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Jennifer Vanos

Jennifer Vanos

Assistant Professor, School of Sustainability


School of Sustainability
Arizona State University
PO Box 875502
Tempe, AZ 85287-5502


  • Senior Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
  • Assistant Professor, School of Sustainability


Jennifer Vanos specializes in the interdisciplinary study of human biometeorology, examining the influence of atmospheric processes on human health. She focuses on human exposures to extreme heat, radiation, and air pollution within urban areas; human heat balance modeling for thermal comfort and heat strain; and the influence of microclimatic landscape design on exposures and health outcomes. Her work is also increasingly geared towards understanding children’s environments and lessening exposures to support thermal safety.

Vanos is an active member of the Urban Climate Research Center at ASU. She has previously worked as an assistant professor at the University of California-San Diego and Texas Tech University. She completed her postdoctoral training at Health Canada and received her PhD from the University of Guelph in Canada.


  • PhD (with distinction), Atmospheric Sciences, University of Guelph, 2012
  • BS (with distinction), Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph


Journal Articles


Green, H., J. Bailey, L. Schwarz, J. K. Vanos, K. L. Ebi and T. Benmarhnia. 2019. Impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries: A review of the epidemiological evidence and considerations for future research. Environmental Research 171(Apr):80-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.010. (link )

Hosokawa, Y., D. J. Casa, J. M. Trtanj, L. N. Belval, P. A. Deuster, S. M. Giltz, A. J. Grundstein, M. D. Hawkins, R. A. Huggins, B. Jacklitsch, J. F. Jardine, H. Jones, J. B. Kazman, M. E. Reynolds, R. L. Stearns, J. K. Vanos, A. L. Williams and W. J. Williams. 2019. Activity modification in heat: Critical assessment of guidelines across athletic, occupational, and military settings in the USA. International Journal of Biometeorolgy 63(3):405-427. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-019-01673-6. (link )

Vanos, J. K., E. Kosaka, A. Iida, M. Yokohari, A. Middel, I. Scott-Fleming and R. D. Brown. 2019. Planning for spectator thermal comfort and health in the face of extreme heat: The Tokyo 2020 Olympic marathons. Science of The Total Environment 657(Mar):904-917. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.447. (link )


Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, L. Pinault, E. Lavigne, J. Vanos, D. Lawson Crouse and M. Tjepkema. 2018. Associations between long-term PM2.5 and ozone exposure and mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CANCHEC), by spatial synoptic classification zone. Environmental International 111(Feb):200-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.030. (link )

Hardin, A. W., Y. Liu, G. Cao and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Urban heat island intensity and spatial variability by synoptic weather type in the northeast U.S.. Urban Climate 24(Jun):747-782. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2017.09.001. (link )

Hardin, A. W. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. The influence of surface type on the absorbed radiation by a human under hot, dry conditions. International Journal of Biometeorology 62(1):43-56. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1357-6. (link )

Herdt, A., R. D. Brown, I. Scott-Fleming, G. Cao, M. MacDonald, D. Henderson and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Outdoor thermal comfort during anomalous heat at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Canada. Atmosphere 9(8):Art 321. DOI: 10.3390/atmos9080321. (link )

Joe, P., N. B. Bernier, V. Bouchet, J. R. Brook, D. Brunet, W. Burrows, J. Charland, A. Dehghan, N. Driedger, C. Duhaime, G. Evans, A. Filion, R. Frenette, J. de Grandpré, I. Gultepe, D. Henderson, A. Herdt, N. Hilker, L. Huang, E. Hung, G. Isaac, C. Jeong, D. Johnston, J. Klaassen, S. Leroyer, H. Lin, M. MacDonald, J. MacPhee, Z. Mariani, T. Munoz, J. Reid, A. Robichaud, Y. Rochon, K. Shairsingh, D. Sills, L. Spacek, C. Stroud, Y. Su, N. Taylor, J. Vanos, J. Voogt, J. M. Wang, T. Wiechers, S. Wren, H. Yang and T. Yip. 2018. The Environment Canada Pan and Parapan American science showcase project. Belletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(5):921-973. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0162.1. (link )

Kalkstein, A. J., L. S. Kalkstein, J. K. Vanos, D. R. Eisenman and P. G. Dixon. 2018. Heat/mortality sensitivities in Los Angeles during winter: a unique phenomenon in the United States. Environmental Health 17:Art. 45. DOI: 10.1186/s12940-018-0389-7. (link )

Kosaka, E., A. Iida, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel, M. Yokohari and R. Brown. 2018. Microclimate variation and estimated heat stress of runners in the 2020 Tokyo Olympic marathon. Atmosphere 9(5):Art. 192. DOI: 10.3390/atmos9050192. (link )

McGregor, G. R. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Heat: A primer for public health researchers. Public Health 161(Aug):138-146. DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.11.005. (link )

McKercher, G. R. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Low-cost mobile air pollution monitoring in urban environments: A pilot study in Lubbock, Texas. Environmental Technology 39(12):1505-1514. DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2017.1332106. (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. Middel, M. N. Poletti and N. J. Selover. 2018. Evaluating the impact of solar radiation on pediatric heat balance within enclosed, hot vehicles. Temperature 5(23):276-292. DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2018.1468205. (link )

