazing in the southwestern U.S.A. Conservation Biology 23(4):1047-1049. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Mate recognition, species boundaries and the fallacy of “species recognition”. The Open Zoology Journal 2:86-90. DOI: 10.2174/1874336601002009086. (link )

2008

Hamilton, P., B. K. Sullivan and D. Gaalema. 2008. Short-term changes in dorsal reflectance for background matching in ornate tree lizards (Urosaurus ornatus). Amphibia-Reptilia 29(4):473-477. DOI: 10.1163/156853808786230488. (link )

Kwiatkowski, M. A., G. W. Schuett, R. A. Repp, E. M. Nowak and B. K. Sullivan. 2008. Does urbanization influence the Spatial Ecology of Gila Monsters in the Sonoran Desert?. Journal of Zoology 276(4):350-357. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00495.x. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and K. O. Sullivan. 2008. Common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater) populations in the Phoenix metropolitan area: Stability in urban preserves. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 3(2):149-154. (link )

2007

Sullivan, B. K. and M. A. Kwiatkowski. 2007. Courtship displays in anurans and lizards: Theoretical and empirical contributions to our understanding of costs and selection on males due to female choice. Functional Ecology 21(4):666-675. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01244.x. (link )

2006

Lappin, A. K., P. S. Hamilton and B. K. Sullivan. 2006. Bite-force performance and head shape in a sexually dimorphic crevice-dwelling lizard, the common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater [=obesus]). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88(2):215-222. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00615.x. (link )

2005

Hamilton, P. S., D. E. Gaalema, S. L. Laage and B. K. Sullivan. 2005. A photographic method for quantifying color characteristics and color patch dimensions in lizards. Herpetological Review 36(4):402-406.

Hamilton, P. S. and B. K. Sullivan. 2005. Female mate attraction in ornate tree lizards, Urosaurus ornatus: A multivariate analysis. Aniaml Behaviour 69(1):219-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.03.011. (link )

2004

Gergus, E. W., T. W. Reeder and B. K. Sullivan. 2004. Geographic variation in Hyla wrightorum: Advertisement calls, allozymes, mtDNA, and morphology. Copeia 2004(4):758-769. DOI: 10.1643/CG-04-061R. (link )

Goldberg, C. S., B. K. Sullivan, J. H. Malone and C. R. Schwalbe. 2004. Divergence among barking frogs (Eleutherodactylus augusti) in the southwestern United States. Herpetologica 60(3):312-320. DOI: 10.1655/03-81. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., M. A. Kwiatkowski and P. S. Hamilton. 2004. Growth in Sonoran Desert populations of the common chuckwalla (Sauromalus obesus). Western North American Naturalist 64(1):137-140. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., M. A. Kwiatkowski and G. W. Schuett. 2004. Translocation of urban Gila monsters: A problematic conservation tool. Biological Conservation 117(3):215-242. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2003.07.002. (link )

2002

Kwiatkowski, M. A. and B. K. Sullivan. 2002. Geographic variation in sexual selection among populations of an iguanid lizard, Sauromalus obesus (= ater). Evolution 56(10):2039-2051. DOI: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00130.x. (link )

Kwiatkowski, M. A. and B. K. Sullivan. 2002. Mating system structure and population density in a polygynous lizard, Sauromalus obesus (= ater). Behavioral Ecology 13(2):201-208. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/13.2.201. (link )

Masta, S. E., B. K. Sullivan, T. Lamb and E. J. Routman. 2002. Molecular systematics, hybridization, and phylogeography of the Bufo americanus complex in eastern North America. Molecular Phylogeneitcs and Evolution 24(2):302-214. DOI: 10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00216-6. (link )

2001

Malmos, K. B., B. K. Sullivan and T. Lamb. 2001. Calling behavior and directional hybridization between two toads (Bufo microscaphus X B. woodhousii) in Arizona. Evolution 55(3):626-630. DOI: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00795.x. (link )

2000

Lamb, T., B. K. Sullivan and K. B. Malmos. 2000. Mitochondrial gene markers for the hybridizing toads Bufo microscaphus and Bufo woodhousii in Arizona. Copeia 2000(2):234-237. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 2000. Long-term shifts in snake populations: A California site revisited. Biological Conservation 94(3):321-325. DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00190-1. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., K. B. Malmos, E. W. Gergus and R. W. Bowker. 2000. Evolutionary implications of advertisement call variation in Bufo debilis, B. punctatus and B. retiformis. Journal of Herpetology 34(1):368-374. DOI: 10.2307/1565358. (link )

1999

Gergus, E. W., K. B. Malmos and B. K. Sullivan. 1999. Natural hybridization among distantly related toads (Bufo alvarius, Bufo cognatus, Bufo woodhousii) in central Arizona. Copeia 1999(2):281-286. DOI: 10.2307/1447473. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and P. J. Fernandez. 1999. Breeding activity, estimated age-structure, and growth in Sonoran Desert anurans. Herpetologica 55(3):334-343. (link )

1998

Sullivan, B. K. and M. Flowers. 1998. Large iguanid lizards of urban mountain preserves in northern Phoenix, Arizona. Herpetological Natural History 6:13-22.

