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Sanjeev Khagram

Sanjeev Khagram

Dean and Director General, Thunderbird School of Global Management

Thunderbird School of Global Management
Arizona State University, Downtown Phoenix


  • Senior Sustainability Scholar, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation
  • Dean and Director General, Thunderbird School of Global Management
  • Member, Board of Directors of the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability at ASU


Sanjeev Khagram is a world-renowned scholar and practitioner in the areas of globalization, transnationalism, leadership, strategic management, entrepreneurship, social enterprise, cross-sector innovation, public-private partnerships, inter-organizational networks, good governance, transparency, the global political economy, sustainable development, human security, and the data revolution. He holds a bachelor's in development studies and engineering, a master's degree and doctoral degree minor in economics and doctorate in political economy, all from Stanford University.

Professor Khagram most recently led the establishment of the cross-sectoral Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data and International Open Data Charter. He also previously founded and was the architect of the multi-stakeholder Global Initiative for Fiscal Transparency (GIFT). Khagram was selected as a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum and authored UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon’s Report on the Impacts of the Global Economic Crisis in 2009. He was dean of the Desmond Tutu Peace Centre, Foundation and Trust from 2003-2005, and he was Senior Policy and Strategy Director at the World Commission on Dams where he was the lead writer of the Commission’s widely acclaimed Final Report from 1998-2000. Khagram also founded and led Innovations for Scaling Impact – a global enterprise from 2007-2012.

Khagram was the John Parke Young Professor of Global Political Economy, Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College from 2012–18. He was previously a Professor and the Founding Director of the Center for International Development at the University of Washington. From 2008–10, he held the Wyss Visiting Professorship at the Harvard Business School. Khagram was an Associate (and Assistant) Professor at Harvard University’s JFK School of Government and Visiting Professor at Stanford University’s Institute of International Studies between 1998–2005. He has also taught in numerous universities around the world including the Monterrey Institute of Technology (Mexico), Tata Institute of Social Sciences (India), Lee Kwan Yew School of Public Policy (Singapore), University of Cape Town (South Africa), University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and Central European University (Hungary).

Professor Khagram has published widely including: "Dams and Development," (Cornell University Press); "Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks and Norms" (University of Minnesota Press); "The Transnational Studies Reader" (Routledge Press); "Open Budgets: The Political Economy of Transparency, Participation and Accountability" (Brookings Press). In addition, he's authored "Inequality and Corruption" in the American Journal of Sociology; "Future Architectures of Global Governance" in Global Governance, "Environment and Security" in the Annual Review of Environment and Resources, “Social Balance Sheets” in Harvard Business Review, “Evidence for Development Effectiveness” in the Journal of Development Effectiveness, and “Towards a Platinum Standard for Evidence-Based Assessment,” in Public Administration Review.

Khagram has worked extensively with global start-ups, corporations, governments, civil society groups, multilateral organizations, cross-sectoral action networks, public-private partnerships, foundations, professional associations and universities all over the world from the local to the international levels. He has lived and worked for extended periods in Brazil, India, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, Thailand, Germany and the United Kingdom. Khagram is of Asian Indian heritage, a Hindu, and a refugee from Idi Amin’s Uganda, which brought him to the United States in 1973 via refugee camps in Italy. He is the proud father of two sons.


  • PhD, Global Plotical Economy, Stanford University, 1999
  • PhD, Economics (minor), Food Research Institute, Stanford University, 1998
  • MA, Economics and Policy, Food Research Institute, Stanford University, 1993
  • BA, Development Studies and Engineering, Stanford University, 1990

Journal Articles


Khagram, S., K. A. Nicholas, D. MacMynowski Bever and J. Warren. 2010. Thinking about knowing: Conceptual foundations for interdisciplinary environmental research. Environmental Conservation 37(4):388-397. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892910000809. (link )

Khagram, S. and C. W. Thomas. 2010. Toward a platinum standard for evidence-based assessment by 2020. Public Administration Review 70(s1):S100-S106. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2010.02251.x. (link )


Khagram, S., C. Thomas, C. Lucero and S. Mathes. 2009. Evidence for development effectiveness. Journal of Development Effectiveness 1(3):247-270. DOI: 10.1080/19439340903141415. (link )

Trujillo, H. R. and S. Khagram. 2009. Seeding the forest: The role of transnational action in the development of meaningful international cooperation and leadership to prevent genocide. Politorbis 47:99-106. (link )


Hamann, R., S. Khagram and S. Rohan. 2008. South Africa's charter approach to post-apartheid economic transformation: Collaborative governance or hardball bargaining?. Journal of Southern African Studies 34(1):21-37. DOI: 10.1080/03057070701832866. (link )

Sridhar, D., S. Khagram and T. Pang. 2008. Are existing governance structures equipped to deal with todays's global health challenges -- towards systematic coherence in scaling up. Global Health Governance 11(2):1025. (link )


Kemp, R. B. and S. Khagram. 2006. When the land tells a story: Using geographic information systems (GIS) for landscape monitoring and humanitarian relief: Innovations Case Discussion: Pingree Easement. Innovation: Technology, Governance, Globalization 11(2):68-79. DOI: 10.1162/itgg.2006.1.2.68 . (link )