Zhao, N., G. Cao, J. K. Vanos and D. J. Vecellio. 2018. The effects of synoptic weather on influenza infection incidences: A retrospective study utilizing digital disease surveillance. International Journal of Biometeorology 62(1):69-84. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1306-4. (link )

Zhao, N., Y. Liu, J. K. Vanos and G. Cao. 2018. Day-of-week and seasonal patterns of PM2.5 concentrations over the United States: Time-series analyses using the Prophet procedure. Atmospheric Environment 192(Nov):116-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.08.050. (link )


Allen, M. J., J. Vanos, D. M. Hondula, D. J. Vecellio, D. Knight, H. Mebdipoor, R. Lucas, C. Fuhrmann, H. Lokys, A. Lees, S. Tavares Nascimento, A. C. Leung and D. R. Perkins IV. 2017. Supporting sustainability initiatives through biometeorology education and training. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(Supple. 1):93-106. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1408-z. (link )

Graham, D. A., J. K. Vanos, N. A. Kenny and R. D. Brown. 2017. Modelling the effects of urban design on emergency medical response calls during extreme heat events in Toronto, Canada. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(7):Art. 778. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070778. (link )

Grundstein, A., J. A. Knox, J. K. Vanos, E. R. Cooper and D. J. Casa. 2017. American football and fatal exertional heat stroke: A case study of Korey Stringer. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(8):1471-1480. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1324-2. (link )

Hondula, D. M., A. Middel, J. K. Vanos, L. Herdt and A. Kaiser. 2017. Urban water infrastructure for cooling: Case studies from humid and arid cities. Regions Magazine 306(1):20-23. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2017.11878969. (link )

Kuras, E. R., M. B. Richardson, M. M. Calkins, K. L. Ebi, J. J. Hess, K. W. Kintziger, M. A. Jagger, A. Middel, A. A. Scott, J. T. Spector, C. K. Uejio, J. K. Vanos, B. F. Zaitchik, J. M. Gohlke and D. M. Hondula. 2017. Opportunities and challenges for personal heat exposure research. Environmental Health Perspectives 125(8):085001. DOI: 10.1289/EHP556. (link )

Liu, Y., N. Zhao, J. K. Vanos and G. Cao. 2017. Effects of synoptic weather on ground-level PM2.5 concentrations in the United States.. Atmospheric Environment 148(Jan):297-305. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.10.052. (link )

McKercher, G. R., J. A. Salmond and J. K. Vanos. 2017. Characteristics and applications of small, portable gaseous air pollution monitors. Environmental Pollution 223(Apr):102-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.12.045. (link )

Solís, P., J. K. Vanos and R. E. Forbis Jr. 2017. The decision-making/accountability spatial incongruence problem for research linking environmental science and policy. Geographical Review 107(4):680-704. DOI: 10.1111/gere.12240 . (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. J. Hardt and M. R. Lochbaum. 2017. Effects of physical activity and shade on the heat balance and thermal perceptions of children in a playground microclimate. Buildling and Environment 126(Dec):119-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.09.026. (link )

Vanos, J. K., G. R. McKercher, K. Naughton and M. R. Lochbaum. 2017. Schoolyard shade and sun exposure: Assessment of personal monitoring during children's physical activity. Photochemistry and Photobiology 93(4):1123-1132. DOI: 10.1111/php.12721. (link )


Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, J. D. Cakmak and J. K. Vanos. 2016. The modifying effect of socioeconomic status on the relationship between traffic, air pollution and respiratory health in elementary schoolchildren. Journal of Environmental Management 177(Jul):1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.03.051. (link )

Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, J. Vanos, D. L. Crouse and R. Burnett. 2016. Ozone exposure and cardiovascular-related mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CANCHEC) by spatial synoptic classification zone. Environmental Pollution 214(Jul):589-599. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.067. (link )

Dixon, P. G., M. Allen, S. N. Gosling, D. M. Hondula, V. Ingole, R. Lucas and J. Vanos. 2016. Perspectives on the synoptic climate classification and its role in interdisciplinary research. Geography Compass 10(4):147-164. DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12264 . (link )

Graham, D. A., J. K. Vanos, N. A. Kenny and R. D. Brown. 2016. The relationship between neighborhood tree canopy cover and heat-related ambulance calls during extreme heat events in Toronto, Canada. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 20(Dec):180-186. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.08.005. (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. Middel, G. R. McKercher, E. R. Kuras and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning 146(February):29-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.10.007. (link )


Brown, R. D., J. Vanos, N. Kenny and S. Lenzholzer. 2015. Designing urban parks that ameliorate the effects of climate change. Landscape and Urban Planning 138(Jun):118-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.02.006. (link )

Hondula, D. M., R. C. Balling Jr., J. K. Vanos and M. Georgescu. 2015. Rising temperatures, human health, and the role of adaptation. Current Climate Change Reports 1(3):144-154. DOI: 10.1007/s40641-015-0016-4. (link )

