This project uses remote-sensing technology to detect patterns of urbanization and their environmental consequences in 100 cities across the globe.
The goal of this project is develop a silicon-based solar cell which contains Group III and V elements from the Periodic Table, arranged in layers which have the potential to increase the solar energy conversion efficiency to 30%.
The past 50 years have witnessed remarkable changes in American fire policy, institutions, sciences, and practices. Yet the standard history, Fire in America, ends in the 1970s. It misses the momentous events that make America’s great cultural revolution on fire. But more is at stake than missing years. The revolution changed the storyline. It deserves its own narrative.
This research advances a method to design and develop a carbon-negThis approach will result in beneficial utilization of tens of thousands of tons of waste iron powder that are being landfilled, along with permanent sequestration of carbon dioxide as stable carbonates.ative binding material for concrete, based on the carbonation of waste metallic iron powder.
This project will develop a complex-systems theoretical approach based on information flow in observed ecological process networks, using data from NEON and existing observational networks, which will be applied to, (1) predict nonlinear transition thresholds in the multiscalar couplings between local and regional ecosystem processes by observing feedback couplings in observed ecosystem process networks, and (2) directly measure the current sensitivity of regional ecosystems in the USA to incremental changes in specific climate variables.
Adolescent and Adult Outcomes of Early Life Lactroncrine Programming of Temperament: Neuroenergetics and Social Behavior
This project will investigate how mother's milk ingested in infancy influences neurobiology and social behavior in adolescence and adulthood by programming behavior during early life.
APC focuses on disruptive and revolutionary technologies for photovoltaic power conversion based on non-traditional ultra-high efficiency, low-cost solar cells. The research center leverages ASU's large scale prototyping capabilities.
ATIC's mission is to develop highly effective and efficient solutions by using the most skilled contemporary science and technology talent to foster collaborations. ATIC is supported financially by the College of Technology and Innovation and the Office of Knowledge Enterprise Development.
Advancing Infrastructure and Institutional Resilience to Climate Change for Coupled Water-Energy Systems
Western US regions are particularly vulnerable to future climate-induced environmental changes, given their scarce water resources and heavy reliance on thermoelectric power generation. As climate-related environmental events become more common, water and electricity managers will face challenges when handling vulnerabilities in the interdependent water-electricity systems. This project will develop a framework for assessing coupled water and electricity infrastructure-institution vulnerability to future climate events.
The Alliance for Innovation is a unique partnership between the Innovation Group, the Interanational City/County Management Association and ASU to build the capacity to be innovative in local government. Through face-to-face networking opportunities and technology services, the Alliance for Innovation is transforming local governance through discovery and application of leading ideas and practices to better serve citizens and their communities.
This project involves an interdisciplinary study of hydration, carbonation and oxidation of mantle peridotite interacting with aqueous fluids at temperatures below ~ 300C
The American Indian Policy Institute at Arizona State University is the first program in the United States to effectively address policy and leadership challenges in Indian country. The center is a transdisciplinary effort between the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the Mary Lou Fulton College of Education and the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law. Its mission is twofold: to develop practical policy options and provide technical assistance to solve long-standing and emerging problems in Indian affairs; and to prepare ASU's American Indian students for leadership positions in their communities.
AORA Solar NA has agreed to install the first ever Solar Tulip hybrid generating facility in the United States on university land, and ASU faculty, research staff and students will work hand in hand with AORA to enhance the system.
The Center engages in a variety of initiatives and programs as it strives to inform and influence public policy, programs and practices to support those with behavioral health disabilities by synthesizing and transforming information and promoting new insight and understanding of crucial societal issues.
The Arizona Initiative for Nano-Electronics (AINE) is a coordinated network of research centers focused on ASU research in nanoelectronics, including nanophotonics, molecular electronics, nanoionics and computational nanoscience. AINE's goal is to strongly impact future technology areas related to ultra-low power/ultra-high speed electronics, and hybrid biomolecular electronics at the interface between the biological and electronics worlds.
Belmont Forum GB Initiative Collaborative Research: Multi-scale Adaptations to Global Change and Their Impacts on Vulnerability in Coastal Areas
This award provides support to U.S. researchers participating in a project competitively selected by a 13-country initiative on global change research through the Belmont Forum and the G8 countries Heads of Research Councils.
The Biodesign Center for Immunotherapy, Vaccines and Virotherapy (B-CIVV) is focused on exploiting cutting edge advances in microbiology and immunology, as well as the design and use of novel therapeutics based on vaccinology, virotherapy and immunotherapy to combat infectious diseases and cancer. These include development of biological therapeutics that enhance immune responses to pathogens and tumors. The Center is devising new and effective ways of producing advanced vaccines, virotherapies and immunotherapeutics for this purpose.
The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University spurs scientific breakthroughs that improve health, protect lives and sustain our planet. Our research is aimed at predicting, preventing and detecting the onset of disease, developing renewable energy and reducing environmental damage and developing innovations that safeguard our nation and the world.
The primary aim of the Center for Bioelectronics and Biosensors is to create powerful, sensitive, and selective sensors - ranging from embedded systems to handheld devices - that can detect the presence of specific chemicals in the environment, or biomarkers in the body. The Center's research can be divided up into several key themes. Some of the technologies are focused on the detection of harmful chemicals that are a threat to the environment and human health. Others look inside the body for markers or presence of disease. Still others focus on the detection of human-made threats.
The Center for BioEnergetics focuses on improved diagnoses and treatments for diseases caused by impaired energy metabolism. The majority of these diseases are degenerative and affect children and young adults. Mitochondrial diseases have historically been classified into discreet groupings of diseases that are relatively rare. Yet, together, the more than 40 mitochondrial diseases comprise a significant human and health care burden.
The center carries out frontier multidisciplinary scientific research designed to use biological and biologically-based artificial systems to address societal energy needs in a sustainable manner, with an emphasis on solar energy conversion and bioinspired energy transformation to meet human needs, and investigates other aspects of photosynthesis that affect society and the environment.
