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Use-inspired research  with purpose and impact


Use-inspired research
 with purpose and impact


Use-inspired research
 with purpose and impact

100 Cities Project: Sensing for Solutions – Bridging Cities and Science

This project uses remote-sensing technology to detect patterns of urbanization and their environmental consequences in 100 cities across the globe.

Lela Prashad Philip Christensen Charles Redman William Stefanov Elizabeth Wentz Joseph Zehnder

A Community-Driven Scientific Observations Network to achieve Interoperability of Environmental and Ecological Data

The Scientific Observations Network (SONet) will initiate a multi-disciplinary, community-driven effort to define and develop the necessary specifications and technologies to facilitate semantic interpretation and integration of observational data.

Corinna Gries

A Logic-Based Dynamic Policy Model for Adaptive Workflow Management

This proposal presents a research program for developing and evaluating dynamic policy models, adaptive composition approaches, and risk management strategies.

Hasan Davulcu

A Longitudinal Analysis of the Social Dynamics of Environmental Equity in Baltimore

Through an interdisciplinary case study of Baltimore, the research will identify the spatiotemporal dynamics of environmental-equity patterns and processes in a large, postindustrial city that has undergone profound socioeconomic change.

Christopher Boone Geoffrey Buckley Morgan Grove Charles Lord Austin Troy

A Machine Learning Approach to Computational Understanding of Skill Criteria in Surgical Training

This award will explore a machine-learning-based approach to computational understanding of surgical skills based on temporal inference of visual and motion-capture data from surgical simulation.

Baoxin Li Kanav Kahol Huan Liu

A Multi-Factor Analysis of the Emergence of a Specialist-Based Economy Among the Phoenix Basin Hohokam

This study will analyze pottery provenance data gathered in the study of Hohokam ceramics in the Phoenix Basin, Arizona. The data will be used to examine the social and economic factors that contributed to widespread demand for specialized pottery production in this region during prehistory. The research provides insight into the mechanisms which facilitate effective societal functioning at a traditional level of development. It also provides insight into an important achievement in prehistoric America.

David Abbott Sophia Kelly

A New Theory and Data Product Quantifying Ecosystem Sensitivity to Climate Change

This project will develop a complex-systems theoretical approach based on information flow in observed ecological process networks, using data from NEON and existing observational networks, which will be applied to, (1) predict nonlinear transition thresholds in the multiscalar couplings between local and regional ecosystem processes by observing feedback couplings in observed ecosystem process networks, and (2) directly measure the current sensitivity of regional ecosystems in the USA to incremental changes in specific climate variables.

Dan Childers Benjamin Ruddell

A Research Network for Computational Modeling in the Socioecological Sciences

This project establishes a scientific research collaboration network to support and expand the development and use of computational modeling in the social and life sciences.

Michael Barton Lilian Alessa Marco Janssen

A Research Network for Computational Modeling in the Socioecological Sciences

This project establishes a scientific research collaboration network to support and expand the development and use of computational modeling in the social and life sciences.

Lilian Alessa Michael Barton Marco Janssen

A Surface Stress Paradigm for Studying and Developing Catalyst and Storage Materials Relevant to the Hydrogen Economy

The overarching scientific objective of this program is to enhance the understanding of hydrogen economy critical phenomena through a surface stress paradigm.

Cody Friesen

A Wearable Wireless System for Real-Time Monitoring of Chemical Toxicants

The ability to quickly and reliably detect chemical toxicants in air is critically important for health risk assessment, for better understanding the role of gene-environment interactions in human diseases, and for health disparities research.

Nongjian Tao

A Wireless Multi-functional Sensor Badge for Epidemiological Studies

A multifunctional wireless badge-sized sensor will be developed and validated to assess personal exposure levels to multiple analytes. Such a sensor will address the need of low cost, wearable and multifunctional device for large population environmental health studies.

Nongjian Tao

Accelerating Innovation in Agent-Based Simulations: Application to Complex Socio-Behavioral Phenomena

This project will expand the capabilities of agent-based modeling in supporting the design, engineering, and testing of complex systems.

Paul Torrens

Acquisition of an Imaging Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer

This award will acquire an imaging secondary ion mass spectrometer instrument to support an extended group of researchers working on diverse topics involving both soft (biological) and hard materials (minerals), and at the interface between the two (biosensors, antibiotic clays, nanoparticle toxicity).

Peter Williams Ariel Anbar James Anderson Richard Hervig Willem Vermaas

Adaptation and Self-Regulation in Multichromophoric Molecules

This research project involves the synthesis and study of complex molecules consisting of covalently linked chromophores, electron donors and acceptors, and photochromic molecules that change their structure upon exposure to light.

Devens Gust Ana Moore Tom Moore

Adapting Law to Rapid Technological Change

The goal of this project is to identify and evaluate new legal regulatory approaches that will be more adaptive and flexible to better keep pace with rapidly evolving technologies.

Gary Marchant Braden Allenby Andrew Askland Joseph Herkert

Adaptive Pathways to Climate Change (APaCC): Livestock and Livelihood Systems in Gandaki River Basin

This project is designed to elucidate spatial and temporal dimensions of the adaptive capacities of farmers and livestock keepers vulnerable to exposure of climate and other livelihood stressors, and link this understanding to locally relevant climate adaptation portfolio in the Gandaki River Basin of the Western region of Nepal.

Netra Chhetri

Advancement of Unsaturated Soils Theory into the Undergraduate Civil Engineering Curriculum

This project involves developing student-centered lecture and laboratory modules on the basic principles of unsaturated soils theory and the application of these principles to problems of movement of structural foundation systems. The modules emphasize solving geo-hazard problems of collapsible and expansive soils.

Sandra Houston Wilhelmina Savenye Claudia Zapata

Advancing Conservation in a Social Context: Working in a World of Trade-Offs

This project investigates the tradeoffs between human well-being and biodiversity-conservation goals, and between conservation and other economic, political, and social agendas at local, national, and international scales.

Ann Kinzig

Affective Learning Companions: Modeling and Supporting Emotion During Learning

Emotion and motivation are fundamental to learning; students with high intrinsic motivation often outperform students with low motivation. Yet affect and emotion are often ignored or marginalized with respect to classroom practice. This project will help redress the emotion versus cognition imbalance.

Winslow Burleson

Agrarian Landscapes in Transition: A Cross-Scale Approach

This interdisciplinary project traced the effects of the introduction, spread, and abandonment of agriculture at six U.S. long-term ecological research (LTER) sites, with cross comparisons in Mexico and France, using a variety of monitoring strategies, quantitative modeling, and comparative data. Agrarian transformations represent the most pervasive alteration of the Earth's terrestrial environment during the past 10,000 years.

Charles Redman David Foster Myron Gutmann Peter Kareiva Ann Kinzig

Agriculture, Water, and Institutions: Investigation of Water Management, Policy and Its Effect on Sustainable Water Use by Agriculture in Arizona

This project seeks to interview farmers and water policy professionals, as well as review available literature and public records to fill a gap that exists pertaining to how the Groundwater Management Act of 1980 has affected farmers' use of groundwater in irrigated agriculture in the Phoenix Active Management Area.

Marty Anderies

An Assessment of the Effects of Crab Rationalization on Fleet Behavior, Input Usage, and Costs

The rationalization of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands crab fisheries has created a substantial need for economic analysis of the impacts of the program along many dimensions of the fishery.

Joshua Abbott

An Experiential Pedagogy for Sustainability Ethics

This Ethics Education in Science and Engineering project will integrate multi-institutional, cross-disciplinary education and research efforts to create a novel pedagogy of sustainability ethics for science and engineering graduate students

Thomas Seager Braden Allenby

An Integrated Framework for Creation and Assessment of Sustainable Construction Processes

This project seeks to develop sustainability metrics related to construction operations which can be used by construction companies throughout the nation and beyond.

Paul Johnson Howard Bashford Norbert Delatte Kenneth Walsh

An Integrated Hybrid System for Environmental Health Applications

The objective of this research is to develop a miniaturized detection system for real-time monitoring of vehicle emissions.

Nongjian Tao Erica Forzani

Analysis and Modeling of Traffic Instabilities in Congested Traffic

The primary objectives of this collaborative research study are to 1) better understand the interactive roles played by lane-changing and car-following, 2) quantify their effects on oscillations, and 3) develop a mathematical simulation model that accurately predicts the evolution of oscillations. Traffic oscillations are stop-and-go driving motions that arise in congested traffic.

Soyoung Ahn

Archaeological Data Integration for the Study of Long-Term Human and Social Dynamics

This integrative project will address the challenge of enabling scientifically meaningful integration and use of the expanding body of archaeological data.

Marty Anderies Keith Kintigh Margaret Nelson Katherine Spielmann Michelle Hegmon Subbarao Kambhampati Ann Kinzig Peter McCartney Charles Redman Arleyn Simon Sander van der Leeuw

Architecture and Distributed Management for Reliable Mega-Scale Smart Grids

The objective of this research is to establish a foundational framework for smart grids that enables significant penetration of renewable DERs and facilitates flexible deployments of plug-and-play applications, similar to the way users connect to the Internet.

Junshan Zhang Vijay Vittal

Arizona Hydrological Information System

This project is developing the information infrastructure needed to access data on water-related research, technology, planning, education, and outreach from multiple sources in the Southwest.

Corinna Gries

Arizona Rooftop Solar Challenge

The Arizona Governor's Office of Energy Policy will identify best practices in finance, permitting, and zoning to move toward voluntary statewide uniformity. The project will drive adoption of an online system in five jurisdictions that allows for over-the-counter/same-day permit review.

Filiz Ozel Anne Reichman Harvey Bryan Clark Miller

Arizona Water Institute

The Arizona Water Institute built economic opportunities in Arizona by improving access to water information, assisting communities and local governments with technology transfer, and helping water-related industries.

Assessing and Managing the Sustainability of Global Reverse Supply Chains: The Case of Personal Computers

The main goal for this work is to develop the intellectual framework necessary for engineering and managing an international reverse supply chain from a sustainability perspective.

Eric Williams Braden Allenby

Assessing Decadal Climate Change Impacts on Urban Populations in the Southwestern USA

In the cities of the southwestern United States, regional warming combined with increasing urban populations and the resulting urban heat effect are straining limited supplies of electricity and water. Cities can be designed that are more resilient, minimizing human impacts and energy and water stresses, under scenarios of decadal warming trends. The project is to modify existing models to transform the design of urban neighborhoods to be be quantifiably more adaptive and resilient to all types of decadal climate change.

Benjamin Ruddell Mohamed Moustaoui Enrique Vivoni Alex Mahalov

Assessing Long-Term Technological Progress for Alternative Transport Energy Sources

The objective of this research is to advance modeling of technological progress of alternative energies by developing and applying new methods to (1) estimate long-term bounds on economic and environmental performance, (2) assess life cycle economic and environmental costs, and (3) assess uncertainty in technological forecasting

Eric Williams Bruce Rittmann

Assessing Prohibited Species Bycatch Avoidance Behaviors and Outcomes in the Amendment 80 Fisheries of the North Pacific

The is an econometric (application of statistics to economic data) study on the behaviors and decision making of Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands fishermen before and after Amendment 80 to the Bering Sea-Aleutian Islands fishery management plan.

Joshua Abbott

Atmospheric Processing of Iron — Does Particle Size Influence Iron Stability?

This project will examine the influence of particle size on atmospheric reactions of iron and, in turn, the influence of particle size on iron solubility.

Pierre Herckes Ariel Anbar

Beyond Feature Selection and Extraction – an Integrated Framework for High-Dimensional Data of Small Labeled Samples

This research is addressing two key pressing issues with massive data: high dimensionality and a shortage of labeled data.

Huan Liu Jieping Ye

Biocomplexity Research: Life Cycle Management Programs of Consumer Products

The National Center of Excellence for SMART Innovations for Urban Climate and Energy in partnership with the Industrial Design program of the College of Design at Arizona State University undertook a Life Cycle Management research project supporting the Dial Corporation's Laundry Care Division.

Jay Golden Philip White

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Training Network

The Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Training Network (BESTNet) brings the benefits of research stimulated by Diversitas, a global-change research initiative, to students in US universities.

Charles Perrings

Biological Stoichiometry of Microbes under Severe P-Limitation

This project will investigate the biological rules that determine the elemental recipe ("stoichiometry") of microorganisms that grow under severely P-deficient conditions in a set of unique desert springs in Mexico.

James Elser Deirdre Meldrum

Blue Tool: Infrastructure for Innovative Cyberphysical Data Center Management Research

BlueTool will promote the use of holistic cyber-physical concepts to foster the development of energy-efficient and sustainable data centers.

Sandeep Gupta Patrick Phelan Daniel Stanzione

Building an Effective Service-Oriented Cyberinfrastructure Portal to Support Sustained Polar Sciences

This project will develop components of a polar cyberinfrastructure (CI) to support researchers and users for data discovery and access.

Wenwen Li

Building Evidence for Legal Decision-Making in Real Time: Legal Triage during Declared Emergencies

With input from legal and public health practitioners, this project will explore how legal decisions are made in real-time during declared emergencies.

