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Osvaldo Sala

Osvaldo Sala

Founding Director, Global Drylands Center

Osvaldo.Sala@asu.edu

480-965-4120

School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University
PO Box 874501
Tempe, AZ 85287-4501

Titles

  • Distinguished Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
  • Founding Director, Global Drylands Center
  • Julie A. Wrigley Chair in Life Sciences and Sustainability
  • Regents' Professor, School of Life Sciences, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Foundation Professor
  • Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability

Biography

Osvaldo Sala joined Arizona State University as a Wrigley Professor in the School of Sustainability in August 2010. As president of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment and a coordinating lead author of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Sala is an international leader in ecological science and global environmental policy.

Sala has explored several topics throughout his career including water controls on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in arid and semi-arid ecosystems, the consequences of changes in biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems, and the development of biodiversity scenarios for the next 50 years. He is particularly interested in working with scenarios as a way of simplifying, understanding, and communicating the complex relationships that emerge from the study of social-ecological systems. While pursuing all these different questions, he used different tools from direct observations, manipulative field experiments, to simulation modeling. His work encompasses a broad range of scales from the global to specific regions. He has worked in the Patagonian steppe, annual grasslands of California, steppes of Colorado and deserts of Southern Africa and currently he has experiments in the Chihuahuan Desert in New Mexico. His work is reflected in more than 140 peer-reviewed publications and several co-authored books.

Sala has served as editor of Global Change Biology, the president of the Argentinean Society of Ecology, and a member of the governing board of the Ecological Society of America. Osvaldo Sala is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Argentinean National Academy of Sciences, and the Argentinean National Academy of Physical and Natural Sciences.

Education

  • PhD, Ecology, Colorado State University, 1982
  • MS, Ecology, Colorado State University, 1979
  • BS, Agriculture, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1973

Expertise

External Links

Journal Articles

In Press

Hoover, D. L., B. T. Bestelmeyer, N. B. Grimm, T. E. Huxman, O. E. Sala, T. R. Seastedt, H. Wilmer and S. Ferrenberg. Traversing the wasteland: A framework for assessing ecological threats to drylands. BioScience

2019

Apodaca, M., J. McInerney, O. E. Sala, L. Katinas and J. Crisci. 2019. A concept map of evolutionary biology to promote meaningful learning in biology. American Biology Teacher 81(2):79-87. DOI: 10.1525/abt.2019.81.2.79. (link )

Corman, J. R., S. L. Collins, E. M. Cook, X. Dong, L. A. Gherardi, N. B. Grimm, R. L. Hale, T. Liu, J. Ramos, L. G. Reichmann and O. E. Sala. 2019. Foundations and frontiers of ecosystem science: Legacy of a classic paper (Odum 1969). Ecosystems 22(5):1160-1172. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-018-0316-3. (link )

Delgado-Baquerizo, M., R. D. Bardgett, P. M. Vitousek, F. Maestre, M. A. Williams, D. J. Eldridge, H. Lambers, S. Neuhauser, A. Gallardo, L. García-Velázquez, O. E. Sala, S. Abades, F. D. Alfaro, A. A. Berhe, M. A. Bowker, C. M. Currier, N. A. Cutler, S. C. Hart, P. E. Hayes, Z. Hseu, M. Kirchmair, V. M. Pena-Ramirez, C. A. Perez, S. C. Reed, F. Santos, C. Siebe, B. W. Sullivan, L. Weber-Grullon and N. Fierer. 2019. Changes in belowground biodiversity during ecosystem development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116(14):6891-6896. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1818400116. (link )

Franco, A. L., L. A. Gherardi, C. Milano de Tomasel, W. S. Andriuzzi, K. E. Ankrom, E. A. Shaw, E. M. Bach, O. E. Sala and D. H. Wall. 2019. Drought suppresses soil predators and promotes root herbivores in mesic, but not in xeric grasslands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116(26):12883-12888. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1900572116. (link )

Komatsu, K., M. L. Avolio, N. P. Lemoine, F. Isbell, E. Grman, G. R. Houseman, S. E. Koerner, D. S. Johnson, K. R. Wilcox, J. M. Alatalo, J. P. Anderson, R. Aerts, S. G. Baer, A. H. Baldwin, J. Bates, C. Beierkuhnlein, R. T. Belote, J. Blair, J. M. Bloor, P. J. Bohlen, E. W. Bork, E. H. Boughton, W. D. Bowman, A. J. Britton, J. F. Cahill Jr, E. Chaneton, N. R. Chiariello, J. Cheng, S. L. Collins, J. H. Cornelissen, G. Du, A. Eskelinen, J. Fim, B. Foster, L. Gough, K. Gross, L. M. Hallett, X. Han, H. Harmens, M. J. Hovenden, A. Jagerbrand, A. Jentsch, C. Kern, K. Klanderud, A. K. Knapp, J. Kreyling, W. Li, Y. Luo, R. L. McCulley, J. R. McLaren, J. P. Megonigal, J. W. Morgan, V. G. Onipchenko, S. C. Pennings, J. Prevey, J. N. Price, P. B. Reich, C. H. Robinson, F. L. Russell, O. E. Sala, E. W. Seabloom, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, L. Souza, K. N. Suding, K. B. Suttle, T. Svejcar, D. Tilman, P. M. Tognetti, R. Turkington, S. R. White, Z. Xu, L. Yahdjian, Q. Yu, P. Zhang and Y. Zhang. 2019. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116(36):17867-17873. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1819027116. (link )

Sala, O. E., C. G. Boone, B. L. Turner II and C. M. Currier. 2019. The sustainability publication gap and its implications. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 39(Aug):39-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2019.06.006. (link )

2018

Gherardi, L. A. and O. E. Sala. 2018. Effect of interannual precipitation variability on dryland productivity: A global synthesis. Global Change Biology 25(1):269-276. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14480. (link )

McKenna, O. P. and O. E. Sala. 2018. Groundwater recharge in desert playas: Current rates and future effects of climate change. Environmental Research Letters 13(1):014025. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa9eb6. (link )