1997

Gergus, E. W., B. K. Sullivan and K. B. Malmos. 1997. Call variation in the Bufo microscaphus complex: Implications for species boundaries and the evolution of mate recognition. Ethology 103(12):979-989. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1997.tb00140.x. (link )

1996

Goldberg, S. R., C. R. Bursey, E. W. Gergus, B. K. Sullivan and Q. A. Truong. 1996. Helminths from three treefrogs Hyla arenicolor, Hyla wrightorum, and Pseudacris triseriata (Hylidae) from Arizona. The Journal of Parasitology 82(5):833-835. DOI: 10.2307/3283900. (link )

Goldberg, S. R., C. R. Bursey, K. B. Malmos, B. K. Sullivan and H. Cheam. 1996. Helminths of the southwestern toad, Bufo microscaphus, Woodhouse's toad, Bufo woodhousii Bufonidae, and their hybrids from central Arizona. The Great Basin Naturalist 56(4):369-274. (link )

Goldberg, S. R., C. R. Bursey, B. K. Sullivan and Q. A. Truong. 1996. Helminths of the Sonoran green toad, Bufo retiformis (Bufonidae), from southern Arizona. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 63(1):120-122. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., R. W. Bowker, K. B. Malmos and E. W. Gergus. 1996. Arizona distribution of three Sonoran Desert anurans: Bufo retiformis, Gastrophryne olivacea, and Pternohyla fodiens. Great Basin Naturalist 56(1):38-47. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., K. B. Malmos and M. F. Given. 1996. Systematics of the Bufo woodhousii complex (Anura: Bufonidae): Advertisement call variation. Copeia 1996(2):274-280. DOI: 10.2307/1446843. (link )

Sullivan, B. K., C. R. Propper, M. J. Demlong and L. A. Harvey. 1996. Natural hermaphroditic toad (Bufo microscaphus X Bufo woodhousii). Copeia 1996(2):470-472. DOI: 10.2307/1446868. (link )

1995

Sullivan, B. K. 1995. Temporal stability in hybridization between Bufo microscaphus and Bufo woodhousii: Behavior and morphology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 8(2):233-247. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.1995.8020233.x. (link )

Wagner Jr, W. E. and B. K. Sullivan. 1995. Sexual selection in the Gulf Coast toad (Bufo valliceps): Female choice based on variable characters. Animal Behaviour 49(2):305-319. DOI: 10.1006/anbe.1995.0044. (link )

1994

Sullivan, B. K. and K. B. Malmos. 1994. Call variation in the Colorado River toad (Bufo alvarius): Behavioral and phylogenetic implications. Herpetologica 50(2):146-150. (link )

1993

Sullivan, B. K. 1993. Distribution of the southwestern toad (Bufo microscaphus) in Arizona. The Great Basin Naturalist 53(4):402-406. (link )

1992

Sullivan, B. K. 1992. Calling behavior of the southwestern toad (Bufo microscaphus). Herpetologica 48(4):383-389. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1992. Sexual selection and calling behavior in the American toad (Bufo americanus). Copeia 1992(1):1-7. DOI: 10.2307/1446530. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and S. H. Hinshaw. 1992. Female choice and selection on male calling behaviour in the gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor). Animal Behaviour 44(4):733-744. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80299-4. (link )

Wagner Jr, W. E. and B. K. Sullivan. 1992. Chorus organization in the Gulf Coast toad (Bufo valliceps): Male and female behavior and the opportunity for sexual selection. Copeia 1992(3):647-658. DOI: 10.2307/1446140. (link )

1991

Sullivan, B. K. 1991. Parasites and sexual selection: Separating causes and effects. Herpetologica 47(2):250-264. (link )

1990

Hinshaw, S. H. and B. K. Sullivan. 1990. Predation on Hyla versicolor and Pseudacris crucifer during reproduction. Journal of Herpetology 24(2):196-197. DOI: 10.2307/1564228. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1990. Natural hybrid between the Great Plains toad (Bufo cognatus) and the red-spotted toad (Bufo punctatus) from central Arizona. Great Basin Naturalist 50(4):371-372. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and S. H. Hinshaw. 1990. Variation in advertisement calls, and male calling behavior in the spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer). Copeia 1990(4):1146-1150. DOI: 10.2307/1446500. (link )