The Center for Biology and Society promotes exploration of conceptual foundations and historical development of the biosciences and their diverse interactions with society. We engage in activities across multiple disciplines that allow opportunities for intellectual ferment and increased impact by creating research and educational collaborations and communication. Research programs in the Center focus around Bioethics, Policy, and Law and History and Philosophy of Science, as well as Responsible Conduct in Research. Specific current projects include the Carnap Project, Embryo Project, History and Philosophy of Systematics, and Neuroscience and Philosophy Project.
The Consortium for Biosocial Complex Systems generates fresh insight into global challenges and transforms their findings into real-life applications that improve the human condition. The Center's mission is to develop and promote a new science of biosocial system dynamics that uses a complex systems paradigm, computational thinking and quantitative methods to forge a new and holistic understanding of life and society.
The Bob Ramsey Executive Education Program provides innovative professional development programs and customized services that build the capacity of people and organizations that serve the public. The Certificate in Public Administration for International Leaders includes topics such as leadership, collaboration, public-private partnerships, community conflict resolutions, pollution, urban challenges and opportunities, information technology, and electronic government practices.
The Broadening the Reach of Engineering through Community Engagement (BRECE) Scholars Program provides 4 years of mentoring, academic and financial support to a cohort of 13 financially-challenged and academically-talented students to pursue engineering baccalaureate degrees in the College of Technology and Innovation at Arizona State University.
Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) project is a program of the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative. It is in 16 states and 2 cities of which Arizona is one. Arizona State University is collaborating with Arizona Department of Health Services in this project.
The Center for Biodiversity Outcomes draws on Arizona State University’s (ASU) strengths in natural and social sciences as a mechanism to increase capacity to tackle complex biodiversity sustainability challenges.
Policy informatics is the transdisciplinary study of how computation and communication technology leverages information to better understand and address complex public policy and administration problems and realize innovations in governance processes and institutions. The Center addresses complex public policy and administration problems by leveraging cutting-edge computation and communication technology to meaningfully connect people, harness knowledge, and facilitate informed and empowered deliberation, solution-generation, and action.
Collaborative Research: Climatic and Environmental Constraints on Aboveground-Belowground Linkages and Diversity Across a Latitudinal Gradient in Antarctica
This project will identify the soil community at many sites along the Antarctic Peninsula to discover how the community changes with environmental conditions from north to south, and will also identify how the soil community at each site differs under different types of plants.
This project will determine whether diverse plant litter types maintain their initial chemical differences throughout decay, remaining chemically unique as often assumed, or if decomposing litter follows different chemical trajectories to either converge or diverge over the course of decomposition.
This project explores the effectiveness of legal, institutional, and political mechanisms for realizing human rights in natural resources that invoke sustainability concerns.
Complex Adaptive Systems Network leverages trans-disciplinary relationships to address complex global challenges in health, sustainability, security and education by creating entirely new technologies and novel solutions. This requires integration of diverse research disciplines across the University and building an extended network of global collaborations.
The Center for Computational Nanoscience (CCN) brings together the faculty across campus who are currently involved in modeling and simulation. As device design is a critical factor in nanoelectronics incorporated into solar photovotaic devices, CCN is working to understand the quantum- mechanical effects in nanostructures with the goal of improved solar electronics device design.
Connection One is a National Science Foundation Industry-University Cooperative Research Center working closely with private industry and the federal government on various projects in RF and wireless communication systems, networks, remote sensing, and homeland security. The Center's mission is to develop the technology to enable end-to-end communication systems for a variety of applications, ranging from cellular to environmental and defense applications. One aspect of the research is the development of integrated RF and wireless circuits-on-a-chip to simplify and enable a small, portable, all-in-one communication device. An additional research focus is the development of efficient architectures and routing techniques for networked applications.
CETMONS unique role is crucial in today's era of unprecedented and complex technological evolution. It is necessary to understand and support military operations and national security in a complicated, violent, and rapidly chaning world.
The Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes is an intellectual network aimed at enhancing the contribution of science and technology to society's pursuit of equality, justice, freedom, and overall quality of life. The Consortium creates knowledge and methods, cultivates public discourse, and fosters policies to help decision makers and institutions grapple with the immense power and importance of science and technology as society charts a course for the future.
This CAREER award will support a promising early-career investigator's efforts to build key theories and techniques of a cyber-knowledge infrastructure that enhances access, search, and reasoning capabilities for using geospatial data across the ever-expanding Web.
The Decision Center for a Desert City conducts climate, water, and decision research and develops innovative tools to bridge the boundary between scientists and decision makers and put their work into the hands of those whose concern is for the sustainable future of Greater Phoenix.
The Decision Theater Network actively engages researchers and leaders to visualize solutions to complex problems. The Network provides the latest expertise in collaborative, computing and display technologies for data visualization, modeling, and simulation. The Network addresses cross-disciplinary local, national and international issues by drawing on Arizona State University’s diverse academic and research capabilities.
This research will develop a biome classification system for streams to better understand how streams function and provide an ability to predict how streams will change from human and environmental factors.
An important focus of scientific research is understanding the complex interactions between human societies and the climatic, physical, and biological environments on which they depend, and which they, in turn, influence. Past environments were often quite different from those we experience today. This project will develop plans for an online tool, SKOPE (Synthesized Knowledge of Past Environments), that will provide state-of-the-art information about the environment experienced by humans at a given a place and time, past or present.
This project is focused on active learning through game design approaches for civil engineering and construction courses.
Developing and Testing an Integrated Paleoscape Model for the Early Middle and Late Pleistocene of the South Coast of South Africa
This research examines the coupled response of people and the environment in the Cape Floral Region on the south coast of Africa to major fluctuations in global climate during the time of the origins of the modern human lineage.
Development of a Multi-scale Model to Determine Optimal Urban Heat Mitigation Strategies for Vulnerable Populations in a Changing Climate
Extreme heat in urban areas can have deleterious consequences on human health and can lead to increases in building cooling energy use. These impacts are projected to become more significant in the future due to ongoing urbanization, population densification, and global climate change. The aim of this research is to answer the question, what are the most effective urban heat mitigation strategies for the populations that are most vulnerable to extreme heat?
The research will have a tremendous impact in the field of nanofluidic devices, eventually replacing the track-etched nanopore membranes that are currently used for filtration. Since the pore sizes are small and the pore length is short without compromising the mechanical stability, faster diffusion of molecules is expected.
Dimensions US-China: Collaborative Research: Phylogenetic, Functional, and Genetic Diversity and Ecosystem Functions in a Fragmented Landscape
This project - jointly funded with the Chinese National Science Foundation (NSFC) - will study the relationships among ecological/evolutionary measures of biodiversity, and ecosystem functions. In particular, the investigators will investigate the hypothesis that succession drives changes in biodiversity, which in turn causes altered ecosystem function.
In this project, researchers from the US and Japan study novel approaches to disaster preparation, response and recovery using survivable communication networks and big data analysis of social media data.
This project combines field studies of local climate, tree establishment and tree growth with regional climate modeling and models that depict spatial processes of plant population and fire dynamics, and also bridges environmental and plant processes from the local scale of individual trees to whole tree populations at the regional level.
The Drought-Net Research Coordination Network was established to advance understanding of the determinants of terrestrial ecosystem responses to drought by bringing together an international group of scientists to conduct three complementary research coordination activities: 1) planning and coordinating new research using standardized measurements to leverage the value of existing drought experiments across the globe, 2) finalizing the design and facilitating the establishment of a new international network of coordinated drought experiments, and 3) training highly motivated graduate students to conduct synthetic and network-level research through Distributed Graduate Seminars focused on drought.
This project will examine the rate at which soil is produced and eroded in order to better assess the controls on the distribution of this very important natural resource.
The objective of this Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) program award is to investigate the effects of driver behaviors, such as car-following and lane-changing, on traffic state transitions (i.e., changes in traffic conditions such as speed). This research focuses on transitions near freeway choke points (i.e., bottlenecks), merges, and ends of queues (where vehicles encounter congestion).
Results form this research will support adaptive management of forests by land managers and policy makers and help bridge local efforts to maintain forest biodiversity and ecosystem services to regional and global mitigation plans. The investigators will test the hypothesis that microenvironments exert a strong influence on macroecological patterns of forest dynamics.
The Center for Earth Systems Engineering and Management (CESEM) seeks to provide the basis for understanding, designing, and managing the complex integrated built/human/natural systems that increasingly characterize our planet in the athropocene - the Age of Humans. To this end, CESEM combines research, teaching, outreach and public service in an effort to learn how engineered and built systems are integrated with natural and human systems.
EASM-3: Collaborative Research: Physics-based Predictive Modeling for Integrated Agricultural and Urban Applications
A collaborative and interdisciplinary team from Arizona State University and the National Center for Atmospheric Research jointly develops integrated agricultural and urban models necessary to examine hydroclimatic impacts and economic and social benefits/tradeoffs associated with agricultural and urban land use/cover changes accompanying localization of food production within cities.
The "Urban Air" project studies the exchange of chemical elements between land and atmosphere in urban systems.
The Wells Fargo Regional Sustainability Teachers’ Academies brings together a high caliber group of passionate K‐12 teachers in order to develop sustainability projects in their local classrooms, schools, and communities. Through these workshops, the teachers learn about global sustainability issues and their role as sustainability change agents in their own community.
Effects of Flow Regime Shifts, Anticedent Hydrology, Nitrogen Pulses and Resource Quanitity and Quality on Food Chain Length in Rivers
The study will provide fundamental information on how the timing of floods and droughts across years influences water quality (nitrate inputs to rivers), primary production, and the production of animals higher in the food web, such as fish. The researchers will produce a synthesis of research in hydrology and ecology to improve the management of arid land rivers.
Emergent Computation in Collective Decision Making by the Crevice-Dwelling Rock Ant Temnothorax rugalulus
In this project the PIs will utilize recently developed information-theoretic tools from complex systems research, typically applied to artificial life systems, to assess how a real biological system manages distributed information to perform a collective computational task. This research will provide new applications of mathematical and computational tools for use by scientists and will provide important insights in issues of broader concern such as colony collapse disorder observed in honeybees.
This project will conduct holistic energy sustainability analysis using a comprehensive building energy data set in a city (Phoenix) that is typical of energy use patterns in many of the world's rapidly growing hot and dry urban areas.
ESPI's objective is to to establish a strong program of research and policy engagement to understand and analyze the social dynamics of past, present, and future energy systems.
The Engineering Research Center for Bio-mediated and Bio-inspired Geotechnics conducts basic research to understand biological processes that act in the ground, including the action of bacteria, plants and animals. The Center will develop ways to directly use naturally occurring bacteria to strengthen the soil, to mitigate against earthquake-induced liquefaction, and clean up polluted sites. It will also use methods inspired by biological processes to design more efficient tunneling processes, foundations and sensors that can penetrate the ground and travel to desired locations.
This collaborative project aims to adapt the hollow-fiber membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR), now used for water treatment, to deliver the low-solubility gases directly to a biofilm that grows on the outer surface of a hollow-fiber membrane and utilizes the gas as a substrate. The membrane-based biofilm avoids direct gas-liquid mass transfer, which normally slows the rate of H2 and CO delivery. The over-arching goal is to adapt the MBfR for the production of valuable chemicals from syngas.
Although microorganisms can be engineered to convert renewable biomass into an array of useful chemicals, the same products often inhibit the productivity of the producing microbes. This project seeks to explore strategies for engineering more tolerant microbes in support of enhanced chemical production.
