A Community-Driven Scientific Observations Network to achieve Interoperability of Environmental and Ecological Data
The Scientific Observations Network (SONet) will initiate a multi-disciplinary, community-driven effort to define and develop the necessary specifications and technologies to facilitate semantic interpretation and integration of observational data.
This proposal presents a research program for developing and evaluating dynamic policy models, adaptive composition approaches, and risk management strategies.
Through an interdisciplinary case study of Baltimore, the research will identify the spatiotemporal dynamics of environmental-equity patterns and processes in a large, postindustrial city that has undergone profound socioeconomic change.
This award will explore a machine-learning-based approach to computational understanding of surgical skills based on temporal inference of visual and motion-capture data from surgical simulation.
A Multi-Factor Analysis of the Emergence of a Specialist-Based Economy Among the Phoenix Basin Hohokam
This study will analyze pottery provenance data gathered in the study of Hohokam ceramics in the Phoenix Basin, Arizona. The data will be used to examine the social and economic factors that contributed to widespread demand for specialized pottery production in this region during prehistory. The research provides insight into the mechanisms which facilitate effective societal functioning at a traditional level of development. It also provides insight into an important achievement in prehistoric America.
This project establishes a scientific research collaboration network to support and expand the development and use of computational modeling in the social and life sciences.
This project establishes a scientific research collaboration network to support and expand the development and use of computational modeling in the social and life sciences.
A Surface Stress Paradigm for Studying and Developing Catalyst and Storage Materials Relevant to the Hydrogen Economy
The overarching scientific objective of this program is to enhance the understanding of hydrogen economy critical phenomena through a surface stress paradigm.
The ability to quickly and reliably detect chemical toxicants in air is critically important for health risk assessment, for better understanding the role of gene-environment interactions in human diseases, and for health disparities research.
A multifunctional wireless badge-sized sensor will be developed and validated to assess personal exposure levels to multiple analytes. Such a sensor will address the need of low cost, wearable and multifunctional device for large population environmental health studies.
Accelerating Innovation in Agent-Based Simulations: Application to Complex Socio-Behavioral Phenomena
This project will expand the capabilities of agent-based modeling in supporting the design, engineering, and testing of complex systems.
This award will acquire an imaging secondary ion mass spectrometer instrument to support an extended group of researchers working on diverse topics involving both soft (biological) and hard materials (minerals), and at the interface between the two (biosensors, antibiotic clays, nanoparticle toxicity).
This research project involves the synthesis and study of complex molecules consisting of covalently linked chromophores, electron donors and acceptors, and photochromic molecules that change their structure upon exposure to light.
The goal of this project is to identify and evaluate new legal regulatory approaches that will be more adaptive and flexible to better keep pace with rapidly evolving technologies.
Adaptive Pathways to Climate Change (APaCC): Livestock and Livelihood Systems in Gandaki River Basin
This project is designed to elucidate spatial and temporal dimensions of the adaptive capacities of farmers and livestock keepers vulnerable to exposure of climate and other livelihood stressors, and link this understanding to locally relevant climate adaptation portfolio in the Gandaki River Basin of the Western region of Nepal.
This project involves developing student-centered lecture and laboratory modules on the basic principles of unsaturated soils theory and the application of these principles to problems of movement of structural foundation systems. The modules emphasize solving geo-hazard problems of collapsible and expansive soils.
This project investigates the tradeoffs between human well-being and biodiversity-conservation goals, and between conservation and other economic, political, and social agendas at local, national, and international scales.
Emotion and motivation are fundamental to learning; students with high intrinsic motivation often outperform students with low motivation. Yet affect and emotion are often ignored or marginalized with respect to classroom practice. This project will help redress the emotion versus cognition imbalance.
This interdisciplinary project traced the effects of the introduction, spread, and abandonment of agriculture at six U.S. long-term ecological research (LTER) sites, with cross comparisons in Mexico and France, using a variety of monitoring strategies, quantitative modeling, and comparative data. Agrarian transformations represent the most pervasive alteration of the Earth's terrestrial environment during the past 10,000 years.
Agriculture, Water, and Institutions: Investigation of Water Management, Policy and Its Effect on Sustainable Water Use by Agriculture in Arizona
This project seeks to interview farmers and water policy professionals, as well as review available literature and public records to fill a gap that exists pertaining to how the Groundwater Management Act of 1980 has affected farmers' use of groundwater in irrigated agriculture in the Phoenix Active Management Area.
The rationalization of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands crab fisheries has created a substantial need for economic analysis of the impacts of the program along many dimensions of the fishery.
This Ethics Education in Science and Engineering project will integrate multi-institutional, cross-disciplinary education and research efforts to create a novel pedagogy of sustainability ethics for science and engineering graduate students
This project seeks to develop sustainability metrics related to construction operations which can be used by construction companies throughout the nation and beyond.
The objective of this research is to develop a miniaturized detection system for real-time monitoring of vehicle emissions.
The primary objectives of this collaborative research study are to 1) better understand the interactive roles played by lane-changing and car-following, 2) quantify their effects on oscillations, and 3) develop a mathematical simulation model that accurately predicts the evolution of oscillations. Traffic oscillations are stop-and-go driving motions that arise in congested traffic.
This integrative project will address the challenge of enabling scientifically meaningful integration and use of the expanding body of archaeological data.
The objective of this research is to establish a foundational framework for smart grids that enables significant penetration of renewable DERs and facilitates flexible deployments of plug-and-play applications, similar to the way users connect to the Internet.
This project is developing the information infrastructure needed to access data on water-related research, technology, planning, education, and outreach from multiple sources in the Southwest.
The Arizona Governor's Office of Energy Policy will identify best practices in finance, permitting, and zoning to move toward voluntary statewide uniformity. The project will drive adoption of an online system in five jurisdictions that allows for over-the-counter/same-day permit review.
The Arizona Water Institute built economic opportunities in Arizona by improving access to water information, assisting communities and local governments with technology transfer, and helping water-related industries.
Assessing and Managing the Sustainability of Global Reverse Supply Chains: The Case of Personal Computers
The main goal for this work is to develop the intellectual framework necessary for engineering and managing an international reverse supply chain from a sustainability perspective.
In the cities of the southwestern United States, regional warming combined with increasing urban populations and the resulting urban heat effect are straining limited supplies of electricity and water. Cities can be designed that are more resilient, minimizing human impacts and energy and water stresses, under scenarios of decadal warming trends. The project is to modify existing models to transform the design of urban neighborhoods to be be quantifiably more adaptive and resilient to all types of decadal climate change.
The objective of this research is to advance modeling of technological progress of alternative energies by developing and applying new methods to (1) estimate long-term bounds on economic and environmental performance, (2) assess life cycle economic and environmental costs, and (3) assess uncertainty in technological forecasting
Assessing Prohibited Species Bycatch Avoidance Behaviors and Outcomes in the Amendment 80 Fisheries of the North Pacific
The is an econometric (application of statistics to economic data) study on the behaviors and decision making of Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands fishermen before and after Amendment 80 to the Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands fishery management plan.
This project will examine the influence of particle size on atmospheric reactions of iron and, in turn, the influence of particle size on iron solubility.
Beyond Feature Selection and Extraction – an Integrated Framework for High-Dimensional Data of Small Labeled Samples
This research is addressing two key pressing issues with massive data: high dimensionality and a shortage of labeled data.
The National Center of Excellence for SMART Innovations for Urban Climate and Energy in partnership with the Industrial Design program of the College of Design at Arizona State University undertook a Life Cycle Management research project supporting the Dial Corporation's Laundry Care Division.
The Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Training Network (BESTNet) brings the benefits of research stimulated by Diversitas, a global-change research initiative, to students in US universities.
This project will investigate the biological rules that determine the elemental recipe ("stoichiometry") of microorganisms that grow under severely P-deficient conditions in a set of unique desert springs in Mexico.
BlueTool will promote the use of holistic cyber-physical concepts to foster the development of energy-efficient and sustainable data centers.
Building an Effective Service-Oriented Cyberinfrastructure Portal to Support Sustained Polar Sciences
This project will develop components of a polar cyberinfrastructure (CI) to support researchers and users for data discovery and access.
With input from legal and public health practitioners, this project will explore how legal decisions are made in real-time during declared emergencies.
This new technology could enable ultra-low cost, single molecule sequencing with long reads, making whole-genome studies available to the general population. Making a search of whole genomes for rare variants economically feasible has many implications for medicine.
CareerWise II: Enhanced Resilience Training for STEM Women in an Interactive, Multimodal Web-Based Environment
reerWise-II is a continuation of CareerWise-I. This is a research project testing the efficacy of resiliency training over the Internet for the benefit of female doctoral students in engineering and the physical sciences, in order to reduce their attrition from their doctoral programs.
