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Anthony Brazel

Anthony Brazel
Senior Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
Emeritus Professor, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

abrazel@asu.edu
480-965-7533
Website

School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning
Arizona State University
PO Box 875302
Tempe, AZ 85287-0104

Anthony Brazel is a geographer and climatologist who has written over 100 professional articles and reports on climate, focusing primarily at the local and regional scale. He is an emeritus professor of geography at Arizona State University (ASU). While at ASU he has served as Laboratory of Climatology Director from 1979-1988, Arizona's governor-appointed State Climatologist from 1979-1999, Geography Departmental Chair from 1991-1997, and Manager of the Southwest Center for Environmental Research and Policy through the Center for Environmental Studies from 2001 to 2003. He is a former member of the Board of Urban Environments of the American Meteorological Society and Scholarship Committee of the International Association on Urban Climate. He is a Fellow of American Association of the Advancement of Science and the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science, and editor of the Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. He served as co-program Chair for the Eighth Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, 11-15 January 2009, Phoenix, Arizona. At ASU, he is an affiliate member of Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies Program (Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability - EPA), member of the Climate Science Team of the Decision Center for a Desert City (NSF), and recent past CoPI of the Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Project (NSF).

Current research focus:

  • Urban climate of Phoenix — microclimate using fixed sites, mobile transects, and surface/overflight thermography (with Environmental Fluid Dynamics Program in Engineering).
  • The impacts of the global, regional, and urban climate on ecological variations (Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research – National Science Foundation). Leader CAP LTER Climate and Ecosystem Response Integrated Project Area.
  • Neighborhood-scale microclimate and water loss in the City of Phoenix (Decision Center for a Desert City, National Science Foundation).
  • Regional Southwest USA 20-21st century climate change.

 

PhD, Geography, University of Michigan, 1972

MA, Geography, Rutgers University, 1965

BA, Mathematics, Rutgers University, 1963

Journal Articles

2017

Li, X., Y. Kamarianakis, Y. Ouyang, B. L. Turner II and A. J. Brazel. 2017. On the association between land system architecture and land surface temperatures: Evidence from a desert metropolis -- Phoenix, Arizona. Landscape and Urban Planning 163(2017):107-120. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.009. (link )

2016

Crewe, K., A. J. Brazel and A. Middel. 2016. Desert new urbanism: Testing for comfort in downtown Tempe, Arizona. Journal of Urban Design 21(6):746-763. DOI: 10.1080/13574809.2016.1187558. (link )

Li, X., W. Li, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan, A. J. Brazel and B. L. Turner II. 2016. Remote sensing of the surface urban heat island and land architecture in Phoenix, Arizona: Combined effects of land composition and configuration and cadastral-demographic-economic factors. Remote Sensing of Environment 174(March):233-243. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.022. (link )

2015

Georgescu, M., W. T. Chow, Z. H. Wang, A. J. Brazel, B. Trapido-Lurie, M. Roth and V. Benson-Lira. 2015. Prioritizing urban sustainability solutions: Coordinated approaches must incorporate scale-dependent built environment induced effects. Environmental Research Letters 10(6):061001. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/6/061001. (link )

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, E. Talen, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. Middel, M. Smith, H. Huang and A. J. Brazel. 2015. Does the spatial arrangement of urban landscape matter? Examples of urban warming and cooling in Phoenix and Las Vegas. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 1(4):Art. 15. DOI: 10.1890/EHS14-0028.1. (link )

2014

Kaplan, S., S. W. Myint, C. Fan and A. J. Brazel. 2014. Quantifying outdoor water consumption of urban landuse/land cover: Sensitivity to drought. Environmental Management 53(4):855-864. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-014-0245-7. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2014. Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix local climate zones. Landscape and Urban Planning 122:16-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.004. (link )

2013

Declet-Barreto, J., A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin, W. T. Chow and S. L. Harlan. 2013. Creating the park cool island in an inner-city neighborhood: Heat mitigation strategy for Phoenix, AZ.. Urban Ecosystems 16(3):617-635. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-012-0278-8. (link )

Hartz, D. A., A. J. Brazel and J. S. Golden. 2013. A comparative climate analysis of heat-related emergency 911 dispatches: Chicago, Illinois and Phoenix, Arizona USA 2003 to 2006. International Journal of Biometeorology 57(5):669-678. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0593-z. (link )

Myint, S. W., E. A. Wentz, A. J. Brazel and D. Quattrochi. 2013. The impact of distinct anthropogenic and vegetation features on urban warming. Landscape Ecology 28(5):959-978. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-013-9868-y. (link )