The Center for Environmental Biotechnology focuses on developing microbiological systems that capture or develop renewable resources and also prevent or clean up environmental pollution. Center researchers combine engineering with microbiology, molecular biology, and chemistry in order to gain an integrated understanding of how microbial ecosystems work and can be controlled to reclaim polluted water, generate energy from waste substances, and improve public health and sustainability.
EFD is a multi-disciplinary research program dedicated to understanding fluid motions in the environment through atmospheric research, industrial and basic fluid dynamics, and physical oceanography. The Center brings together faculty, staff and students to enhance interdisciplinary and individual research efforts, undergraduate and graduate education and service to industry and the state.
This interdisciplinary research project focuses on people, community organizations, and the long-term health of natural ecosystems that support people's livelihoods.
The mission of the Flexible Display Center is to advance full-color, video rate, flexible display technology and catalyze development of a vibrant flexible display and flexible electronics industry to produce integrated electronic systems with advanced functionality. The FDC collaborates with government, academia and industry to provide comprehensive flexible electronics capabilities that bridge the high risk, resource intensive gap between innovation and product development in an information-secure environment for process, tool, and materials co-development and evaluation. Integral to the Center's mission is integrating the concept of sustainable microelectronics processing into all FDC activities.
The Food Systems Transformation Initiative supports the development of more equitable, diverse and resilient food systems at all scales – from local to global – that can adapt to evolving uncertainties and opportunities, and enable sustainable societies.
Arizona State University will convene a workshop to advance an operational, national-scale definition of food-energy-water (FEW) systems complexity and outline a portfolio of basic research questions and programs needed to improve efficiency and resilience across the components of the FEW systems on the local and national scale. The workshop will create new synthetic knowledge that will contribute to the definition of necessary research programs.
Foundations of social and ethical responsibility among undergraduate engineering students: Comparing across time, institutions, and interventions
This study responds to gaps in existing knowledge of social and ethical responsibility by asking the following research questions: 1) What do engineering students perceive as responsible (and irresponsible) professional conduct, and what do they perceive as socially just (and unjust) technical practices?, and 2) how do foundational measures and understandings of social and ethical responsibility change during a four-year engineering degree program, both in general and in relation to specific kinds of learning experiences?
Fraud Detection via Visual Analytics: An Infrastructure to Support Complex Financial Patterns (CFP)-based Real-Time Services Delivery
This Building Innovation Capacity (PFI:BIC) project from Arizona State University focuses on building a platform that will integrate data from multiple sources and explore data analysis techniques that can more accurately detect indications of financial fraud.
This collaborative research project studies an underexplored semiconductor materials system that involves boron incorporation in the four-element alloys of BAlGaN.
GeoDa develops state-of-the-art methods for geospatial analysis, geovisualization, geosimulation, and spatial process modeling, implements them through software tools, applies them to policy-relevant research in the social and environmental sciences, and disseminates them through training and support to a growing worldwide community.
The Global Ethnohydrology Study is a multi-year transdisciplinary project using data collected with local communities from around the globe. The goal is to better theorize how people understand and adapt to the everyday challenges of getting enough safe water, and to explicate the health and psychological impacts of that struggle.
GlobalResolve was established at ASU in 2006 as a social entrepreneurship program designed to enhance the educational experience for interested and qualified ASU students by involving them in semester-long projects that directly improve the lives of underprivileged people, and/or those in underdeveloped nations throughout the world.
The Center for Health Information and Research (CHIR) employs a multidisciplinary approach to research in areas of epidemiology, health care information technology and data management, health economics and workforce, and health data mining. The goal of CHIR is to provide actionable information regarding health care policy, quality of care, public health and the health care workforce and to develop new methodologies for storing, collecting, analyzing and disseminating health information.
The overarching goal of the HLRC is to facilitate interactions among faculty that promote collaborative research into diverse aspects of how daily lifestyle habits and actions impact both short and long term health, chronic disease risk, and quality of life.
The primary purpose of the center is to develop and test interventions that promote the highest level of health and quality of life for individuals who are aging within a culturally diverse society. The center emphasizes multidisciplinary, theory-based interventions across a variety of clinical settings.
The Center supports collaborative and creative research in design and the arts. Some of the Center's work includes creating consumer-driven product concepts that improve society and the environment, understanding the interconnections between urban design and energy demand and on emerging models for the post-petroleum city, and supporting organizations, neighborhoods, and professionals in their efforts to improve the growth of quality affordable homes and sustainable communities.
The objective of this project is to identify the reasons why microorganisms can live where they live. The focus is on identifying livable conditions in the environment, with the goal of explaining how temperatures and geochemical compositions combine to allow and support microbial life.
The Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University is the leading research organization in the United States devoted to the science of human origins. Embedded within ASU's School of Human Evolution and Social Change, IHO pursues a transdisciplinary strategy for field and analytical paleoanthropological research central to its approximately 30-year-old founding mission-integrating social, earth, and life science approaches to the most important questions concerning the course, timing, and causes of human evolutionary change over deep time. IHO links to its research activites innovative public outreach programs that create timely, accurate information for education and lay communities.
This pilot project seeks to establish a model for other communities to employ as they consider the future of food in their regions.
Contributors, including senior academics, community members, and students, raise questions about the consequences of ecological transformation and control for wildlife, plants, and the human-nature relationship. They examine both traditional notions of stewardship (e.g., the idea of overlooking) and also cultural blindspots in traditional modes of interacting with nature.
Contributors to the archive of Hope and Cautionary Tales have undertaken to create a digital archive of stories about how scholars and community members are collaborating on projects that work towards increased environmental sustainability and social justice
Humanities for the Environment is an international system of Observatories. ASU serves as the headquarters of the North American Observatory. The aim of the Humanities for the Environment (HfE) Observatories, funded in its first phase by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, is to identify, explore, and demonstrate the contributions that humanistic and artistic disciplines can make to understanding and engaging with global environmental challenges.