McKenna, O. P. and O. E. Sala. 2018. Playa-wetlands effects on dryland biogeochemistry: Space and time interactions. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 123(6):1879-1887. DOI: 10.1029/2017JG004176. (link )

Munson, S. M., S. C. Reed, J. Penuelas, N. G. McDowell and O. E. Sala. 2018. Ecosystem thresholds, tipping points, and critical transitions. New Phytologist Trust 218(4):1315-1317. DOI: 10.1111/nph.15145. (link )

Okin, G. S., O. E. Sala, E. R. Vivoni, J. Zhang and A. Bhattachan. 2018. The interactive role of wind and water in functioning of drylands: What does the future hold?. BioScience 68(9):670-677. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biy067. (link )

Peters, D. P., N. D. Burruss, L. L. Rodriguez, D. S. McVey, E. H. Elias, A. M. Pelzel-McCluskey, J. D. Derner, T. S. Schrader, J. Yao, S. J. Pauszek, J. Lombard, S. R. Archer, B. T. Bestelmeyer, D. M. Browning, C. W. Brungard, J. L. Hatfield, N. P. Hanan, J. E. Herrick, G. S. Okin, O. E. Sala, H. Savoy and E. R. Vivoni. 2018. An integrated view of complex landscapes: A big data-model integration approach to transdisciplinary science. BioScience 68(9):653-669. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biy069. (link )

Petrie, M. D., D. P. Peters, J. Yao, J. M. Blair, N. D. Burruss, S. L. Collins, J. D. Derner, L. A. Gherardi, J. R. Hendrickson, O. E. Sala, P. J. Starks and J. L. Steiner. 2018. Regional grassland productivity responses to precipitation during multiyear above- and below-average rainfall periods. Global Change Biology 24(5):1935-1951. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14024. (link )

2017

Flombaum, P., L. Yahdjian and O. E. Sala. 2017. Global-change drivers of ecosystem functioning modulated by natural variability and saturating responses. Global Change Biology 23(2):503-511. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13441. (link )

Franco, A., M. A. Knox, W. S. Andriuzzi, C. M. de Tomasel, O. E. Sala and D. H. Wall. 2017. Nematode exclusion and recovery in experimental soil microcosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 108(May):78-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.02.001. (link )

Knapp, A. K., M. L. Avolio, C. Beier, C. J. Carroll, S. L. Collins, J. S. Dukes, L. H. Fraser, R. J. Griffin-Nolan, D. L. Hoover, A. Jentsch, M. E. Loik, R. P. Phillips, A. K. Post, O. E. Sala, I. J. Slette, L. Yahdjian and M. D. Smith. 2017. Pushing precipitation to the extremes in distributed experiments: Recommendations for simulating wet and dry years. Global Change Biology 23(51774-1782):. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13504. (link )

Wilcox, K. R., A. T. Tredennick, S. E. Koerner, E. Grman, L. M. Hallett, M. L. Avolio, K. J. La Pierre, G. R. Houseman, F. Isbell, D. S. Johnson, J. M. Alatalo, A. H. Baldwin, E. W. Bork, E. H. Boughton, W. D. Bowman, A. J. Britton, J. F. Cahill Jr, S. L. Collins, G. Du, A. Eskelinen, L. Gough, A. Jentsch, C. Kern, K. Klanderud, A. K. Knapp, J. Kreyling, Y. Luo, J. R. McLaren, P. Megonigal, V. G. Onipchenko, J. Prevey, J. N. Price, C. H. Robinson, O. E. Sala, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, L. Souza, D. Tilman, S. R. White, Z. Xu, L. Yahdjian, Q. Yu, P. Zhang and Y. Zhang. 2017. Asynchrony among local communities stabilizes ecosystem function of meta-communities. Ecology Letters 20(12):1534-1545. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12861. (link )

2016

Estiarte, M., S. Vicca, J. Penuelas, M. Bahn, C. Beier, B. A. Emmett, P. A. Fay, P. J. Hanson, R. Hasibeder, J. Kigel, G. Kroel-Dulay, K. Steenberg Larsen, E. Lellei-Kovacs, J. Limousin, R. Ogaya, J. Ourcival, S. Reinsch, O. E. Sala, I. Kappel Schmidt, M. Sternberg, K. Tielborger, A. Tietema and I. A. Janssens. 2016. Few multiyear precipitation-reduction experiments find a shift in the productivity-precipitation relationship. Global Change Biology 22(7):2570–2581. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13269. (link )

McKenna, O. P. and O. E. Sala. 2016. Biophysical controls over concentration and depth distribution of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in desert playas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121(12):3019-3029. DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003545. (link )

Sala, O. E. 2016. How scientists can help the land-use conflict. BioScience 66(11):915. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw145. (link )

2015

Gherardi, L. and O. E. Sala. 2015. Enhanced interannual precipitation variability increases plant functional diversity that in turn ameliorates negative impact on productivity. Ecology Letters 18(12):1293-1300. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12523. (link )

Gherardi, L. A. and O. E. Sala. 2015. Enhanced precipitation variability decreases grass- and increases shrub-productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112(41):12735-12740. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1506433112. (link )

Knapp, A. K., D. L. Hoover, K. R. Wilcox, M. L. Avolio, S. E. Koerner, K. J. La Pierre, M. E. Loik, O. E. Sala and M. D. Smith. 2015. Characterizing differences in precipitation regimes of extreme wet and dry years: Implications for climate change experiments. Global Change Biology 21(7):2624-2633. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12888. (link )

Monger, C., O. E. Sala, M. C. Duniway, H. Goldfus, I. A. Meir, R. M. Poch, H. L. Throop and E. R. Vivoni. 2015. Legacy effects in linked ecological-soil-geomorphic systems of drylands. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1):13-19. DOI: 10.1890/140269. (link )

Peters, D. P., K. M. Havstad, S. R. Archer and O. E. Sala. 2015. Beyond desertification: New paradigms for dryland landscapes. Frotiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1):4-12. DOI: 10.1890/140276. (link )

Sala, O. E., L. A. Gherardi and D. P. Peters. 2015. Enhanced precipitation variability effects on water losses and ecosystem functioning: Differential response of arid and mesic regions. Climate Change 131(2):213-227. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-015-1389-z. (link )