Timothy Lant George Basile James Hodge, Jr. Megan Jehn Myles Lynk Gary Marchant

Carbon Nanotubes: A New Synthetic Nanopore for Sequencing

This new technology could enable ultra-low cost, single molecule sequencing with long reads, making whole-genome studies available to the general population. Making a search of whole genomes for rare variants economically feasible has many implications for medicine.

Stuart Lindsay

CareerWise II: Enhanced Resilience Training for STEM Women in an Interactive, Multimodal Web-Based Environment

reerWise-II is a continuation of CareerWise-I. This is a research project testing the efficacy of resiliency training over the Internet for the benefit of female doctoral students in engineering and the physical sciences, in order to reduce their attrition from their doctoral programs.

Robert Atkinson Jennifer Bekki

CEGS: Microscale Life Sciences Center

Increasingly, it is becoming apparent that understanding, predicting, and diagnosing disease states is confounded by the inherent heterogeneity of in situ cell populations. This variation in cell fate can be dramatic, for instance, one cell living while an adjacent cell dies. Thus, in order to understand fundamental pathways involved in disease states, it is necessary to link preexisting cell state to cell fate in the disease process at the individual cell level.

Deirdre Meldrum

Center for Environmental Science Applications

The Center for Environmental Science Applications (CESA) promotes research that reconciles the needs of society and nature through projects involving urban systems, climate change, and sustainable technologies.

Jonathan Fink

Center for Nanotechnology in Society at ASU

The Center for Nanotechnology and Society (CNS) is working to increase capacity for social learning within the nanotechnology enterprise and to increase society's capacity to engage in anticipatory governance of nanotechnology and other emerging technologies. Thorough these avenues, CNS strives to increase the ability for society to make informed decisions about evolving nanotechnology and to guide nanotechnology knowledge and innovation towards a more socially desireable outome.

David Guston Deirdre Meldrum Clark Miller George Poste Daniel Sarewitz

Charge Transport through Single Redox Molecules and Water Bridges

In this study, Professor Nongjian Tao and his research group at Arizona State University will develop single molecule break-junction techniques to study electronic conductance through polyaromatic hydrocarbon molecules and molecular bridge structures formed from water.

Nongjian Tao

Chemical Characterization of Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter in Rural Areas of Arizona Impacted by Significant Population Growth

This project characterizes the chemical composition of coarse and fine particulate matter (PM) to support source attribution and to quantify local sources and regional transport contributing to elevated PM levels in Pinal County, AZ.

Matthew Fraser Pierre Herckes

CI-TEAM Demonstration Project: WaterHUB for Cyber Enabled Training, Education and Research in Water Resources

Considering the growing importance of water resources issues around the globe, this project addresses the need to train the current and future generations of teachers, students and general public to use cyberinfrastructure (CI) to address water related issues.

Benjamin Ruddell

CISE RI: An Interdisciplinary Research Environment for Motion Analysis

During this five-year project, the PIs hope to achieve major advances in motion analysis and core computer science areas: computer vision, human-computer interaction, information and data management, geometric computation, knowledge systems and robotics.

Gang Qian Jiping He Michael McBeath Sethuraman Panchanathan Thanassis Rikakis

City of Avondale: City County Visioning Workshop and Decision Alignment

The goal of the visioning workshop is to establish alignment of the Avondale City Council and staff decisions for managed growth planning for several identified areas of study that are of considerable interest to Avondale, Arizona with the use of Decision Theater visualization tools.

George Basile Deirdre Hahn

City of Phoenix Waste Diversion Development Plan

The City of Phoenix has set a goal of achieving a city?wide diversion rate of 40 percent by 2020. To accomplish this, the Public Works Department (PWD) has created a "Waste Diversion Action Plan" consisting of a number of programs, strategies, measurable outcomes, and responsibilities. These are organized into short?term (0?1 years), mid?term (2?4 years) and long?term (5?8 years) strategies focused on achieving a city?wide waste diversion rate of 40 percent by 2020.

Braden Allenby George Basile Nicholas Brown Rajesh Buch Nicole Darnall Kenneth Galluppi Dan O'Neill

Climate and Population Change and Thresholds of Peak Ecological Water: Integrated Synthesis for Dryland Rivers

This project seeks to understand how ecosystem services change in response to extraction or addition of water to ecosystems due to population change and climate change.

Enrique Vivoni Juliet Stromberg

Cloud and Fog Processing of Organic Matter

This project investigates the fate of organic matter in a cloud/fog system.

Pierre Herckes

Combining Methods from Geochemistry and Molecular Biology to Predict the Functions of Microbial Communities

Combining geochemical data with microbial ecological data makes it possible to predict the distribution of microbial populations and the processes that they catalyze in nature. In this research we will focus on the contrasting microbial processes of methane production (e.g., methanogenesis) and methane consumption (e.g., methanotrophy) as a framework for evaluating the linkages between geochemical predictions and the distribution, diversity, and activity of organisms that catalyze these processes.

Everett Shock

Comparative Cross-National Analysis of Implementation of Natural Resources Rights

This project explores the effectiveness of legal, institutional, and political mechanisms for realizing human rights in natural resources that invoke sustainability concerns.

Rimjhim Aggarwal LaDawn Haglund

Comparative Urban Genetics: Towards a Common Methodology for Pragmatic Analysis of Cities

Cities are where most people live and work; most innovation takes place; most pollution and wealth are generated; and most vulnerability to climate change occurs. Finding an equitable way to bring urban consumption into better balance with available resources would greatly help society meet global sustainability goals. The workshop (May 21-23, 2010) looked at new ways to collect complex city data streams, feed that information into models that help envision the future, and translate those visions into improved urban policies.

Jonathan Fink

Composition of the Plankton Community and its Contribution to Particle Flux in the Sargasso Sea

The overall objective of this proposal is to investigate linkages between the presence of different key groups of phytoplankton in the euphotic zone and their contribution to particle flux at the subtropical North Atlantic time-series station BATS (Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study) by applying a range of traditional and novel molecular techniques

Susanne Neuer

COMPUGIRLS: A Culturally Relevant Technology Program for Girls

Arizona State University (ASU) in collaboration with Phoenix Union High School District, Scottsdale Union High School District, Roosevelt District, Boys and Girls Club of the East Valley-Sacaton, Intel, Applied Learning Technologies Institute, Dynamic Educational Leadership for Teachers and Administrators (D.E.L.T.A.), ASU's School of Computing & Informatics, ASU's Video Game Design Camp, and Arizona Council of Black Engineers and Scientists Computer Camp (ACBES), are conducting a culturally relevant multimedia program strategy, COMPUGIRLS.

Kimberly Scott Gregory Aist Elisabeth Hayes Jenefer Husman Sethuraman Panchanathan

Copper Triangle Pilot Project: Enhancing Opportunities for Geoscience Studies and Careers in a Culturally Diverse, Underserved Rural Mining Area

The Copper Triangle Pilot Project (CTPP) is a partnership among Arizona State University, Central Arizona College, a rural high-need school district (Superior Unified School District) and local industry (Resolution Copper Mining Company) to develop a research-based, sustainable pathway to baccalaureate degrees and careers in the Earth and environmental sciences for underrepresented minority students (mostly Hispanic and Native American) who reside in an underserved rural mining area (the "Copper Triangle") of central Arizona.

Steven Semken Enrique Vivoni

Cross-disciplinary education in social & ethical aspects of nanotechnology

This project will develop a unique four-weeks-long workshop experience for undergraduate students that will explore the social and ethical issues raised by nanotechnology, build cross-disciplinary communicative competence, and enhance engineering leadership and teamwork skills.

Thomas Seager Mark Hannah Cynthia Selin

Culturally Specific Substance Abuse Prevention for Urban American Indian Youth

The proposed study draws upon the project team's research on the etiology of substance use among American Indian youth of the urban Southwest to conduct translational research that recognizes salient risk and resiliency factors identified by these youth, social and relational contexts that expose them to substances, and their culturally appropriate drug resistance strategies.

Eddie Brown

Cyber Enabled Data and Modeling Driven Curriculum Modules for Hydrology Education

This project is creating a new instructional strategy and new learning materials using data- and modeling-based modules that are enabling undergraduate students to better understand cause-effect relationships, form and test hypotheses, and learn how to integrate the latest tools for better understanding of hydrologic theory and processes.

Benjamin Ruddell Christopher Sanchez

CyberGIS Software Integration for Sustained Geospatial Innovation

This project will establish CyberGIS as a fundamentally new software framework comprising a seamless integration of cyberinfrastructure, GIS, and spatial analysis/modeling capabilities.

Shaowen Wang Luc Anselin Budhendra Bhaduri Timothy Nyerges Nancy Wilkins-Diehr

Deeper Modeling via Affective Meta-tutoring

This study addresses, through investigation of students in Arizona High School summer programs, how students learn, understand and manipulate scientific models of the carbon cycle and the water cycle.

Kurt Vanlehn Winslow Burleson

Defining a Dynamical Behavioral Model to Support a Just in Time Adaptive Intervention

This EAGER project supports exploratory work to develop a novel approach to the creation of a dynamical computational model of human health behavior. The goal of this high risk project is to apply an experimental design that merges methods from multiple disciplines to generate the necessary data to develop a dynamical systems model of human health behavior.

Eric Hekler Daniel Rivera

Design of Dense RFID Systems for Indexing in the Physical World Across Space, Time, and Human Experience

This research pursues a multidisciplinary, integrative approach to investigate fundamental technical challenges in radio frequency identificatin (RFID), both at the physical and data management layers, to realize innovative data-centric applications such as attribute-based object search.

Hari Sundaram K. Selcuk Candan

Designing SKOPE: Synthesized Knowledge of Past Environments

An important focus of scientific research is understanding the complex interactions between human societies and the climatic, physical, and biological environments on which they depend, and which they, in turn, influence. Past environments were often quite different from those we experience today. This project will develop plans for an online tool, SKOPE (Synthesized Knowledge of Past Environments), that will provide state-of-the-art information about the environment experienced by humans at a given a place and time, past or present.

Keith Kintigh Ann Kinzig

Detection of Engineering Nanomaterials in Drinking Water, Food, Commercial Product

This project will provide to the emerging nano environmental and health-effects community well-documented analytical techniques and methodologies for quantifying the size, number concentration and mass concentration of engineered nanomaterials within matrices (water, food, biological fluids). This information is critical to assessing nanomaterial dosage and exposure during in vivo or in vitro health effects studies.

Paul Westerhoff

Determinants of Grassland Dynamics in Tibetan Highlands: Livestock, Wildlife, and the Culture and Political Economy of Pastoralism

This project will deepen basic understanding of the complex interactions involving geophysical, biological, social, and policy factors and feedback systems that affect grassland status

Andrew Smith Marty Anderies

Determining the Optical Properties of Carbonaceous Nanoparticles in Atmospheric Aerosols by Electron Imaging and Monochromated Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy

This proposal involves the development of techniques to measure the physical properties of poorly characterized environmental nanomaterials that have important consequences for both climate change and human health.

James Anderson

Developing a Life Cycle Assessment Model for Evaluating Policy Implications of Biofuels

This project seeks to evaluate and develop policy options for achieving sustainable regional biofuels/bioenergy production and commercialization.

Vikas Khanna Amy Landis

Developing and Assessing Macroethics Modules for the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative Responsible Conduct of Research Courses

This combination education and research project will develop, assess, and disseminate innovative introductory macroethical course modules.

Karin Ellison Joseph Herkert Jameson Wetmore

Developing Best Management Practices Plan for Prevention and Treatment of Zooplankton Contamination in Algal Crop Production

The project addresses the Program Area Priority: Crop Protection for Sustainable Feedstock Production Systems. Contamination of cultures and grazing of algae by zooplankton (e.g., rotifers, amoebas and protozoa) represents the most challenging issue for sustainable algal mass culture, preventing algae from being a practical source of oil crops for production of bioenergy and bioproducts.

Qiang Hu

Development of Geochemical Proxies to Evaluate Larval pH-Exposure History

This project will develop a new interdisciplinary partnership between connectivity ecology, metal isotope geochemistry,, and paleoclimatology to identify new proxies for ocean acidification that can be used to assess pH exposures in living organisms and, potentially to interpret the geologic record.

Lisa Levin Ariel Anbar Gwyneth Gordon Achim Herrmann

Development of New Prototype Tools, and Adaptation and Implementation of Current Resources for a Course in Numerical Methods

The project, a collaboration among University of South Florida, Old Dominion University and Arizona State University, is developing state-of-the-art prototype web-based learning tools for open courseware in undergraduate numerical methods courses.

Ram Pendyala

Do Microenvironments Govern Macroecology?

This project couples field studies of local climate, tree establishment and tree growth with regional climate modeling and models that depict spatial processes of plant population and fire dynamics.

Janet Franklin

DSP Algorithms for Silicon Ion-Channel Sensors

The objective of this research is to develop signal processing algorithms for processing data from silicon ion-channel sensors to identify the presence of particular chemicals.