Ruddell, D., D. Hoffman, O. Ahmad and A. Brazel. 2013. Historical threshold temperatures for Phoenix (urban) and Gila Bend (desert), central Arizona, USA. Climate Research 55(3):201-215. DOI: 10.3354/cr01130. (link )

2012

Chow, W. T. and A. J. Brazel. 2012. Assessing xeriscaping as a sustainable heat island mitigation approach for a desert city. Building and Environment 47:170-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.07.027. (link )

Chow, W. T., D. Brennan and A. J. Brazel. 2012. Urban heat island research in Phoenix, Arizona: Theoretical contributions and policy applications. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93(4):517-530. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00011.1. (link )

Gober, P., A. Middel, A. J. Brazel, S. W. Myint, H. Chang, J. D. Duh and L. House-Peters. 2012. Tradeoffs between water conservation and temperature amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for urban sustainability. Urban Geography 33(7):1030-1054. (link )

Hartz, D. A., J. S. Golden, C. Sister, W. Chuang and A. J. Brazel. 2012. Climate and heat-related emergencies in Chicago, Illinois (2003-2006). International Journal of Biometeorology 56(1):71-83. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-010-0398-x. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, P. Gober, S. W. Myint, H. Chang and J. D. Duh. 2012. Land cover, climate, and the summer surface energy balance in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR. International Journal of Climatology 32(13):2020-2032. DOI: 10.1002/joc.2408. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, S. Kaplan and S. W. Myint. 2012. Daytime cooling efficiency and diurnal energy balance in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Climate Research 54(1):21-34. DOI: 10.3354/cr01103. (link )

2011

Chow, W. T., R. L. Pope, C. A. Martin and A. J. Brazel. 2011. Observing and modeling the nocturnal park cool island of an arid city: Horizontal and vertical impacts. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 103(1-2):197-211. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0293-8. (link )

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, B. Hagen and S. W. Myint. 2011. Land cover modification scenarios and their effects on daytime heating in the inner core residential neighborhoods of Phoenix, AZ, USA. Journal of Urban Technology 18(4):61-79. (link )

Myint, S. W., P. Gober, A. J. Brazel, S. Grossman-Clarke and Q. Weng. 2011. Per-pixel versus object-based classification of urban land cover extraction using high spatial resolution imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(5):1145-1161. (link )

2010

Gober, P., A. J. Brazel, R. Quay, S. W. Myint, S. Grossman-Clarke, A. Miller and S. Rossi. 2010. Using watered landscapes to manipulate urban heat island effects: How much water will it take to cool Phoenix?. Journal of the American Planning Association 76(1):109-121. (link )

Myint, S. W., A. J. Brazel, G. Okin and A. Buyantuyev. 2010. Combined effects of impervious surface and vegetation cover on air temperature variations in a rapidly expanding desert city. GIScience and Remote Sensing 47(3):301-320. DOI: 10.2747/1548-1603.47.3.301. (link )

Svoma, B. M. and A. J. Brazel. 2010. Urban effects on the diurnal temperature cycle in Phoenix, Arizona. Climate Research 41(1):21-29. (link )

2009

Brazel, A. J. and G. M. Heisler. 2009. Climatology of urban long-term ecological research sites: Baltimore ecosystem study and Central Arizona-Phoenix. Geography Compass 3(1):22-44. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2008.00189.x. (link )

Harlan, S. L., S. T. Yabiku, L. Larsen and A. J. Brazel. 2009. Household water consumption in an arid city: Affluence, affordance, and attitudes. Society and Natural Resources 22(8):691-709. DOI: 10.1080/08941920802064679. (link )

Sun, C., A. J. Brazel, W. T. Chow, B. C. Hedquist and L. Prashad. 2009. Desert heat island study in winter by mobile transect and remote sensing techniques. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 98:323-335. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-009-0120-. (link )

2008

Golden, J. S., D. A. Hartz, A. J. Brazel, G. Luber and P. Phelan. 2008. A biometeorology study of climate and heat-related morbidity in Phoenix from 2001 to 2006. International Journal of Biometeorology 52(6):471-480. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-007-0142-3. (link )

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, G. D. Jenerette, N. S. Jones, L. Larsen, L. Prashad and W. L. Stefanov. 2008. In the shade of affluence: The inequitable distribution of the urban heat island. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy 15:173-202. (link )

2007

Brazel, A. J. and P. Gober. 2007. Urban-scale climate change effects on water use. Southwest Hydrology 6(5):10-11.