Khagram, S. 2006. Possible future architectures of global governance: A transnational perspective/prospective. Global Governance 12(1):97-117. (link )

Khagram, S. and S. H. Ali. 2006. Environment and security. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31:395-411. DOI: 10.1146/ (link )


Jong-Sung, Y. and S. Khagram. 2005. A comparative study of inequality and corruption. American Sociological Review 70(1):136-157. DOI: 10.1177/000312240507000107. (link )


Khagram, S. 2003. Neither TEMPLE a global analysis nor TOMBS of large dams. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 45(4):28-37. DOI: /10.1080/00139150309604542. (link )

Khagram, S., W. C. Clark and D. Firas Raad. 2003. From the environment and human security to sustainable security and development. Journal of Human Development 4(2):289=313. (link )



Khagram, S., A. Fung and P. de Renzio eds. 2013. Open Budgets: The Political Economy of Transparency, Participation and Accountability. Brookings Institution. Washington, D.C.. ISBN: 978-0815723370.


Khagram, S. and P. Levitt eds. 2008. The Transnational Studies Reader: Intersections & Innovations. Routledge. New York, NY. ISBN: 978-0415953726.


Khagram, S. 2004. Dams and Development: Transnational Struggles for Water and Power. Cornell University Presss. Ithaca, NY. ISBN: 978-0801442285.


Khagram, S., J. V. Riker and K. Sikkink eds. 2002. Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks & Norms. University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis, MN. ISBN: 978-0816639076.

Book Chapters


Khagram, S., P. de Renzio and A. Fung. 2013. Overview and Synthesis: The political economy of fiscal transparency, participation, and accountability around the world. In: Khagram, S., A. Fung and P. de Renzio eds., Open Budgets: The Political Economy of Transparency, Participation, and Accountability. Brookings Institution. Washington DC. ISBN: 978-0815723370.


Khagram, S. 2012. Toward democratic governance for sustainable development: Transnational civil society organizing around big dams. Pp. 459-465 In: Lechner, F. J. and J. Boli eds., The Globalization Reader, Fourth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ISBN: 978-0470655634.

Khagram, S. 2012. Transnationalism. In: Ritzer, G. ed., The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization. Wiley-Backwell. ISBN: 978-1405188241.


Khagram, S. and S. H. Ali. 2008. Transnational transformations: From government-centric interstate regimes to cross-sectoral multi-level networks of global governance. Pp. 132-162 In: Park, J., K. Conca and M. Finger eds., The Crisis of Global Environmental Governance: Towards a New Political Economy of Sustainability. Routledge. ISBN: 978-0415449199.

Khagram, S. and P. Levitt. 2008. Towards a interdisciplinary field of transnational studies. In: Pries, L. ed., Transnational Communities. Routledge Press.


Waddell, S. and S. Khagram. 2007. Multi-stakeholder golbal network: Emerging systems for the global common good. Pp. 261-288 In: Glasbergen, P., F. Biermann and P. J. Mol eds., Partnerships, Governance and Sustainable Development: Reflections on Theory and Practice. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. Cheltenham, UK/Northampton, MA. ISBN: 978-1847204059.


Khagram, S. 2006. Beyond temples and tombs: Towards effective governance for sustainable development through the World Commission on Dams. In: Thakur, R., A. F. Cooper and J. English eds., International Commissions and the Power of Ideas. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 8171884997.

Shanahan, S. and S. Khagram. 2006. Dynamics of corporate responsibility. Pp. 196-224 In: Drori, G. S., J. W. Meyer and H. Hwang eds., Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change. Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0199284535.


Khagram, S. 2002. 10 Resturcturing the global politics of development: The case of India's Narmada Valley dams. Pp. 206-230 In: Khagram, S., J. V. Riker and K. Sikkink eds., Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks & Norms. University of Minnesota Presss. Minneapolis, MN. ISBN: 978-0816639076.

Khagram, S., J. V. Riker and K. Sikkink. 2002. 1 From Santiago to Seattle: Transnational advocacy groups restructuring world politics. Pp. 3-23 In: Khagram, S., J. V. Riker and K. Sikkink eds., Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks and Norms. University of Minnesota Presss. Minneapolis, MN. ISBN: 978-0816639076.


Khagram, S., M. Desai and J. Varughese. 2001. Seen, rich, but unheard? The politics of Asian Indians in the United States. Pp. 258-284 In: Chang, G. H. ed., Asian Americans and Politics: Perspectives, Experiences, Prospects. Stanford University Press. Port Cheter, NY. ISBN: 978-0804740517.


Brown, L. D., S. Khagram, M. H. Moore and P. Frumkin. 2000. Globalization, NGOs, and mulitsectoral relations. Pp. 271-296 In: Nye, J. S. and J. D. Donahue eds., Governance in a Globalizing World. Brookings Institution. ISBN: 978-0815764083.

Khagram, S. 2000. Toward democratic governance for sustainable development: Transnational civil society organizing around big dams. In: Florini, A. M. ed., The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society. Japan Center for International Exchange and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Tokyo and Washington, DC. ISBN: 978-0870031809.