The Institute for Humanities Research (IHR) in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is dedicated to promoting excellence and innovation in humanities scholarship, contributing to scholarly innovation, and engaging the greater community in exploring the human dimensions of significant social, cultural, technological and scientific issues.The IHR strives to create a dynamic environment for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary scholarship and to facilitate collaboration among scholars in the humanities, social sciences and sciences for the purpose of examining issues that challenge and shape individual and collective human experience across time.
NSF Innovation Corps (I-Corps) Sites are NSF-funded entities established at universities whose purpose is to nurture and support multiple, local teams to transition their technology concepts into the marketplace. Sites provide infrastructure, advice, resources, networking opportunities, training and modest funding to enable groups to transition their work into the marketplace or into becoming I-Corps Team applicants. I-Corps Sites also strengthen innovation locally and regionally and contribute to the National Innovation Network of mentors, researchers, entrepreneurs and investors.
This is a third, five-year term (Phase III) of the NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Connection One (C1) at the Arizona State University.
This Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) award will train a new generation of doctoral graduates to become future leaders in the field of disabilities through an integrated and interdisciplinary education-research-practice model.
This Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) award focuses on the energy transition from the current fossil-fuel-based economy to one where solar energy harvested by means of photovoltaics, solar-thermal, and photosynthesis-driven bioenergy approaches will become a keystone in global human energy use.
This research is unique and ground breaking, as few researchers have targeted students' emotion in classrooms, gathered fine grained data on emotions during learning, or assessed the impact of specific affective treatments on a moment-to-moment basis. Students using the tutoring systems have already shown statistically significant gains and learning outcomes, as well as increased positive affect and attitudes. The new affective interventions will greatly increase the broad impact of these systems.
The Center for Improving Health Outcomes in Children, Teens and Families is conducting interdisciplinary research to extend the science in the field of maternal/child health; translating research findings into clinical practice to improve health care and outcomes; educating health professionals, students and the public about the best research evidence to improve health outcomes; mentoring pre- and post-doctoral fellows and junior investigators in developing and testing interventions to improve health outcomes in children, teens and families; and leading innovation to improve pediatric and adolescent health care.
Informing Emergency and Risk Management Climate Knowledge in Arid Regions (NOAA Award Number: NA14OAR431054)
The two goals of the project are to 1) understand how local and regional emergency management communities function so that climate science knowledge can be effectively infused into their decision processes, and 2) develop a framework for identifying products and services that can deliver needed knowledge about climate extremes, threats, impacts, and resulting risk in order to prioritize mitigation and adaptation efforts.
The Center for Innovations in Medicine attempts to transform our understanding of disease, putting aside what we think we know and approaching problems in ways that have never before been attempted. Research efforts focus on the improvement of medical diagnostics and treatment and the prevention of disease, with the ultimate goal of saving lives and improving quality of life.
The goal of this TUES Type 2 project is to incorporate sustainability grand challenges and experiential learning into classrooms and throughout engineering programs, with the aim of attracting and retaining a talented and diverse set of students who are prepared to tackle the engineering challenges of a global economy.
The research investigates the nuanced manner in which social perceivers think about and behave towards others using information about age, sex, race, and features of the local circumstances in which people live (e.g., the availability and predictability of economic resources in their communities).
Based on the vision of former Dean L. William Seidman, the Seidman Research Institute today serves as an essential link between the local, national and international business communities and the intellectual and creative resources of Arizona State University's nationally ranked school of business. From collecting and disseminating essential information about local economies to benchmarking industry practices to identifying emerging business research issues, the Seidman Research Institute's member centers have gained the recognition and respect of business practitioners and academics the world over.
The Laboratory for Algae Research and Biotechnology adds to the body of basic research on algae and cyanobacteria, while also conducting applied research into renewable energy production, environmental remediation, and human nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.
The Center for Law, Science & Innovation is the first and largest academic center focused on the intersection of law and science. The Center bridges law and science by fostering the development of legal frameworks for new technologies and advancing the informed use of science in legal decision making. The Center facilitates transdisciplinary study and dialogue among policy-makers, academics, students, professionals and industry. It is committed to principles of balance, innovation, competitiveness and sustainability.
ASU LightWorks is a multidisciplinary effort to leverage ASU's unique strengths, particularly in renewable energy fields including artificial photosynthesis, biofuels, and next-generation photovoltaics.
The mission of the Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics is to improve the ethical awareness and understanding and thereby the ethical decision-making and behavior of the ASU community and extending to society at large. The Center's goal is to create a university and community ethical culture by sponsoring, organizing and conducting an array of activities on ethics issues that occur in specific fields and professions as well as those of pressing importance in the community at large.
Linking Livestock Markets and Grazing Practices with the Nutritional Ecology of Grasses and Locusts Under Alternative Property Rights Regimes
Research has recently shown that overgrazing of livestock in a grassland in China lowered the nitrogen content of the grasses and that this caused a rise in the abundance of a locust likely to lead to locust swarms. This research will test whether this is also true for related species of locust in Australia and western Africa, and link both grazing practices and locust swarms to economics and social policy in the three contrasting regions.
The LiveData initiative is an Arizona Board of Regents (ABOR) funded series of activities intended to improve research data management within the three public universities in Arizona. This initiative is a collaborative effort with a vision of producing shared infrastructure and functionality that benefits all three institutions and provides a competitive advantage for researchers and faculty within the Arizona university system.
MCTP: Mathematics Mentoring Partnership Between Arizona State University and the Maricopa County Community College District
This project will develop a recruitment network for mathematically talented students in community colleges in Maricopa County, Arizona, to help facilitate their successful transitions to baccalaureate programs in the mathematical sciences at Arizona State University (ASU).
This project is to develop and characterize a new class of chemically resistant Molecular Sieve Inclusion Nanocomposite (MoSIN) membranes for liquid separations.
With this support from the BD Fellowships, Arizona State University (ASU) will build and demonstrate a national model on how to increase the number of students from underrepresented groups (URGs) in STEM pursuing PhDs in quantitatively-driven Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines by emphasizing the use of high-level mathematics to analyze questions of global importance.