Andreas Spanias Stephen Goodnick

Dynamic Response of the Soil Production Function to Erosion Rates

This project will examine the rate at which soil is produced and eroded in order to better assess the controls on the distribution of this very important natural resource.

Arjun Heimsath Kelin Whipple

Dynamic State Transitions in Vehicular Traffic and the Effects of Driver Behavior

The objective of this Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) program award is to investigate the effects of driver behaviors, such as car-following and lane-changing, on traffic state transitions (i.e., changes in traffic conditions such as speed). This research focuses on transitions near freeway choke points (i.e., bottlenecks), merges, and ends of queues (where vehicles encounter congestion).

Soyoung Ahn

EAGER: Reduction of Carbon Dioxide to Methane

Preliminary experiments in the laboratories of Professor Andino have shown promise for a composite catalyst of RGO-TiO2, reduced graphite oxide and titania. The RGO can potentially assist in minimizing charge recombination when TiO2 is activated by light, thereby making more electrons available for a surface CO2 reduction reaction.

Jean Andino

Ecological Homogenization of Urban America

This research will transform scientific understanding of an important and increasingly common ecosystem type ("suburbia") and the consequences to carbon storage and nitrogen pollution at multiple scales. In addition, it will advance understanding of how humans perceive, value and manage their surroundings.

Sharon Hall Kelli Larson

Effects of Biocontrol and Restoration on Wildlife in Southwestern Riparian Habitats

This project will determine if the introduction of the biocontrol agent (tamarisk leaf beetle, Diorhabda spp.) as an insect consumer and defoliator of saltcedar influences wildlife populations and communities via alterations to food resources and/or habitat.

Heather Bateman Matthew Johnson

Electrochemical Control of Electron Transport in Single Redox Molecules

Professor Tao and his students will develop new methods to measure and control electron transport properties at the single molecule level.

Nongjian Tao

Enabling the Science Environment for Ecological Knowledge

The Science Environment for Ecological Knowledge (SEEK) is an initiative designed to create cyberinfrastructure for ecological, environmental, and biodiversity research and to educate the ecological community about ecoinformatics.

Corinna Gries

Enabling the Study of Long-Term Human and Social Dynamics: A Cyberinfrastructure for Archaeology

A team of archaeologists, computer scientists, ecologists, and modelers designed and prototyped a knowledge-based archaeological data-integration system (KADIS) encompassing both new and legacy datasets.

Keith Kintigh Marty Anderies K. Selcuk Candan Peter McCartney Margaret Nelson

Energize Phoenix

Energize Phoenix transformed the neighborhoods and commercial districts along a 10-mile stretch of the Phoenix METRO Light Rail line into a Green Rail Corridor into a model of energy efficiency and sustainability.

Rob Melnick Mick Dalrymple

Energy Ethics in Science and Engineering Education

This project examines energy ethics issues for the responsible conduct of science and engineering and in the intersections of science, engineering, technology, and society, emphasizing potential scenarios for the U.S., while acknowledging the critical roles other nations and international institutions play in the future of energy. It develops new research and educational activities involving graduate students in interdisciplinary research programs.

Clark Miller Joseph Herkert

Environmental Justice in Baltimore

This interdisciplinary case study is investigating the spatial and temporal dynamics of environmental-equity patterns and processes in Baltimore, a large, postindustrial city that has undergone profound socioeconomic change.

Christopher Boone Geoffrey Buckley

Enzymology of Multi-enzyme Systems on Self-Assembled Surfaces

Enzymes are widely used in a large number of diverse applications, from laundry detergents to biosensors. As apparent in nature, enzymes associated with surfaces have additional abilities that soluble enzymes lack. The outcome of this proposal will be of particular interest for understanding and designing multi-enzyme reaction pathways in which the ability of one enzyme to directly pass a product to the next is critically dependent on the relative positions of the enzymes involved.

Neal Woodbury Hao Yan

Epitaxial Ag Island - Ge/Si(100) Quantum Dot Nanocomposites for Enhanced Si-Based Light Emissions

This project seeks to endow Si-compatible materials with increased optical functionality.

Jeffrey Drucker

Ethnic and Religious Influences on Forgiveness for Mass Atrocities

This project represents an initial effort to study the cultural, emotional and social factors that contribute to forgiveness for mass atrocities.

Adam Cohen Craig Enders Steven Neuberg

Evaluation of a Suite of Interactive Modeling, Controls, Rapid Prototyping, and Embedded System E-Book Modules

An evaluation of the materials that have been prepared for an e-book for use in teaching control system engineering is being conducted.

Armando Rodriguez Marty Anderies Narciso Macia Konstantinos Tsakalis Bruno Welfert

Evaluation of Drought Risks and Its Impact on Agricultural Land and Water Use to Support Adaptive Decision-Making

The overall goals of this study are to better understand how water use by crop type responds to drought conditions and to use this knowledge to support adaptive management in the agricultural sector and foster sustainable water use in an era of climate uncertainty and change.

Jan Hendrickx N. W Plummer Nancy Selover Rimjhim Aggarwal Soe Myint Elizabeth Wentz

Evaulating the Impact of Interactive Tutoring and Game-Based Environments on Learning and Engagement

The central focus of the Learning Science Research Lab at Arizona State University is to explore and innovate technologies designed to enhance interactive learning environments and ultimately improve student learning.

Robert Atkinson

Examining the Evolution of Biospheric Oxygenation in Late Archean to Middle Proterozoic Oceans Through High-Resolution Trace Metal Chemostratigraphy

The project proposes to obtain high-resolution trace metal geochemical profiles from organic-rich sedimentary rocks to examine the evolution of climate and biospheric oxygenation in the Late Archean to Middle Proterozoic.

Ariel Anbar Brian Kendall

Experimental and Computational Studies on CO2 Photoreduction to Fuels by Nanostructured Catalysts

The overall objective of the proposed research is to use solar radiation to photocatalytically reduce CO2 to fuels (CO, methane, methanol, and other hydrocarbons) at high conversion efficiency through manipulation of catalyst composition and nanostructure.

Jean Andino

Exploration-Driven Online Science Education: Habitable Worlds 2.0

Society's response to climate change and many other challenges hinges on public understanding that science is not a body of facts and certainties in tidy disciplines, but rather a process of reasoning which often crosses disciplines and which narrows the uncertainties of knowledge. In this project, the investigators are deploying and assessing a large-enrollment undergraduate general education science course that places scientific reasoning and multidisciplinary perspectives at the heart of the experience.

Ariel Anbar Steven Semken

Exploration-Driven Online Science Education: Habitable Worlds 2.0

In this project, the investigators are deploying and assessing a large-enrollment undergraduate general education science course that places scientific reasoning and multidisciplinary perspectives at the heart of the experience.

Ariel Anbar Steven Semken

Exploring the Dynamics of Individual Pedestrian and Crowd Behavior in Dense Urban Settings: A Computational Approach

The goal of this Faculty Early-Career Development (CAREER) award is to support research, education, and related activities that will develop a reusable and behaviorally founded computer model of pedestrian movement and crowd behavior amid dense urban environments.

Paul Torrens

Feedbacks between Human Community Dynamics and Sociological Vulnerability in a Biodiversity Hotspot

This interdisciplinary research project focuses on people, community organizations, and the long-term health of natural ecosystems that support people's livelihoods.

Li An Dirgha Ghimire Scott Yabiku Sharon Hall Abigail York

Flexible Geospatial Visual Analytics and Simulation Technologies to Enhance Criminal Justice Decision Support Systems

This project builds upon the extensive expertise and proven track record of the research team at ASU's GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation to develop a flexible methodological framework, integrating new techniques for geospatial visual analytics and spatial econometrics with state of the art geocomputation technologies to yield the basis for an enhanced decision support system for criminal justice interventions.

Luc Anselin Sergio Rey

Follow the Elements

The Astrobiology Team at Arizona State University "follows the elements" to help guide the exploration for life beyond Earth, in our Solar System and on planets orbiting other stars.

Ariel Anbar

Food System Sustainability in the Southwest: Developing a Regional Action Plan to Enhance Resilience, Livelihoods, and Food Security across New Mexico and Arizona

Throughout the southwestern US, multiple efforts are underway to improve food systems in relation to sustainability and food security. These efforts are meant to contribute to resilience of food production amidst change, sustainable livelihoods for those working in the food sector, and healthy food availability for underserved populations.

Micaela Fischer J Patrick Mark Uchanski Christopher Wharton

Food-Energy-Water Infrastructure Systems, Engineering Solutions and Institutions

Arizona State University will convene a workshop to advance an operational, national-scale definition of food-energy-water (FEW) systems complexity and outline a portfolio of basic research questions and programs needed to improve efficiency and resilience across the components of the FEW systems on the local and national scale. The workshop will create new synthetic knowledge that will contribute to the definition of necessary research programs.

John Sabo

Foresight Initiative

The Foresight Initiative will examine how climate change affects resources and contributes to political unrest, as well as articulate sustainability and resilience strategies.

Nadya Bliss Ross Maciejewski Dave White Wesley Herche

Fort Mohave Indian Tribe Mass Vaccination Simulation

This project is to develop training materials for the Fort Mohave Indian Tribe to train public health volunteers to setup and operate a Point of Dispensing site to distribute vaccinations.

Timothy Lant

FRP:Sensor Fusion Research for Net-Centric Applications

The research targets fundamental work in sensor networks. Specifically the work addresses the central problem that distributed inference systems need to be robust to a wide variety of sensing, and channel impairments.

Andreas Spanias Mahadevan Gomathisankaran Krishna Kavi Cihan Tepedelenlioglu

Fundamental Goals and Decision Making

This multi-site research project examines how fundamental motives such as mating, self-protection, status-seeking, and affiliation influence basic cognitive processes such as perception and memory.

Douglas Kenrick Steven Neuberg

Fundamental Study of Defects and Their Reduction in Type-II Superlattice Materials

This program has proposed a systematic and comprehensive approach to address defect issues ranging from fundamental theory up to advanced device structures to mitigate the adverse impacts of defects.

Shane Johnson David Smith Yong Hang Zhang

Global Long-term Human Ecodynamics Research Coordinaton Network: Assessing Sustainabiilty on the Millennial Scale

This Research Coordination Network grant brings together an international, multi-disciplinary team of scientists and educators to better mobilize cases of long term human ecodynamics on the century to millennial scale to aid national and global efforts to develop effective future sustainable development and to create resources for Education for Sustainable Development.

Sophia Perdikaris Ben Fitzhugh Thomas McGovern Margaret Nelson

GOALI: ZnO Nanowires as Building Blocks for High Performance Transparent Electronics

The objective of this GOALI proposal is the fabrication of high mobility, ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor, with both n-type and p-type doing, on polymer or glass substrate for transparent and flexible electronics applications.

Hongbin Yu Sandwip Dey

GoingEasy with Crowdsourcing - Building Cyber-Physical Systems for People with Visual Impairment

This project addresses the following two most prominent challenges: (1) disparity in information-sharing among people with visual impairment and its limited understanding by the research community; and (2) lack of methods and tools for effectively addressing the disparity.

Terri Hedgpeth Baoxin Li Huan Liu

Grasshopper Migration in the Asian Steppe: Investigating Diet as a Cue for Polyphenism

This Doctoral Dissertation Enhancement award will support field research on grasshopper migration in China by Ph.D. student Arianne Cease of Arizona State University.

Jon Harrison Arianne Cease James Elser

Greater Phoenix 2100

Greater Phoenix 2100 (GP2100) is a network of Arizona State University and community researchers dedicated to using knowledge to create better lives for future generations.

Ray Quay Jonathan Fink Grady Gammage Rob Melnick Charles Redman Frederick Steiner

Hazardous Materials and Waste Management Certification Program

The Hazardous Waste Management Certification Program taught classes required by federal regulation for the health and safety of hazardous waste workers. Classes continue today at the Arizona State University Polytechnic campus.

Nicholas Hild

HCC: Small: Modeling and Supporting Creativity During Collaborative STEM Activities

This research will advance a novel technological approach that relies on machine learning techniques in general and Natural Language Processing (NLP) in particular to develop models and support for creativity during collaborative science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational activities.

Winslow Burleson Danielle McNamara

Health Impacts of Energy Retrofits

This project - officially titled Health Performance, Benefit-Cost, and Cost Effectiveness of Green Retrofit Housing for Low-Income Seniors in Phoenix, Arizona - examined how incorporating an array of building changes of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Green Retrofit Program resulted in improved indoor environmental quality and health of elderly residents. Rather than reviewing individual building features, the study assessed a green retrofit package in its entirety, and incorporated formal benefit-cost and cost effectiveness calculations on individual health and healthcare costs.

Matthew Fraser

Heat Island Effect of Pavements

This study by the National Center for Excellence on Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies quantifies several values and the effect of color and texture over time and its impact on the urban heat island of different pavements including Arizona Department of Transportation's Asphalt Rubber – Asphaltic Concrete Friction Course.