Scheffer, M., J. Bascompte, T. K. Bjordam, S. R. Carpenter, L. B. Clarke, C. Folke, P. Marquet, N. Mazzeo, M. Meerhoff, O. E. Sala and F. Westley. 2015. Dual thinking for scientists. Ecology and Society 20(2):Art. 3. DOI: 10.5751/ES-07434-200203. (link )

Vandegehuchte, M. L., Z. A. Sylvain, L. G. Reichmann, C. Milano de Tomasel, U. N. Nelson, D. H. Wall and O. E. Sala. 2015. Responses of a desert nematode community to changes in water availability. Ecosphere 6(3):1-15. DOI: 10.1890/ES14-00319.1. (link )

Yahdjian, L., O. E. Sala and K. M. Havstad. 2015. Rangeland ecosystem services: Shifting focus from supply to reconciling supply and demand. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1):44-51. DOI: 10.1890/140156. (link )

2014

Anadon, J. D., O. E. Sala and F. Maestre. 2014. Climate change will increase savannas at the expense of forests and treeless vegetation in tropical and subtropical Americas. Journal of Ecology 102(6):1363-1373. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12325. (link )

Anadon, J. D., O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner II and E. M. Bennett. 2014. Effect of woody-plant encroachment on livestock production in North and South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(35):12948-12953. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320585111. (link )

Flombaum, P., O. E. Sala and E. B. Rastetter. 2014. Interactions among resource partitioning, sampling effect, and facilitation on the biodiversity effect: A modeling approach. Oecologia 174(2):559-566. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-013-2775-8. (link )

Jobbágy, E. G. and O. E. Sala. 2014. The imprint of crop choice on global nutrient needs. Environmental Research Letters 9(8):084014. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/8/084014. (link )

Reichmann, L. G. and O. E. Sala. 2014. Differential sensitivities of grassland structural components to changes in precipitation mediate productivity response in a desert ecosystem. Functional Ecology 28(5):1292-1298. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12265. (link )

Sala, O. E. and F. T. Maetre. 2014. Grass-woodland transitions: Determinants and consequences for ecosystem functioning and provisioning of services. Journal of Ecology 102(6):1357-1362. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12326 . (link )

Sylvain, Z. A., D. H. Wall, K. L. Cherwin, D. P. Peters, L. G. Reichmann and O. E. Sala. 2014. Soil animal responses to moisture availability are largely scale, not ecosystem dependent: Insight from a cross-site study. Global Change Biology 20(8):2631-2643. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12522. (link )

Yahdjian, L., L. A. Gherardi and O. E. Sala. 2014. Grasses have larger response than shrubs to increased nitrogen availability: A fertilization experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Journal of Arid Environments 102(Mar):17-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2013.11.002. (link )

2013

Gherardi, L. A. and O. E. Sala. 2013. Automated rainfall manipulation system: A reliable and inexpensive tool for ecologists. Ecosphere 4(2):1-10. DOI: 10.1890/ES12-00371.1. (link )

Gherardi, L. A., O. E. Sala and L. Yahdjian. 2013. Preference for different inorganic nitrogen forms among plant-functional types and species of the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 173(3):1075-1081. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-013-2687-7. (link )

Herrick, J. E., O. E. Sala and J. Karl. 2013. Land degradation and climate change: A sin of omission?. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11(6):283-283. DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295-11.6.283 . (link )

Reichmann, L. G., O. E. Sala and D. P. Peters. 2013. Precipitation legacies in desert grassland primary production occur through previous-year tiller density. Ecology 94(2):435-443. DOI: 10.1890/12-1237.1 . (link )

Reichmann, L. G., O. E. Sala and D. P. Peters. 2013. Water controls on nitrogen transformations and stocks in an arid ecosystem. Ecosphere 4(1):1-17. DOI: 10.1890/ES12-00263.1 . (link )

2012

Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2012. Effects of plant species traits on ecosystem processes: Experiments in the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 93(2):227-234. DOI: 10.1890/11-0722.1. (link )

Peters, D. P., J. Yao, O. E. Sala and J. P. Anderson. 2012. Directional climate change and potential reversal of desertification in arid and semiarid ecosystems. Global Change Biology 18(1):151-163. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02498.x. (link )

Sala, O. E., L. A. Gherardi, L. G. Reichmann, E. G. Jobbágy and D. P. Peters. 2012. Legacies of precipitation fluctuations on primary production: Theory and data synthesis. Philiosphical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 367(1606):3135-3144. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0347. (link )

Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth and P. A. Roset. 2012. Contrasting nutrient-capture strategies in shrubs and grasses of a Patagonian arid ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 87(Juk):130-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.02.015. (link )

Schwartz, M. W., J. J. Hellmann, J. M. Mclachlan, D. F. Sax, J. O. Borevitz, J. Brennan, A. E. Camacho, G. Ceballos, J. R. Clark, H. Doremus, R. Early, J. R. Etterson, D. Fielder, J. L. Gill, P. Gonzalez, N. Green, L. Hannah, D. W. Jamieson, D. Javeline, B. A. Minteer, J. Odenbaugh, S. Polasky, D. M. Richardson, T. L. Root, H. D. Safford, O. E. Sala, S. H. Schneider, A. R. Thompson, J. W. Williams, M. Vellend, P. Vitt and S. Zellmer. 2012. Managed relocation: Integrating the scientific, regulatory, and ethical challenges. BioScience 62(8):732-743. DOI: 10.1525/bio.2012.62.8.6 . (link )

Throop, H. L., L. G. Reichmann, O. E. Sala and S. R. Archer. 2012. Response of dominant grass and shrub species to water manipulation: An ecophysiological basis for shrub invasion in a Chihuahuan Desert grassland. Oecologia 169(2):373-383. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-011-2217-4. (link )

2011

Montti, L., P. L. Campanello, M. G. Gatti, C. Blundo, A. T. Austin, O. E. Sala and G. Goldstein. 2011. Understory bamboo flowering provides a very narrow light window of opportunity for canopy-tree recruitment in a neotropical forest of Misiones, Argentina. Forest Ecology and Management 262(8):1360-1369. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.029. (link )