1989

Price, A. H. and B. K. Sullivan. 1989. Bufo microscaphus Cope: Southwestern toad. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 415:1-3. DOI: 10.15781/T25X25H9T. (link )

Ryan, M. J. and B. K. Sullivan. 1989. Transmission effects on the temporal structure in the advertisement calls of two toads, Bufo woodhousii and Bufo valliceps. Ethology 80(1-4):182-189. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1989.tb00738.x. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1989. Interpopulational variation in vocalizations of Bufo woodhousii. Journal of Herpetology 23(4):368-373. DOI: 10.2307/1564048. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1989. Desert environments and the structure of anuran mating systems. Journal of Arid Environments 17(2):175-183. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-1963(18)30904-2. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1989. Mating system variation in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousii). Ethology 83(1):60-68. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1989.tb00519.x. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1989. Passive and active female choice: A comment. Animal Behaviour 37(Part 4):692-694. DOI: 10.1016/0003-3472(89)90049-3. (link )

1988

Sullivan, B. K. and T. Lamb. 1988. Hybridization between the toads Bufo microscaphus and Bufo woodhousii in Arizona: Variation in release calls and allozymes. Herpetologica 44(3):325-333. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and W. E. Wagner Jr. 1988. Variation in release and advertisement calls, and social influence on calling behavior in the Gulf Coast toad (Bufo valliceps). Copeia 1988(4):1014-1020. DOI: 10.2307/1445726. (link )

1987

Sullivan, B. K. 1987. Sexual selection in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). III. Seasonal variation in male mating success. Animal Behaviour 35(3):912-919. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(87)80126-4. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and M. R. Leek. 1987. Acoustic communication in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). II. Response of females to variation in spectral and temporal components of advertisement calls. Behaviour 103(1/3):16-26. (link )

1986

Sullivan, B. K. 1986. Advertisement call variation in the Arizona treefrog Hyla wrightorum. The Great Basin Naturalist 46(2):378-381. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1986. Hybridization between the toads Bufo microscaphus and Bufo woodhousei in Arizona: Morphological variation. Journal of Herpetology 20(1):11-21. DOI: 10.2307/1564120. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1986. Intra-populational variation in the intensity of sexual selection in breeding aggregations of Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). Journal of Herpetology 20(1):88-90. DOI: 10.2307/1564132. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and M. R. Leek. 1986. Acoustic communication in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). I. Male response to variation in spectral and temporal components of advertisement calls. Behaviour 98(1/4):305-319. (link )

1985

Sullivan, B. K. 1985. Male calling behavior in response to playback of conspecific advertisement calls in two North American bufonids. Journal of Herpetology 19(1):78-83. DOI: 10.2307/1564422. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1985. Sexual selection and mating system variation in pelobatids and bufonids of the Arizona-Sonoran Desert. The Great Basin Naturalist 45(4):688-696. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and E. A. Sullivan. 1985. Variation in advertisement calls and male mating success of Scaphiopus bombifrons, S. couchi and S. multiplicatus (Pelobatidae). The Southwestern Naturalist 30(3):349-355. DOI: 10.2307/3671266. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. and G. E. Walsberg. 1985. Call rate and aerobic capacity in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). Herpetologica 41(4):404-407. (link )

1984

Sullivan, B. K. 1984. Advertisement call variation and observations on breeding behavior of Bufo debilis and B. punctatus. Journal of Herpetology 18(4):406-411. DOI: 10.2307/1564103. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1984. Size dimorphism in anurans: A comment. The American Naturalist 123(5):721-724. DOI: 10.1086/284233. (link )

1983

Sullivan, B. K. 1983. Sexual selection in the Great Plains toad (Bufo cognatus). Behaviour 84(3/4):258-264. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1983. Sexual selection in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei). II. Female choice. Animal Behaviour 31(4):1011-1017. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(83)80006-2. (link )

1982

Sullivan, B. K. 1982. Male mating behaviour in the Great Plains toad (Bufo cognatus). Animal Behaviour 30(3):939-940. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(82)80175-9. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1982. Sexual selection in Woodhouse's toad (Bufo woodhousei) I. Chorus organization. Animal Behaviour 30(3):680-686. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(82)80138-3. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1982. Significance of size, temperature and call attributes to sexual selection in Bufo woodhousei australis. Journal of Herpetology 16(2):103-106. DOI: 10.2307/1563801. (link )

1981

Sullivan, B. K. 1981. Distribution and relative abundance of snakes along a transect in California. Journal of Herpetology 15(2):247-248. DOI: 10.2307/1563391. (link )

Sullivan, B. K. 1981. Observed differences in body temperature and associated behavior of four snake species. Journal of Herpetology 15(2):245-246. DOI: 10.2307/1563390. (link )

Book Chapters

2016

Sullivan, B. K. 2016. Livestock grazing. Pp. 25-27 In: Jones, L. L., K. J. Halama and R. E. Lovich eds., Habitat Management Guidelines for Amphibians and Reptiles of the Southwestern United States. Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation. Birmingham, AL.