Jay Golden Kamil Kaloush

History and Philosophy of Ecology

This proposal is for a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Biology and Society in the School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University. The purpose of the fellowship is to expand the Co-PI's dissertation research, which is on the ecologist, environmentalist, and public figure L. C. Birch.

Andrew Hamilton Jane Maienschein David Steffes

How Minerals Control Hydrothermal Organic Reactivity

This research carries out a series of high temperature and pressure experiments (200 to 350 C and 70 to 100 MPa, respectively) in which well-characterized, dissolved, isotopically labelled, aqueous organic and chiral compounds are reacted with a variety of common seafloor hydrothermal oxide and sulfide minerals to examine the resulting changes in organic compounds and their rates of transformation.

Ian Gould Everett Shock Lynda Williams

Impacts of Urbanization on Nitrogen Biogeochemistry in Xeric Ecosystems

This research will help identify sources of surface water and groundwater nitrate contamination in arid and semi-arid deserts.

Stevan Earl Nancy Grimm

In Search of Early Oxygen: Investigation of Redox Sensitive Metal Abundances and Isotopes in Neoarchean Drill Cores

This proposal will characterize element abundances and isotopes in two Neoarchean drill cores to investigate the oxidation state of the environment ~ 2.5 billion years ago.

Ariel Anbar

In situ Sampling Tool for Assessing Bioavailability and Toxicity of Sediments

This research project addresses the pressing need for better monitoring of toxicant bioavailability in contaminated sediments by introducing the in situ sampling/bioavailability determination (IS2B) approach. The proposed device and mathematical model will inform risk assessment for environmental management for Superfund and other hazardous waste sites.

Nancy Denslow Rolf Halden

In Situ Sampling Tool for Assessing Bioavailability and Toxicity of Sediments

This project introduces a novel strategy for bioavailability determination of sediment-borne contaminants featuring a wide range of chemical structures, properties and physical-chemical behaviors. The project addresses the pressing need of Superfund stakeholders to determine in a convenient and reliable fashion both human health risks from contaminated sediments and the effectiveness of implemented remediation strategies.

Rolf Halden

Influence of Urbanization on Weather in the Arid Phoenix Metropolitan Area

This work will improve the understanding of the development of summer monsoonal thunderstorms in central Arizona and how they are affected by their interaction with urban and terrain induced thermal circulations.

Susanne Grossman-Clarke C. Susan Grimmond Joseph Zehnder

Informal Learning And Scholarship In Science And Society: A Multi-Disciplinary Workshop On Scientific Creativity And Societal Responsibility

This conference at Arizona State University is an early-stage activity inspired by the upcoming 2016-2018 bicentennial of the conception, writing and publication of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein - or The Modern Prometheus."

Edward Finn David Guston

Innovation of Institutional Rules in the Governance of Common Resources

This project aims to develop a next-generation understanding: what makes groups successful in changing the institutional rules that govern behavior related to common resources.

Marco Janssen

Innovation through Institutional Integration (I3): The Modeling Institute

Arizona State University's Innovation through Institutional Integration (I-3): The Modeling Institute integrates the efforts of its most successful NSF-sponsored initiatives in STEM teacher education and more: Modeling Physics (numerous NSF programs); Project Pathways (MSP); Professional Learning Community Resources (TPC); Project Learning through Engineering Design and Prime the Pipeline Project (ITEST); Ask-a-Biologist (NSDL); SMALLab (CISE & IGERT); Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER); and MARS (NASA).

Elizabeth Phillips Tirupalavanam Ganesh Charles Kazilek Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz

INSPIRE: A Digital HPS Infrastructure for Understanding Biodiversity

The project will establish a repository and a research system based on computational tools and digital sources, and it will develop education and training modules. The goal is to move beyond separate small collections that reside on individual computers in dispersed places, and bring together the objects of study as well as scholarly interpretations of those objects.

James Collins Manfred Laubichler Jane Maienschein

Instrument to Optimize DNA Sequencing by Recognition Tunneling

Recognition Tunneling is a new analytical tool that generates a distinct electronic signal for each of the four bases in DNA, as well as identifying a modification that underlies the epigenetic code. Here, we propose to use Recognition Tunneling to develop an instrument to read the sequence of DNA as it emerges from a nanopore.

Stuart Lindsay

Integrated Analysis of Robustness in Dynamic Social Ecological Systems

This project asks: Why are some socioecological systems more successful in navigating environmental disturbances and change than others?

Marty Anderies Marco Janssen Ann Kinzig Charles Perrings Armando Rodriguez

Integrated Paleoceanographic Analysis of the Late Paleozoic Midcontinent Sea

The purpose of this research is to use an interdisciplinary approach to investigate paleoceanographic conditions during the deposition of Pennsylvanian cyclothems of Midcontinent North America and to test the "superestuarine circulation hypothesis."

Achim Herrmann Ariel Anbar

Integrating Energy Sustainability into Engineering Curricula using Cyberinfrastructure

This engineering education research award to Arizona State University will employ researchers to develop cyber infrastructure to infuse sustainability concepts into electrical engineering courses.

Christiana Honsberg Stuart Bowden Stephen Goodnick Anatoli Korkin

Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training in Urban Ecology

The IGERT training program in urban ecology prepares young scientists to be flexible, adept at linking science with social issues, and work collaboratively, so that they might apply interdisciplinary knowledge in the world of tomorrow.

Charles Redman Stuart Fisher Ann Kinzig

Interaction of Engineering Nanomaterials with Artificial Cell Membranes

Engineered nanoparticles are largely unregulated because the transport, fate, and toxicity of nanoparticles have not been adequately assessed. The proposed research focuses on the interactions of engineered nanomaterials with lipid bilayers, arguably the most important interface between life and the environment. This proposal addresses NP toxicity and has strong implications on the regulation of NP production, distribution, and application in medicine, clothing, cosmetics, etc.

Jonathan Posner Trevor Thornton

Interactions in Transnational Business Regulation: Competing, Coordinating, Co-opting…?

Three leading universities (York University, Arizona State University and the London School of Economics), a prominent research centre (The Baldy Center for Law and Social Policy), and the world's leading association of social and environmental standards initiatives (the International Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labelling Alliance) are partnering by supporting an international research network on interactions in transnational business regulation, conducting collaborative interdisciplinary research, creating policy-relevant knowledge across academic and non-academic sectors, and mobilizing that knowledge in support of innovative and effective policy solutions.

Julia Black Burkard Eberlein Errol Meidinger Stepan Wood Kenneth Abbott

Interdisciplinary Training for Undergraduates in Biological and Mathematical Sciences at ASU

An interdisciplinary team of investigators carry out an undergraduate training initiative at Arizona State University.

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Yang Kuang Marty Anderies Carlos Castillo-Chavez James Elser Hal Smith

International Collaboration to Advance Sustainability Science in the US and Mexico

Building on complementary skills and perspectives on problems that transcend political borders, we propose to form a new research collaboration between Arizona State University and the Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (Director, Dr. Dominguez Perez-Tejada) based in the principles and aims of sustainability science.

George Basile Dan Childers Hallie Eakin Patricia Gober Charles Redman

International Organizations as Orchestrators

The project (Schwerpunkt) aims at analyzing International Organizations (IO) such as the UN in their role as orchestrators. Orchestration is a specific mode of governance which is increasingly used by international organizations to reach their governance goals.

Phillipp Genschel Bernhard Zangl Kenneth Abbott

International Project Office for Urbanization: A Partnership with the International Human Dimension Programme

The Scientific Steering Committee of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change has selected Arizona State University and its Global Institute of Sustainability as the International Project Office (IPO) for their Urbanization Core Project. The Urbanization IPO will assist the Committee in developing and administering the project with the aim, not of conducting research, but building an expanded international network of scholars and policymakers that better understand the urbanization process.

Charles Redman Richard Aspinall Francisco Lara-Valencia Sander van der Leeuw

IRES: Population Dynamics and Complex Systems: Challenges and Opportunities

The project provides international research experiences for 11 young Americans to carry out research at the interface of mathematics and the ecology of infectious and vector borne diseases at the Universidad de los Andes (UNIANDES) in Colombia South America.

Erika Camacho Carlos Castillo-Chavez Gerardo Chowell-Puente Stephen Wirkus

Land and Water Use Decision-Making and Ecosystem Services along a Southwestern Socio-Ecological Gradient

The principal question of this proposal is to understand how decision makers respond to and make land and water use decisions based on measured and preferred ecosystem services on the wildland-rural-urban fringe in the arid Southwest.

Christopher Boone Joshua Abbott Dan Childers Sharon Hall Abigail York

Landscape Sensitivity to Changing Climate: Plio-Pleistocene Erosion and Sedimentation in SE Arizona

This project will establish an absolute timeline for the final stages of when basins in southeastern Arizona were filled with sediments, as well as when the basins were subsequently incised and dissected by regional erosional events.

Arjun Heimsath

Learning through Engineering Design and Practice: Using our Human Capital for an Equitable Future

Arizona State University (ASU) in collaboration with Arizona Science Center, Boeing, Intel, Microchip, Motorola, Salt River Project, AZ Foundation for Resource Education, AZ Game & Fish Department, US Partnership for the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, Mesa Public Schools, and Boys & Girls Clubs of the East Valley, offer a three-year extracurricular project resulting in IT/STEM-related learning outcomes for 96 participants in grades 7, 8, and 9.

Tirupalavanam Ganesh Dale Baker Monica Elser Stephen Krause Sharon Robinson Kurpius

Legacies on the Landscape: Prehistoric Human Land Use and Long-Term Ecological Change

This collaborative project involving ecologists and archaeologists explores how prehistoric agricultural communities have affected plant communities, soil properties, and biogeochemical cycling for thousands of years. The goal of the project is to build theory about what types of human disturbances leave legacies over different time scales, and gain insights into the ways that today's actions can affect future ecological systems.

David Abbott Sharon Hall Katherine Spielmann

Live-Cell Microarray for High-Throughput Observation of Metabolic Signatures

High throughput live-cell microarray screening technology for dynamic, multiparameter sensing of single-cell metabolic phenotypes is proposed. The proposal addresses Common Fund priorities by extending the range of signatures available to the LINCS centers.

Deirdre Meldrum

Living with Locusts: Training an Ecophysiologist to Incorporate Bioeconomic Modeling and Collaborative with Applied Food Security and Agricultural Agencies

This award from the NSF Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability Fellows (SEES Fellows Program) investigates the interesting dynamic coupling between land use for agriculture (grazing of livestock) and the outbreak of swarms of locusts.

Arianne Cease

Local Context and the Dynamics of Social-Ecological Systems: Beyond One-Size-Fits-All Solutions to Environmental Problems

Globalization is changing the way humans interact with natural resources and many people no longer rely on locally derived resources but on distant resources linked through the global economic network. By analyzing mathematical models, based on local social-ecological systems case studies, this project contributes to a better understanding of critical variables needed to enhance the performance of local institutions, preserve institutional diversity, and enhance the integrity of the global resource system.

Marty Anderies

Long-Term Coupled Socioecological Change in the American Southwest and Northern Mexico

In this project, archaeologists, mathematical modelers, ecologists, and environmental scientists are applying archaeological and ecological analyses, resilience theory, and formal dynamical modeling to identify variables that foster stability and promote transformation in coupled socioecological systems.

Marty Anderies Michelle Hegmon Keith Kintigh Margaret Nelson

Long-Term Dynamics and Resilience of Terrestrial Plant and Animal Communities in the Bahamas

This project will provide a basis for predicting the responses of Bahamian and other island ecosystems to climatic and human-related perturbations. In particular, the assessment and management of worldwide biodiversity loss depend on an improved understanding of the dynamics of ecosystems at local and regional geographical scales as well as short and long time frames.

Patricia Fall Janet Franklin

Managing Biodiversity under Climate Change: Enhancing Capacities in Mexico for Conservation Planning, Decision-making and Sustainability Assessment

The School of Sustainability at the Arizona State University and the Institute of Ecology at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México are developing a sustainable academic program to create competency and expertise for policy and planning in the area of biodiversity conservation and climate change.

Charles Redman Marty Anderies George Basile Susan Ledlow Marcia Nation Daniel Sarewitz Arnim Wiek Hallie Eakin

Market Integration and Climate as Drivers of Change in the Mexican Maize System: Multi-Scale Interactions in Livelihood

This project will document spatial and temporal patterns of economic and climatic risk at diverse scales through an analysis of the drivers and evolving social outcomes one of the world's most important food systems: the Mexican maize system.

Hallie Eakin

Materials World Network: Nano-Structured InGaN Solar Cells Program

There is a worldwide effort to increase power generation through solar cells, to meet targets in reducing greenhouse gases. One requirement is for high efficiency multijunction solar cells (MJSCs) to extract power from concentrated solar power (CSP) plants, which are expected to become central to the delivery of solar power to national and super-grid systems. This effort aims to circumvent these problems by investigating solar cells based on InxGa1-xN, which has a direct band gap of 0.7-3.4 eV, spanning most of the visible spectrum, thus promising MJSCs from a single materials system.

Fernando Ponce

Materials World Network: Pan-American Network for Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials

This project establishes the framework for a Pan-American Network for Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials. The activity initially involves several US universities, collaborating with counterparts at leading Brazilian and Mexican universities, and an Argentinian research institute. Arizona State University serves as the primary hub for the Network, with responsibility for hosting the network website.

Martha McCartney David Smith

Materials World Network: Study at the Nanoscale of Photovoltaic Materials

This Materials World Network project is a collaboration of groups from Argentina, Canada, Mexico and the US with the common goal of synthesizing and characterizing, at the single molecule/particle level, semiconductor-photosensitizer materials that can be used for photovoltaic and solar-to-fuel applications.

Ana Moore Tom Moore

Mathematics and Climate Change Network

The investigators form a "Mathematics and Climate Research Network." This is a framework for an intensive effort aimed at bringing to bear the full power of modern applied mathematics and statistics on the prediction and understanding of the Earth's climate.

Alex Mahalov

MCTP Mentorship through Research: A Model for an Emerging Urban American University

The objectives of the Mathematical & Theoretical Biology Institute (MTBI) Undergraduate Research Program are to encourage and facilitate the access to and the successful completion of graduate studies by mostly under-represented minority students in mathematics and science.

Carlos Castillo-Chavez

Mechanisms for Transnational Coordination and Harmonization of Nanotechnology Governance

This project will analyze and explore the potential for transnational coordination and harmonization of regulatory and other oversight mechanisms for nanotechnology, focusing specifically on nanotechnology applications relating to bioenergy

Douglas Sylvester Kenneth Abbott Gary Marchant

Mediterranean Landscape Dynamics Project

This project examines long-term socioecological processes that shaped Mediterranean landscapes from the beginning of farming to the beginning of complex civilization.

Metallomics in Medicine Workshop: The Role of Natural Isotopes in the Development of a New Generation of Biomarkers for Biomedicine

The aim of the workshop is to identify medical questions where sophisticated technologies, methodologies, and concepts that have been used in the geological and environmental sciences can be applied to combat disease.

Ariel Anbar

Micro-Power Multi-Phase MEMS Hearing Aid

he proposal addresses integration and application of multi-phase/multi-microphone directional hearing aids with on-chip MEMS microphones.

Sayfe Kiaei Bertan Bakkaloglu Junseok Chae Rodolfo Diaz

Microbally Induced Cementation of Sands by Denitrification

The research team investigates the use of oxidation of organic compounds by denitrifying bacteria ("denitrification") to induce carbonate cementation in sand.

Edward Kavazanjian Bruce Rittmann

Microbial Ecology to Optimize Beneficial Syntrophies to Improve Microbial Electrochemical and Dechlorinating Systems

This research provides a novel approach to study biodegrading and bioenergy relevant mixed microbial communities. The results will provide fundamental understanding of the role of homoacetogens in electron and carbon flow in dechlorinating and ARB mixed communities. This will allow exploiting the use of complex renewable waste sources for bioenergy and bioremediation.

Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown

Modeling Anthropogenic Effects in the Spread of Infectious Diseases

The research will incorporate the economic drivers of 'contact' into dynamic models of emerging human and animal infectious disease systems, and analyze the system dynamics with and without adaptive responses. The models will be calibrated for a set of diseases where people's trade and travel decisions are potentially important.

Charles Perrings Carlos Castillo-Chavez Gerardo Chowell-Puente Eli Fenichel Nicolai Kuminoff

Modeling Heating Effects in Low-Power Multi-Gate SOI Devices and High-Power GaN HEMTs

The purpose of this project is to develop sophisticated particle-based device simulation tools that simultaneously take into account self-heating effects by solving the Boltzmann transport equations (BTEs) for both electrons and phonons, and considering quantum confine-ment effects for both the electrons and the phonons. Such a tool would be the most sophisticated simulator to date since electron and phonon transport is treated at the same physical level within the BTE.

Dragica Vasileska Stephen Goodnick

Modeling Wastewater Sludge Hydrolysis Aided by High Temporal Resolution Measurements through Microbial Electrochemistry

This project addresses our need to better understand solids hydrolysis by anaerobic microorganisms, focusing on municipal wastewater sludge.

Prathap Parameswaran Cesar Torres

Monolithic Integrated Ultrahigh Efficiency Multijunction Solar Cells for Space Applications

The majority of satellites in space are powered by solar panels and improving their efficiencies means more power for the spacecraft.This project investigates a novel multi-junction solar cell design that uses lattice-matched II/VI (ZnCdMg)(SeTe) and III/V AlGaAsSb direct bandgap materials grown on GaSb substrates.

Yong Hang Zhang

Multi-scale Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Hydrologic Regimes, Ecosystem Function, and Community Structure in a Desert Stream and Its Catchment

The primary objective of this project is to understand how long-term climate variability and change influence the structure and function of desert streams via effects on short-term responses to hydrologic disturbance.

John Sabo Nancy Grimm

Multi-Scale Particle-Based Simulation of Disordered/Ordered Interfaces for High Efficiency Solar Cells

The goal of this project is to develop a novel modeling approach to simulating and understanding materials and interfaces.

Christiana Honsberg Stuart Bowden Stephen Goodnick Marco Saraniti

Multidisciplinary STEM Solutions LSAMP Bridge to the Doctorate

With this support from the BD Fellowships, Arizona State University (ASU) will build and demonstrate a national model on how to increase the number of students from underrepresented groups (URGs) in STEM pursuing PhDs in quantitatively-driven Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines by emphasizing the use of high-level mathematics to analyze questions of global importance.

Carlos Castillo-Chavez Antonio Garcia

Multiscale Modeling and High Resolution Coupled Three-Dimensional Simulations of Ionospheric Irregularities for EM Propagation

This project will develop models to simulate the impact of solar storms on Earth?s atmosphere.

Alex Mahalov

Multiscale Modeling of Urban Atmospheres in a Changing Climate

This project will develop models to simulate the urban atmosphere and its interaction with ambient climate and atmospheric circulation occurring on spatial scales which are much larger than cities.

Alex Mahalov H Fernando Huei-Ping Huang Mohamed Moustaoui Wenbo Tang

Nanoprospecting: An Approach Towards Environmental Monitoring of Engineered Nanomaterials

By focusing on field-scale monitoring we hope to lead the environmental nanotechnology field toward establishing protocols suitable for monitoring nanomaterials at environmentally relevant concentrations.

Pierre Herckes Kiril Hristovski Paul Westerhoff

Nanowire Specialty Diodes for Integrated Applications

The objective of this research is to explore individually addressable high density arrays of specialty diodes (p/n junction, Schottky, Zener, metal-semiconductor-metal and tunnel structures) made from vertical silicon and germanium nanowires grown with the vapor-liquid-solid method.

Stephen Goodnick Tom Picraux

Neighborhood Ecosystems: Human-Climate Interactions in a Desert Metropolis

This research explored human-ecosystem-climate interactions at the neighborhood scale in metropolitan Phoenix, and drew upon social and ecological theories of spatial heterogeneity in cities to understand how urban development leads to economic, social, and physical inequalities among neighborhoods, which in turn produce neighborhood differences in microclimate conditions.

Sharon Harlan Anthony Brazel Larissa Larsen William Stefanov

Neuroendocrine Bases and Environmental Regulation of Reproduction in a Flexibly Breeding Songbird

This project will combine field studies on free-ranging organisms with experiments in a controlled laboratory setting to investigate the neuroendocrine bases of vertebrate reproductive flexibility.

Pierre Deviche

Next Generation Energy Technologies and Systems for Civilian and Military Applications

This project brings together the US Navy, the ASU Pat Tillman Veterans Center to promote energy-related research. The US Navy is focused on continuously improving energy effectiveness in its operations and wishes to explore additional research related opportunities with universities in a partnership.

William Brandt Steve Borden Ronald Calhoun Scott Cloutier Jacqueline Hettel Nathan Johnson Thomas Seager Paulo Shakarian Michael Simeone Sarah Tracy Cody Youngbull

Next-Generation Thermal-Aware, Energy-Efficient Resource Management for Data Centers

This project addresses the challenges in developing predictive and autonomic thermal-aware and energy-efficient task scheduling algorithms for heterogeneous High-Performance Computing datacenters.

Sandeep Gupta

Novel Approaches to Studying the Situ Bioremediation of Complex Mixtures

The long-term goal is to improve the success rate of bioremediation at sites containing complex chemical mixtures by using in situ microcosm array (ISMA) technology.

Rolf Halden

Novel Circuit Architecture and Design Methodologies for Low Power Digital Systems

This Partnership for Innovation project from Arizona State University is aimed at developing a new approach to digital system design to significantly reduce the power consumption and size of digital systems without reducing their speed of operation.

Sethuraman Panchanathan Sarma Vrudhula

Novel Functionality-Enabling Devices Based on 1D and 2D ZnO Nanostructures on Flexible Substrates

The goal of this project is to demonstrate proof-of-concept of the transformative idea of self-powered photo-electrochromic system based on 1D and 2D ZnO nanostructures on flexible substrates for significant potential payoffs.

Sandwip Dey Hongbin Yu

Novel Multijunction Solar Cells for Space and Terrestrial Applications

The objective of this collaborative research project between Arizona State University and Notre Dame University is to explore novel multijunction solar cell designs that offer ultra-high efficiencies for both space and terrestrial applications.

Yong Hang Zhang

NSDL Middleware for Network- amd Context-Aware Recommendations

Services are being developed to aid teachers, librarians, and learners in sharing resources and promoting further access to NSDL resources. The Middleware for Network- and Context-aware Recommendations (MiNC) being developed provides online integrated services.

K. Selcuk Candan Hasan Davulcu Hari Sundaram

NUE: Cross-disciplinary Education in Social and Ethical Aspects of Nanotechnology

This Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) in Engineering program entitled, "NUE: Cross-disciplinary Education in Social & Ethical Aspects of Nanotechnology", at Arizona State University, will develop a unique four weeks long workshop experience for undergraduate students that will explore the social and ethical issues raised by nanotechnology, build cross-disciplinary communicative competence,

Mark Hannah Thomas Seager Cynthia Selin

Ocean Crust Alteration and the Deep Biosphere

This research provides the theoretical framework and tools needed to model and interpret the increasing evidence for the presence and actions of microbes in the deep biosphere in oceanic crust.

Everett Shock

Ocean Redox Evolution at the Dawn of Animal Life: An Integrated Geological and Geochemical Study of the Ediacaran Yangtze Platform in South China

The ultimate goal of the research is to integrate paleontological and geochemical data to test the coupling between redox conditions and spatial/temporal patterns of Ediacaran organisms. Anticipated data would provide important information for our understanding of the environmental forces related to a significant biological innovation in Earth history.

Ariel Anbar

One Size Does not Fit All: Empowering the User with User-Driven Integration

The proposed work tackles the computational challenges underlying a user driven integration (UDI) system, keeping in mind the human constraints and challenges that underlie the technical considerations.

K. Selcuk Candan Keith Kintigh

Organic Geochemical Transformations and the Deep Biosphere — Identifying the Food Sources for Microbes in Sedimentary Systems

This research explores how geochemical processes support microbes living deep in the Earth.

Everett Shock Ian Gould Hilairy Hartnett John Holloway Lynda Williams

Outdoor Thermal Comfort under Photovoltaic Canopies

Shade plays an important role in designing pedestrian-friendly outdoor spaces in desert cities. To improve thermal comfort through shading at a pedestrian mall, Arizona State University set up three, 10-m high photovoltaic canopy structures on its Tempe campus next to the Memorial Union (MU). The goal of this research is to quantify the impact of the installed photovoltaic canopies on microclimate and thermal comfort at the mall, using field observations and surveys.

Nalini Chhetri Ariane Middel Nancy Selover

Partnership, Pathway, and Pipeline for Engineering Education: Engaging Middle School Students when Curricular Integration and Social Relevance

This exploratory project will provide effective mechanisms to motivate and engage middle school students in the practice of engineering through hands-on community-based service learning projects by establishing sustainable linkages between higher education, K-12, and community partners, developing professional learning communities (PLCs) comprised of engineering faculty and K-12 educators, and creating appropriately aligned educational pathways that integrates STEM with social studies and language arts.

Deirdre Meldrum Tirupalavanam Ganesh B Ramakrishna

Persistent, Enthusiastic, Relentless: Study of Induction Science Teachers (PERSIST)

This project examines the effect of four different types of induction programs on 100 fifth-year teachers of secondary science.

Julie Luft Marilyn Thompson

Personalized Learning: Strategies to Respond to Distress and Promote Success

The purpose of this proposal is to explore the extent to which timely emotional, cognitive, and metacognitive interventions in tutoring software will have positive effects on students' emotions, attitudes, and achievements in mathematics.

Winslow Burleson

Pervious and Thin Whitetopping PCC Pavements: Urban Heat Island Study

The project included implementing a new concrete mix design that utilizes recycled plastic fibers for added strength and durability and studying the mechanical, thermal and storm water performance of pervious concrete located in a hot arid climate.

Jay Golden Kamil Kaloush

Photocatalytic Reduction of Nitrate in Water

The goal of this project is to explore and optimize the use of photocatalysts as a reductive technology for treating nitrate in drinking water applications. The underlying hypothesis is nitrate can be converted to innocuous aqueous species in drinking water applications using metal-loaded photocatalysts.

Kiril Hristovski Paul Westerhoff

Photodegradation in Deserts: Litter Optical and Structural Considerations

This project will test whether the optical properties of litter produced by desert plants contribute to the different pattern of litter decay. Laboratory and field experiments will be used to test the importance of sunlight as an agent of litter decay relative to other mechanisms such as microbial activity.

Thomas Day Ferran Garcia-Pichel

Photosynthetic Bacteria Biofuels

This project is developing genetically optimized versions of photosynthetic bacteria, called cyanobacteria, that will use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to over-produce and secrete fatty acids as a raw material for the production of biofuel.

Photothermal Energy Conversion in Nanofluids

The interaction of thermal radiation with nanofluids, which are nanoscale colloidal suspensions, has not been extensively examined. This research deals with fundamental thermal transport phenomena that occur when sufficiently intense thermal radiation is incident upon a nanofluid. Specifically, the irradiation will cause localized heating of the suspended nanoparticles, and, in turn, induce heating or boiling of the liquid. This proposal addresses the relevant phenomena through a series of experiments and analyses.

Patrick Phelan Ronald Adrian Ravi Prasher

Photovoltaic Canopy Research Project

The Photovoltaic Canopy Research Project was conducted in the premises the Tempe campus of Arizona State University to scientifically measure the micro-climate effects of selected ASU solar canopy projects.

Nalini Chhetri Ariane Middel Nancy Selover

Physiological Value-based Security for Body Area Networks

This project addresses the challenge of providing usable (plug-and-play, self-configuring, and autonomic) security solutions for Body Area Networks (BANs): networks of economically powered, wireless, wearable and/or implanted health monitoring nodes (sensors and actuators), for collecting and communicating health information and, appropriately administering medicine or prosthetic actions.

Sandeep Gupta

Plankton Community Composition and Trophic Interactions as Modifiers of Carbon Export in the Sargasso Sea

The research objectives of this study are: 1) to characterize (qualitatively and quantitatively) trophic interactions between major plankton groups in the euphotic zone and rates of, and contributors to, carbon export and 2) to develop a constrained food web model, based on these data, that will allow us to better understand current and predict near-future patterns in export production in the Sargasso Sea.

Susanne Neuer

Planning Archaeological Infrastructure for Integrative Science

The goal of this project is to develop a plan that would detail how major investments by NSF in the information infrastructure of archaeology could best improve the scientific community's ability to use archaeological data in synthetic research on social and environmental dynamics and thereby serve the needs of contemporary society more broadly.

Keith Kintigh

Plasmonic Mapping of Ion Channel Activities in Single Cells

Patch clamp technique is a powerful tool for studying ion channels of cells, but it is difficult to operate, low throughput and often invasive. The present project develops an optical method to measure electrical conductance, making it possible to map ion channel opening and closing activities noninvasively with high spatial and temporal resolution. This unprecedented capability is anticipated to provide new insights into ion channel activities and a new tool for high throughput screening of ion-channel targeted drugs.

Nongjian Tao

Point of Dispensing Exercises for Pandemic Influenza

This project's goal is to develop a model and exercise that will allow administrators from Pinal County, Arizona, to analyze their throughput capability in a realistic, virtual environment that simulates multiple Point of Dispensing (POD) areas, multiple POD types, and the challenges associated with efficient POD design.

Megan Jehn

Point of Dispensing Simulation for Large-Scale Mass Dispensing Operations During a Public Health Emergency

The purpose of this study is to develop for the Arizona Department of Health Services a computer-based, interactive multiple Point of Dispening area throughput model.

Timothy Lant

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Processing by a Fog Cloud - Field and Laboratory Studies

This project addresses questions regarding the chemical processing in fog of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of which are known to be toxic.

Kalliat Valsaraj Pierre Herckes Mary Julia Wornat

Positioning Engineers for Urban Sustainability Transition Strategy Development

Civil and construction engineering students must learn to deploy sustainable systems that balance economic, social, political, and community considerations, in addition to technical considerations in order to address America's declining infrastructure. The project is evaluating whether integrating sustainability concepts through project-based learning into existing undergraduate civil and construction engineering courses results in improvements in team-based problem-solving skills and whether collaborations between upper and lower division undergraduates in multiple courses improve students' ability to apply concepts taught in introductory courses to future courses.

Mikhail Chester Kristen Parrish

Post-6 Ma Tectonic Evolution of the Bhutan Himalaya

Atypical high-elevation, but low-relief landscapes are perched above and surrounded by deeply incised canyons in the middle latitudes of Bhutan. This study explores the proposition that these landforms represent a pulse of erosion that is sweeping through Bhutan and progressively changing the relief.

Kelin Whipple Arjun Heimsath

Postdoctoral Fellowship—Knowledge Systems Analysis for Environmental Decision Making: Energy Development in the Four Corners Region of the American Southwest, 1960-2010

This research project addresses that gap by developing a conceptual framework and set of policy tools, called Knowledge Systems Analysis, that can be used by researchers and policymakers to guide the systematic review of environmental decisions and their outcomes.

Clark Miller

Precipitation Controls of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles in Arid-Semiarid Ecosystems

This project puts forward four hypotheses to explain observed lags in ecosystem response to changing precipitation, and tests them by altering patterns of total precipitation and precipitation variability, with and without nitrogen manipulation. These manipulations, together with the model analysis, will help determine the cause and magnitude of lags in the ecosystem response to precipitation.

Osvaldo Sala Mark Bertness Debra Peters

Predicting Changes in Commercial Fishing Behavior to Management Changes in the Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Fishery

The primary objective of the project is to develop a random utility model (RUM) to predict changes in commercial fishing behavior in response to recently implemented regulations affecting the grouper component of the Gulf of Mexico reef fish fishery and serve as a simulation platform for future management evaluation for this fishery.

Joshua Abbott

Predicting, Measuring, and Monitoring Aquatic Invertebrate Biodiversity on Dryland Military Bases

This project integrates mathematical modeling, invertebrate sampling, and statistical estimation to develop robust methodologies for tracking biodiversity of aquatic invertebrates on dryland military bases.

David Lytle Rachata Muneepeerakul Juliam Olden

Prehistoric Agricultural Productivity in the Perry Mesa Region, Central Arizona

This project integrates archaeological investigations of the prehistoric settlements and farming systems with ecological methods of soil nutrient analysis and soil moisture measurements.

Katherine Spielmann Melissa Kruse-Peeples

Prime the Pipeline Project (P3): Putting Knowledge to Work

Prime the Pipeline Project (P3): Putting Knowledge to Work is designed to engage high school students as active members of a scientific village comprised of students, math and science teachers, university faculty, undergraduate student mentors, industry professionals, and scientists.

Carole Greenes Timothy Lindquist Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz Lakshmi Munukutla Sethuraman Panchanathan

Prioritizing Cooling Infrastructure Investments for Vulnerable Southwest Populations

The objective of this collaborative research project is to develop methods for joining social and built environment vulnerability into a single framework, and will create a prioritization framework for selecting investments in cooling infrastructure that maximize the reduction in vulnerability. The vulnerability of the United States Southwest populations to heat is a result of both a city's socio-demographic profile and the built environment, yet little is known about the latter.

Mikhail Chester Thomas Seager

Protein Control of Electron Transfer Pathways in Photosynthesis

The initial solar energy conserving event in photosynthesis is the transfer of an electron between an excited donor and a neighboring acceptor molecule in the reaction center, an intrinsic membrane protein-pigment complex. In this project Woodbury will continue his studies of the purple nonsulfur bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, investigating the driving force and temperature dependence of the initial electron transfer reactions.

Neal Woodbury Su Lin

PSERC Collaborative Proposal for a Phase III Industry University Cooperative Research Center Program

The proposed work addresses important improvements and advancements in the transmission and delivery of electricity.

Vijay Vittal Gerald Heydt

Public Value Mapping: Developing a Non-Economic Model of the Social Value of Science and Innovation Policy

The purpose of this study is to further develop a public-values-based model for science and innovation policies (SIPs). At the core of this work are two fundamental questions: What are the public values that justify particular SIPs, and what is the capacity of a given SIP to yield outcomes that support and advance those values?

Daniel Sarewitz Barry Bozeman

Pyrite (FeS2) Thin-Films for Photovoltaics

The overall goal of the proposed research is to develop a fundamental understanding of the electronic and defect properties of doped and undoped pyrite thin films for solar photovoltaics.

Nathan Newman Peter Buseck Mark van Schilfgaarde

QESST: NSF Engineering Research Center for Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies

A major societal challenge is to generate terawatts (TWs) of electricity with minimal environmental impact. The Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (QESST) Engineering Research Center will transform the existing electricity generation system towards a sustainable and ubiquitous one by developing photovoltaic (PV) technologies with higher efficiency and novel functionality.

Harry Atwater Tonio Buonassisi Robert Opila Braden Allenby Matthew Fraser Christiana Honsberg Luke Lester

Quantifying the Effects of Groundwater and Hydrology on the Trophic Structure in Desert Riparian Ecosystems

Water and energy are essential ingredients of life and key commodities for humans and other living organisms that make up food webs. Curiously, although the role of energy in determining the inner workings of food webs has been thoroughly explored, water has been mostly ignored in food web ecology. The goal of this project is to fill this critical research gap by working to understand how the balance between supply and demand of energy and water affects patterns of abundance and biodiversity in terrestrial food webs.

John Sabo

RAPID: Responses of Herbaceous Annual Plants to Material Deposition from the Urban Atmosphere under Contrasting Conditions of Antecedent Drought and Winter Rainfall

This research studies the combined effects of high rainfall and urban pollution on the abundance, kinds, and chemical makeup of annual herbaceous plants which will help advance theory and understanding of how multiple factors affect plant growth singly and in combination.

Nancy Grimm Sharon Hall

Rationale Design of Enhanced Catalytic Nanometers

Synthetic nanoscale motors represent a major step towards the development of practical nanomachines. Despite impressive progress, manmade nanomachines lack the efficiency and versatility of their biological counterparts. Extending the scope of synthetic nanomotors to diverse and realistic conditions requires deep understanding of their fundamental physical mechanisms. This proposed collaborative research aims at gaining such understanding of the underlying physical mechanisms of catalytic nanowire motors.

Jonathan Posner

RCN-SEES for Urban Sustainability: Research Coordination and Synthesis for a Transformative Future

The Urban Sustainability RCN will begin with a broadly interdisciplinary core group of academics, students, postdocs, policy-makers, city planners, managers, and other action-focused urban players representing 14 cities in various stages of transition.

Dan Childers Kerry Smith

Reinvent Phoenix: Cultivating Equity, Engagement, Economic Development and Design Excellence with TOD

The City of Phoenix will create a new model for urban development – one that increases quality of life while maintaining desirability and attainability for the entire spectrum of incomes, ages, family sizes, and physical and developmental abilities along the light rail corridor.

Edward Cook Deirdre Pfeiffer Aaron Golub Arnim Wiek

Remaking Toxicity: Computational Toxicology and Urban Exposure Experiences

This is an ethnographic study that focuses on toxicologists at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency who are developing new toxicity testing methods and on people living with chronic exposures in a low-income minority community in Phoenix, Arizona. The project will use data collected from participant observation, ethnographic interviewing, and scientific and community documents to identify the ways in which current chemical knowledge practices differ from prior practices and to analyze the socio-political implications of these changes.

Bob Bolin Katelyn Parady

Resilience and Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Collaboration between NABO and LTVTP

This research will address the impacts of social responses to climate change, an issue central to contemporary policy and relevant to public and private organizations, policy makers, and resource managers interested in promoting resilience to climate change.

Margaret Nelson Thomas McGovern

Retrofitting Suburbs: Re-visioning the Cul-de-Sac

The countless environmental and social problems endogenous to the suburban model, as well as exogenous forces resulting from pending demographic changes, renders uncertain the future of the now conventional suburban development type. Besides developing new design paradigms, there is a pressing need to rethink the use of existing suburban areas. Here, we explore the possibilities for re-use of a typical suburban cul-de-sac

Aaron Golub

RIDGE: Tipping Points in the Evolution of Submarine Hydrothermal Systems: Habitat Generation, Organic Transformation, and Rock Alteration

Goals of the project are to use thermodynamic constraints and calculations to predict the supply of chemical energy to microbial communities that inhabit seafloor hydrothermal vents. It will also focus on adding estimates of hundreds of additional organic compounds to thermodynamic databases to allow more complete and realistic calculations of organic transformations and the abiotic synthesis of organic compounds.

Everett Shock

Risk Communication Analysis for Pandemic Influenza Preparedness

An exercise series that will facilitate sharing information with community stakeholders (e.g., parents, schools, business leaders, government officials, emergency management) on some of the potential impacts of a serious influenza pandemic and increase awareness of the need to develop plans to support community mitigation strategies.

Timothy Lant Megan Jehn

Risk Perception, Institutions, and Water Conservation: Enhancing Agricultural Adaption to Future Water Scarcity in Central Arizona

The objective of this project is to help farmers maximize opportunities to enhance their flexibility in face of climatic stress while also investing in the resilience of the broader social-ecological system on which farmers depend.

Timothy Lant Marty Anderies Hallie Eakin Abigail York

Robust Theoretical Frameworks for Ecological Dynamics Subject to Stoichiometric Constraints

The investigators will extend and generalize existing well-received stoichiometry-based mathematical models to encompass a broader range of ecological situations, including cell quota dynamics, consumer age- or size-structures, variable consumer stoichiometry, and delayed nutrient cycling. Once such a generalized theoretical framework is established, the investigators will construct and evaluate models inspired by recent empirical discoveries in ES, including one considering the effects on consumer dynamics of not only insufficient food nutrient content but also of excess food nutrient content, and another considering the effects of stoichiometric dietary mixing.

Yang Kuang James Elser

Role of Human Intestinal Microbiota on Success of Surgical Weight Loss Procedures

This project will investigate microorganisms that live in the human intestines and how they affect success or failure of weight loss after two methods of bariatric surgery. The ultimate goal is to find microorganisms that help weight loss following bariatric surgery.

Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown John DiBaise Bruce Rittmann

Science Advanced through Virtual Institutes (SAVI): Virtual Institute for Responsible Innovation

The goal of this project is to build research infrastructure, a virtual institute for responsible innovation. The meaning of "responsible innovation" is evolving, but roughly the term refers to a process of engagement in which stakeholders and innovators engage in mutually responsive dialogues that serve to bring about socially acceptable innovation processes and products. The proposed institute will focus specifically on nanotechnology and other emerging technologies such as synthetic biology and geo-engineering.

Erik Fisher David Guston

Science Master's Program: Solar Energy Engineering & Commercialization

More rapid development of solar energy is stymied by the high (but declining) costs of solar energy systems, the relatively low efficiencies of such systems, regulatory hurdles that impede development, and uncoordinated governmental policies. Overcoming such obstacles demands a new kind of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) workforce – one skilled in technical subjects at the heart of solar energy technologies, but also well versed in the socio-economic (e.g., social, economic, behavioral, policy) and commercial aspects of solar energy. Arizona State University (ASU) is addressing these needs through a new professional Science Master's Degree in Solar Energy Engineering & Commercialization.

Patrick Phelan Susan Haag Martin Pasqualetti Ronald Roedel Jameson Wetmore

Science Teachers in Arizona – Recruitment and Retention (STARR)

This project attempts to identify and support up to 60 qualified secondary science teachers who will persist in high-need environments.

Julie Luft Sid Bacon Carole Greenes George Hynd Steven Semken

Self Assembly at Photonic and Electronic Scales

This grant addresses ywo issues critical to manufacturing at the nano- and meso-scales.

Stuart Lindsay Rodolfo Diaz Devens Gust Hao Yan

SenSIP - A Research Site of the Net-Centric Software and Systems Center

The Sensor Signal and Information Processing (SenSIP) consortium at the Arizona State University (ASU) is planning to join the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) entitled "Net-Centric Software and Systems" which currently is a multi- university Center comprised of the University of North Texas (lead institution), and the University of Texas at Dallas. The mission of SenSIP at ASU is to develop signal and information processing foundations for next-generation integrated multidisciplinary sensing applications in biomedicine, defense, energy, and other systems.

Andreas Spanias

Simulation-Based Policy Analysis for Reducing Ebola Transmission Risk in Air Travel

The researchers on this project will build fine-scale simulation models for infection spread during air travel in order to identify the causes of infection spread, as well as procedures and policies that will limit its spread without major disruption to air travel. The researchers propose to create a super-computing based application that will provide useful insight to decision makers - such as medical responders, policy makers etc. dealing with Ebola.

Robert Pahle Matthew Scotch

Single Molecule Light Emitting Device

The present project aims at studying how the optoelectronic properties of these systems change when the device is decreased to nano- and molecular-scales, and exploring single molecule light emitting device and optical sensing applications.

Nongjian Tao Joshua Hihath

Sinking Rates and Nutritional Quality of Organic Matter Exported from Sea Ice; the Importance of Exopolymeric Substances

The knowledge resulting from this study will contribute to our understanding of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle and how it may be modified in response to climate variability.

Susanne Neuer

Sn-Containing Group-IV Semiconductors for Energy Applications in Photovoltaics and Thermoelectricity

The project addresses fundamental research issues in a topical area of electronic/photonic materials science having energy related technological relevance.

Jose Menendez Andrew Chizmeshya John Kouvetakis

Social Dynamics in Response to Shifting Immigration Policy and Practice: Latino Social Networks, Resource Flow, and Household Reorganization

As a large scale agent of change, shifts in policy and perceptions concerning immigrants ripple through social networks, affecting household arrangements and resources that impact not only individuals, but families and whole communities. The study examined the social networks that link household members to each other and larger networks, and model the implications of this for the resource flows to household members and ultimately for household resiliency and the well-being of family members.

Jennifer Glick Alexandra Brewis Slade Gerardo Chowell-Puente Seline Szkupinski-Quiroga Amber Wutich

SoCS: Tipping Collective Actions in Social Networks

Many of the challenges facing contemporary society, such as emission reductions or vaccination for infectious diseases, are collective action problems. To address these challenges, new approaches are needed to understand, stimulate and sustain collective action in large heterogeneous populations. To promote cooperative behavior at large scales, this project will develop computational tools to facilitate the context for cooperation – homogeneity, effective communication – observed in smaller scale case studies and field experiments.

Hari Sundaram Marco Janssen

Solving Stochastic Planning Problems Through Principled Determination

This project provides a systematic framework for exploiting this progress in deterministic planning technology - be it classical, temporal or partial satisfaction planning problems - in stochastic planning as well, by novel adaptation of theory and/or methods of determinization, hindsight optimization, and machine learning.

Subbarao Kambhampati

Source Apportionment of Iron in the Marine Atmosphere -- Application of Stable Iron Isotopic Measurements

his project, a collaboration between investigators at Arizona State University and Northern Arizona University, will explore the use of Fe isotopes as a tracer of natural and anthropogenic sources of aerosols to assess their importance as a source of Fe to the open ocean.

Ariel Anbar Pierre Herckes

Southern Yucatan Peninsular Region

The SYPR project seeks to explain the dynamics of land-use/land-cover change in the Southern Yucatan Peninsular Region over the past 25 years and explores ways to wed remote sensing- and social science-based models of this change.

Billie Turner II

Southwest Consortium for Environmental Research and Policy

The Consortium addresses issues pertaining to the ecologically and socioeconomically fragile environment along the US-Mexico border.

Southwest Environmental Information Network

SEINet is a center of biodiversity information, organizing Southwestern natural-history collections into one portal.

Corinna Gries Leslie Landrum

Spatial Analytical Framework for Examining Community Risk Issues over Space and Time

This project will develop a spatial analytical framework and toolbox for addressing convicted offender residency issues. This will facilitate access to a combination of new and existing exploratory and confirmatory statistical methods and to new and existing spatial optimization models that can be used for analyzing impacts as well as developing and evaluating public policy associated with the management of convicted offenders.

Alan Murray Marie Griffin Sergio Rey

Spatial Refueling Patterns of Drivers of Alternative-Fuel and Conventional Vehicles

This research project will survey drivers about their refueling patterns and behaviors to better understand the assumptions underlying the deployment of new stations for alternative-fuel vehicles.

Michael Kuby

STIR: Socio-Technical Integration Research

This project co-funded by Science, Technology & Society; Biology and Society; Mathematical and Physical Sciences and Society; Science of Science and Innovation Policy; and Office of International Science and Engineering involves a coordinated set of twenty laboratory engagement studies to assess and compare the varying pressures on and capacities for laboratories to integrate broader societal considerations into their work.

Erik Fisher David Guston

Strategic Investment in ARENA — the Arizona Environmental Array

The goal of this project was to use development of informatics infrastructure to strategically position one or more of Arizona's candidate sites to become official nodes in NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network).

Travis Huxman Nancy Grimm Laura Huenneke

Stress and Structure Evolution in Ultra-Thin Heteroepitaxial Metallic Films

The objective of this research is to significantly expand the understanding of stress-structure relationships in ultra-thin heteroepitaxial metallic films.

Cody Friesen

Supply Network Design and Product Environmental Performance

The goal of this study is to address the research question: Do different configurations of a product's supply network yield different environmental performance?

Kevin Dooley Thomas Kull Elliot Rabinovich

Surface Flux for Cracked and Intact Clays for Ponded and Sloped Conditions

This study addresses key remaining questions rarely, or only superficially, discussed in the geotechnical literature, and is geared toward transformation of surface flux modeling capabilities for cracked and intact clays.

Sandra Houston Bruno Welfert Claudia Zapata

SusChEM: Molecular Routes to New Classes of Polar and Non-Polar Alloy Semiconductors

Modern research in materials science is strongly focused on the design and synthesis of materials not available in nature. The molecular approach to crystal growth exemplified by this project represents a new tool for this quest that may lead to materials with unique properties.

Andrew Chizmeshya John Kouvetakis Jose Menendez Richard Rushforth David Smith

Sustainability of Marine Renewable Resources in Subarctic Systems Under Incumbent Environmental Variability and Human Exploitation

These network activities focus on basic socio-ecological principles applied to the study of the sustainability of renewable resources in large marine ecosystems under incumbent climate variability and human exploitation. Through this network a gap is bridged among ecologists, mathematicians, social scientists and resource managers to provide a sound science support system for conservation.

Kevin Bailey Lorenzo Ciannelli Colleen Webb Marty Anderies

Sustainability Science Applications, Center for

The Center for Sustainability Science Applications (CSSA) promotes research that reconciles the needs of society and nature through projects involving urban systems, climate change, and sustainable technologies.

Jonathan Fink

Sustainable Algal Biofuels Consortium

The primary objective is to evaluate biochemical (enzymatic) conversion as a potentially viable strategy for converting algal biomass into lipid-based and carbohydrate-based biofuels. Secondary objective is to test the acceptability of algal biofuels as replacements for petroleum-based fuels.

Gary Dirks

Sustainable High-Energy Density, Low-Cost Electrochemical Energy Storage

The strategic vision of the Metal-Air Ionic Liquid (MAIL) battery program is to create a measurably safe, earth-abundant and geo-politically sustainable, ultra-high energy density, and low cost battery technology.

Cody Friesen

Sustainable Infrastructures for Energy and Water Supply (SINEWS)

The goal of this project is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the sustainability and resilience of the water and energy systems, and to offer solutions that span infrastructure design, management of the physical environment, and socio-economic policy.

John Crittenden Samuel Ariaratnam George Karady Ke Li Charles Perrings

Sustainable Phosphorus Initiative

The ASU Sustainable Phosphorus Initiative (SPI) seeks to build a credible scientific consensus on the dimensions of the phosphorus sustainability challenge, catalyze an interdisciplinary global network focused on phosphorus sustainability, and design and motivate institutional, commercial, and consumer behavior change for conservation and recycling to establish phosphorus sustainability.

Dan Childers James Elser

Sustainable Water Resources for Communities under Climate Change: Can State-of-the-Art Forecasting Inform Decision-Making in Data Sparse Regions?

This project will study decision-making for water resources management in anticipation of climate change in northern Mexico as a case study for the broader arid and semiarid southwestern North America. The goal of the project is to determine whether water resources systems modeling, developed within a participatory framework, can contribute to the building of management strategies in a context of water scarcity, conflicting water uses and highly variable and changing climate conditions.

Enrique Vivoni

Sustainablity Science for Sustainable Schools

The goal is to equip graduate fellows with the skills to bring their sustainability-science research into K-12 settings to benefit K-12 teachers, students, and families, as well as enhance their own professional development.

Harvey Bryan Monica Elser Matthew Fraser Susan Ledlow Charles Redman

Sustaining Digital Antiquity: Providing Preservation and Access for Archaeological Information

Digital Antiquity's mission is to ensure preservation of and access to digital archaeological information.

Adam Brin Francis Pierce-McManamon Keith Kintigh Sander van der Leeuw

SWCC Based Models for Realistic Simulation of Swell Behavior of Expansive Soils

Current engineering practice for determining the volume change behavior of unsaturated expansive soils are mostly based on simplified tests, and correlations with index properties. Such practices can lead to uneconomical and distress prone foundation designs. Hence, there is a fundamental research need to review the current characterization practices in expansive soils and to revise them to reflect the current state of knowledge of unsaturated soil mechanics. The final outcome of this research is the development of methods for better predictions of expansive soil properties using unsaturated soil mechanics principles.

Claudia Zapata Sandra Houston

Symbiota, A Virtual Flora Model for the Southwestern United States

This project will develop a computer-based identification system for plants and animals.