Yahdjian, L., L. A. Gherardi and O. E. Sala. 2011. Nitrogen limitation in arid-subhumid ecosystems: A meta-analysis of fertilization studies. Journal of Arid Environments 75(8):675-680. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.03.003. (link )

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2011. El Futuro de los Pastizales Sudamericanos. Interciencia 36(2):153-159. (link )

2010

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2010. Size of precipitation pulses controls nitrogen transformation and losses in an arid Patagonian ecosystem. Ecosystems 13(4):575-585. DOI: DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9341-6. (link )

2009

Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2009. Cover is a good predictor of aboveground biomass in arid systems. Journal of Arid Environments 71(6-7):597-598. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.01.017. (link )

Golluscio, R. A., A. T. Austin, G. C. Garcia Martinez, M. Gonzalez-Polo, O. E. Sala and R. B. Jackson. 2009. Sheep grazing decreases organic carbon and nitrogen pools in the Patagonian steppe: Combination of direct and indirect effects. Ecosystems 17(4):686-697. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-009-9252-6. (link )

Marchesini, V. A., O. E. Sala and A. T. Austin. 2009. Ecological consequences of a massive flowering event of bamboo (Chusquea culeou) in a temperate forest of Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 20(3):424-432. DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.05768.x. (link )

Richardson, D. M., J. J. Hellmann, J. M. Mclachlan, D. F. Sax, M. W. Schwartz, P. Gonzalez, E. J. Brennan, A. E. Camacho, T. L. Root, O. E. Sala, S. H. Schneider, D. M. Ashe, J. Rappaport Clark, R. Early, J. R. Etterson, E. D. Fielder, J. L. Gill, B. A. Minteer, S. Polasky, H. D. Safford, A. R. Thompson and M. Vellend. 2009. Multidimensional evaluation of managed relocation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(24):9721-9724. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0902327106. (link )

Zaller, J. G., M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, C. L. Ballare, A. L. Scopel and O. E. Sala. 2009. Solar UVB and warming affect decomposition and earthworms in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Global Change Biology 15(10):2493-2502. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01970.x. (link )

2008

Armas, C., F. I. Pugnaire and O. E. Sala. 2008. Patch structure dynamics and mechanisms of cyclical succession in a Patagonian steppe (Argentina). Journal of Arid Environments 72(9):1552-1562. DOI: /10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.03.002. (link )

Cid, M. S., C. M. Ferri, M. A. Brizuela and O. Sala. 2008. Structural heterogeneity and productivity of a tall fescue pasture grazed rotationally by cattle at four stocking densities. Grassland Science 54(1):9-16. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-697X.2008.00099.x. (link )

Cipriotti, P. A., P. Flombaum, O. E. Sala and M. R. Aguiar. 2008. Does drought control emergence and survival of grass seedlings in semi-arid rangelands? An example with a Patagonian species.. Journal of Arid Environments 72(3):162-174. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.06.012. (link )

Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2008. Higher effect of plant species diversity on productivity in natural than artificial ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 195(16):6087-6090. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0704801105. (link )

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2008. Climate change impacts on South American rangelands. Rangelands 30(3):34-39. DOI: 10.2111/1551-501X(2008)30[34:CCIOSA]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2008. Do litter decomposition and nitrogen mineralization show the same trend in the response to dry and wet years in the Patagonian steppe?. Journal of Arid Environments 72(5):687-695. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.09.005. (link )

2007

Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2007. A non-destructive and rapid method to estimate biomass and aboveground net primary production in arid environments. Journal of Arid Environments 69(2):352-358. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.09.008. (link )

Peters, D. P., O. E. Sala, C. D. Allen, A. P. Covich and M. W. Brunson. 2007. Cascading events in linked ecological and socio-economic systems: Predicting change in an uncertain world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(4):221-224. (link )

2006

Austin, A. T., O. E. Sala and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Inhibition of nitrification alters carbon turnover in the Patagonian steppe. Ecosystems 9(8):1257-1265. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-005-0039-0. (link )

Chapin III, F. S., G. M. Woodwell, J. T. Randerson, G. M. Lovett, D. Baldocchi, D. A. Clark, M. E. Harmon, D. S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J. D. Aber, J. J. Cole, M. L. Goulden, J. W. Harden, M. Heimann, R. W. Howarth, P. Matson, A. D. McGuire, J. M. Melillo, H. A. Mooney, J. C. Neff, R. A. Houghton, M. L. Pace, M. G. Ryan, S. W. Running, O. E. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger and E. D. Schulze. 2006. Reconciling carbon-cycle concepts, teminology, and methods. Ecosystems 9(7):1041-1050. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-005-0105-7. (link )

Crisci, J. V., O. E. Sala, L. Katinas and P. Posadas. 2006. Bridging historical and ecological approaches in biogeography. Australian Systematic Botany 19(1):1-10. DOI: 10.1071/SB05006. (link )

Dobson, A. P., D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, J. Keymer, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, J. A. Rusak, O. Sala, V. Wolters, D. Wall, R. Winfree and M. A. Xenopoulos. 2006. Habitat loss, trophic collapse, and the decline of ecosystem services. Ecology 87(8):1915-1924. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[1915:HLTCAT]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Sala, O. E. and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Determinants of biodiversity change: Ecological tools for building scenarios. Ecology 87(8):1875-1876. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[1875:DOBCET]2.0.CO;2. (link )

van Vuuren, D. P., O. E. Sala and H. Pereira dos Santos. 2006. The future of vascular plant diversity under four global scenarios. Ecology and Society 11(2):Art. 25. (link )

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2006. Vegetation structure constrains primary production response to increased water availability in the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 87(4):952-962. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[952:VSCPPR]2.0.CO;2 Cited by: 110. (link )

Yahdjian, L., O. E. Sala and A. T. Austin. 2006. Differential controls of water input on little decomposition and nitrogen dynamics in the Patagonian steppe. Ecosystems 9(1):128-141. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-004-0118-7. (link )

2005

Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke and W. K. Lauenroth. 2005. Plant traits and ecosystem grazing effects: Comparison of U.S. sagebrush steppe and Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 15(2):774-792. DOI: 10.1890/04-0231. (link )

Cumming, G. S., J. Alcamo, O. E. Sala, R. Swart, E. M. Bennett and M. Zurek. 2005. Are existing global scenarios consistent with ecological feebacks?. Ecosystems 8(2):143-152. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-004-0075-1. (link )

Meyerson, L. A., J. Baron, J. M. Melillo, R. J. Naiman, R. I. O'Malley, G. Orians, M. A. Palmer, A. S. Pfaff, S. W. Running and O. E. Sala. 2005. Aggregate measures of ecosystem services: Can we take the pulse of nature?. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(1):56-59. DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0056:AMOESC]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell and A. L. Scopel. 2005. Direct and indirect effects of solar ultraviolet‐B radiation on long‐term decomposition. Global Change Biology 11(11):1982-1989. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.1027.x. (link )

2004

Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, W. K. Lauenroth, O. E. Sala and I. C. Burke. 2004. Functional traits of graminoids in semi-arid steppes: A test of grazing histories. Journal of Applied Ecology 41(4):653-663. DOI: 10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00934.x. (link )

Huxman, T. E., M. D. Smith, P. A. Fay, A. K. Knapp, M. R. Shaw, M. E. Loik, S. D. Smith, D. T. Tissue, J. C. Zak, J. F. Weltzin, W. T. Pockman, O. E. Sala, B. M. Haddad, J. Harte, G. W. Koch, S. Schwinning, E. E. Small and D. Williams. 2004. Convergence across biomes to a common rain-use efficiency. Nature 429:651-654. DOI: 10.1038/nature02561. (link )

Lauenroth, W. K., H. E. Epstein, J. M. Paruelo, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar and O. E. Sala. 2004. Potential effects of climate change on the temperate zones of North and South America. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 77:493-453. DOI: 10.4067/S0716-078X2004000300004. (link )

Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, C. L. Ballare, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel and M. M. Caldwell. 2004. Reduction of solar UV-B mediates changes in the Sphagnum capitulum microenvironment and the peatland microfungal community. Oecologia 140(3):480-490. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-004-1600-9. (link )

Schwinning, S. and O. E. Sala. 2004. Hierarchy of responses to resource pulses in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141(2):211-220. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-004-1520-8. (link )

Schwinning, S., O. E. Sala, M. E. Loik and J. R. Ehleringer. 2004. Thresholds, memory, and seasonality: understanding pulse dynamics in arid/semi-arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141(2):191-193. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-004-1683-3. (link )

Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel and O. E. Sala. 2004. Growth responses to ultraviolet-B radiation of two Carex species dominating an Argentinean fen ecosystem.. Basic and Applied Ecology 5(2):153-162. DOI: 10.1078/1439-1791-00222. (link )

2003

Giordano, C. V., T. Mori, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, M. M. Caldwell and C. L. Ballare. 2003. Functional acclimation to solar UV‐B radiation in Gunnera magellanica, a native plant species of southernmost Patagonia. Plant, Cell & Environment 26(12):2027-2036. DOI: 10.1046/j.0016-8025.2003.01120.x. (link )

Lopez, N. I., A. T. Austin, O. E. Sala and B. Mendez. 2003. Controls on nitrification in a water-limited ecosystem: Experimental inhibition of ammonia-oxidising bacteria in the Patagonian steppe. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35(12):1609-1613. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2003.08.005. (link )

Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, M. Cabello, N. I. Lopez, T. M. Robson, C. L. Ballare, M. M. Caldwell and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar UV-B decreases decomposition in herbaceous plant litter in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: Potential role of an altered decomposer communit. Global Change Biology 9(10):1465-1474. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00667.x. (link )

Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, S. D. Flint, C. L. Ballare, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel and M. M. Caldwell. 2003. Six years of solar UV-B manipulations affect growth of Sphagnum and vascular plants in a Tierra del Fuego peatland. New Phytologist 160(2):379-389. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00898.x. (link )

Sala, O. E. 2003. (Almost) all about biodiversity. Science 299(5612):1521. DOI: 10.1126/science.1080786. (link )

Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. C. Rousseaux, S. D. Flint, M. M. Caldwell, O. Sala, C. L. Ballare and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation can affect slug-feeding preference for some plant species native to a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Plant Ecology 169(1):43-51. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026239828337. (link )

2002

Austin, A. T. and O. E. Sala. 2002. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics across a natural precipitation gradient in Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 13(3):351-360. DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2002.tb02059.x. (link )

Folgariat, P. J. and O. E. Sala. 2002. Granivory rates by rodents, insects, and birds at different microsites in the Patagonian steppe. Ecography 25(4):417-427. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0587.2002.250404.x. (link )

Jobbágy, E. G., O. E. Sala and J. M. Paruelo. 2002. Patterns and controls of primary production in the Patagonian steppe: A remote sensing approach. Ecology 83(2):307-319. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[0307:PACOPP]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Veron, S. R., J. M. Paruelo, O. E. Sala and W. K. Lauenroth. 2002. Environmental controls of primary production in agricultural systems of the Argentine Pampas. Ecosystems 5(7):0625-0635. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-002-0145-1. (link )

Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2002. A rainout shelter design for intercepting different amounts of rainfall. Oecologia 133(2):95-101. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-002-1024-3. (link )

Zaller, J. G., M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel, O. E. Sala and C. L. Ballare. 2002. Solar UV-B radiation affects below-ground parameters in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: Implications of stratospheric ozone depletion. Global Change Biology 8(9):867-871. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00524.x. (link )

2001

Ballare, C. L., M. C. Rousseaux, P. S. Searles, J. G. Zaller, C. V. Giordano, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala and A. L. Scopel. 2001. Impacts of solar ultraviolet- B radiation on terrestrial ecosystems of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina): An overvierw of recent progress. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 62(1-2):67-77. DOI: 10.1016/S1011-1344(01)00152-X. (link )

Clark, J. S., S. R. Carpenter, M. Barber, S. Collins, A. Dobson, J. A. Foley, D. M. Lodge, M. Pascual, R. Pielke Jr, W. Pizer, C. Pringle, W. V. Reid, K. A. Rose, O. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger, D. H. Wall and D. Wear. 2001. Ecological forecasts: An emerging imperative. Science 293(5530):657-660. DOI: 10.1126/science.293.5530.657.

