Skip to Content
Ariane Middel

Ariane Middel
Senior Sustainability Fellow, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
Assistant Professor, Geography and Urban Studies Department, Temple University

amiddel@temple.edu
Website

Geography and Urban Studies Department
Temple University
Gladfelter Hall
Philadelphia, PA 19122

Ariane Middel is an assistant professor in the Department of Geography and Urban Studies at Temple University and a faculty affiliate of the Urban Climate Research Center (UCRC) at Arizona State University. She received her PhD in Computer Science from University of Kaiserslautern, Germany and holds a BSc and MSc in Geodetic Engineering from the University of Bonn, Germany. Prior to her appointment at Temple, she was an assistant research professor at Arizona State University.

Dr. Middel’s research interests are directed toward understanding the dynamics of urban climate to develop adaptation and heat mitigation strategies, specifically addressing the challenges of sustainable urban form, landscapes, and infrastructure in the face of climatic uncertainty in rapidly urbanizing regions. For the past five years, she has advanced the field of urban climatology through applied and solutions-oriented research employing local and microscale climate modeling and observations to investigate sustainability challenges related to urban heat islands, thermal comfort, water use and quality, energy use, and human-climate interactions in cities. Dr. Middel currently serves a 4-year term (2016-2020) on the Board of the International Association of Urban Climate (IAUC), the premier international organization for researchers engaged in all aspects of urban climate scholarship.

PhD, Computer Science, University of Kaiserslautern, 2008

MSc, Geodetic Engineering, University of Bonn, 2003

Journal Articles

2017

Hondula, D. M., R. C. Balling Jr., R. Andrade, E. S. Krayenhoff, A. Middel, A. Urban, M. Georgescu and D. J. Sailor. 2017. Biometeorology for cities. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(Supp. 1):59-69. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1412-3. (link )

Kuras, E. R., M. B. Richardson, M. M. Calkins, K. L. Ebi, J. J. Hess, K. W. Kintziger, M. A. Jagger, A. Middel, A. A. Scott, J. T. Spector, C. K. Uejio, J. K. Vanos, B. F. Zaitchik, J. M. Gohlke and D. M. Hondula. 2017. Opportunities and challenges for personal health rish exposure research. Environmental Health Perspectives 125(8):085001. DOI: 10.1289/EHP556 . (link )

Kuras, E. R., M. B. Richardson, M. M. Calkins, K. L. Ebi, J. J. Hess, K. W. Kintziger, M. A. Jagger, A. Middel, A. A. Scott, J. T. Spector, C. K. Uejio, J. K. Vanos, B. F. Zaitchik, J. M. Gohlke and D. M. Hondula. 2017. Opportunities and challenges for personal heat exposure research. Environmental Health Perspectives 125(8):085001. DOI: 10.1289/EHP556. (link )

Middel, A., J. Lukasczyk and R. Maciejewski. 2017. Sky view factors from synthetic fisheye photos for thermal comfort routing -- a case study in Phoenix, Arizona. Urban Planning 2(1):19-30. DOI: 10.17645/up.v2i1.855. (link )

Yin, H., F. Kong, A. Middel, I. Dronova, H. Xu and P. James. 2017. Cooling effect of direct green facades during hot summer days: An observational study in Nanjing, China using TIR and 3DPC data. Building and Environment 116(May):195-206. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.02.020. (link )

2016

Crewe, K., A. J. Brazel and A. Middel. 2016. Desert new urbanism: Testing for comfort in downtown Tempe, Arizona. Journal of Urban Design 21(6):746-763. DOI: 10.1080/13574809.2016.1187558. (link )

Hagen, B., A. Middel and D. Pijawka. 2016. European climate change perceptions: Public support for mitigation and adaptation policies. Environmental Policy and Governance 26(3):170-183. DOI: 10.1002/eet.1701. (link )

Hagen, B., A. Middel and K. Pijawka. 2016. Global climate change risk and mitigation perceptions: A comparison of nine countries. Journal of Sustainable Development 9(5):214-228. DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v9n5p214 . (link )

Kong, F., C. Sun, F. Liu, H. Yin, Y. Pu, G. Cavan, C. Skelhorn, A. Middel and I. Dronova. 2016. Energy saving potential of fragmented green spaces due to their temperature regulating ecosystem services in the summer. Applied Energy 183(Dec):1428-1440. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.070. (link )

Li, X., W. Li, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan, A. J. Brazel and B. L. Turner II. 2016. Remote sensing of the surface urban heat island and land architecture in Phoenix, Arizona: Combined effects of land composition and configuration and cadastral-demographic-economic factors. Remote Sensing of Environment 174(March):233-243. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.022. (link )

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, B. Hagen and N. Chhetri. 2016. Impact of shade on outdoor thermal comfort—a seasonal field study in Tempe, Arizona. International Journal of Biometeorology Open Access:1-13. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-016-1172-5. (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. Middel, G. R. McKercher, E. R. Kuras and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning 146(February):29-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.10.007. (link )

2015

Häb, K., B. L. Ruddell and A. Middel. 2015. Sensor lag correction for mobile urban microclimate measurements. Urban Climate 14(4):622-635. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2015.10.003. (link )

Middel, A., N. Chhetri and R. Quay. 2015. Urban forestry and cool roofs: Assessment of heat mitigation strategies in Phoenix residential neighborhoods. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 14(1):178-186. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2014.09.010. (link )

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, E. Talen, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. Middel, M. Smith, H. Huang and A. J. Brazel. 2015. Does the spatial arrangement of urban landscape matter? Examples of urban warming and cooling in Phoenix and Las Vegas. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 1(4):Art. 15. DOI: 10.1890/EHS14-0028.1. (link )

2014

Häb, K., N. H. Feige, L. S. Huettenberger, A. Middel and H. Hagen. 2014. Visualizing the temporal development of thermoradiative features on ground-based thermographs. Environmental Earth Sciences 72(10):3781-3793. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3472-6. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2014. Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix local climate zones. Landscape and Urban Planning 122:16-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.004. (link )

2012

Gober, P., A. Middel, A. J. Brazel, S. W. Myint, H. Chang, J. D. Duh and L. House-Peters. 2012. Tradeoffs between water conservation and temperature amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for urban sustainability. Urban Geography 33(7):1030-1054. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, P. Gober, S. W. Myint, H. Chang and J. D. Duh. 2012. Land cover, climate, and the summer surface energy balance in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR. International Journal of Climatology 32(13):2020-2032. DOI: 10.1002/joc.2408. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, S. Kaplan and S. W. Myint. 2012. Daytime cooling efficiency and diurnal energy balance in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Climate Research 54(1):21-34. DOI: 10.3354/cr01103. (link )

2011

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, B. Hagen and S. W. Myint. 2011. Land cover modification scenarios and their effects on daytime heating in the inner core residential neighborhoods of Phoenix, AZ, USA. Journal of Urban Technology 18(4):61-79. (link )

Book Chapters

2015

Hagen, B. and A. Middel. 2015. What should sustainable cities look like? Programs, policies and initiatives. Pp. Chapter 2 In: Pijawka, D. ed., Sustainability in the 21st Century: Pathways, Programs, and Policies. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN: 9781465266712.

Ruddell, D., A. Brazel, W. Chow and A. Middel. 2015. The urban heat island effect and sustainability science: Causes, impacts, and solutions. Pp. Chapter 13 In: Pijawka, D. ed., Sustainability in the 21st Century: Pathways, Programs, and Policies. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN: 9781465266712.

2009

Middel, A. 2009. Estimating residential building types from demographic information at a neighborhood scale. Pp. 187-202 In: Steinebach, G., S. Guhathakurta and H. Hagen eds., Visualizing Sustainable Planning. Springer.

Middel, A., S. Guhathakurta, H. Hagen, P. Olech and F. Hopel. 2009. Visualizing future 3-dimensional neighbourhoods in Phoenix: An application incorporating empirical methods with computational graphics. Pp. 87-102 In: Batty, M. and H. Lin eds., Virtual Geographic Environments. Science Press.

2007

Middel, A. 2007. A framework for visualizing multivariate geodata. Pp. 13-21 In: Hagen, H., M. Hering-Bertram and C. Garth eds., Visualization of Large and Unstructured Data Sets. Vol Seminars S-7. Kaiserslautern. ISBN: 978-3-88579-441-7.

2006

Middel, A. 2006. Procedural 3D modeling of cityscapes. Pp. 133-142 In: Hagen, H., A. Kerren and P. Dannenmann eds., Visualization of Large and Unstructured Data Sets. Vol Seminars S-4. Kaiserslautern. ISBN: 978-3-88579-438-7.

Posters

2017

Davidson, M. J., E. M. Cook, D. M. Iwaniec, M. Berbes, M. Boylan, M. Georgescu, N. B. Grimm, S. Krayenhoff, X. Li, A. Middel, B. Ramierz and D. A. Sampson. 2017. Exploring outcomes and assessing tradeoffs of co-developed sustainable future scenarios for the central Arizona-Phoenix region. Poster presented at the 19th Annual Central-Arizona Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 13 January 2017, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A. and S. Krayenhoff. 2017. Directional contributions to the radiant temperature environment measured during record-breaking extreme heat in Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 97th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, January 22-26, 2017, Seattle, WA. (link )

2016

Cayetano, Z., R. Taylor, C. Monahan, E. Campbell, K. O'Brien, R. Lydford, A. Dicker, A. Middel and B. Hagen. 2016. The influence of vegetation and built environments on midday summer thermal comfort. Poster presented at the Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Eighteenth Annual All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 15 January 2016, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

2015

Brazel, A. J., K. Crewe, A. Middel and S. Kaplan. 2015. Mill Avenue, Tempe, AZ downtowm microclimate - an APA-Designated Best Street. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20-24, 2015, Tourlouse, France.

Häb, K., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. Classifying urban microclimate patches based on multitemporal mobile transect observations. Poster presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 21-25, 2015, Chicago, IL.

Häb, K., B. L. Ruddell and A. Middel. 2015. Sensor lag correction for mobile air temperature measurements in an urban microclimate context. Poster presented at the Seventeenth Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 16 January 2015, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A. and X. Li. 2015. Remote sensing of the surface urban heat island and land architecture in Phoenix, Arizona: Combined effects of land composition and configuration and cadestral-demographic-economic factors. Poster presented at the AGU Fall Meeting, December 14-16, 2015, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Middel, A., B. L. Ruddell and K. Häb. 2015. Seasonal and diurnal desert microclimate dynamics of various shade tree and surface cover combinations. Poster presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 21-25, 2015, Chicago, IL.

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, N. Chhetri and B. Hagen. 2015. Outdoor thermal comfort under photovoltaic canopy structures -- a field study at Arizona State University. Poster presented at the 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, January 4-8-, 2015, Phoenix, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, N. Chhetri, B. Hagen, B. Mackowski and C. J. Sisodiya. 2015. Microclimate effects of photovoltaic canopies: Ongoing research projects. Poster presented at the Seventeenth Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 16 January 2015, Skysong, Scottsdlae, AZ. (link )

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. J. Brazel, A. Middel and M. Smith. 2015. Exploring the influence of built and vegetative features on urban warming and cooling: Does spatial arrangement matter?. Poster presented at the 20th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ.

2014

Häb, K., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Visualizing urban microclimate transect measurements. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Linking shading patterns of trees in Phoenix, AZ, to thermal comfort. Poster presented at the 11th Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society 94th Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2014, Atlanta, GA.

Middel, A., K. Häb, B. L. Ruddell, A. J. Brazel and C. A. Martin. 2014. Understanding the physical dynamics of microclimate: Ongoing research projects. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., S. Kaplan and A. J. Brazel. 2014. Impact of land cover on local climate - The case study of Las Vegas, NV. Poster presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 8-12, 2014, Tampa, FL.

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. J. Brazel, A. Middel and M. Smith. 2014. Does the spatial arrangement of vegetation and anthropogenic land cover features matter? Case studies of urban warming and cooling in Phoenix and Las Vegas. Poster presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, December 15-19, 2014, San Francisco, California.

2013

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2013. Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix neighborhoods. Poster presented at the 11 January 2013, 15th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting 2013, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Schweitzer, S., A. Middel and W. Zhang. 2013. Urban transport energy consumption explored through 3D arc maps. Poster presented at IEEE VisWeek Workshop 2013, Visualization, October 13-18, 2013, Atlanta, Georgia. (link )

2012

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, S. Kaplan and S. W. Myint. 2012. Summer cooling efficiency of landscapes in Phoenix, AZ. Poster presented at 13 January 2012 CAP LTER 14th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, J. P. Erickson, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2012. Impact of microclimate on residential energy consumption in different Phoenix Arizona neighborhood types. Poster presented on October 4, 2012 at the PhD Design, Environment, and the Arts Student Research Poster Exhibit and Reception, Tempe, AZ, 2012.

2011

Frijia, S., S. Guhathakurta, P. L. Williams and A. Middel. 2011. Re-examining the life cycle energy of residences: Functional unit, technological dynamics and scaling. Poster presented on May 4, 2011 at the Community of Undergraduate/Graduate Research Scholars (COURS) Poster Session, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Frijia, S., S. Guhathakurta, P. L. Williams and A. Middel. 2011. Re-examining the life cycle energy of residences; functional unit, technological dynamics and scaling. Poster presented February 20, 2011 at the Decision Making Under Uncertainty (DMUU) Session of the AAAS Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. (link )

Frijia, S., E. Williams, S. Guhathakurta and A. Middel. 2011. Scaling behavior of the life cycle energy of residential buildings and impacts on greenhouse gas emissions. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 12-13 January 2011 CAP LTER 13th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, P. Gober, S. W. Myint, H. Chang and J. D. Duh. 2011. Impacts of weather variability on turbulent heat fluxes in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 12-13 January 2011 CAP LTER 13th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

Presentations

2017

Brazel, A. J. and A. Middel. 2017. Microclimate 1930 to now in Tempe, AZ. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )

Feige, K., A. Middel, S. Krayenhoff, B. L. Ruddell, T. Albring and N. R. Gauger. 2017. Evaulating SU2 for simulation of urban canopy layer flow. Presentation at the 97th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, January 22-26, 2017, Seattle, WA. (link )

Hondula, D. M., M. Chavez, J. Harlow, A. Middel, E. W. Johnston and J. K. Vanos. 2017. Thermal comfort and shade provision at City of Phoenix bus stops. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )

Middel, A. 2017. Thermal comfort, mean radiant temperature, and shade in hot dry climates. Presentation at the 5th Jeffrey Cook Workshop on Desert Architecture, March 8, 2017, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.

Middel, A., C. Wang, S. Kaplan, J. Lukasczyk, S. Myint and A. Brazel. 2017. Local climate zones in arid cities -- an assessment for Phoenix, AZ and Las Vegas, NV, USA. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )

2016

Brazel, A. J. and A. Middel. 2016. Evaluation of an urban network (AZMET) in the Phoenix metro area. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Li, X., A. J. Brazel, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan and B. L. Turner II. 2016. The combined impact of land architecture and socio-economic factors on surface urban heat island effects in Phoenix, Arizona. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Middel, A. and J. Lukasczyk. 2016. Pedestrian thermal comfort maps from synthetic fisheyes -- a case study in Phoenix, Arizona. Presentation at the 56th Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, November 3-6, 2016, Portland, OR. (link )