Multiscale Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Hydrologic Regimes, Ecosystem Function, and Community Structure in a Desert Stream and Its Catchment
This project focuses on using new statistical techniques that describe hydrological regimes, coupled with long-term measurements of stream structure and processes, to understand how shifts in climate and river discharge regimes on many time scales will influence the ecosystem.
The Center for Nanophotonics gathers a large group of faculty members from various disciplines to foster new ideas and to carry out collaborative research with enhanced inspiration. It integrates a broad spectrum of research topics ranging from fundamental study of photon-matter interactions to practical optical sensors for medical and biological applications. The center coherently merges education and research by embedding one in the other. The center is committed to not only high standard scholarship development but also the promotion of its technology commercialization.
The goals of the Nanotechnology Collaborative Infrastructure Southwest are to build a Southwest regional infrastructure for nanotechnology discovery and innovation, to address societal needs through education and entrepreneurship, and to serve as a model site of the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI)..
The National Center of Excellence (NCE) on SMART Innovations provides climate and energy system solutions based on sound science and engineering to governments and industries around the globe.
This project brings together the US Navy, the ASU Pat Tillman Veterans Center to promote energy related research. The US Navy is focused on continuously improving energy effectiveness in its operations and wishes to explore additional research related opportunities with universities in a partnership. The research projects will contribute to the new knowledge including training veterans to design and manage resilient energy systems.
NACTS focuses its research and policy efforts in the areas of borders, competitiveness, and the environment and works to diffuse the results of these efforts through events and initiatives that build public awareness about North America. NACTS accomplishes its mission by building key partnerships among northern and southern border specialists and identifying and educating key constituencies in government, the private sector, and civil society.
PRISM is the focal point at Arizona State University for interdisciplinary research in modeling and visualization to permit intelligent analysis and create spatial and dynamic knowledge. Some of PRISM's work includes geospatial modeling, modeling of urban environments, cloud development modeling, and 3D modeling such as that exhibited in ASU's Decision Theater.
This is a multi-faceted study by an interdisciplinary research team to explore the conservation mission of zoos and aquariums focusing on the evolution of the shifting responsibilities of these institutions to animals and to conservation.
This PFI: AIR Technology Translation project focuses on translating reactive ink science and technology to fill the need for low temperature, high performance and low-cost photovoltaic metallization. The development of reactive inks for solar cells is important because of the savings incurred by reducing the total amount of precious silver and also because the outstanding electrical properties these inks have shown can significantly enhance photovoltaic performance while reducing the overall cost of solar energy.
This survey studies the relationships between people and the natural environment in the Phoenix metro area.
This project will test whether the optical properties of litter produced by desert plants contribute to the different pattern of litter decay. Laboratory and field experiments will be used to test the importance of sunlight as an agent of litter decay relative to other mechanisms such as microbial activity.
Challenges associated with a rapidly rising global population, that is increasingly food-insecure and lacks fundamental awareness of how to build tomorrow's sustainable cities, necessitate urgent study in light of a rapidly urbanizing planet. Unrelenting urban population growth -- an increase of more than 2.5 billion new urban inhabitants is projected by 2050, relative to 2011 -- requires considerable conversion of natural to agricultural (to meet increased food demand) and to urban (to meet increased commercial, housing, and transportation demand) landscapes. The overarching goal of this team, consisting of computational and climate scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, geoscientists, and social scientists, is to develop high-resolution physics-based, coupled, dynamic, and predictive capabilities that not only characterize current multi-scale environmental and socio-economic impacts associated with agricultural productivity within cities but also enable the prediction of future impacts.
The project aims at developing and implementing techniques for multivariate, multi-dimensional, and multi-faceted visualizations to support polar climate studies.
CePoD is a transdisciplinary research center drawing scholars who are interested in broad aspects of population research. The center is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area, a vibrant, rapidly growing urban center of the American Southwest. We pursue novel avenues of population research in local, regional, national and international settings.
The multidisciplinary expertise of PSERC's researchers includes power systems, applied mathematics, complex systems, computing, control theory, power electronics, operations research, non-linear systems, economics, industrial organization and public policy. A key strength is ironment. In addition a strength of the research work in this area also relates to market tools and policy issues that will enable the integration of the new energy sources into power system operation and planning.
This project is to increase the participation of Native Americans within the engineering professoriate through better understanding of how and why Native American engineering students choose to pursue (or not) an academic career path.
Promoting Empathy and Collaborative Decision Making for Natural Resources Management Using a Computer Mediated Scenario
The research team uses a multi-method, multi-disciplinary approach that includes a cross-sectional public survey to test a model of the relationships between perspective taking and prosocial behavior and identify the key individual and contextual predictors and barriers to perspective taking and prosocial action in resource management contexts.
Driven by a mission to conduct timely, applied analysis that informs, advises, and assists Arizona's state and community leaders, Morrison Institute researches public policies that impact greater Phoenix, the State of Arizona, and the nation. Through publications and forums, Morrison Institute's research serves the public officials, private sector leaders, and community members who shape public policy.
The goal of the P Sustainability Research Coordination Network (RCN) is to spark an interdisciplinary synthesis of data, perspectives, and understanding about phosphorus to identify and implement solutions for P sustainability.
Specifying how sugar moves to various tissues within the plant will allow scientists to develop strategies to optimize sugar translocation in crops that increase yield while reducing the environmental impacts of production agriculture.
This interdisciplinary research project will examine how differences in religious ritual, doctrine, and context shape the motivations and capacities of groups in which religion permeates many aspects of private and public life, sometimes leading those groups to initiate conflict against stronger groups.
CRESMET is a collaborative center that leverages intellectual and fiscal resources from key colleges in the University to study and improve education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The Center brings together individuals, programs and organizations interested in improving K-20 STEM education to research, develop, and assess educational theories, curricula and administrative policies that impact science, mathematics, engineering and technology education; and to encourage and support wide-scale sharing and implementation of effective approaches to producing a more scientifically and technologically literate populace and more capable science, mathematics, engineering, and technology majors.