Loreti, J., M. Oesterheld and O. E. Sala. 2001. Lack of intraspecific variation in resistance to defoliation in a grass that evolved under light grazing pressure. Plant Ecology 157(2):197-204. DOI: 10.1023/A:1013976316924. (link )

Oesterheld, M., J. Loreti, M. Semmartin and O. E. Sala. 2001. Inter-annual variation in primary production of a semi-arid grassland related to previous-year production. Journal of Vegetation Science 12(1):137-142. DOI: 10.2307/3236681. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., E. G. Jobbágy and O. E. Sala. 2001. Current distribution of ecosystem functional types in temperate South America. Ecosystems 4(7):683-698. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-001-0037-9. (link )

Rousseaux, M. C., A. L. Scopel, P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala and C. L. Ballare. 2001. Responses to solar ultraviolet-B radiation in a shrub-dominated natural ecosystem of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina). Global Change Biology 7(7):467-478. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2001.00413.x. (link )

Sala, O. E. 2001. Price put on biodiversity. Nature 412:34-36. DOI: 10.1038/35083676. (link )

2000

Chapin III, F. S., E. S. Zavaleta, V. T. Eviner, R. Naylor, P. M. Vitousek, H. L. Reynolds, D. U. Hooper, S. Lavorel, O. E. Sala, S. E. Hobbie, M. C. Mack and S. Diaz. 2000. Conquences of changing biodiversity. Nature 405:234-242. DOI: 10.1038/35012241. (link )

Jackson, R. B., H. J. Schenk, E. G. Jobbágy, J. G. Canadell, G. D. Colello, R. E. Dickinson, C. B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, K. Hibbard, D. W. Kicklighter, A. Kleidon, R. P. Nelson, W. J. Parton, O. E. Sala and M. T. Sykes. 2000. Belowground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecological Applications 10(2):470-483. DOI: 10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0470:BCOVCA]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Jobbágy, E. G. and O. E. Sala. 2000. Controls of grass and shrub aboveground production in the Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 10(2):541-549. DOI: 10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0541:COGASA]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., O. E. Sala and A. B. Beltran. 2000. Long term dynamics of water and carbon in semi-arid ecosystems: A gradient analysis in the Patagonian steppe. Plant Ecology 150(1-2):133-143. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026578403956. (link )

Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sannwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. M. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N. L. Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker and D. H. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287(5459):1770-1774. DOI: 10.1126/science.287.5459.1770. (link )

Wolters, V., W. L. Silver, D. E. Bignell, D. C. Coleman, P. Lavelle, W. H. Van Der Putten, P. C. de Ruiter, J. Rusek, D. H. Wall, D. A. Wardle, L. Brussard, J. M. Dangerfield, V. K. Brown, K. E. Giller, D. U. Hooper, O. E. Sala, J. M. Tiedje and J. J. Van Veen. 2000. Effects of global changes on above- and belowground biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems: Implications for ecosystem functioning: We identify the basic types of interaction between vascular plants and soil biota; describe the sensitivity of each type to changes in species composition; and, within this framework, evaluate the potential consequences of global change drivers on ecosystem processes. Bioscience 50(12):1089-1098. DOI: 10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[1089:EOGCOA]2.0.CO;2. (link )

1999

Aguiar, M. R. and O. E. Sala. 1999. Patch structure, dynamics and implications for the functioning of arid ecosystems. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14(7):273-277. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(99)01612-2. (link )

Austin, A. T. and O. E. Sala. 1999. Foliar δ15N is negatively correlated with rainfall along the IGBP transect in Australia. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 26:293-295. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke and O. E. Sala. 1999. Grassland precipitation-use efficiency varies across a resource gradient. Ecosystems 2(1):64-68. DOI: 10.1007/s100219900058. (link )

1998

Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, J. P. Grime, D. U. Hooper, W. K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H. A. Mooney, A. R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S. W. Pacala, J. Roy, W. L. Steffen and D. Tilman. 1998. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity: Experimental evidence and a research agenda for the future. BioScience 48(1):45-52. DOI: 10.2307/1313227. (link )

Golluscio, R. A., O. E. Sala and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Differential use of large summer rainfall events by shrubs and grasses: A manipulative experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 115(1-2):17-25. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050486. (link )

Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, J. M. Paruelo and H. A. Mooney. 1998. Ecosystem water fluxes for two grasslands in elevated CO2: A modeling analysis. Oecologia 113(4):537-546. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., A. Beltran, E. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala and R. A. Golluscio. 1998. The climate of Patagonia: General patterns amd controls on biotic processes. Ecologia Austral 8:85-101. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., E. G. Jobbágy and O. E. Sala. 1998. Biozones of Patagonia (Argentina). Ecolgia Austral 8:145-153. (link )

Paruelo, J. M., E. G. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala, W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke. 1998. Functional and structural convergence of temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 8(1):194-206. DOI: 10.1890/1051-0761(1998)008[0194:FASCOT]2.0.CO;2.

Schulze, E. D., M. M. Caldwell, J. G. Canadell, H. A. Mooney, R. B. Jackson, D. Parson, R. J. Scholes, O. E. Sala and P. Trimborn. 1998. Downward flux of water through roots (i.e. inverse hydraulic lift) in dry Kalahari sands. Oecologia 115(4):460-462. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050541. (link )

1997

Aguiar, M. R. and O. E. Sala. 1997. Seed distribution constrains the dynamics of the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 78(1):93-100. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[0093:SDCTDO]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Chapin III, F. S., B. H. Walker, R. J. Hobbs, D. U. Hooper, J. H. Lawton, O. E. Sala and D. Tilman. 1997. Biotic control over the functioning of ecosystems. Science 277(5325):500-504. DOI: 10.1126/science.277.5325.500. (link )

1996

Canadell, J. G., R. B. Jackson, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Maximum rooting depth of vegetation types at the global scale. Oecologia 108(4):583-595. DOI: 10.1007/BF00329030. (link )

Jackson, R. B., J. G. Canadell, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala and E. D. Schulze. 1996. A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108(3):389-411. DOI: 10.1007/BF00333714. (link )

Schulze, E. D., H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, E. G. Jobbágy, N. Buchmann, N. Bauer, J. G. Canadell, R. B. Jackson, J. Loreti, M. Oesterheld and J. R. Ehleringer. 1996. Rooting depth, water availability, and vegetation cover along an aridity gradient in Patagonia. Oecologia 108(3):503-511. DOI: 10.1007/BF00333727. (link )

Books

2009

Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson and C. Parmesan eds. 2009. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1597264976.