2013

Sullivan, B. K., D. R. Van Haverbeke and C. Chambers. 2013. Wildlife and anthropogenic changes in the arid Southwest. Pp. 169-192 In: Malloy, R., J. H. Brock, A. Floyd, M. Livingston and R. H. Webb eds., Design with the Desert: Conservation and Sustainable Development. Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Boca Raton, FL. ISBN: 978-1439881354.

2012

Sullivan, B. K. 2012. Standard techniques for inventory and monitoring: Road riding. Pp. 215-217 In: McDiarmid, R. W., M. S. Foster, C. Guyer, J. W. Gibbons and N. Chernoff eds., Reptile Bioiversity: Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520266711.

2009

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Arizona striped whiptail. Pp. 326-329 In: Jones, L. L. and R. E. Lovich eds., Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers. Tucson, AZ. ISBN: 978-1933855356.

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Common chuckawalla. Pp. 135-138 In: Jones, L. L. and R. E. Lovich eds., Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers. ISBN: 978-1933855356.

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Pai striped whiptail. Pp. 374-377 In: Jones, L. L. and R. E. Lovich eds., Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers. Tucson, AZ. ISBN: 978-1933855356.

Sullivan, B. K. 2009. Tiger whiptail. Pp. 394-397 In: Jones, L. L. and R. E. Lovich eds., Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers. Tucson, AZ. ISBN: 978-1933855356.

2005

Gergus, E. W., J. E. Wallace and B. K. Sullivan. 2005. Hyla wrightorum (eximia) Taylor, 1938: Arizona treefrog. Pp. 461-463 In: Lanoo, M. J. ed., Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

Schwaner, T. D. and B. K. Sullivan. 2005. Bufo microscaphus Cope, 1867 “1866”: Arizona toad. Pp. 422-424 In: Lanoo, M. J. ed., Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

Sullivan, B. K. 2005. Bufo punctatus Baird and Girard, 1852: Red-spotted toad. Pp. 430-432 In: Lanoo, M. J. ed., Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

Sullivan, B. K. 2005. Bufo woodhousii Girard, 1854: Woodhouse's toad. Pp. 438-440 In: Lanoo, M. J. ed., Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

Sullivan, B. K. 2005. Southwestern desert bufonids. Pp. 237-240 In: Lanoo, M. ed., Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

Sullivan, B. K., P. S. Hamilton and M. A. Kwiatkowski. 2005. The Arizona striped whiptail: Past and present. Pp. 145-148 In: Gottfried, G. J., G. S. Gebow, I. G. Eskew and C. B. Edminster eds., Connecting Mountain Islands and Desert Seas: Biodiversity and Management of the Madrean Archipelgo II. Vol RMRS-P-36. USDA US Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Sweet, S. S. and B. K. Sullivan. 2005. Bufo californicus Camp, 1915: Arroyo toad. Pp. 396-400 In: Lanoo, M. J. ed., Amphibian Declines: the Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520235922.

1995

Sullivan, B. K., M. J. Ryan and P. C. Verrell. 1995. Female choice and mating system variation in anurans and urodeles.. Pp. 469-517 In: Heatwole, H. and B. K. Sullivan eds., Amphibian Biology: Social Behavior . Surrey Beatty & Sons, Ltd.

Posters

2015

Ackley, J. W., J. Wu, B. K. Sullivan, M. J. Angilletta, S. W. Myint and D. DeNardo. 2015. Rich lizards: How affluence and land cover influence the diversity and abundance of desert reptiles persisting in an urban landscape. Poster presented at the Seventeenth Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 16 January 2015, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

2013

Ackley, J. W., J. Wu, M. J. Angilletta, D. DeNardo and B. K. Sullivan. 2013. Heat islands, landscaping, and the thermal ecology of urban lizards. Poster presented at the Sustainable Pathways: Learning from the Past and Shaping the Future, 98th Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, 4-9 August 2013, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (link )

Ackley, J. W., J. Wu, D. DeNardo, M. J. Angilletta, S. W. Myint and B. K. Sullivan. 2013. Heat islands, backyard landscaping, and the thermal ecology of urban lizards. Poster presented at the 11 January 2013, 15th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting 2013, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )