- Senior Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
- Professor, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Professor, Spacial Analysis Research Center, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Professor, School of Social Transformation, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Professor, Asian Pacific American Studies, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Li's foci of research are urban ethnicity and ethnic geography, highly-skilled international migration and transnational connections, financial sector and minority community development, focusing on the Chinese and other Asian groups in the Pacific Rim. She coined the term "ethnoburb" to describe a new form of contemporary suburban Asian settlements, and continues her empirical studies in Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay area, Metropolitan Phoenix, Toronto, and Vancouver, Canada.
Li's research has been funded by US National Science Foundation, Canada-US Fulbright Foundation, the Government of Canada, and the US-India Educational Foundation, including projects analyzing financial institutions and immigrant community developmentin Canada and the United States, studying the impacts of Hurricane Katrina on African American and Vietnamese American communities in New Orleans East; and highly-skilled international migration.
She is the author of Ethnoburb: The New Ethnic Community in Urban America (2009; paperback 2012; The 2009 Book Award in Social Sciences, Association for Asian American Studies); editor of From Urban Enclave to Ethnic Suburb: New Asian Communities in Pacific Rim Countries (2006); co-editor of Landscape of Ethnic Economy(2006), Immigrant Geographies of North American Cities (2012), and The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in North American Cities (2015); and co-editor of two journal theme issues. She has published over 90 journal articles and book chapters, including those in journals such as Annals of Association of American Geographers; Environment and Planning A; GeoForum; Geographic Review; Urban Studies; Urban Geography; Social Science Research, and Journal of Asian American Studies.Li has received numerous awards, including the 2014 AAG Ronald F. Abler Distinguished Service Honors (one of the highest honors conferred by Association of American Geographers/AAG), and the AAG Ethnic Geography Specialty Group's Distinguished Ethnic Geography CAREER Award and 2012 Distinguished Scholar.
She was appointed to three terms as a member of the U.S. Census Bureau's Race and Ethnic Advisory Committees (REAC) on the Asian Population by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce, serves as its elected Chair (2010-2012) and vice chair annually 2004-2009, and was one the inaugural members of the Bureau's new National Advisory Committee of Race, Ethnic, and Other Populations. She serves as the Fulbright Visiting Research Chair in Ethnicity and Multicultural Citizenship in Queen's University, Canada (2006-2007) and a Senior Fulbright Scholar to India (2016-2017); a member of the inaugural class of the National Asia Research Associates with the National Bureau of Asian Research and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (2010-2011); and the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Writing Residency (2014). She is a member of the International Steering Committee of the International Metropolis Project, and the North American Director for the International Society of Studying Chinese Overseas.
- PhD, Geography, University of Southern California, 1997
- MS, Geography, Peking University, 1985
- BS, Geography, Bejing Normal College, 1982
Li, W., K. Bakshi, Y. Tan and X. Huang. Policies for recruiting talented professionals from the diaspora: India and China compared. International Migration DOI: 10.1111/imig.12456. (link )
Li, W., C. Sadowski-Smith and W. Yu. Return migration and transnationalism: Evidence from highly skilled academic migration. Papers in Applied Geography DOI: 10.1080/23754931.2017.1396553. (link )
Lo, L., W. Li and W. Yu. Highly skilled migration from China and India to Canada and the United States. International Migration DOI: 10.1111/imig.12388. (link )
Li, W., L. Lo and J. Xu. 2017. U.S. Minority depository institutions at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Papers in Applied Geography 3(3-4):243-261. DOI: 10.1080/23754931.2017.1347809. (link )
Wang, H., W. Li and Y. Deng. 2017. Precarity among highly educated migrants: College graduates in Beijing, China. Urban Geography 38(10):1497-1516. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2017.1314170. (link )
Sadowski-Smith, C. and W. Li. 2016. Return migration and the profiling of non-citizens: Highly skilled BRIC migrants in the Mexico-US borderlands and Arizona's SB 1070. Population, Space and Place 22(5):487-500. DOI: 10.1002/psp.1868. (link )
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2015. Internationalization of doctoral education in geography: Perspectives from the United States. GeoJournal 80(2):231-238. DOI: 10.1007/s10708-014-9579-1. (link )
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2015. Resurging Asia and highly skilled international migration. Verge: Studies in Global Asias 1(1):50-55. DOI: 10.5749/vergstudglobasia.1.1.0050. (link )
Li, W., W. Yu, C. Sadowski-Smith and H. Wang. 2015. Intellectual migration and brain circulation: Conceptual framework and empirical evidence. Journal of Chinese Overseas 11(1):43-58. DOI: 10.1163/17932548-12341300. (link )
Lu, Z., W. Li and X. Deng. 2015. 如何促进产业集群发展?—美国亚利桑那州产业集群发展模式分析”(路征、李唯、邓翔) 载《四川大学学报(哲学社会科学版 (How to promote the development of industrial clusters). Journal of Sichuan University (Social Science Edition) 48(2):113-120.
Li, W., L. Lo and A. Oberle. 2014. The embeddedness of bank branch networks in immigrant gateways. The Canadian Geographer 58(1):48062. DOI: 10.1111/cag.12062. (link )
Li, W. and L. Lo. 2012. New geographies of migration?: A Canada-U.S. comparison of highly skilled Chinese and Indian migration. Journal of Asian-American Studies 15(1):1-34. DOI: 10.1353.jaas.2012.0005. (link )
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2012. Between China and the United States: Contempurary migration policies and flows. AAPI Nexus Journal: Policy, Practice, and Community 1-(1):1-20. (link )
Dymski, G., W. Li, C. Aldana and H. Ahn. 2010. Ethnobanking in the USA: From antidiscrimination vehicles to transnational entities. International Journal of Business and Globalisation 4(2):. DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2010.030667. (link )
Li, W. and E. H. Skop. 2010. Diaspora in the United States: Chinese and Indians compared. Journal of Chinese Overseas 6(2):286-310. DOI: 10.1163/179325410X526131. (link )
Li, W., C. A. Airriess, A. C. Chen, K. J. Leong and V. Keith. 2009. Katrina and migration: Evacuation and return by African Americans and Vietnamese Americans in an eastern New Orleans suburb. The Professional Geographer 62(1):103-118. DOI: 10.1080/00330120903404934. (link )
Teixeira, C. and W. Li. 2009. Immigrant and refugee experiences in North American cities. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 7(3):221-227. DOI: 10.1080/15562940903150030. (link )
Airriess, C. A., W. Li, K. J. Leong, A. C. Chen and V. Keith. 2008. Church-based social capital, networks and geographical scale: Katrina evacuation, relocation, and recovery in a New Orleans Vietnamese American community. Geoforum 39(3):1333-1346. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.11.003. (link )
Foote, K., W. Li, J. Monk and R. Theobold. 2008. Foreign-born scholars in U.S. universities: Issues, concerns, and strategies. Journal of Geography in Higher Education 32(2):167-178. DOI: 10.1080/03098260701731322. (link )
Li, W., C. A. Airriess, A. C. Chen, K. J. Leong, V. Keith and K. L. Adams. 2008. Surviving Katrina and its aftermath: Evacuation and community mobilization by Vietnamese Americans and African Americans. journal of Cultural Geography 25(3):263-286. DOI: 10.1080/08873630802476235. (link )
Chen, A. C., V. M. Keith, C. Airriess, W. Li and K. J. Leong. 2007. Economic vulnerability, discrimination, and Hurricane Katrina: Health among black Karina survivors in eastern New Orleans. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association 13(5):257-266. DOI: 10.1177/1078390307307260. (link )
Chen, A. C., V. Keith, K. J. Leong, C. A. Airriess, W. Li, K. Chung and C. Lee. 2007. Hurricane Katrina: Prior trauma, poverty and health among Vietnamese-American survivors. International Nursing Review 54(4):324-331. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2007.00597.x. (link )
Leong, K. J., C. A. Airriess, W. Li, A. C. Chen and V. Keith. 2007. Resilient history and the rebuilding of a community: The Vietnamese American community in New Orleans East. The Journal of American History 94(3):770-779. DOI: 10.2307/25095138. (link )
Li, W. and C. Teixeira. 2007. Introduction: Immigrants and transnational experiences in world cities. GeoJournal 68(2-3):93-102. DOI: 10.1007/s10708-007-9070-3. (link )
Wang, Q. and W. Li. 2007. Entrepreneurship, ethnicity and local contexts: Hispanic entrepreneurs in three U.S. southern metropolitan areas. GeoJournal 68(2-3):167-182. DOI: 10.1007/s10708-007-9081-0. (link )
Li, W. and G. Dymski. 2006. Financial Institutions and immigrant integration. Canadian Diversity: Integration of Newcomers: International Approaches 5(1):134-139. (link )
Li, W. 2005. Beyond Chinatown, beyond enclave: Reconceptualizing contemporary Chinese settlements in the United States. GeoJournal 64(1):31-40. DOI: 10.1007/s10708-005-3921-6. (link )
Skop, E. and W. Li. 2005. Asians in America's suburbs: Patterns and consequences of settlement. Geographical Review 95(2):167-188. (link )
Dymski, G. and W. Li. 2004. Financial globalization and cross-border comovements of money and population: Foreign bank offices in Los Angeles. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 36(2):213-240. DOI: 10.1068/a35286. (link )
Dymski, G. and W. Li. 2003. The macrostructure of financial exclusion: Mainstream, ethnic, and fringe banks in money space. Espaces Populations et Societes 2003(1):183-201.
Li, W., G. Dymski, Y. Zhou, M. Chee and C. Aldana. 2002. Chinese American banking and community development in Los Angeles County. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 92(4):777-796. (link )
Li, W., Y. Zhou, G. Dymski and M. W. Chee. 2001. Banking on social capital in the era of globalization: Chinese ethnobanks in Los Angeles. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 33(11):1923-1948. DOI: 10.1068/a342. (link )
Li, W. 1999. Building ethnoburbia: The emergence and manifestation of the Chinese ethnoburb in Los Angeles' San Gabriel Valley. Journal of Asian American Studies 2(1):. (link )
Li, W. 1998. Anatomy of a new ethnic settlement: The Chinese ethnoburg in Los Angeles. Urban Studies 35(3):479-501. DOI: 10.1080/0042098984871. (link )
Li, W. 1998. Ethnoburb versus Chinatown: Two types of urban ethnic communities in Los Angeles. Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography (link )
Li, W. 1998. Los Angeles' Chinese ethnoburb: From ethnic service center to global economy outpost. Urban Geography 19(6):502-517. DOI: 10.2747/0272-36184.108.40.2062. (link )
Wolch, J. and W. Li. 1997. Shifting margins of housing status in Los Angeles. Social Science Research 26(3):309-330. DOI: 10.1006/ssre.1997.0600. (link )
Li, W. 1993. Geographical study of ethnicity: Comparison between downtown and suburban Chinese in metropolitan Los Angeles. GeoJournal 30(3):317-322. (link )
Teixeira, C. and W. Li eds. 2015. The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in U.S. and Canadian Cities. University of Toronto Press. ISBN: 978-1442628380.
Li, W. 2012. Ethnoburb: The New Ethic Community in Urban America. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN: 978-0824836719.
Teixeira, C., W. Li and A. Kobayashi eds. 2012. Immigrant Geographies in North American Cities. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195437829.
Kaplan, D. H. and W. Li eds. 2006. Landscapes of the Ethnic Economy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc. Plymouth, UK. ISBN: 978-0742529472.
Li, W. ed. 2006. From Urban Enclave to Ethnic Suburb: New Asian Communities in Pacific Rim Countries. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN: 9780824829117.
Li, W., E. H. Skop and A. Morken. 2017. Geography and migration. In: Warf, B. ed., Oxford Bibliographies in Geography. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199874002-0038. (link )
Lo, L., S. Yu, W. Li and L. L. Wong. 2017. Economic mobilities of highly skilled China-born migrants in Canada and the United States. Pp. Chapter 7 Trans-Pacific Mobilities: The Chinese and Canada. University of British Columbia Press. Vancouver, BC, Canada. ISBN: 9780774833790.
Skop, E. and W. Li. 2017. Ethnicity. In: Richardson, D. ed., International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environmental and Technology. Vol 15 vols. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-0-470-65963-2.
Li, W., C. Sadowski-Smith and W. Yu. 2016. La migración de retorno y el transnacionalismo: la evidencia en la migración altamente calificada. Pp. 245-271 In: Levine, E., M. Verea and S. Núñez eds., Nuevas experiencias de la migración de retorno. Centro de Investigaciones Sobre América del Norte. ISBN: 9786070281129.
Li, W., E. H. Skop and W. Yu. 2016. Enclaves, ethnoburbs, and new patterns of settlement among Asian immigrants. Pp. 193-216 In: Zhou, M. and A. C. Ocampo eds., Contemporary Asian America: A Multidisciplinary Reader. New York University Press. New York and London. ISBN: 978-1479826223.
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2016. Chinese Americans: Enduring community and increasing diversity. Pp. 263-284 In: Airriess, C. A. ed., Contemporary Ethnic Geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. London. ISBN: 978-1442218550.
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2016. Chinese intellectual migration to the US. Pp. 269-284 In: Guo, S. and Y. Guo eds., Spotlight on China: Chinese Education in the Globalized World. Sense Publishers. Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN: 978-94-6300-669-9 (eBook).
Lo, L. and W. Li. 2016. Chinese immigrants and North American-based banks. Pp. 297-306 In: Frazier, J. W., E. L. Tettey-Fio and N. F. Henry eds., Race, Ethnicity, and Place in a Changing America, 3rd edition. State University of New York Press. ISBN: 978-1438463308.
Yu, S. and W. Li. 2016. Mobility, time, and home: The experience of two generations of transnational Chinese geographers. Pp. 51-68 In: Marcus, A. P. ed., Transnational Geographers in the United States: Navigating Autobiographies in a Global Age. Lexington Books. London. ISBN: 978-1498509480.
Li, W. and L. Lo. 2015. Financing immigrant small businesses in Canada and the United States. Pp. 328-354 In: Teixeira, C. and W. Li eds., The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in U.S. and Canadian Cities. University of Toronto Press. ISBN: 978-1442628380.
Li, W. and C. Teixeira. 2015. The housing and economic experience of immigrants in Canada and the United States. Pp. 3-19 In: Teixeira, C. and W. Li eds., The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in U.S. and Canadian Cities. University of Toronto Press. ISBN: 978-1442650350.
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2015. International migration and immigrant settlement in the United States. Pp. Chapter 5 In: Acosta Arcarazo, D. and A. Westbrock eds., Global Migration" Old Assumptions, New Dynamics. Vol 3. Praeger. ISBN: 978-1-4408-0422-9.
Li, X. and W. Li. 2015. Motivation for overseas study: Chinese students at Arizona State University. Pp. 197-215 In: Chen, J. and W. Xin eds., Comparative Studies on Chinese & American Studies. Sichuan University Press.
Zhao, C., X. Li, W. Li, W. Yu and H. Wang. 2015. Goals and choices of Chinese students studying in the United States. Pp. 97-107 Annual Report on the Development of Chinese Students Studying Abroad. Vol 4. Social Sciences Academic Press (in Chinese). ISBN: 978-7-5097-8026-8.
Li, W. 2014. Ethnoburb. In: Danico, M. Y. ed., Asian American Society: An Encyclopedia. Sage. ISBN: 978-1452281902.
Li, X., W. Li and W. Yu. 2014. Experience of Chinese students in the United States. Pp. 74-89 In: Wang, H. and M. Luu eds., Annual Report on the Development of Chinese Students Studying Abroad. Vol 3. Social Science Academic Press (in Chinese).
Yu, W. and W. Li. 2014. Globalization, immigration, and ethnoburbs. Pp. 115-139 In: Good, K. R., L. Turgeon and T. Triadofilopoulos eds., Segmented Cities? How Urtban Contexts Shape Ethnic and Nationalist Politics. University of British Columbia Press. ISBN: 9780774825832.
Li, W. 2013. Asian ethnic banks. Pp. 103-108 In: Zhao, X. and E. J. Park eds., Asian Americans: An Excyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History. Greenwood. ISBN: 978-1598842395.
Li, W. 2013. Ethnoburbs. Pp. 360-362 In: Zhao, X. and E. J. Park eds., Asian Americans: An Excyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History. Greenwood. ISBN: 978-1598842395.
Kobayashi, A., W. Li, C. Teixeira and W. Li. 2012. Immigrant geographies: Issues and debates. Pp. Introduction In: Teixeira, C. and A. Kobayashi eds., Immigrant Geographies of North American Cities. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780195437829.
Lo, L. and W. Li. 2012. Economic experiences of immigrants. Pp. Chapter 6 In: Teixeira, C., W. Li and A. Kobayashi eds., Immigrant Geographies of North American Cities. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780195437829.
Skop, E. and W. Li. 2012. Urban patterns and ethnic diversity. Pp. 315-324 In: Stoltman, J. P. ed., 21st Century Geography: A Reference Handbook . Vol 1. SAGE Publications. ISBN: 978-1-4129-7464-6.
Li, W. and W. Yu. 2011. Chapter 4: Racialized assimilation? Globalization, transnational connections, and U.S. immigration. Pp. 45-56 In: Frazier, J. W., E. L. Tettey-Fio and N. F. Henry eds., Race, Ethnicity, and Place in a Changing America, 2nd edition. State University of New York Press. Albany, NY. ISBN: 978-1438442464.
Li, W. 2010. Chinatowns. In: Ling, H. and A. Austn eds., Asian American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia. M.E. Sharpe. Armonk, NY.
Li, W. 2010. Chinese banks. In: Ling, H. and A. Austn eds., Asian American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia. M.E. Sharpe. Armonk, NY.
Li, W. 2010. Chinese supermarkets. In: Ling, H. and A. Austn eds., Asian American History and Culture, an Encyclopedia. M.E. Sharpe. Armonk, NY.
Li, W. 2010. Forms of Chinese American settlements. In: Ling, H. and A. Austn eds., Asian American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia. M..E. Sharpe. Armonk, NY.
Li, W. 2010. Hsi Lai Temple. In: Ling, H. and A. Austn eds., Asian American History and Culture, an Encyclopedia. M.E. Sharpe. Armonk, NY.
Li, W., C. A. Airriess, K. J. Leong, A. C. Chen and V. Keith. 2010. Vietnamese Americans in New Orleans East: From Vietnamese village to Asian quarter?. Pp. Chapter 5 In: Rivera, J. D. and D. S. Miller eds., How Ethnically Marginalized Americans Cope with Catastrophic Disasters: Studies in Suffering and Resiliency. Edwin Mellen Press, Ltd. ISBN: 978-0-7734-3644-2.
Li, W. and Z. Wei. 2010. Geographic distributions and settlement patterns: Chinatown and suburban concentrations. In: Research Office of the Overseas Chinese Affairs, ed., New Perspectives on Chinese and Chinese Americans in North America. Overseas Chinese Press (in Chinese). Beijing.
Skop, E. and W. Li. 2010. Ethnicity. In: Warf, B. ed., Encyclopedia of Geography. Vol 2. SAGE Publications. ISBN: 978-1412956970.
Li, W. 2007. Chinese Americans: Community formation in time and space. Pp. 213-232 In: Miyares, I. M. and C. A. Airriess eds., Contemporary Ethnic Geographies in America. Rowan & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.. Landham, MD. ISBN: 978-0742537729.
Kaplan, D. H. and W. Li. 2006. Introduction: The places of ethnic economics. Pp. 1-16 In: Kaplan, D. H. and W. Li eds., Landscapes of the Ethnic Economy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.. Plymouth, UK. ISBN: 978-0742529472.
Li, W. 2006. Introduction: Asian immigration and community in the Pacific Rim. Pp. 1-22 In: Li, W. ed., From Urban Enclave to Ethnic Suburb: New Asian Communities in Pacific Rim Countries. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN: 9780824829117.
Li, W. 2006. Spatial transformation of an urban ethnic community: From Chinatown to ethnoburb in Los Angeles. Pp. 74-94 In: Li, W. ed., From Urban Enclave to Ethnic Suburb: New Asian Communities in Pacific Rim Countries. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN: 9780824829117.
Li, W., G. Dymski, M. W. Chee, H. Ahn, C. Aldana and Y. Zhou. 2006. How ethnic banks matter: Banking and community/economic development in Los Angeles. Pp. 113-134 In: Kaplan, D. H. and W. Li eds., Landscapes of the Ethic Economy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.. ISBN: 978-0742529472.
Li, W. and E. J. Park. 2006. Asian Americans in Silicon Valley: High-technology industry development and community transformation. In: Li, W. ed., From Urban Enclave to Ethnic Suburb: New Asian Communities in Pacific Rim Countries. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN: 9780824829117.
Lo, L., L. Wang and W. Li. 2006. Consuming Wal-Mart: A case study in Shenzhen. Pp. 315-330 In: Brunn, S. D. ed., The World's Bigest Corporation in the Global Economy: Wal-Mart World. Routledge. New York, NY. ISBN: 978-0415951371.
Mudo, P. and W. Li. 2005. A comparative evaluation of recent Chinese immigration in USA and Italy: Settlement patterns and local resistance. In: Heinke, H. ed., Crossing Over: Comparing Recent Migration in Europe and the United States. Lexington Books. ISBN: 978-0739109618.
Li, W. 2004. Chinese Americans. Pp. 296-301 In: Skutsch, C. ed., Enclyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Routledge. New York, NY.
Chee, M. W., G. Dymski and W. Li. 2003. Asia in Los Angeles: Ethnic Chinese banking in the age of globalization. Pp. 203-231 In: Gomez, T. and H. M. Hsiao eds., Chinese Enterprise, Transnationalism and Identity. Routledge. London. ISBN: 9781134343188.
Skop, E. and W. Li. 2003. From the ghetto in the invisuburb: Shifting patterns of immigrant settlement in contemporary America. Pp. 113-124 In: Frazier, J. W. and F. M. Margai eds., Multicultural Geographies: The Changing Racial/Ethnic Patterns of the United States. Global Academic Publishing. ISBN: 978-1586840457.
Jin, Q. M. and W. Li. 1992. China's rural settlement pattnerns. Pp. 13-34 In: Knapp, R. G. ed., Chinese Landscapes: The Village as Place. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, HI. ISBN: 978-0824814137.
Li, W. and Y. Q. Wu. 1992. Southern Taiwan. In: Shi, Y. H. ed., Economic Geography of Taiwan. New China Press (in Chinese). Beijing, China.
Chang, C. C. and W. Li. 1991. North America. In: Chang, C. C. ed., World Regional Geography. Commercial Press (in Chinese). Beijing, China.
Li, W. and L. Lo. 2009. Highly-skilled Indian migrations in Canada and the US: The tale of two immigration systems. IMDS Working Paper Series: International Migration and Diaspora Studies Project 4. (link )
Yu, W., W. Li, L. Keren and Z. Yudong. 2012. The Chinese in the United States in the 21st century. In: Jin, Q., L. Keren and L. Minghuan eds., Annual Report on Overseas Chinese Study 2012, Blue Book of Overseas Chinese. Social Science Academic Press (in Chinese).