Increasingly, it is becoming apparent that understanding, predicting, and diagnosing disease states is confounded by the inherent heterogeneity of in situ cell populations. This variation in cell fate can be dramatic, for instance, one cell living while an adjacent cell dies. Thus, in order to understand fundamental pathways involved in disease states, it is necessary to link preexisting cell state to cell fate in the disease process at the individual cell level.
The Center for Nanotechnology and Society (CNS) is working to increase capacity for social learning within the nanotechnology enterprise and to increase society's capacity to engage in anticipatory governance of nanotechnology and other emerging technologies. Thorough these avenues, CNS strives to increase the ability for society to make informed decisions about evolving nanotechnology and to guide nanotechnology knowledge and innovation towards a more socially desireable outome.
Through interdisciplinary projects integrating natural sciences, social science, and engineering, the Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research project examines the effects of urbanization on a desert ecosystem and vice versa.
In this study, Professor Nongjian Tao and his research group at Arizona State University will develop single molecule break-junction techniques to study electronic conductance through polyaromatic hydrocarbon molecules and molecular bridge structures formed from water.
Chemical Characterization of Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter in Rural Areas of Arizona Impacted by Significant Population Growth
This project characterizes the chemical composition of coarse and fine particulate matter (PM) to support source attribution and to quantify local sources and regional transport contributing to elevated PM levels in Pinal County, AZ.
CI-TEAM Demonstration Project: WaterHUB for Cyber Enabled Training, Education and Research in Water Resources
Considering the growing importance of water resources issues around the globe, this project addresses the need to train the current and future generations of teachers, students and general public to use cyberinfrastructure (CI) to address water related issues.
During this five-year project, the PIs hope to achieve major advances in motion analysis and core computer science areas: computer vision, human-computer interaction, information and data management, geometric computation, knowledge systems and robotics.
The goal of the visioning workshop is to establish alignment of the Avondale City Council and staff decisions for managed growth planning for several identified areas of study that are of considerable interest to Avondale, Arizona with the use of Decision Theater visualization tools.
The City of Phoenix has set a goal of achieving a city?wide diversion rate of 40 percent by 2020. To accomplish this, the Public Works Department (PWD) has created a "Waste Diversion Action Plan" consisting of a number of programs, strategies, measurable outcomes, and responsibilities. These are organized into short?term (0?1 years), mid?term (2?4 years) and long?term (5?8 years) strategies focused on achieving a city?wide waste diversion rate of 40 percent by 2020.
Climate and Population Change and Thresholds of Peak Ecological Water: Integrated Synthesis for Dryland Rivers
This project seeks to understand how ecosystem services change in response to extraction or addition of water to ecosystems due to population change and climate change.
This project investigates the fate of organic matter in a cloud/fog system.
Combining Methods from Geochemistry and Molecular Biology to Predict the Functions of Microbial Communities
Combining geochemical data with microbial ecological data makes it possible to predict the distribution of microbial populations and the processes that they catalyze in nature. In this research we will focus on the contrasting microbial processes of methane production (e.g., methanogenesis) and methane consumption (e.g., methanotrophy) as a framework for evaluating the linkages between geochemical predictions and the distribution, diversity, and activity of organisms that catalyze these processes.
This project explores the effectiveness of legal, institutional, and political mechanisms for realizing human rights in natural resources that invoke sustainability concerns.
The overall objective of this proposal is to investigate linkages between the presence of different key groups of phytoplankton in the euphotic zone and their contribution to particle flux at the subtropical North Atlantic time-series station BATS (Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study) by applying a range of traditional and novel molecular techniques
Arizona State University (ASU) in collaboration with Phoenix Union High School District, Scottsdale Union High School District, Roosevelt District, Boys and Girls Club of the East Valley-Sacaton, Intel, Applied Learning Technologies Institute, Dynamic Educational Leadership for Teachers and Administrators (D.E.L.T.A.), ASU's School of Computing & Informatics, ASU's Video Game Design Camp, and Arizona Council of Black Engineers and Scientists Computer Camp (ACBES), are conducting a culturally relevant multimedia program strategy, COMPUGIRLS.
Copper Triangle Pilot Project: Enhancing Opportunities for Geoscience Studies and Careers in a Culturally Diverse, Underserved Rural Mining Area
The Copper Triangle Pilot Project (CTPP) is a partnership among Arizona State University, Central Arizona College, a rural high-need school district (Superior Unified School District) and local industry (Resolution Copper Mining Company) to develop a research-based, sustainable pathway to baccalaureate degrees and careers in the Earth and environmental sciences for underrepresented minority students (mostly Hispanic and Native American) who reside in an underserved rural mining area (the "Copper Triangle") of central Arizona.
This project will develop a unique four-weeks-long workshop experience for undergraduate students that will explore the social and ethical issues raised by nanotechnology, build cross-disciplinary communicative competence, and enhance engineering leadership and teamwork skills.
The proposed study draws upon the project team's research on the etiology of substance use among American Indian youth of the urban Southwest to conduct translational research that recognizes salient risk and resiliency factors identified by these youth, social and relational contexts that expose them to substances, and their culturally appropriate drug resistance strategies.
This project is creating a new instructional strategy and new learning materials using data- and modeling-based modules that are enabling undergraduate students to better understand cause-effect relationships, form and test hypotheses, and learn how to integrate the latest tools for better understanding of hydrologic theory and processes.
This project will establish CyberGIS as a fundamentally new software framework comprising a seamless integration of cyberinfrastructure, GIS, and spatial analysis/modeling capabilities.
This study addresses, through investigation of students in Arizona High School summer programs, how students learn, understand and manipulate scientific models of the carbon cycle and the water cycle.
This EAGER project supports exploratory work to develop a novel approach to the creation of a dynamical computational model of human health behavior. The goal of this high risk project is to apply an experimental design that merges methods from multiple disciplines to generate the necessary data to develop a dynamical systems model of human health behavior.
Design of Dense RFID Systems for Indexing in the Physical World Across Space, Time, and Human Experience
This research pursues a multidisciplinary, integrative approach to investigate fundamental technical challenges in radio frequency identificatin (RFID), both at the physical and data management layers, to realize innovative data-centric applications such as attribute-based object search.
This project will provide to the emerging nano environmental and health-effects community well-documented analytical techniques and methodologies for quantifying the size, number concentration and mass concentration of engineered nanomaterials within matrices (water, food, biological fluids). This information is critical to assessing nanomaterial dosage and exposure during in vivo or in vitro health effects studies.
Determinants of Grassland Dynamics in Tibetan Highlands: Livestock, Wildlife, and the Culture and Political Economy of Pastoralism
This project will deepen basic understanding of the complex interactions involving geophysical, biological, social, and policy factors and feedback systems that affect grassland status
Determining the Optical Properties of Carbonaceous Nanoparticles in Atmospheric Aerosols by Electron Imaging and Monochromated Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy
This proposal involves the development of techniques to measure the physical properties of poorly characterized environmental nanomaterials that have important consequences for both climate change and human health.
This project seeks to evaluate and develop policy options for achieving sustainable regional biofuels/bioenergy production and commercialization.
Developing and Assessing Macroethics Modules for the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative Responsible Conduct of Research Courses
This combination education and research project will develop, assess, and disseminate innovative introductory macroethical course modules.
Developing Best Management Practices Plan for Prevention and Treatment of Zooplankton Contamination in Algal Crop Production
The project addresses the Program Area Priority: Crop Protection for Sustainable Feedstock Production Systems. Contamination of cultures and grazing of algae by zooplankton (e.g., rotifers, amoebas and protozoa) represents the most challenging issue for sustainable algal mass culture, preventing algae from being a practical source of oil crops for production of bioenergy and bioproducts.
This project will develop a new interdisciplinary partnership between connectivity ecology, metal isotope geochemistry,, and paleoclimatology to identify new proxies for ocean acidification that can be used to assess pH exposures in living organisms and, potentially to interpret the geologic record.
Development of New Prototype Tools, and Adaptation and Implementation of Current Resources for a Course in Numerical Methods
The project, a collaboration among University of South Florida, Old Dominion University and Arizona State University, is developing state-of-the-art prototype web-based learning tools for open courseware in undergraduate numerical methods courses.
This project couples field studies of local climate, tree establishment and tree growth with regional climate modeling and models that depict spatial processes of plant population and fire dynamics.
The objective of this research is to develop signal processing algorithms for processing data from silicon ion-channel sensors to identify the presence of particular chemicals.
Preliminary experiments in the laboratories of Professor Andino have shown promise for a composite catalyst of RGO-TiO2, reduced graphite oxide and titania. The RGO can potentially assist in minimizing charge recombination when TiO2 is activated by light, thereby making more electrons available for a surface CO2 reduction reaction.
This research will transform scientific understanding of an important and increasingly common ecosystem type ("suburbia") and the consequences to carbon storage and nitrogen pollution at multiple scales. In addition, it will advance understanding of how humans perceive, value and manage their surroundings.
This project will determine if the introduction of the biocontrol agent (tamarisk leaf beetle, Diorhabda spp.) as an insect consumer and defoliator of saltcedar influences wildlife populations and communities via alterations to food resources and/or habitat.
Professor Tao and his students will develop new methods to measure and control electron transport properties at the single molecule level.
The Science Environment for Ecological Knowledge (SEEK) is an initiative designed to create cyberinfrastructure for ecological, environmental, and biodiversity research and to educate the ecological community about ecoinformatics.
A team of archaeologists, computer scientists, ecologists, and modelers designed and prototyped a knowledge-based archaeological data-integration system (KADIS) encompassing both new and legacy datasets.
Energize Phoenix transformed the neighborhoods and commercial districts along a 10-mile stretch of the Phoenix METRO Light Rail line into a Green Rail Corridor into a model of energy efficiency and sustainability.
This project examines energy ethics issues for the responsible conduct of science and engineering and in the intersections of science, engineering, technology, and society, emphasizing potential scenarios for the U.S., while acknowledging the critical roles other nations and international institutions play in the future of energy. It develops new research and educational activities involving graduate students in interdisciplinary research programs.
This interdisciplinary case study is investigating the spatial and temporal dynamics of environmental-equity patterns and processes in Baltimore, a large, postindustrial city that has undergone profound socioeconomic change.
Enzymes are widely used in a large number of diverse applications, from laundry detergents to biosensors. As apparent in nature, enzymes associated with surfaces have additional abilities that soluble enzymes lack. The outcome of this proposal will be of particular interest for understanding and designing multi-enzyme reaction pathways in which the ability of one enzyme to directly pass a product to the next is critically dependent on the relative positions of the enzymes involved.
This project seeks to endow Si-compatible materials with increased optical functionality.
This project represents an initial effort to study the cultural, emotional and social factors that contribute to forgiveness for mass atrocities.
Evaluation of a Suite of Interactive Modeling, Controls, Rapid Prototyping, and Embedded System E-Book Modules
An evaluation of the materials that have been prepared for an e-book for use in teaching control system engineering is being conducted.
Evaluation of Drought Risks and Its Impact on Agricultural Land and Water Use to Support Adaptive Decision-Making
The overall goals of this study are to better understand how water use by crop type responds to drought conditions and to use this knowledge to support adaptive management in the agricultural sector and foster sustainable water use in an era of climate uncertainty and change.
Evaulating the Impact of Interactive Tutoring and Game-Based Environments on Learning and Engagement
The central focus of the Learning Science Research Lab at Arizona State University is to explore and innovate technologies designed to enhance interactive learning environments and ultimately improve student learning.
Examining the Evolution of Biospheric Oxygenation in Late Archean to Middle Proterozoic Oceans Through High-Resolution Trace Metal Chemostratigraphy
The project proposes to obtain high-resolution trace metal geochemical profiles from organic-rich sedimentary rocks to examine the evolution of climate and biospheric oxygenation in the Late Archean to Middle Proterozoic.
The overall objective of the proposed research is to use solar radiation to photocatalytically reduce CO2 to fuels (CO, methane, methanol, and other hydrocarbons) at high conversion efficiency through manipulation of catalyst composition and nanostructure.
Society's response to climate change and many other challenges hinges on public understanding that science is not a body of facts and certainties in tidy disciplines, but rather a process of reasoning which often crosses disciplines and which narrows the uncertainties of knowledge. In this project, the investigators are deploying and assessing a large-enrollment undergraduate general education science course that places scientific reasoning and multidisciplinary perspectives at the heart of the experience.
In this project, the investigators are deploying and assessing a large-enrollment undergraduate general education science course that places scientific reasoning and multidisciplinary perspectives at the heart of the experience.
Exploring the Dynamics of Individual Pedestrian and Crowd Behavior in Dense Urban Settings: A Computational Approach
The goal of this Faculty Early-Career Development (CAREER) award is to support research, education, and related activities that will develop a reusable and behaviorally founded computer model of pedestrian movement and crowd behavior amid dense urban environments.
Flexible Geospatial Visual Analytics and Simulation Technologies to Enhance Criminal Justice Decision Support Systems
This project builds upon the extensive expertise and proven track record of the research team at ASU's GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation to develop a flexible methodological framework, integrating new techniques for geospatial visual analytics and spatial econometrics with state of the art geocomputation technologies to yield the basis for an enhanced decision support system for criminal justice interventions.
The Astrobiology Team at Arizona State University "follows the elements" to help guide the exploration for life beyond Earth, in our Solar System and on planets orbiting other stars.
Food System Sustainability in the Southwest: Developing a Regional Action Plan to Enhance Resilience, Livelihoods, and Food Security across New Mexico and Arizona
Throughout the southwestern US, multiple efforts are underway to improve food systems in relation to sustainability and food security. These efforts are meant to contribute to resilience of food production amidst change, sustainable livelihoods for those working in the food sector, and healthy food availability for underserved populations.
The Foresight Initiative will examine how climate change affects resources and contributes to political unrest, as well as articulate sustainability and resilience strategies.
This project is to develop training materials for the Fort Mohave Indian Tribe to train public health volunteers to setup and operate a Point of Dispensing site to distribute vaccinations.
The research targets fundamental work in sensor networks. Specifically the work addresses the central problem that distributed inference systems need to be robust to a wide variety of sensing, and channel impairments.
This multi-site research project examines how fundamental motives such as mating, self-protection, status-seeking, and affiliation influence basic cognitive processes such as perception and memory.
This program has proposed a systematic and comprehensive approach to address defect issues ranging from fundamental theory up to advanced device structures to mitigate the adverse impacts of defects.
Global Long-term Human Ecodynamics Research Coordinaton Network: Assessing Sustainabiilty on the Millennial Scale
This Research Coordination Network grant brings together an international, multi-disciplinary team of scientists and educators to better mobilize cases of long term human ecodynamics on the century to millennial scale to aid national and global efforts to develop effective future sustainable development and to create resources for Education for Sustainable Development.
The objective of this GOALI proposal is the fabrication of high mobility, ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor, with both n-type and p-type doing, on polymer or glass substrate for transparent and flexible electronics applications.
This project addresses the following two most prominent challenges: (1) disparity in information-sharing among people with visual impairment and its limited understanding by the research community; and (2) lack of methods and tools for effectively addressing the disparity.
This Doctoral Dissertation Enhancement award will support field research on grasshopper migration in China by Ph.D. student Arianne Cease of Arizona State University.
Greater Phoenix 2100 (GP2100) is a network of Arizona State University and community researchers dedicated to using knowledge to create better lives for future generations.
The Hazardous Waste Management Certification Program taught classes required by federal regulation for the health and safety of hazardous waste workers. Classes continue today at the Arizona State University Polytechnic campus.
This research will advance a novel technological approach that relies on machine learning techniques in general and Natural Language Processing (NLP) in particular to develop models and support for creativity during collaborative science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational activities.
This project - officially titled Health Performance, Benefit-Cost, and Cost Effectiveness of Green Retrofit Housing for Low-Income Seniors in Phoenix, Arizona - examined how incorporating an array of building changes of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Green Retrofit Program resulted in improved indoor environmental quality and health of elderly residents. Rather than reviewing individual building features, the study assessed a green retrofit package in its entirety, and incorporated formal benefit-cost and cost effectiveness calculations on individual health and healthcare costs.
This study by the National Center for Excellence on Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies quantifies several values and the effect of color and texture over time and its impact on the urban heat island of different pavements including Arizona Department of Transportation's Asphalt Rubber – Asphaltic Concrete Friction Course.
This proposal is for a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Biology and Society in the School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University. The purpose of the fellowship is to expand the Co-PI's dissertation research, which is on the ecologist, environmentalist, and public figure L. C. Birch.
This research carries out a series of high temperature and pressure experiments (200 to 350 C and 70 to 100 MPa, respectively) in which well-characterized, dissolved, isotopically labelled, aqueous organic and chiral compounds are reacted with a variety of common seafloor hydrothermal oxide and sulfide minerals to examine the resulting changes in organic compounds and their rates of transformation.
This research will help identify sources of surface water and groundwater nitrate contamination in arid and semi-arid deserts.
In Search of Early Oxygen: Investigation of Redox Sensitive Metal Abundances and Isotopes in Neoarchean Drill Cores
This proposal will characterize element abundances and isotopes in two Neoarchean drill cores to investigate the oxidation state of the environment ~ 2.5 billion years ago.
This research project addresses the pressing need for better monitoring of toxicant bioavailability in contaminated sediments by introducing the in situ sampling/bioavailability determination (IS2B) approach. The proposed device and mathematical model will inform risk assessment for environmental management for Superfund and other hazardous waste sites.