The project will construct a new computer-based Resilient Infrastructure Simulation Environment (RISE) to allow individuals, groups (including students), and experts to test infrastructure network design configurations and crisis response approaches in three socio-technical infrastructure systems: electric power, water, and roadway networks.
Over the past several decades, hundreds of glaciers in mountainous regions have been melting, leaving behind new glacier lakes holding millions of cubic meters of water. Usually contained by dams of loose boulders and soil, these lakes present a risk of glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs). As the number and extent of these lakes grows, so does the flood risk for communities downstream of them, potentially leading to extensive loss of lives and severe damage to transport infrastructure, hydroelectric power facilities and agriculture. This project will look at the factors that lead to GLOFs, and the measures that local populations can take to adapt to this increasing threat.
A team of urban experts at Arizona State University will compare the ways city dwellers gained access to urban services in a sample of thirty ancient and historic cities. Planners and city officials today wrestle with difficult decisions about where to locate schools, clinics, parks, and other facilities.
The Simon A. Levin Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center vision includes: bridging the gap between the biological, environmental, and social sciences and the mathematical sciences; promotion and support of cross-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary research that relies on state of the art computational, modeling and quantitative approaches; and the training of a new generation of computational mathematical, and theoretical scientists whose research is driven by the application of computational, mathematical, modeling and simulation approaches to the solution of problems that will improve the human condition.
SUCCESS provides a platform for international collaborations, particularly on use-inspired, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research relevant to sustainability issues that occur during the socioeconomic development in Inner Mongolia and its neighboring regions.
The Small World/Big Bodies Project looks at the socio-cultural dimensions of the growing obesity epidemic globally. This includes a focus on understanding why stigma around obesity is so profound, who is most damaged by it, and ultimately how to fix it. A recent emphasis has been the role of stigma and identity in shaping the long-term success of bariatric surgery.
The Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity leverages the emerging field of complex systems to foster interdisciplinary research on fundamental questions of social life. The Center brings together scientists from such diverse fields as anthropology, biology, mathematics, philosophy, physics, psychology, and sociology to collaborate in cross-disciplinary teams.
The Institute for Social Science Research facilitates transdisciplinary research and innovation. The Institute offers objective, relevant survey research and analysis; research technology support, and geographic information system (GIS) services to funded research projects within the university as well as community groups and organizations desiring professional research assistance.
To promote cooperative behavior at large scales, this project will develop computational tools to facilitate the context for cooperation - homogeneity, effective communication - observed in smaller scale case studies and field experiments. The investigators will test new ways to increase collective action using mobile applications and social media.
Arizona State University's Solar Power Lab serves a staging ground for the new technologies and ideas that will move us forward in our quest for a more sustainable society.
The Center for Solid State Electronics Research seeks to provide national leadership in solid state electronics and has exhibited strong and steady growth since its founding in 1981. The Center currently provides resources and infrastructure for research and education in solid state electronics in the form of 30 laboratories covering more than 30,000 sq.ft. including a Class-100 Cleanroom administered and maintained by a complement of 10 staff and 2 student workers. CSSER has 38 faculty members, 15 post-doctoral researchers and over 80 students drawn from various disciplines including biochemistry, bioengineering, chemistry, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, materials science, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, and physics.
LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science provides a productive environment for interdisciplinary materials research. We are proud to make our advanced facilities user-friendly and available to the entire ASU research community, as well as government and industrial researchers.
The Consortium addresses issues pertaining to the ecologically and socioeconomically fragile environment along the US-Mexico border.
The Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center (SIRC) is an Exploratory Center of Excellence conducting transdisciplinary minority health and health disparities research, training and community outreach.
Through research, educational outreach, advocacy and design innovation, the ASU Stardust Center for Affordable Homes and the Family supports organizations, neighborhoods, and professionals in their efforts to improve the growth of quality affordable homes and sustainable communities.
The Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity housed in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change is a multidisciplinary endeavor to improve our understanding of how different types of institutions-defined as the norms and rules people use to govern common resources and provide public goods-perform within different social-ecological systems.
The Center for the Study of Religion and Conflict at Arizona State University promotes interdisciplinary research and education on the dynamics of religion and conflict with the aim of advancing knowledge, seeking solutions and informing policy. By serving as a research hub that fosters exchange and collaboration across the university as well as with its broader publics-local, national, and global-the Center fosters innovative and engaged thinking on matters of enormous importance to us all.
This project undertakes archaeological and paleoecological research in the Basin of Mexico to find out how political and environmental shifts shaped people's lives, as well as how people's responses to these circumstances contributed to regional change.
This project addresses fundamental scientific concepts encountered in synthesizing single-atom catalysts, testing their efficacy, establishing their structure-function relationships, and developing new strategies to stabilize isolated, single atoms of active noble metals.
The Sustainability Consortium is an organization of diverse global participants that work collaboratively to build a scientific foundation that drives innovation to improve consumer product sustainability.
Based on concepts of strong and weak ties, the network will build ties among stakeholders for sustainable energy systems with subgroups focused on 1) innovations in energy technologies, 2) sustainability implications of manufacture, use and end-of-life at scale, and 3) energy and human development. Ties between and within groups will be developed through industrial, government and developing country residencies through which graduate students acquire tacit knowledge necessary to bridge various stages of the innovation system.
The Center for Sustainable Health is working to build a sustainable world where every human can live a healthy and fulfilling life.
By exploring bioenergy expansion through an integrated lens that incorporates physical, agricultural, and economic elements, this project will guide local to national level agencies making decisions regarding the feasibility of biomass-derived energy.