2001

Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala and E. Huber-Sannwald eds. 2001. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY. ISBN: 0-387-05340-7.

2000

Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney and R. W. Howarth eds. 2000. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag. ISBN: 978-0387987347.

1996

Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala and E. D. Schulze eds. 1996. Functional Role of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester. ISBN: 978-0471956013.

Book Chapters

2017

Sala, O. E., L. Vivanco and P. Flombaum. 2017. Grassland communities and ecosystems. Pp. 1-7 Reference Modules in Life Sciences. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.02201-9. (link )

Sala, O. E., L. Yahdjian, K. M. Havstad and M. R. Aguiar. 2017. Rangeland ecosystem services: Nature's supply and humans' demands. Pp. 467-489 In: Briske, D. D. ed., Rangeland Systems: Processes, Management and Challenges. Springer. ISBN: 978-3-319-46707-8. (link )

2013

Peters, D. P., B. T. Bestelmeyer, K. M. Havstad, A. Rango, S. R. Archer, A. C. Comrie, H. R. Gimblett, L. Lopez-Hoffman, O. E. Sala, E. R. Vivoni, M. L. Brooks, J. Brown, H. C. Monger, J. H. Goldstein, G. S. Okin and C. E. Tweedie. 2013. Desertification of rangelands. Pp. 239-258 Climate Vulnrability: Understanding and Addressing Threads to Essential Resources. Vol 4. Elsevier Inc. Academic Press. ISBN: 9780123847034.

Sala, O. E., L. Vivanco and P. Flombaum. 2013. Grassland ecosystems. Pp. 1-7 In: Levin, S. A. ed., Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd Edition. Elsevier. ISBN: 978-0-12-384720-1.

2011

Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2011. Efectos de la biodiversidad sobre el funcionamiento de los ecosistemas. Pp. 49-62 In: Simonetti, J. and R. Dirzo eds., Conservación Biológica. Perspectivas desde América Latina. Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Chile. Santiago.

2009

Downs, M. and O. E. Sala. 2009. Grasslands. Pp. 614-618 In: Levin, S. A. ed., The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ.

Howarth, R. W., S. Bringezu, L. A. Martinelli, R. Santoro and O. E. Sala. 2009. Introduction: Biofuels and the environment in the 21st century. Pp. 15-36 In: Howarth, R. W. and S. Bringezu eds., Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University. Ithaca, NY. ISBN: 978-1441488299.

Meyerson, F. A., L. A. Meyerson, C. Parmesan and O. E. Sala. 2009. Human health, biodiversity, and ecosytem services: The intertwined challenging future. Pp. 281-285 In: Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson and C. Parmesan eds., Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1597264976.

Meyerson, L. A., O. E. Sala, A. Froment, C. S. Friedman, K. Hund-Rinke, P. Martens, A. Mazumder, A. N. Purohit, M. B. Thomas and A. Wilby. 2009. Sustainable allocation of biodiversity to imrprove human health and well-being. Pp. 83-98 In: Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson and C. Parmesan eds., Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1597264976.

Ojima, D., C. Field, P. Leadley, O. E. Sala, D. Messem, J. E. Peterson, J. Born, L. Vanwey and M. Wright. 2009. Mitigation strategies: Biofuel development considerations to minimize impacts on the socio-environmental system. Pp. 293-308 In: Howarth, R. W. and S. Bringezu eds., Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Internactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University. Ithaca, NY. ISBN: 978-1441488299.

Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson and C. Parmesan. 2009. Changes in biodiversity and their consequences for human health. Pp. 1-12 In: Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson and C. Parmesan eds., Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1597264976.

Sala, O. E., D. F. Sax and H. M. Leslie. 2009. Biodiversity consequences of increased biofuel production. Pp. 127-138 In: Howarth, R. W. and S. Bringezu eds., Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University. Ithaca, NY. ISBN: 978-1441488299.

2008

Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke and D. C. Coleman. 2008. Net primary production in the shortgrass steppe. In: Lauenroth, W. K. and I. C. Burke eds., Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780195135824.

Melillo, J. M. and O. E. Sala. 2008. Ecosystem services. Pp. 75-116 In: Chivian, E. and A. Bernstein eds., Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195175097.

2007

Knapp, A. K., J. M. Briggs, D. L. Childers and O. E. Sala. 2007. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grassland- and herbaceous-dominated ecosystems. Pp. 27-48 In: Fahey, T. J. and A. K. Knapp eds., Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production (Long-Term Ecological Research Network). Oxford University Press.

2005

Alcamo, J., D. P. van Vuuren, C. Ringler, J. Alder, E. M. Bennett, D. Lodge, T. Masui, T. Morita, M. Rosegrant, O. E. Sala, K. Schulze and M. Zurek. 2005. Chapter 6. Methodology for developing the MA scenarios. Pp. 145-172 In: Carpenter, S. R., P. L. Pingali, E. M. Bennett and M. Zurek eds., Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1559633901.

Kareiva, P. M., B. R. Agard, J. Alder, E. M. Bennett, C. Butler, S. Carpenter, W. Cheung, G. S. Cumming, R. DeFries, B. de Vries, R. E. Dickinson, A. P. Dobson, J. A. Foley, J. Geoghregan, B. Holland, P. Kabat, J. Keymer, A. Kleidon, D. Lodge, S. M. Manson, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, A. M. Parma, M. A. Pascual, H. Pereira dos Santos, M. Rosegrant, C. Ringler, O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner II, D. P. van Vuuren, P. Wilkinson and V. Wolters. 2005. Chapter 4: State of the Art in Simulating Future Changes in Ecosystem Services. Pp. 71-115 In: Carpenter, S. R., P. L. Pingali, E. M. Bennett and M. Zurek eds., Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1559633901.