This project introduces a novel strategy for bioavailability determination of sediment-borne contaminants featuring a wide range of chemical structures, properties and physical-chemical behaviors. The project addresses the pressing need of Superfund stakeholders to determine in a convenient and reliable fashion both human health risks from contaminated sediments and the effectiveness of implemented remediation strategies.
This work will improve the understanding of the development of summer monsoonal thunderstorms in central Arizona and how they are affected by their interaction with urban and terrain induced thermal circulations.
Informal Learning And Scholarship In Science And Society: A Multi-Disciplinary Workshop On Scientific Creativity And Societal Responsibility
This conference at Arizona State University is an early-stage activity inspired by the upcoming 2016-2018 bicentennial of the conception, writing and publication of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein - or The Modern Prometheus."
This project aims to develop a next-generation understanding: what makes groups successful in changing the institutional rules that govern behavior related to common resources.
Arizona State University's Innovation through Institutional Integration (I-3): The Modeling Institute integrates the efforts of its most successful NSF-sponsored initiatives in STEM teacher education and more: Modeling Physics (numerous NSF programs); Project Pathways (MSP); Professional Learning Community Resources (TPC); Project Learning through Engineering Design and Prime the Pipeline Project (ITEST); Ask-a-Biologist (NSDL); SMALLab (CISE & IGERT); Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER); and MARS (NASA).
The project will establish a repository and a research system based on computational tools and digital sources, and it will develop education and training modules. The goal is to move beyond separate small collections that reside on individual computers in dispersed places, and bring together the objects of study as well as scholarly interpretations of those objects.
Recognition Tunneling is a new analytical tool that generates a distinct electronic signal for each of the four bases in DNA, as well as identifying a modification that underlies the epigenetic code. Here, we propose to use Recognition Tunneling to develop an instrument to read the sequence of DNA as it emerges from a nanopore.
This project asks: Why are some socioecological systems more successful in navigating environmental disturbances and change than others?
The purpose of this research is to use an interdisciplinary approach to investigate paleoceanographic conditions during the deposition of Pennsylvanian cyclothems of Midcontinent North America and to test the "superestuarine circulation hypothesis."
This engineering education research award to Arizona State University will employ researchers to develop cyber infrastructure to infuse sustainability concepts into electrical engineering courses.
The IGERT training program in urban ecology prepares young scientists to be flexible, adept at linking science with social issues, and work collaboratively, so that they might apply interdisciplinary knowledge in the world of tomorrow.
Engineered nanoparticles are largely unregulated because the transport, fate, and toxicity of nanoparticles have not been adequately assessed. The proposed research focuses on the interactions of engineered nanomaterials with lipid bilayers, arguably the most important interface between life and the environment. This proposal addresses NP toxicity and has strong implications on the regulation of NP production, distribution, and application in medicine, clothing, cosmetics, etc.
Three leading universities (York University, Arizona State University and the London School of Economics), a prominent research centre (The Baldy Center for Law and Social Policy), and the world's leading association of social and environmental standards initiatives (the International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labelling Alliance) are partnering by supporting an international research network on interactions in transnational business regulation, conducting collaborative interdisciplinary research, creating policy-relevant knowledge across academic and non-academic sectors, and mobilizing that knowledge in support of innovative and effective policy solutions.
An interdisciplinary team of investigators carry out an undergraduate training initiative at Arizona State University..
Building on complementary skills and perspectives on problems that transcend political borders, we propose to form a new research collaboration between Arizona State University and the Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (Director, Dr. Dominguez Perez-Tejada) based in the principles and aims of sustainability science.
The project (Schwerpunkt) aims at analyzing International Organizations (IO) such as the UN in their role as orchestrators. Orchestration is a specific mode of governance which is increasingly used by international organizations to reach their governance goals.
International Project Office for Urbanization: A Partnership with the International Human Dimension Programme
The Scientific Steering Committee of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change has selected Arizona State University and its Global Institute of Sustainability as the International Project Office (IPO) for their Urbanization Core Project. The Urbanization IPO will assist the Committee in developing and administering the project with the aim, not of conducting research, but building an expanded international network of scholars and policymakers that better understand the urbanization process.
The project provides international research experiences for 11 young Americans to carry out research at the interface of mathematics and the ecology of infectious and vector borne diseases at the Universidad de los Andes (UNIANDES) in Colombia South America.
Land and Water Use Decision-Making and Ecosystem Services along a Southwestern Socio-Ecological Gradient
The principal question of this proposal is to understand how decision makers respond to and make land and water use decisions based on measured and preferred ecosystem services on the wildland-rural-urban fringe in the arid Southwest.
This project will establish an absolute timeline for the final stages of when basins in southeastern Arizona were filled with sediments, as well as when the basins were subsequently incised and dissected by regional erosional events.
Arizona State University (ASU) in collaboration with Arizona Science Center, Boeing, Intel, Microchip, Motorola, Salt River Project, AZ Foundation for Resource Education, AZ Game & Fish Department, US Partnership for the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, Mesa Public Schools, and Boys & Girls Clubs of the East Valley, offer a three-year extracurricular project resulting in IT/STEM-related learning outcomes for 96 participants in grades 7, 8, and 9.
This collaborative project involving ecologists and archaeologists explores how prehistoric agricultural communities have affected plant communities, soil properties, and biogeochemical cycling for thousands of years. The goal of the project is to build theory about what types of human disturbances leave legacies over different time scales, and gain insights into the ways that today's actions can affect future ecological systems.
High throughput live-cell microarray screening technology for dynamic, multiparameter sensing of single-cell metabolic phenotypes is proposed. The proposal addresses Common Fund priorities by extending the range of signatures available to the LINCS centers.
Living with Locusts: Training an Ecophysiologist to Incorporate Bioeconomic Modeling and Collaborative with Applied Food Security and Agricultural Agencies
This award from the NSF Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability Fellows (SEES Fellows Program) investigates the interesting dynamic coupling between land use for agriculture (grazing of livestock) and the outbreak of swarms of locusts.
Local Context and the Dynamics of Social-Ecological Systems: Beyond One-Size-Fits-All Solutions to Environmental Problems
Globalization is changing the way humans interact with natural resources and many people no longer rely on locally derived resources but on distant resources linked through the global economic network. By analyzing mathematical models, based on local social-ecological systems case studies, this project contributes to a better understanding of critical variables needed to enhance the performance of local institutions, preserve institutional diversity, and enhance the integrity of the global resource system.
In this project, archaeologists, mathematical modelers, ecologists, and environmental scientists are applying archaeological and ecological analyses, resilience theory, and formal dynamical modeling to identify variables that foster stability and promote transformation in coupled socioecological systems.
This project will provide a basis for predicting the responses of Bahamian and other island ecosystems to climatic and human-related perturbations. In particular, the assessment and management of worldwide biodiversity loss depend on an improved understanding of the dynamics of ecosystems at local and regional geographical scales as well as short and long time frames.
Managing Biodiversity under Climate Change: Enhancing Capacities in Mexico for Conservation Planning, Decision-making and Sustainability Assessment
The School of Sustainability at the Arizona State University and the Institute of Ecology at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México are developing a sustainable academic program to create competency and expertise for policy and planning in the area of biodiversity conservation and climate change.
Market Integration and Climate as Drivers of Change in the Mexican Maize System: Multi-Scale Interactions in Livelihood
This project will document spatial and temporal patterns of economic and climatic risk at diverse scales through an analysis of the drivers and evolving social outcomes one of the world's most important food systems: the Mexican maize system.
There is a worldwide effort to increase power generation through solar cells, to meet targets in reducing greenhouse gases. One requirement is for high efficiency multijunction solar cells (MJSCs) to extract power from concentrated solar power (CSP) plants, which are expected to become central to the delivery of solar power to national and super-grid systems. This effort aims to circumvent these problems by investigating solar cells based on InxGa1-xN, which has a direct band gap of 0.7-3.4 eV, spanning most of the visible spectrum, thus promising MJSCs from a single materials system.
Materials World Network: Pan-American Network for Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials
This project establishes the framework for a Pan-American Network for Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials. The activity initially involves several US universities, collaborating with counterparts at leading Brazilian and Mexican universities, and an Argentinian research institute. Arizona State University serves as the primary hub for the Network, with responsibility for hosting the network website.
This Materials World Network project is a collaboration of groups from Argentina, Canada, Mexico and the US with the common goal of synthesizing and characterizing, at the single molecule/particle level, semiconductor-photosensitizer materials that can be used for photovoltaic and solar-to-fuel applications.
The investigators form a "Mathematics and Climate Research Network." This is a framework for an intensive effort aimed at bringing to bear the full power of modern applied mathematics and statistics on the prediction and understanding of the Earth's climate.
The objectives of the Mathematical & Theoretical Biology Institute (MTBI) Undergraduate Research Program are to encourage and facilitate the access to and the successful completion of graduate studies by mostly under-represented minority students in mathematics and science.
This project will analyze and explore the potential for transnational coordination and harmonization of regulatory and other oversight mechanisms for nanotechnology, focusing specifically on nanotechnology applications relating to bioenergy
This project examines long-term socioecological processes that shaped Mediterranean landscapes from the beginning of farming to the beginning of complex civilization.
Metallomics in Medicine Workshop: The Role of Natural Isotopes in the Development of a New Generation of Biomarkers for Biomedicine
The aim of the workshop is to identify medical questions where sophisticated technologies, methodologies, and concepts that have been used in the geological and environmental sciences can be applied to combat disease.
he proposal addresses integration and application of multi-phase/multi-microphone directional hearing aids with on-chip MEMS microphones.
The research team investigates the use of oxidation of organic compounds by denitrifying bacteria ("denitrification") to induce carbonate cementation in sand.
Microbial Ecology to Optimize Beneficial Syntrophies to Improve Microbial Electrochemical and Dechlorinating Systems
This research provides a novel approach to study biodegrading and bioenergy relevant mixed microbial communities. The results will provide fundamental understanding of the role of homoacetogens in electron and carbon flow in dechlorinating and ARB mixed communities. This will allow exploiting the use of complex renewable waste sources for bioenergy and bioremediation.
The research will incorporate the economic drivers of 'contact' into dynamic models of emerging human and animal infectious disease systems, and analyze the system dynamics with and without adaptive responses. The models will be calibrated for a set of diseases where people's trade and travel decisions are potentially important.
The purpose of this project is to develop sophisticated particle-based device simulation tools that simultaneously take into account self-heating effects by solving the Boltzmann transport equations (BTEs) for both electrons and phonons, and considering quantum confine-ment effects for both the electrons and the phonons. Such a tool would be the most sophisticated simulator to date since electron and phonon transport is treated at the same physical level within the BTE.
Modeling Wastewater Sludge Hydrolysis Aided by High Temporal Resolution Measurements through Microbial Electrochemistry
This project addresses our need to better understand solids hydrolysis by anaerobic microorganisms, focusing on municipal wastewater sludge.
The majority of satellites in space are powered by solar panels and improving their efficiencies means more power for the spacecraft.This project investigates a novel multi-junction solar cell design that uses lattice-matched II/VI (ZnCdMg)(SeTe) and III/V AlGaAsSb direct bandgap materials grown on GaSb substrates.
Multi-scale Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Hydrologic Regimes, Ecosystem Function, and Community Structure in a Desert Stream and Its Catchment
The primary objective of this project is to understand how long-term climate variability and change influence the structure and function of desert streams via effects on short-term responses to hydrologic disturbance.
Multi-Scale Particle-Based Simulation of Disordered/Ordered Interfaces for High Efficiency Solar Cells
The goal of this project is to develop a novel modeling approach to simulating and understanding materials and interfaces.
Multiscale Modeling and High Resolution Coupled Three-Dimensional Simulations of Ionospheric Irregularities for EM Propagation
This project will develop models to simulate the impact of solar storms on Earth?s atmosphere.
This project will develop models to simulate the urban atmosphere and its interaction with ambient climate and atmospheric circulation occurring on spatial scales which are much larger than cities.
By focusing on field-scale monitoring we hope to lead the environmental nanotechnology field toward establishing protocols suitable for monitoring nanomaterials at environmentally relevant concentrations.
The objective of this research is to explore individually addressable high density arrays of specialty diodes (p/n junction, Schottky, Zener, metal-semiconductor-metal and tunnel structures) made from vertical silicon and germanium nanowires grown with the vapor-liquid-solid method.
This research explored human-ecosystem-climate interactions at the neighborhood scale in metropolitan Phoenix, and drew upon social and ecological theories of spatial heterogeneity in cities to understand how urban development leads to economic, social, and physical inequalities among neighborhoods, which in turn produce neighborhood differences in microclimate conditions.
This project will combine field studies on free-ranging organisms with experiments in a controlled laboratory setting to investigate the neuroendocrine bases of vertebrate reproductive flexibility.
This project brings together the US Navy, the ASU Pat Tillman Veterans Center to promote energy-related research. The US Navy is focused on continuously improving energy effectiveness in its operations and wishes to explore additional research related opportunities with universities in a partnership.
This project addresses the challenges in developing predictive and autonomic thermal-aware and energy-efficient task scheduling algorithms for heterogeneous High-Performance Computing datacenters.
The long-term goal is to improve the success rate of bioremediation at sites containing complex chemical mixtures by using in situ microcosm array (ISMA) technology.
This Partnership for Innovation project from Arizona State University is aimed at developing a new approach to digital system design to significantly reduce the power consumption and size of digital systems without reducing their speed of operation.
The goal of this project is to demonstrate proof-of-concept of the transformative idea of self-powered photo-electrochromic system based on 1D and 2D ZnO nanostructures on flexible substrates for significant potential payoffs.
The objective of this collaborative research project between Arizona State University and Notre Dame University is to explore novel multijunction solar cell designs that offer ultra-high efficiencies for both space and terrestrial applications.
Services are being developed to aid teachers, librarians, and learners in sharing resources and promoting further access to NSDL resources. The Middleware for Network- and Context-aware Recommendations (MiNC) being developed provides online integrated services.
This Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) in Engineering program entitled, "NUE: Cross-disciplinary Education in Social & Ethical Aspects of Nanotechnology", at Arizona State University, will develop a unique four weeks long workshop experience for undergraduate students that will explore the social and ethical issues raised by nanotechnology, build cross-disciplinary communicative competence,
This research provides the theoretical framework and tools needed to model and interpret the increasing evidence for the presence and actions of microbes in the deep biosphere in oceanic crust.
Ocean Redox Evolution at the Dawn of Animal Life: An Integrated Geological and Geochemical Study of the Ediacaran Yangtze Platform in South China
The ultimate goal of the research is to integrate paleontological and geochemical data to test the coupling between redox conditions and spatial/temporal patterns of Ediacaran organisms. Anticipated data would provide important information for our understanding of the environmental forces related to a significant biological innovation in Earth history.
The proposed work tackles the computational challenges underlying a user driven integration (UDI) system, keeping in mind the human constraints and challenges that underlie the technical considerations.
Organic Geochemical Transformations and the Deep Biosphere — Identifying the Food Sources for Microbes in Sedimentary Systems
This research explores how geochemical processes support microbes living deep in the Earth.
Shade plays an important role in designing pedestrian-friendly outdoor spaces in desert cities. To improve thermal comfort through shading at a pedestrian mall, Arizona State University set up three, 10-m high photovoltaic canopy structures on its Tempe campus next to the Memorial Union (MU). The goal of this research is to quantify the impact of the installed photovoltaic canopies on microclimate and thermal comfort at the mall, using field observations and surveys.
Partnership, Pathway, and Pipeline for Engineering Education: Engaging Middle School Students when Curricular Integration and Social Relevance
This exploratory project will provide effective mechanisms to motivate and engage middle school students in the practice of engineering through hands-on community-based service learning projects by establishing sustainable linkages between higher education, K-12, and community partners, developing professional learning communities (PLCs) comprised of engineering faculty and K-12 educators, and creating appropriately aligned educational pathways that integrates STEM with social studies and language arts.
This project examines the effect of four different types of induction programs on 100 fifth-year teachers of secondary science.
The purpose of this proposal is to explore the extent to which timely emotional, cognitive, and metacognitive interventions in tutoring software will have positive effects on students' emotions, attitudes, and achievements in mathematics.
The project included implementing a new concrete mix design that utilizes recycled plastic fibers for added strength and durability and studying the mechanical, thermal and storm water performance of pervious concrete located in a hot arid climate.
The goal of this project is to explore and optimize the use of photocatalysts as a reductive technology for treating nitrate in drinking water applications. The underlying hypothesis is nitrate can be converted to innocuous aqueous species in drinking water applications using metal-loaded photocatalysts.
This project is developing genetically optimized versions of photosynthetic bacteria, called cyanobacteria, that will use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to over-produce and secrete fatty acids as a raw material for the production of biofuel.
The interaction of thermal radiation with nanofluids, which are nanoscale colloidal suspensions, has not been extensively examined. This research deals with fundamental thermal transport phenomena that occur when sufficiently intense thermal radiation is incident upon a nanofluid. Specifically, the irradiation will cause localized heating of the suspended nanoparticles, and, in turn, induce heating or boiling of the liquid. This proposal addresses the relevant phenomena through a series of experiments and analyses.
The Photovoltaic Canopy Research Project was conducted in the premises the Tempe campus of Arizona State University to scientifically measure the micro-climate effects of selected ASU solar canopy projects.