Corinna Gries

Testing Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships in an Ecological Stoichiometry Framework in the World's Largest Natural Grassland

This project will directly manipulate plant diversity in large-scale experimental plots and measure a number of ecosystem function variables to test existing biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and evaluate new hypotheses regarding ecosystem function for multiple trophic levels (plants, herbivores, and soil microbes) in the Inner Mongolian Grassland, part of the largest natural grassland in the world.

Jianguo Wu James Elser

The Archaeology of Local Human Response to a Global Environmental Transformation

This project is a case study designed to identify the dynamics of local subsistence adaptations to the climate-induced environmental transformation of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition.

The Assembly of Photosynthetic Light-Harvesting Complexes in Whole Cells

This interdisciplinary project will bring together sophisticated biological and structural monitoring of photosynthetic membrane assembly, function and regulation with the tools of dynamic spectroscopy required to record and analyze the detailed function of the in vivo system.

Neal Woodbury Su Lin Robert Niederman

The Complexities of Ecological and Social Diversity: A Long-Term Perspective

This research project will examine how social and ecological diversity interact to influence the resilience of societies facing major changes in their social or environmental circumstances. The goal of the investigators conducting this project is to discover configurations of diversity in ecological landscapes and in forms of social organization that make systems more or less able to cope with significant environmental or social changes without undergoing an unpleasant transformation.

David Abbott Margaret Nelson Marty Anderies Michelle Hegmon Jon Norberg Ann Kinzig

The CUbiC CAReS Note-Taker: Enabling Students Who are Legally Blind to Take Notes in Class

This project will develop and evaluate a portable Note-Taker device that does not require any adaptation of the existing classroom infrastructure, and which allows visually impaired students to shift their attention between the writing surface and the class presentation without inefficient context switching.

John Black Sethuraman Panchanathan

The Dynamics of Religion and Conflict: A Multidisciplinary, Empirical Approach

Building upon insights from a wide range of disciplines (e.g., social psychology, political science, religious studies, anthropology, sociology) and existing findings about the processes that contribute to group conflict (e.g., perceived competition over scarce resources, incompatible values), this project tests hypotheses about where, how, under what circumstances, and for whom religion-influenced conflict could emerge.

Steven Neuberg David Schaefer Thomas Taylor George Thomas Carolyn Warner

The Economics of Environmental Vulnerability: Epidemiology, Household Status, and Air Pollution

Analyses of U.S. air quality regulations identify subpopulations that are particularly sensitive to the adverse health effects associated with air pollution on the basis of epidemiological studies of the physiological effects of pollution. The observed susceptibility of children and older adults to environmental degradation stems from not one but two important factors: physiological sensitivity and economic vulnerability.

Kerry Smith

The Embryo Project Training and Research

The project will provide rigorous interdisciplinary training and research for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in history and philosophy of the life sciences, with a focus on developmental biology.

Jane Maienschein Michael Dietrich Manfred Laubichler Catherine Norton

The Integrity of Geosynthetic Elements of Waste Containment Barrier Systems Subject to Large Settlement and Seismic Loading

The objective of this project is to investigate the ability of modern landfill waste containment systems to maintain their integrity when subject to waste settlement, earthquake loading, and loads from operational practices.

Edward Kavazanjian Neven Matasovic

The Joint Modeling of Seasonal Recreational Demand, Entry-Exit Decisions, and Fish Stocks over Time with an Application to Great Lakes Sportfishing

This project plans to develop a model that integrates a multi-site, multi-species, seasonal model of angler demand for sport fishing with a dynamic, bioeconomic model of fish stocks for the purpose of comparing the welfare impacts and conservation implications of various recreational fishery management alternatives.

Eli Fenichel Joshua Abbott

The Persistence of Biodiversity in Southern California under Future Land-Use Scenarios

This project will identify the life history traits of plants that are predictive of extinction risk in the face of the top three threats to plant species in the United States - habitat loss, altered fire regimes and competition with invasive species.

Janet Franklin

The Relative Importance of Generic vs. Specific Capacity in Addressing Drought Vulnerability in NE Brazil

This research examines how the vulnerability of rainfed farm households to drought has changed through time as a function of both specific and generic government-led interventions. The research also explores how these two categories of interventions are related, both in terms of their relative importance in defining overall adaptive capacity, and in terms of how they may create synergies or be mutually conditioning.

Donald Nelson Hallie Eakin

The Role of Resource Legacy on Contemporary Linkages Between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Processes in a Cold Desert Ecosystem: The McMurdo Dry Valley LTER Program

The McMurdo Dry Valleys (MCM) LTER project focuses on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in a cold desert region of Antarctica. The overall objectives of MCM are to understand 1) the influence of physical and biological constraints on the structure and function of Dry Valleys ecosystems and 2) the modifying effects of material transport on these ecosystems.

Diane McKnight Becky Ball

Toward Verifying Smart-Health Infrastructure Safety from their Impact on Human Physiology

This project, investigating formal modeling and analysis of medical device control operations to verify patient safety, aims to advance the state-of-the-art in guaranteeing patient safety impacted by Smart Health Infrastructure (SHI).

Sandeep Gupta

Transformation and Transport of Organic Carbon in the Colorado River-Reservoir System

This project will assess the distribution, composition and reactivity of terrestrial and riverine carbon along a sequence of well-characterized reservoirs in a single watershed.

Hilairy Hartnett

Transforming Feature Selection to Harness the Power of Social Media

This project investigates a novel approaches to feature selection in linked data in general and social media data in particular. Specifically, it seeks to exploit link information in supervised as well as unsupervised feature selection for social media data.

Huan Liu

Transport-Enhanced Thermogalvanic Energy Conversion

The proposed project is an interdisciplinary collaboration between mechanical engineering (thermal transport) and chemistry, and is a largely experimental effort aimed at improving fundamental understanding of thermogalvanic systems.

Vladimiro Mujica Daniel Buttry Patrick Phelan

Tunnel Junction for Reading All Four Bases with High Discrimination

At least seven NIH-supported groups are exploring sequencing methods that propose to use electron tunneling as the readout for a nanopore sequencer, an approach that might greatly reduce the cost of sequencing. We have shown that all four nucleosides and 5-methyl cytidine can be read by functionalized electrodes and we will develop reagents suitable for DNA sequencing in aqueous electrolyte and make these widely available.

Stuart Lindsay

Twentieth Century Theories of Development in Context

The research project focuses from multiple perspectives on scientific change. Its goal is to understand that change historically and conceptually and also to contribute to ongoing scientific debates.

Manfred Laubichler

Understanding Agents of Scientific Change: The Case of Embyro Research

This project explores agents of scientific change in a dynamic, interactive, integrative, interdisciplinary, international research environment.

Jane Maienschein Manfred Laubichler Gary Marchant Jason Robert Daniel Sarewitz

Understanding Impacts of Desert Urbanization on Climate and Surrounding Environments to Foster Sustainable Cities Using Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling

Overall goals are to better understand the impacts of changing land cover spatial distribution, patterns and arrangements within and around these cities in relation to climate change and to use this knowledge to support adaptive management and foster sustainable desert cities.

Huei-Ping Huang Ariane Middel Soe Myint Karen Seto

Understanding Supramolecular Architectures in Photosynthesis by Space and Time Resolved Spectroscopy

Seventy percent of mankind's current energy needs are met by burning fossil fuels. This is already problematic since oil and gas supplies are limited and because of the adverse environmental effects of rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Moreover this situation is set to get worse as current predictions estimate that our energy needs will double by 2050. Mankind is therefore facing a major challenge to find new sources of clean renewable fuels. Photosynthesis is a biological process able to use solar energy to produce such fuels.

Richard Cogdell Hideki Hashimoto Dario Polli Tom Moore

Understanding the Challenges Inherent in the Design, Execution and Participation in Governance Challenge Platforms

There is growing interest in the use of information and communication technologies for community engagement and for crowd-sourcing solutions to difficult problems through challenges and prizes. Governmental and nongovernmental organizations are being encouraged to design, deploy, manage and support appropriate online platforms to address both goals and improve economic competitiveness.

Hari Sundaram Marty Anderies Marco Janssen Erik Johnston Spiro Maroulis

Uranium Isotopes in Carbonate Sediments: Assessing a Novel Paleoredox Proxy

This work tests the application of Uranium (U) isotopes preserved in carbonate sediments as a paleo-redox proxy

Achim Herrmann Ariel Anbar Laura Wasylenki

Urban Form and Energy Use Explored Through Dynamic Networked Infrastructure Model

Engineering and design of urban form is an important strategy for managing climate change and other environmental impacts of energy, as well as being key to the livability of cities. This project aims to clarify connections between urban form and use and energy use in the built environment and transport.

Subhrajit Guhathakurta Eric Williams Ariane Middel

Urban Vulnerability to Climate Change: A System Dynamics Analysis

This project will identify community and demographic markers of high-risk environments that decision-makers can use to develop spatially informed early warning systems and heat-illness prevention programs

Sharon Harlan Susanne Grossman-Clarke Timothy Lant Chris Martin William Stefanov

Urbanization and Global Environmental Change

This collaborative project is building greater knowledge and understanding of the bidirectional interactions between global environmental change and cities, present at local, regional, and global scales, and integrating the work of decision makers, practitioners, and academic researchers.

Charles Redman Sander van der Leeuw Corrie Griffith Rimjhim Aggarwal Christopher Boone Billie Turner II

US-Mexico Border Water & Environmental Sustainability Training (UMB-WEST)

This project will provide US undergraduate students and graduate students with an international collaborative research experience in water resources management.

Enrique Vivoni

Using Carbohydrates as Molecular Markers to Determine the Contribution of Agricultural Soil to Ambient Fine and Course PM

The overall goal of the project is to fully develop, employ and verify a technique to quantify the contribution of agricultural soils entrained in the atmosphere to ambient fine and coarse particulate matter (PM).

Matthew Fraser

Using Informatics to Advance History and Philosophy of Science Research

The project is designed to address simultaneously the need of acquiring additional professional experience in informatics to advance research in the history and philosophy of science and to open up new areas of research and investigation at the intersection of these two areas.

Manfred Laubichler John Howard Grant Yamashita

VOCALS — Interaction of Aerosols with Marine Boundary Layer Clouds

This project will lead to insight into how aerosol production due to human activity influences precipitation and the radiative impact of clouds on Earth's climate.

James Anderson

VOSS: Managing Hybrid Challenge Platforms to Promote Innovation

This project has a multi-disciplinary research team exploring how community participation spreads, the effects of feedback on participation, and the changes in community and collaboration structure over time.

Kevin Desouza Erik Johnston Laurie Mook Daniel Schugurensky Hari Sundaram

Water Sustainability under Near-term Climate Change: A Cross-Regional Analysis Incorporating Socio-Ecological Feedbacks and Adaptations

The main objective of this study is to understand and quantify the potential impacts of near-term climate change and population growth on freshwater sustainability - defined here as integrating daily to annual flows required to minimize human vulnerability and maximize ecosystem needs (including native biodiversity) for freshwater - by explicitly incorporating the feedbacks from human-environmental systems on water supply and demand in various target basins spanning Arizona to North Carolina.

Kelli Larson John Sabo

Wavelet Analysis of High Spatial Resolution Imagery for Urban Mapping Using Infinite Scale Decomposition Techniques

This research project aims to develop a frequency-based, multi-scale classification algorithm using overcomplete wavelet transforms that can generate higher-level spatial arrangements of objects and features for detailed urban land categorization. The investigator will seek to enhance spatial modeling and concepts that describe spatial association, spatial pattern, spatial regression, and segregation by adding decomposition procedures that can extract spatial features in different directions at infinite scale.

Soe Myint

Western Alliance to Expand Student Opportunities Senior LSAMP Alliance

This project is a comprehensive, concerted, sequenced effort that uses NSF funding for historically underrepresented minority (URM) undergraduate student activities, including the transition of college sophomores, juniors, and seniors toward graduate school and the development of high technology products with application or dissemination both regionally and nationally.

Carlos Castillo-Chavez Antonio Garcia Gary Keller Ana Moore

When Strengths Can Become Weaknesses: Emerging Vulnerabilities in Coupled Natural Human Systems under Globalization and Climate Change

Long-lived coupled natural human systems (CNHs) are often distinguished by how they have evolved the right fit between their biophysical and social sub-systems. Researchers have characterized this fit in terms of the close feedbacks that enable a system to function well when faced with a known set of disturbance regimes. This project addresses a key question that naturally arises when these systems are exposed to a new set of disturbance regimes or novel change as is likely to occur with increased globalization and climate change: to what extent do the interdependencies that developed to strengthen the system's capacity to fit to a certain set of disturbances limit or enhance its capacity to refit to new conditions?

Rimjhim Aggarwal Marty Anderies Marco Janssen Rachata Muneepeerakul

WINTech

The goal of WINTech is to improve the current standard of living through the design and advancement of small, highly integrated electrical and electro-mechanical systems.

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