Karner, A., D. M. Hondula and J. K. Vanos. 2015. Heat exposure during non-motorized travel: Implications for transportation policy under climate change. Journal of Transport & Health 2(4):451-459. DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2015.10.001. (link )

Vanos, J. K. 2015. Children's health and vulnerability in outdoor microclimates: A comprehensive review. Environmental International 76(Mar):1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.11.016. (link )

Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak, L. S. Kalkstein and A. Yagouti. 2015. Association of weather and air pollution interactions on daily mortality in 12 Canadian cities. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 8(3):307-320. DOI: 10.1007/s11869-014-0266-7. (link )

Vanos, J. K., L. S. Kalkstein and T. J. Sanford. 2015. Detecting synoptic warming trends across the US Midwest and implications to human health and heat‐related mortality. International Journal of Climatology 35(1):85-96. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3964. (link )


Cakmak, S., R. Dales, L. M. Kauri, M. Mahmud, K. Van Ryswyk, J. K. Vanos, L. Liu, P. Kumarathasan, E. Thomson, R. Vincent and S. Weichenthal. 2014. Metal composition of fine particulate air pollution and acute changes in cardiorespiratory physiology. Environmental Pollution 189(Jun):208-214. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.004. (link )

Gosling, S. N., E. K. Bryce, P. G. Dixon, K. M. Gabriel, E. Y. Gosling, J. M. Hanes, D. M. Hondula, L. Liang, P. A. Bustos Mac Lean, S. Muthers, S. T. Nascimento, M. Petralli, J. K. Vanos and E. R. Wanka. 2014. A glossary for biometeorology. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):277-308. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0729-9. (link )

Hondula, D. M., J. K. Vanos and S. N. Gosling. 2014. The SSC: A decade of climate–health research and future directions. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):109-120. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0619-6. (link )

Vanos, J. K. and S. Cakmak. 2014. Changing air mass frequencies in Canada: Potential links and implications for human health. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):121-135. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0634-2. (link )

Vanos, J. K., C. Hebbern and S. Cakmak. 2014. Risk assessment for cardiovascular and respiratory mortality due to air pollution and synoptic meteorology in 10 Canadian cities. Environmental Pollution 185(Feb):322-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.11.007. (link )


Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak, C. Bristow, V. Brion, N. Tremblay, S. L. Martin and S. S. Sheridan. 2013. Synoptic weather typing applied to air pollution mortality among the elderly in 10 Canadian cities. Environmental Research 126(Oct):66-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.08.003. (link )


Vanos, J. K., J. K. Vanos, J. S. Warland, J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and T. J. Gillespie. 2012. Human energy budget modeling in urban parks in Toronto and applications to emergency heat stress preparedness. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51(9):1639-1653. DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0245.1. (link )

Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2012. Improved predictive ability of climate-human-behaviour interactions with modifications to the COMFA outdoor energy budget model. International Journal of Biometeorology 56(6):1065-1074. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0522-1. (link )

Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2012. Thermal comfort modelling of body temperature and psychological variations of a human exercising in an outdoor environment. International Journal of Biometeorology 56(1):21-32. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-010-0393-2. (link )


Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2010. Review of the physiology of human thermal comfort while exercising in urban landscapes and implications for bioclimatic design. International Journal of Biometeorology 54(43):319-334. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-010-0301-9. (link )

Book Chapters


Hosokawa, Y., A. J. Grundstein, J. K. Vanos and E. R. Cooper. 2018. Environmental condition and monitoring. Pp. 147-162 In: Casa, D. J. ed., Spot and Physical Activity in the Heat: Maximizing Performance and Safety. Springer. Cham. ISBN: 978-3-319-70216-2. (link )


Orlandini, S., J. K. Vanos, A. Matzarakis, L. Massetti and M. Petralli. 2017. Urban forestry and microclimate. Pp. Chater 7 In: Ferrini, F., C. C. Konijnendijk van den Bosch and A. Fini eds., Routledge Handbook of Urban Forestry. Routledge. ISBN: 9781138647282.



Dzyuban, Y., M. Messerschmidt, H. A. Fischer, A. Ellsworth, P. Solís, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel and D. M. Hondula. 2019. Mapping thermal comfort in Edison Eastlake Neighborhood with citizen scientists. Poster presented at the 21st Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, January 11, 2019, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )



Hondula, D. M., M. Chavez, J. Harlow, A. Middel, E. W. Johnston and J. K. Vanos. 2017. Thermal comfort and shade provision at City of Phoenix bus stops. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )


Middel, A., J. K. Vanos and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Time-depending surface temperature observations from mobile transects: A sensitivity analysis. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annual Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, NA. (link )


Vanos, J., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. A multiscaler thermal analysis of urban playgrounds. Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20–24, 2015., Toulouse, France. (link )

Conference Papers


Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak and L. S. Kalkstein. 2013. Association of weather and air pollution interactions on daily mortality in 12 Canadian cities. Pp. 15-26 In: Longhurst, I. W. and C. A. Brebbia eds., Air Pollution XXI. (link )