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, B. Hagen and N. Chhetri. 2016. How to stay cool in the desert - the benefits of photovoltaic canopy shade. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, B. Hagen and N. Chhetri. 2016. Impact of photovoltaic canopy shade on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot desert city. Presentation at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly, April 17-22, 2016, Vienna, Austria. (link )

Middel, A., J. K. Vanos and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Time-depending surface temperature observations from mobile transects: A sensitivity analysis. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annual Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, NA. (link )

Selover, N. J., A. Middel, N. Chhetri, B. Mackowski and C. J. Sisodiya. 2016. Can solar shade structures significantly reduce interior automoble temperatures?. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annual Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, LA. (link )

Wagner, M., A. J. Brazel, V. Benson-Lira, D. Hoots, M. M. Smith and A. Middel. 2016. Thermal comfort and extreme heat: A summertime assessment of RayMan Model sensitivity in downtown Tempe, AZ. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annal Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, LA. (link )

2015

Galluppi, K., H. Putnam, N. Chhetri, N. J. Selover and A. Middel. 2015. Informing emergency and risk management with climate knowledge in arid urban areas. Presentation at the 10th Symposium on Societal Applications: Policy, Research and Pratice, American Meoteorological Society 95th Annual Meeting, January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ. (link )

Guhathakurta, S. and A. Middel. 2015. Energy and urban form explored through dynamic networked intrastructure model. Presentation at the ACSP 55th Annual Conference, October 22–25, 2015, Houston, TX.

Hagen, B., A. Middel and K. Pijawka. 2015. The longitudinal impact of climate-related hydro-meteorological diasters on public perception of climate change in the United States. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, April 21-25, 2015, Chicago, IL.

Hartz, D. A., R. Pope, G. Simiyu, A. Middel, P. Cheboss and P. Raburu. 2015. Air quality and health impacts: A novel approach to an international cooperative mointoring project in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. Presentation at the Sixth Conference on Environment and Health, 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ. (link )

Häb, K., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. Classifying urban microclimate patches based on multitemporal mobile transect observations. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, April 21-25, 2015, Chicago, IL.

Häb, K., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. Relationship between land use and microclimate based on mobile transect measurements. Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20-24, 2015, Toulouse, France.

Häb, K., A. Middel, B. L. Ruddell and H. Hagen. 2015. Visual analytics and microclimate analysis: A use case for a visualization tool developed for mobile measurements. Presentation at the The 31st Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ.

Middel, A., N. J. Selover, N. Chhetri and B. Hagen. 2015. Outdoor thermal comfort under photovoltaic canopies. Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, 20-24 July 2015, Toulouse, France. (link )

Roach, M., N. Chhetri, W. Chuang, N. J. Selover, D. M. Hondula, A. Middel and A. Karner. 2015. Building resilience against climate effects in Arizona: Lessons learned implementing CDC's BRACE Framewwork. Presentation at the 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ. (link )

Selover, N. J., A. Middel, N. Chhetri, B. Mackowski and C. J. Sisodiya. 2015. Impact of solar shade structures on automobile's interior temperatures. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, April 21-25, 2015, Chicago, IL.

Vanos, J., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. A multiscaler thermal analysis of urban playgrounds. Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20–24, 2015., Toulouse, France. (link )

2014

Häb, K., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Source area computation for microclimate measurements within the urban canopy layer. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 8-12, 2014, Tampa, FL.

Lukasczyk, J., A. Middel and H. Hagen. 2014. WebGL-based geodata visualization for policy support and decision making. Presentation at the Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis), June 9-13, 2014, Swansea, Wales, UK.

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Linking shading patterns of trees in Phoenix, AZ, to thermal comfort. Presentation at the 11th Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society 94th Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2014, Atlanta, GA.