This project addresses the challenge of providing usable (plug-and-play, self-configuring, and autonomic) security solutions for Body Area Networks (BANs): networks of economically powered, wireless, wearable and/or implanted health monitoring nodes (sensors and actuators), for collecting and communicating health information and, appropriately administering medicine or prosthetic actions.
Plankton Community Composition and Trophic Interactions as Modifiers of Carbon Export in the Sargasso Sea
The research objectives of this study are: 1) to characterize (qualitatively and quantitatively) trophic interactions between major plankton groups in the euphotic zone and rates of, and contributors to, carbon export and 2) to develop a constrained food web model, based on these data, that will allow us to better understand current and predict near-future patterns in export production in the Sargasso Sea.
The goal of this project is to develop a plan that would detail how major investments by NSF in the information infrastructure of archaeology could best improve the scientific community's ability to use archaeological data in synthetic research on social and environmental dynamics and thereby serve the needs of contemporary society more broadly.
Patch clamp technique is a powerful tool for studying ion channels of cells, but it is difficult to operate, low throughput and often invasive. The present project develops an optical method to measure electrical conductance, making it possible to map ion channel opening and closing activities noninvasively with high spatial and temporal resolution. This unprecedented capability is anticipated to provide new insights into ion channel activities and a new tool for high throughput screening of ion-channel targeted drugs.
This project's goal is to develop a model and exercise that will allow administrators from Pinal County, Arizona, to analyze their throughput capability in a realistic, virtual environment that simulates multiple Point of Dispensing (POD) areas, multiple POD types, and the challenges associated with efficient POD design.
Point of Dispensing Simulation for Large-Scale Mass Dispensing Operations During a Public Health Emergency
The purpose of this study is to develop for the Arizona Department of Health Services a computer-based, interactive multiple Point of Dispening area throughput model.
This project addresses questions regarding the chemical processing in fog of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of which are known to be toxic.
Civil and construction engineering students must learn to deploy sustainable systems that balance economic, social, political, and community considerations, in addition to technical considerations in order to address America's declining infrastructure. The project is evaluating whether integrating sustainability concepts through project-based learning into existing undergraduate civil and construction engineering courses results in improvements in team-based problem-solving skills and whether collaborations between upper and lower division undergraduates in multiple courses improve students' ability to apply concepts taught in introductory courses to future courses.
Atypical high-elevation, but low-relief landscapes are perched above and surrounded by deeply incised canyons in the middle latitudes of Bhutan. This study explores the proposition that these landforms represent a pulse of erosion that is sweeping through Bhutan and progressively changing the relief.
Postdoctoral Fellowship—Knowledge Systems Analysis for Environmental Decision Making: Energy Development in the Four Corners Region of the American Southwest, 1960-2010
This research project addresses that gap by developing a conceptual framework and set of policy tools, called Knowledge Systems Analysis, that can be used by researchers and policymakers to guide the systematic review of environmental decisions and their outcomes.
This project puts forward four hypotheses to explain observed lags in ecosystem response to changing precipitation, and tests them by altering patterns of total precipitation and precipitation variability, with and without nitrogen manipulation. These manipulations, together with the model analysis, will help determine the cause and magnitude of lags in the ecosystem response to precipitation.
Predicting Changes in Commercial Fishing Behavior to Management Changes in the Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Fishery
The primary objective of the project is to develop a random utility model (RUM) to predict changes in commercial fishing behavior in response to recently implemented regulations affecting the grouper component of the Gulf of Mexico reef fish fishery and serve as a simulation platform for future management evaluation for this fishery.
This project integrates mathematical modeling, invertebrate sampling, and statistical estimation to develop robust methodologies for tracking biodiversity of aquatic invertebrates on dryland military bases.
This project integrates archaeological investigations of the prehistoric settlements and farming systems with ecological methods of soil nutrient analysis and soil moisture measurements.
Prime the Pipeline Project (P3): Putting Knowledge to Work is designed to engage high school students as active members of a scientific village comprised of students, math and science teachers, university faculty, undergraduate student mentors, industry professionals, and scientists.
The objective of this collaborative research project is to develop methods for joining social and built environment vulnerability into a single framework, and will create a prioritization framework for selecting investments in cooling infrastructure that maximize the reduction in vulnerability. The vulnerability of the United States Southwest populations to heat is a result of both a city's socio-demographic profile and the built environment, yet little is known about the latter.
The initial solar energy conserving event in photosynthesis is the transfer of an electron between an excited donor and a neighboring acceptor molecule in the reaction center, an intrinsic membrane protein-pigment complex. In this project Woodbury will continue his studies of the purple nonsulfur bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, investigating the driving force and temperature dependence of the initial electron transfer reactions.
PSERC Collaborative Proposal for a Phase III Industry University Cooperative Research Center Program
The proposed work addresses important improvements and advancements in the transmission and delivery of electricity.
Public Value Mapping: Developing a Non-Economic Model of the Social Value of Science and Innovation Policy
The purpose of this study is to further develop a public-values-based model for science and innovation policies (SIPs). At the core of this work are two fundamental questions: What are the public values that justify particular SIPs, and what is the capacity of a given SIP to yield outcomes that support and advance those values?
The overall goal of the proposed research is to develop a fundamental understanding of the electronic and defect properties of doped and undoped pyrite thin films for solar photovoltaics.
A major societal challenge is to generate terawatts (TWs) of electricity with minimal environmental impact. The Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (QESST) Engineering Research Center will transform the existing electricity generation system towards a sustainable and ubiquitous one by developing photovoltaic (PV) technologies with higher efficiency and novel functionality.
Quantifying the Effects of Groundwater and Hydrology on the Trophic Structure in Desert Riparian Ecosystems
Water and energy are essential ingredients of life and key commodities for humans and other living organisms that make up food webs. Curiously, although the role of energy in determining the inner workings of food webs has been thoroughly explored, water has been mostly ignored in food web ecology. The goal of this project is to fill this critical research gap by working to understand how the balance between supply and demand of energy and water affects patterns of abundance and biodiversity in terrestrial food webs.
RAPID: Responses of Herbaceous Annual Plants to Material Deposition from the Urban Atmosphere under Contrasting Conditions of Antecedent Drought and Winter Rainfall
This research studies the combined effects of high rainfall and urban pollution on the abundance, kinds, and chemical makeup of annual herbaceous plants which will help advance theory and understanding of how multiple factors affect plant growth singly and in combination.
Synthetic nanoscale motors represent a major step towards the development of practical nanomachines. Despite impressive progress, manmade nanomachines lack the efficiency and versatility of their biological counterparts. Extending the scope of synthetic nanomotors to diverse and realistic conditions requires deep understanding of their fundamental physical mechanisms. This proposed collaborative research aims at gaining such understanding of the underlying physical mechanisms of catalytic nanowire motors.
The Urban Sustainability RCN will begin with a broadly interdisciplinary core group of academics, students, postdocs, policy-makers, city planners, managers, and other action-focused urban players representing 14 cities in various stages of transition.
Reinvent Phoenix: Cultivating Equity, Engagement, Economic Development and Design Excellence with TOD
The City of Phoenix will create a new model for urban development – one that increases quality of life while maintaining desirability and attainability for the entire spectrum of incomes, ages, family sizes, and physical and developmental abilities along the light rail corridor.
This is an ethnographic study that focuses on toxicologists at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency who are developing new toxicity testing methods and on people living with chronic exposures in a low-income minority community in Phoenix, Arizona. The project will use data collected from participant observation, ethnographic interviewing, and scientific and community documents to identify the ways in which current chemical knowledge practices differ from prior practices and to analyze the socio-political implications of these changes.
This research will address the impacts of social responses to climate change, an issue central to contemporary policy and relevant to public and private organizations, policy makers, and resource managers interested in promoting resilience to climate change.
The countless environmental and social problems endogenous to the suburban model, as well as exogenous forces resulting from pending demographic changes, renders uncertain the future of the now conventional suburban development type. Besides developing new design paradigms, there is a pressing need to rethink the use of existing suburban areas. Here, we explore the possibilities for re-use of a typical suburban cul-de-sac
RIDGE: Tipping Points in the Evolution of Submarine Hydrothermal Systems: Habitat Generation, Organic Transformation, and Rock Alteration
Goals of the project are to use thermodynamic constraints and calculations to predict the supply of chemical energy to microbial communities that inhabit seafloor hydrothermal vents. It will also focus on adding estimates of hundreds of additional organic compounds to thermodynamic databases to allow more complete and realistic calculations of organic transformations and the abiotic synthesis of organic compounds.
An exercise series that will facilitate sharing information with community stakeholders (e.g., parents, schools, business leaders, government officials, emergency management) on some of the potential impacts of a serious influenza pandemic and increase awareness of the need to develop plans to support community mitigation strategies.
Risk Perception, Institutions, and Water Conservation: Enhancing Agricultural Adaption to Future Water Scarcity in Central Arizona
The objective of this project is to help farmers maximize opportunities to enhance their flexibility in face of climatic stress while also investing in the resilience of the broader social-ecological system on which farmers depend.