Sala, O. E., D. P. van Vuuren, L. Pereira, D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, A. P. Dobson, V. Wolters and M. A. Xenopoulos. 2005. Chapter 10: Biodiversity across scenarios. Pp. 375-408 In: Carpenter, S. R., P. L. Pingali, E. M. Bennett and M. Zurek eds., Ecosystem and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press. ISBN: 978-1559633901.

2003

Ollinger, S. V., O. Sala, G. I. Agren, B. Berg, E. Davidson, C. B. Field, M. T. Lerdau, J. Neff, M. Scholes and R. W. Sterner. 2003. New frontiers in the study of element interactions. Pp. 63-93 In: Melillo, J. M., C. B. Field and B. Moldan eds., Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. ISBN: 978-1559630665.

2002

Loreau, M., A. Downing, M. Emmerson, A. Gonzalez, J. Hughes, P. Inchausti, J. Joshi, J. Norberg and O. Sala. 2002. A new look at the relationship between diversity and stability. Pp. 79-91 In: Loreau, M., S. Naeem and P. Inchausti eds., Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0198515715.

2001

Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, E. Huber-Sannwald and R. Leemans. 2001. The future of biodiversity in a changing world. Pp. 1-4 In: Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala and E. Huber-Sannwald eds., Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY. ISBN: 0-387-05340-7.

Sala, O. E. 2001. Productivity of temperate grasslands. Pp. 285-300 In: Roy, J., B. Saugier and H. A. Mooney eds., Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press. San Diego, CA. ISBN: 978-0125052900.

Sala, O. E. 2001. Temperate grasslands. Pp. 121-138 In: Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala and E. Huber-Sannwald eds., Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY. ISBN: 0-387-05340-7.

Sala, O. E., A. T. Austin and L. Vivanco. 2001. Temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Pp. 627-635 In: Levin, S. A. ed., Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Vol 5. Academic Press.

Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III and E. Huber-Sannwald. 2001. Potential biodiversity change: Global patterns and biome comparisons. Pp. 351-368 In: Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala and E. Huber-Sannwald eds., Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY. ISBN: 0-387-05340-7.

2000

Sala, O. E. and A. T. Austin. 2000. Methods of estimating aboveground net primary production. Pp. 31-43 In: Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney and R. W. Howarth eds., Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag. ISBN: 978-0387987347.

Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney and R. W. Howarth. 2000. Introduction: Methods in ecosystem science: Progress, tradeoffs, and limitations. Pp. 1-4 In: Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney and R. W. Howarth eds., Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag. ISBN: 978-0387987347.

1999

Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, R. H. Gardner, W. K. Lauenroth, H. A. Mooney and P. S. Ramakrishnan. 1999. Global change, biodiversity and ecological complexity. Pp. 304-328 In: Walker, B., W. Steffen, J. G. Canadell and J. Ingram eds., The Terrestrial Biosphere an Global Change: Implications for Natural and Managed Ecosystem. Vol 4. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521624800.

1997

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth and R. A. Golluscio. 1997. Plant functional types in temperate semi-arid regions. Pp. 217-233 In: Smith, T. M., H. H. Shugart and F. I. Woodward eds., Plant Functional Types: Their relevance to ecosysem propertes and global change. Vol 1. Canbridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521566438.

Sala, O. E. and J. M. Paruelo. 1997. Ecosystem services in grasslands. Pp. 237-254 In: Daily, G. C. ed., Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. ISBN: 978-1559634762.

1996

Sala, O. E. 1996. Global change and ecological complexity. Pp. 341-345 In: Walker, B. H. and W. Steffen eds., Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Vol 2. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521578103.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke. 1996. Carbon budgets of temperate grasslands and the effects of global change. Pp. 101-119 In: Breymeyer, A. I., D. O. Hall, J. M. Melillo and G. I. Agren eds., Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester, New York. ISBN: 978-0471968375.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch and X. Zhang. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in grasslands. Pp. 129-149 In: Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala and E. D. Schulze eds., Functional Role of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester. ISBN: 978-0471956013.

Presentations

2007

Shaver, G., T. Chapin, C. Duke, A. P. Kinzig, D. P. Peters and O. E. Sala. 2007. Ecological foundations of sustainability in a constantly changing world. San Jose McEnery Conference Center. Symposium organized at the August 6-10, 2007 Ecological Restoration in a Changing World at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America held with the Society for Ecological Restoration 18th International Conference, San Jose, CA.

Conference Papers

2012

Brouder, S. M., F. A. DeClerck, P. S. Kettlewell, A. M. Latta, E. F. Moran, S. C. Murray, T. L. Rabaey, P. K. Riggs, J. B. Ristaino, D. Rose and O. E. Sala. 2012. IDR Team Summary 5: Design production systems for ecosystem services that improve human outcomes related to food and nutrition. In: Carpenter, S. R., A. V. Diez Roux, G. Hornberger, H. Mooney, M. G. Morgan, R. Morss, S. P. Murphy, S. Polasky, W. Reid, B. E. Rittmann and B. L. Turner II eds., Washington, DC. Interdisciplinary Research Team Summaries from 10-13 November 2011 Conference at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center,. (link )

Report Chapters

2013

Yao, J., O. E. Sala and D. P. Peters. 2013. Cross-site studies "by design": Experiments and observations that provide new insights. Pp. 72-80 In: Peters, D. P., C. M. Laney, A. E. Lugo, S. L. Collins, C. T. Driscoll, P. M. Groffman, J. M. Grove, A. K. Knapp, T. K. Kratz, M. D. Ohman, R. B. Waide and J. Yao eds., Long-Term Trends in Ecological Systems: A Basis for Understanding Responses to Global Change. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Technical Bulletin 1931. Washington, D.C. (link )