2013

Hagen, B., A. Middel and K. Pijawka. 2013. The importance of public climate change perceptions for the successful implementation of mitigation and adaptation planning strategies for improve resiliency. Presentation at the AESOP/ACSP Congress, July 15–19, 2013 , Dublin, Ireland. (link )

Hagen, B., A. Middel, K. Pijawka and D. R. Van Schoik. 2013. Bi- and multinational partnership models for sustainability education: What works?. Presentation at the CONAHEC's 15th North American Higher Education Conference, May 1-3, 2013, Edmonton, Canada.

Häb, K., A. Middel and H. Hagen. 2013. Using K-means clustering for a spatial analysis of multivariate and time-varying microclimate data. Presented at the Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis), June 17-18, 2013, Leipzig, Germany.

2012

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2012. Urban form, landscape design, and microclimate in Phoenix, Arizona. Paper presented August 10, 2012 at the 8th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC8), August 6-10, 2012, Dublin, Ireland.

2011

Gober, P., A. Middel, A. J. Brazel, S. W. Myint, H. Chang, J. D. Duh and L. House-Peters. 2011. Tradeoffs between water conservation and temperature amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for urban sustainability. Presented April 12, 2011 at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Seattle, WA.

2009

Brazel, A. J., K. Crewe and A. Middel. 2009. Tradeoffs between water and heat in Phoenix, Arizona - toward a more climatically sustainable city. Baton Rouge, LA. Presentation at the October 28-31, 32nd Annual Meeting of the Applied Geographers Organization.

Middel, A., B. Hagen, A. J. Brazel and S. W. Myint. 2009. Simulation of possible scenarios for local scale energy balances in residential neighborhoods in Phoenix, AZ USA. Paper presented at the March 23-26, 2009 International Urban Planning and Environment Association 8th International Symposium, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

2008

Middel, A., R. Pahle, P. S. Olech and H. Hagen. 2008. Policy-driven visualization of urban forms for planning support. Paper presented at the October 19-24, 2008 IEEE VisWeek 2008, Visualization, Columbus, Ohio.

Conference Papers

In Press

Lukasczyk, J., A. Middel and H. Hagen. WebGL-based geodata visualization for policy support and decision making. In: Kolditz, O., K. Rink and G. Scheuermann eds., Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis).

2015

Häb, K., A. Middel, B. L. Ruddell and H. Hagen. 2015. TraVis – A visualization framework for mobile transect data sets in an urban climate context. Pp. 167-174 Proceedings of IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium. PacificVis 2015. Hangzhou, China. (link )

2013

Häb, K., A. Middel and H. Hagen. 2013. Using K-means clustering for a spatial analysis of multivariate and time-varying microclimate data. Pp. 1-5 In: Kolditz, O., K. Rink and G. Scheuermann eds., In Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis), 1-5, ftp://date.eecs.jacobs-university.de/confMaterials/Eurovis%202013/EnvirVis/111/0111-paper.pdf. Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis). (link )

Reports

2015

Chuang, W., A. Karner, N. J. Selover, D. M. Hondula, N. Chhetri, A. Middel, M. Roach and B. Dufour. 2015. Arizona Extreme Weather, Climate and Health Profile Report. A report prepared for Arizona Department of Health Services and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative. Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability. (link )

Selover, N. J., A. Middel, N. Chhetri, B. Mackowski and C. J. Sisodiya. 2015. Impact of Solar Parasol Shading on Automobile Temperatures. Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

2014

Middel, A. and N. Chhetri. 2014. City of Phoenix Cool Urban Spaces Project—Urban forestry and cool roofs: Assessment of heat mitigation strategies in Phoenix. Center for Integrated Solutions to Climate Challenges, Arizona State University.

Middel, A., M. Dalrymple and M. DeFilippis. 2014. Assessment of Tempe Canopy Coverage. Walton Global Sustainability Solutions Services.

2013

Middel, A., R. Quay and D. D. White. 2013. Water reuse in central Arizona. Decision Center for a Desert City, Arizona State University. Technical Report 13-01.