The investigators will extend and generalize existing well-received stoichiometry-based mathematical models to encompass a broader range of ecological situations, including cell quota dynamics, consumer age- or size-structures, variable consumer stoichiometry, and delayed nutrient cycling. Once such a generalized theoretical framework is established, the investigators will construct and evaluate models inspired by recent empirical discoveries in ES, including one considering the effects on consumer dynamics of not only insufficient food nutrient content but also of excess food nutrient content, and another considering the effects of stoichiometric dietary mixing.
This project will investigate microorganisms that live in the human intestines and how they affect success or failure of weight loss after two methods of bariatric surgery. The ultimate goal is to find microorganisms that help weight loss following bariatric surgery.
The goal of this project is to build research infrastructure, a virtual institute for responsible innovation. The meaning of "responsible innovation" is evolving, but roughly the term refers to a process of engagement in which stakeholders and innovators engage in mutually responsive dialogues that serve to bring about socially acceptable innovation processes and products. The proposed institute will focus specifically on nanotechnology and other emerging technologies such as synthetic biology and geo-engineering.
More rapid development of solar energy is stymied by the high (but declining) costs of solar energy systems, the relatively low efficiencies of such systems, regulatory hurdles that impede development, and uncoordinated governmental policies. Overcoming such obstacles demands a new kind of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) workforce – one skilled in technical subjects at the heart of solar energy technologies, but also well versed in the socio-economic (e.g., social, economic, behavioral, policy) and commercial aspects of solar energy. Arizona State University (ASU) is addressing these needs through a new professional Science Master's Degree in Solar Energy Engineering & Commercialization.
This project attempts to identify and support up to 60 qualified secondary science teachers who will persist in high-need environments.
This grant addresses ywo issues critical to manufacturing at the nano- and meso-scales.
The Sensor Signal and Information Processing (SenSIP) consortium at the Arizona State University (ASU) is planning to join the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) entitled "Net-Centric Software and Systems" which currently is a multi- university Center comprised of the University of North Texas (lead institution), and the University of Texas at Dallas. The mission of SenSIP at ASU is to develop signal and information processing foundations for next-generation integrated multidisciplinary sensing applications in biomedicine, defense, energy, and other systems.
The researchers on this project will build fine-scale simulation models for infection spread during air travel in order to identify the causes of infection spread, as well as procedures and policies that will limit its spread without major disruption to air travel. The researchers propose to create a super-computing based application that will provide useful insight to decision makers - such as medical responders, policy makers etc. dealing with Ebola.
The present project aims at studying how the optoelectronic properties of these systems change when the device is decreased to nano- and molecular-scales, and exploring single molecule light emitting device and optical sensing applications.
Sinking Rates and Nutritional Quality of Organic Matter Exported from Sea Ice; the Importance of Exopolymeric Substances
The knowledge resulting from this study will contribute to our understanding of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle and how it may be modified in response to climate variability.
Sn-Containing Group-IV Semiconductors for Energy Applications in Photovoltaics and Thermoelectricity
The project addresses fundamental research issues in a topical area of electronic/photonic materials science having energy related technological relevance.
Social Dynamics in Response to Shifting Immigration Policy and Practice: Latino Social Networks, Resource Flow, and Household Reorganization
As a large scale agent of change, shifts in policy and perceptions concerning immigrants ripple through social networks, affecting household arrangements and resources that impact not only individuals, but families and whole communities. The study examined the social networks that link household members to each other and larger networks, and model the implications of this for the resource flows to household members and ultimately for household resiliency and the well-being of family members.
Many of the challenges facing contemporary society, such as emission reductions or vaccination for infectious diseases, are collective action problems. To address these challenges, new approaches are needed to understand, stimulate and sustain collective action in large heterogeneous populations. To promote cooperative behavior at large scales, this project will develop computational tools to facilitate the context for cooperation – homogeneity, effective communication – observed in smaller scale case studies and field experiments.
This project provides a systematic framework for exploiting this progress in deterministic planning technology - be it classical, temporal or partial satisfaction planning problems - in stochastic planning as well, by novel adaptation of theory and/or methods of determinization, hindsight optimization, and machine learning.
Source Apportionment of Iron in the Marine Atmosphere -- Application of Stable Iron Isotopic Measurements
his project, a collaboration between investigators at Arizona State University and Northern Arizona University, will explore the use of Fe isotopes as a tracer of natural and anthropogenic sources of aerosols to assess their importance as a source of Fe to the open ocean.
The SYPR project seeks to explain the dynamics of land-use/land-cover change in the Southern Yucatan Peninsular Region over the past 25 years and explores ways to wed remote sensing- and social science-based models of this change.
SEINet is a center of biodiversity information, organizing Southwestern natural-history collections into one portal.
This project will develop a spatial analytical framework and toolbox for addressing convicted offender residency issues. This will facilitate access to a combination of new and existing exploratory and confirmatory statistical methods and to new and existing spatial optimization models that can be used for analyzing impacts as well as developing and evaluating public policy associated with the management of convicted offenders.
This research project will survey drivers about their refueling patterns and behaviors to better understand the assumptions underlying the deployment of new stations for alternative-fuel vehicles.
This project co-funded by Science, Technology & Society; Biology and Society; Mathematical and Physical Sciences and Society; Science of Science and Innovation Policy; and Office of International Science and Engineering involves a coordinated set of twenty laboratory engagement studies to assess and compare the varying pressures on and capacities for laboratories to integrate broader societal considerations into their work.
The goal of this project was to use development of informatics infrastructure to strategically position one or more of Arizona's candidate sites to become official nodes in NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network).
The objective of this research is to significantly expand the understanding of stress-structure relationships in ultra-thin heteroepitaxial metallic films.
The goal of this study is to address the research question: Do different configurations of a product's supply network yield different environmental performance?
This study addresses key remaining questions rarely, or only superficially, discussed in the geotechnical literature, and is geared toward transformation of surface flux modeling capabilities for cracked and intact clays.
Modern research in materials science is strongly focused on the design and synthesis of materials not available in nature. The molecular approach to crystal growth exemplified by this project represents a new tool for this quest that may lead to materials with unique properties.
Sustainability of Marine Renewable Resources in Subarctic Systems Under Incumbent Environmental Variability and Human Exploitation
These network activities focus on basic socio-ecological principles applied to the study of the sustainability of renewable resources in large marine ecosystems under incumbent climate variability and human exploitation. Through this network a gap is bridged among ecologists, mathematicians, social scientists and resource managers to provide a sound science support system for conservation.
The Center for Sustainability Science Applications (CSSA) promotes research that reconciles the needs of society and nature through projects involving urban systems, climate change, and sustainable technologies.
The primary objective is to evaluate biochemical (enzymatic) conversion as a potentially viable strategy for converting algal biomass into lipid-based and carbohydrate-based biofuels. Secondary objective is to test the acceptability of algal biofuels as replacements for petroleum-based fuels.
The strategic vision of the Metal-Air Ionic Liquid (MAIL) battery program is to create a measurably safe, earth-abundant and geo-politically sustainable, ultra-high energy density, and low cost battery technology.
The goal of this project is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the sustainability and resilience of the water and energy systems, and to offer solutions that span infrastructure design, management of the physical environment, and socio-economic policy.
Sustainable Water Resources for Communities under Climate Change: Can State-of-the-Art Forecasting Inform Decision-Making in Data Sparse Regions?
This project will study decision-making for water resources management in anticipation of climate change in northern Mexico as a case study for the broader arid and semiarid southwestern North America. The goal of the project is to determine whether water resources systems modeling, developed within a participatory framework, can contribute to the building of management strategies in a context of water scarcity, conflicting water uses and highly variable and changing climate conditions.
The goal is to equip graduate fellows with the skills to bring their sustainability-science research into K-12 settings to benefit K-12 teachers, students, and families, as well as enhance their own professional development.
Digital Antiquity's mission is to ensure preservation of and access to digital archaeological information.
Current engineering practice for determining the volume change behavior of unsaturated expansive soils are mostly based on simplified tests, and correlations with index properties. Such practices can lead to uneconomical and distress prone foundation designs. Hence, there is a fundamental research need to review the current characterization practices in expansive soils and to revise them to reflect the current state of knowledge of unsaturated soil mechanics. The final outcome of this research is the development of methods for better predictions of expansive soil properties using unsaturated soil mechanics principles.
This project will develop a computer-based identification system for plants and animals.
Testing Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships in an Ecological Stoichiometry Framework in the World's Largest Natural Grassland
This project will directly manipulate plant diversity in large-scale experimental plots and measure a number of ecosystem function variables to test existing biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and evaluate new hypotheses regarding ecosystem function for multiple trophic levels (plants, herbivores, and soil microbes) in the Inner Mongolian Grassland, part of the largest natural grassland in the world.