The ASU Sustainable Phosphorus Initiative (SPI) seeks to build a credible scientific consensus on the dimensions of the phosphorus sustainability challenge, catalyze an interdisciplinary global network focused on phosphorus sustainability, and design and motivate institutional, commercial, and consumer behavior change for conservation and recycling to establish phosphorus sustainability.
The goals of this project are to determine which factors impede and facilitate Sustainable Procurement Policies adoption and implementation, recommend immediate actions in order for governments to advance their Sustainable Procurement Policies more effectively, and encourage state/local governments that lack Sustainable Procurement Policies to consider implementing them within their jurisdictions.
The Center for Sustainable Tourism, formerly the Megapolitan Tourism Research Center, is devoted to studying the role of tourism in community development in order to strengthen its contribution to viable economic, social, and environmental systems, especially in megapolitan regions around the world.
Targeted Saturated Fatty Acids Synthesis by Microbial Biohydration and its Superior Extraction from Microalgae Biomass through Selective Fermentation
This research will explore a new process called selective fermentation to address two major roadblocks facing the continued commercial development algal biofuel production processes: safe and efficient extraction of the lipids, and beneficial use of the non-lipid biomass.
The purpose of this proposal is to empower, inspire, and inform K-8th grade educators on the interconnected topics of sustainability science through the development of Teaching Time Capsule -- a virtual space that will connect educators to cutting-edge materials and valuable continuing education coursework. Through the Capsule, we will prepare educators to animate sustainability science across the curriculum by building on knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to solve complex sustainability challenges.
Oxygen, in the form of the molecule O2, is abundant in the Earth's atmosphere and oceans, where it is vital for all multi-cellular life, including humans. However, O2 was nearly absent from the atmosphere and oceans during the first half of Earth's history. In the past decade, we solidified our understanding of when the prolonged and complex transition to the modern, O2-rich environment began. However, the cause of this so-called "Great Oxidation Event" (GOE) and later changes in O2 remains one of the major mysteries in Earth System Science. Solving it is of more than academic interest because it will help us understand how the Earth supports life, and provide insights and perspective on some of the environmental challenges posed by human activity. This project will tackle this challenge by combining new data and calculations that reach from the Earth's core to the top of the atmosphere to develop a comprehensive model of the geochemical cycle of O2 that can explain the GOE.
The Dynamics of Multi-Scalar Adaptation in Megacities: Autonomous Action, Institutional Change and Social Hydrological Risk in Mexico City (MEGADPT)
MEGADAPT is both an international, transdisciplinary research initiative, designed to capture and simulate the social and biophysical dynamics that create flood risk and water scarcity in Mexico City, and a decision tool, enabling diverse actors in the city to explore the consequences of different approaches to risk management for the city and its residents.
This project will collect archeological data on ancient human land use, vegetation, and land form at four Neolithic sites in Spain and Italy. These data will guide the development of models of social and natural processes that will attempt to predict the long-term outcomes of alternative patterns of land use.
The Household Independent Power Project (HIPP) conducts investigations and engagement around personal and household-scale decisions, innovation, and behavior related to broader questions of sustainable energy system transition.
This TUES Type 2 project establishes the Center for Infrastructure Transformation and Education (CIT-E) as the centerpiece of a community of practice.
TUV Rheinland Group has joined forces with Arizona State University to create TUV Rheinland PTL, LLC, the most comprehensive, sophisticated, state-of-the-art facility for testing and certification of solar energy equipment in the world.
Understanding and Modeling the Trade-Offs in Data Centers for Next-Generation Sustainable Management
This project is addressing the scientific and engineering challenges involved in decision making of cloud data centers (DCs) management arising from an array of complicating factors -- e.g., server heterogeneity, cyber-physical interactions between DCs and their environment, varying workload and electricity pricing -- and trade-offs -- e.g., energy-delay, time-accuracy, and cooling-computing..
The mission of the Center is to improve the quality of urban life in neighborhoods, cities, and urban regions by promoting innovation in governance, policy, and management. The Center contributes to the goal of "advancing urban governance in a global context" in the School of Public Affairs. Its research and outreach are both local and global.
Urban areas are vulnerable to extreme weather related events given their location, high concentration of people, and increasingly complex and interdependent infrastructure. Impacts of Hurricane Katrina, Superstorm Sandy, and other disasters demonstrate not just failures in built infrastructure, they highlight the inadequacy of institutions, resources, and information systems to prepare for and respond to events of this magnitude. The Urban Resilience to Extremes Sustainability Research Network (UREx SRN) will develop a novel theoretical framework for integrating social, ecological, and technological system (SETS) dimensions for conceptualizing, analyzing, and supporting urban infrastructure decisions in the face of climatic uncertainty in a more holistic way.
This collaborative project is building greater knowledge and understanding of the bidirectional interactions between global environmental change and cities, present at local, regional, and global scales, and integrating the work of decision makers, practitioners, and academic researchers.
This work supports an interdisciplinary and international team who seek to solve that problem by developing new tools for evaluating the disease risks of world trade. The risk assessment tools produced by the project will provide animal, plant, and human health authorities at national and international levels with the capacity to make improved assessment of the disease risks associated with imports, and of the consequences of alternative trade responses.
The Virginia G. Piper Center for Personalized Diagnostics is developing new diagnostic tools to pinpoint the molecular manifestations of disease based on individual patient profiles. The Center brings together multiple disciplines - biology, biochemistry, cell biology, engineering, molecular biology, bioinformatics, software development, and database management - to aid in the evaluation of human proteins according to their specific role(s) in living systems. Discovering and validating molecular biomarkers will lead to earlier diagnoses and patient-specific therapies.
In Phase II operation, the Water and Environmental Technology (WET) I/UCRC intends to minimize any adverse effects of emerging contaminants (EC) on human health and/or the environment.
This study addresses the questions: How does precipitation affect the above/belowground partitioning of carbon? During drought periods, are above and belowground structures equally affected, or are roots affected less than leaves and branches? Finally, is the effect of precipitation on carbon allocation constant or does it vary from deserts to humid grasslands?