This project is a case study designed to identify the dynamics of local subsistence adaptations to the climate-induced environmental transformation of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition.
This interdisciplinary project will bring together sophisticated biological and structural monitoring of photosynthetic membrane assembly, function and regulation with the tools of dynamic spectroscopy required to record and analyze the detailed function of the in vivo system.
This research project will examine how social and ecological diversity interact to influence the resilience of societies facing major changes in their social or environmental circumstances. The goal of the investigators conducting this project is to discover configurations of diversity in ecological landscapes and in forms of social organization that make systems more or less able to cope with significant environmental or social changes without undergoing an unpleasant transformation.
This project will develop and evaluate a portable Note-Taker device that does not require any adaptation of the existing classroom infrastructure, and which allows visually impaired students to shift their attention between the writing surface and the class presentation without inefficient context switching.
Building upon insights from a wide range of disciplines (e.g., social psychology, political science, religious studies, anthropology, sociology) and existing findings about the processes that contribute to group conflict (e.g., perceived competition over scarce resources, incompatible values), this project tests hypotheses about where, how, under what circumstances, and for whom religion-influenced conflict could emerge.
Analyses of U.S. air quality regulations identify subpopulations that are particularly sensitive to the adverse health effects associated with air pollution on the basis of epidemiological studies of the physiological effects of pollution. The observed susceptibility of children and older adults to environmental degradation stems from not one but two important factors: physiological sensitivity and economic vulnerability.
The project will provide rigorous interdisciplinary training and research for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in history and philosophy of the life sciences, with a focus on developmental biology.
The Integrity of Geosynthetic Elements of Waste Containment Barrier Systems Subject to Large Settlement and Seismic Loading
The objective of this project is to investigate the ability of modern landfill waste containment systems to maintain their integrity when subject to waste settlement, earthquake loading, and loads from operational practices.
The Joint Modeling of Seasonal Recreational Demand, Entry-Exit Decisions, and Fish Stocks over Time with an Application to Great Lakes Sportfishing
This project plans to develop a model that integrates a multi-site, multi-species, seasonal model of angler demand for sport fishing with a dynamic, bioeconomic model of fish stocks for the purpose of comparing the welfare impacts and conservation implications of various recreational fishery management alternatives.
This project will identify the life history traits of plants that are predictive of extinction risk in the face of the top three threats to plant species in the United States - habitat loss, altered fire regimes and competition with invasive species.
The Relative Importance of Generic vs. Specific Capacity in Addressing Drought Vulnerability in NE Brazil
This research examines how the vulnerability of rainfed farm households to drought has changed through time as a function of both specific and generic government-led interventions. The research also explores how these two categories of interventions are related, both in terms of their relative importance in defining overall adaptive capacity, and in terms of how they may create synergies or be mutually conditioning.
The Role of Resource Legacy on Contemporary Linkages Between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Processes in a Cold Desert Ecosystem: The McMurdo Dry Valley LTER Program
The McMurdo Dry Valleys (MCM) LTER project focuses on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in a cold desert region of Antarctica. The overall objectives of MCM are to understand 1) the influence of physical and biological constraints on the structure and function of Dry Valleys ecosystems and 2) the modifying effects of material transport on these ecosystems.
This project, investigating formal modeling and analysis of medical device control operations to verify patient safety, aims to advance the state-of-the-art in guaranteeing patient safety impacted by Smart Health Infrastructure (SHI).
This project will assess the distribution, composition and reactivity of terrestrial and riverine carbon along a sequence of well-characterized reservoirs in a single watershed.
This project investigates a novel approaches to feature selection in linked data in general and social media data in particular. Specifically, it seeks to exploit link information in supervised as well as unsupervised feature selection for social media data.
The proposed project is an interdisciplinary collaboration between mechanical engineering (thermal transport) and chemistry, and is a largely experimental effort aimed at improving fundamental understanding of thermogalvanic systems.
At least seven NIH-supported groups are exploring sequencing methods that propose to use electron tunneling as the readout for a nanopore sequencer, an approach that might greatly reduce the cost of sequencing. We have shown that all four nucleosides and 5-methyl cytidine can be read by functionalized electrodes and we will develop reagents suitable for DNA sequencing in aqueous electrolyte and make these widely available.
The research project focuses from multiple perspectives on scientific change. Its goal is to understand that change historically and conceptually and also to contribute to ongoing scientific debates.
This project explores agents of scientific change in a dynamic, interactive, integrative, interdisciplinary, international research environment.
Understanding Impacts of Desert Urbanization on Climate and Surrounding Environments to Foster Sustainable Cities Using Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling
Overall goals are to better understand the impacts of changing land cover spatial distribution, patterns and arrangements within and around these cities in relation to climate change and to use this knowledge to support adaptive management and foster sustainable desert cities.
Understanding Supramolecular Architectures in Photosynthesis by Space and Time Resolved Spectroscopy
Seventy percent of mankind's current energy needs are met by burning fossil fuels. This is already problematic since oil and gas supplies are limited and because of the adverse environmental effects of rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Moreover this situation is set to get worse as current predictions estimate that our energy needs will double by 2050. Mankind is therefore facing a major challenge to find new sources of clean renewable fuels. Photosynthesis is a biological process able to use solar energy to produce such fuels.
Understanding the Challenges Inherent in the Design, Execution and Participation in Governance Challenge Platforms
There is growing interest in the use of information and communication technologies for community engagement and for crowd-sourcing solutions to difficult problems through challenges and prizes. Governmental and nongovernmental organizations are being encouraged to design, deploy, manage and support appropriate online platforms to address both goals and improve economic competitiveness.
This work tests the application of Uranium (U) isotopes preserved in carbonate sediments as a paleo-redox proxy
Engineering and design of urban form is an important strategy for managing climate change and other environmental impacts of energy, as well as being key to the livability of cities. This project aims to clarify connections between urban form and use and energy use in the built environment and transport.
This project will identify community and demographic markers of high-risk environments that decision-makers can use to develop spatially informed early warning systems and heat-illness prevention programs
This project will provide US undergraduate students and graduate students with an international collaborative research experience in water resources management.
Using Carbohydrates as Molecular Markers to Determine the Contribution of Agricultural Soil to Ambient Fine and Course PM
The overall goal of the project is to fully develop, employ and verify a technique to quantify the contribution of agricultural soils entrained in the atmosphere to ambient fine and coarse particulate matter (PM).
The project is designed to address simultaneously the need of acquiring additional professional experience in informatics to advance research in the history and philosophy of science and to open up new areas of research and investigation at the intersection of these two areas.
This project will lead to insight into how aerosol production due to human activity influences precipitation and the radiative impact of clouds on Earth's climate.
This project has a multi-disciplinary research team exploring how community participation spreads, the effects of feedback on participation, and the changes in community and collaboration structure over time.
Water Sustainability under Near-term Climate Change: A Cross-Regional Analysis Incorporating Socio-Ecological Feedbacks and Adaptations
The main objective of this study is to understand and quantify the potential impacts of near-term climate change and population growth on freshwater sustainability - defined here as integrating daily to annual flows required to minimize human vulnerability and maximize ecosystem needs (including native biodiversity) for freshwater - by explicitly incorporating the feedbacks from human-environmental systems on water supply and demand in various target basins spanning Arizona to North Carolina.
Wavelet Analysis of High Spatial Resolution Imagery for Urban Mapping Using Infinite Scale Decomposition Techniques
This research project aims to develop a frequency-based, multi-scale classification algorithm using overcomplete wavelet transforms that can generate higher-level spatial arrangements of objects and features for detailed urban land categorization. The investigator will seek to enhance spatial modeling and concepts that describe spatial association, spatial pattern, spatial regression, and segregation by adding decomposition procedures that can extract spatial features in different directions at infinite scale.
This project is a comprehensive, concerted, sequenced effort that uses NSF funding for historically underrepresented minority (URM) undergraduate student activities, including the transition of college sophomores, juniors, and seniors toward graduate school and the development of high technology products with application or dissemination both regionally and nationally.
When Strengths Can Become Weaknesses: Emerging Vulnerabilities in Coupled Natural Human Systems under Globalization and Climate Change
Long-lived coupled natural human systems (CNHs) are often distinguished by how they have evolved the right fit between their biophysical and social sub-systems. Researchers have characterized this fit in terms of the close feedbacks that enable a system to function well when faced with a known set of disturbance regimes. This project addresses a key question that naturally arises when these systems are exposed to a new set of disturbance regimes or novel change as is likely to occur with increased globalization and climate change: to what extent do the interdependencies that developed to strengthen the system's capacity to fit to a certain set of disturbances limit or enhance its capacity to refit to new conditions?
The goal of WINTech is to improve the current standard of living through the design and advancement of small, highly integrated electrical and electro-mechanical systems.