Brazel, A. J., P. Gober, S. J. Lee, S. Grossman-Clarke, J. A. Zehnder, B. C. Hedquist and E. Comparri. 2007. Determinants of changes in the regional urban heat island in metropolitan Phoenix (Arizona, USA) between 1990 and 2004. Climate Research 33(2):171-182. (link )

Jenerette, G. D., S. L. Harlan, A. J. Brazel, N. S. Jones, L. Larsen and W. L. Stefanov. 2007. Regional relationships between surface temperature, vegetation, and human settlement in a rapidly urbanizing ecosystem. Landscape Ecology 22(3):353-365. (link )

2006

Brazel, A. J. 2006. Book review: The Encyclopedia of World Climatology. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 96:829-830.

Golden, J. S., A. J. Brazel, J. Salmond and D. B. Lewis. 2006. Energy and water sustainability -- the role of urban climate change from metropolitan infrastructure. Journal of Engineering for Sustainable Development 1(1):55-70.

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, L. Prashad, W. L. Stefanov and L. Larsen. 2006. Neighborhood microclimates and vulnerability to heat stress. Social Science & Medicine 63(11):2847-2863. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.07.030. (link )

Hartz, D. A., A. J. Brazel and G. M. Heisler. 2006. A case study in resort climatology of Phoenix, Arizona, USA. International Journal of Biometeorology 51(1):73-83. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-006-0036-9. (link )

Hartz, D. A., L. Prashad, B. C. Hedquist, J. S. Golden and A. J. Brazel. 2006. Linking satellite images and handheld infrared thermography to observed neighborhood climate conditions. Remote Sensing of Environment (Urban Thermal Special Issue) 104(2):190-200. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2005.12.019. (link )

Hedquist, B. C. and A. J. Brazel. 2006. Urban, residential, and rural climate comparisons from mobile transects and fixed stations: Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 38(2):77-87. (link )

Warren, P. S., M. V. Katti, M. Ermann and A. J. Brazel. 2006. Urban bioacoustics: It's not just noise. Animal Behaviour 71(3):491-502. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2005.07.014. (link )

2005

Brazel, A. J., H. J. Fernando, J. C. Hunt, N. J. Selover, B. C. Hedquist and E. Pardyjak. 2005. Evening transition observations in Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Applied Meteorology 44(1):99-112. (link )

Stabler, L. B., C. A. Martin and A. J. Brazel. 2005. Microclimates in a desert city were related to land use and vegetation index. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 3:137-147. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2004.11.001. (link )

2004

Hawkins, T. W., A. J. Brazel, W. L. Stefanov, W. Bigler and E. M. Saffell. 2004. The role of rural variability in urban heat island determination for Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Applied Meteorology 43(3):476-486. (link )

2003

Brazel, A. J. 2003. Future climate in central Arizona: Heat and the role of urbanization. Research Vignette 2. (link )

2002

Baker, L. A., A. J. Brazel, N. J. Selover, C. A. Martin, N. E. McIntyre, F. R. Steiner, A. L. Nelson and L. R. Musacchio. 2002. Urbanization and warming of Phoenix (Arizona, USA): Impacts, feedbacks, and mitigation. Urban Ecosystems 6(3):183-203. (link )

Brazel, A. J. and K. Crewe. 2002. Preliminary test of a surface heat island model (SHIM) and implications for a desert urban environment. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 34(2):98-105. (link )

2000

Brazel, A. J., N. J. Selover, R. Vose and G. Heisler. 2000. The tale of two climates -- Baltimore and Phoenix urban LTER sites. Climate Research 15(2):123-135. (link )

1995

Berman, N. S., D. L. Boyer, A. J. Brazel, S. W. Brazel, R. R. Chen, H. J. Fernando and M. J. Fitch. 1995. Synoptic classification and physical model experiments to guide field studies in complex terrain. Journal of Applied Meteorology 34:719-730.

1993

Brazel, A. J., G. J. McCabe and H. J. Verville. 1993. Incident solar radiation simulated by general circulation models for the southwestern United States.. Climatic Research 177-181.

1992

Stoll, M. J. and A. J. Brazel. 1992. Surface/air temperature relationships in the urban environment.. Physical Geography (2):160-179.

1990

Bryant, N. A., L. F. Johnson, A. J. Brazel, R. C. Balling, C. F. Hutchinson and D. D. Beck. 1990. Measuring the effect of overgrazing in the Sonoran Desert. Climate Change 103-124.

1987

Lougeay, R., T. A. Miller and A. J. Brazel. 1987. Monitoring changing desert biomass through video digitization of Landsat MSS data: An application to dust storm generation.. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 53(9):1251-1254.

1980

Brazel, A. J. and D. M. Johnson. 1980. Land use effects on temperature and humidity in the Salt River Valley, Arizona. J. Ariz. Nev. Acad. Sci. 54-61.

Book Chapters

2015

Ruddell, D., A. Brazel, W. Chow and A. Middel. 2015. The urban heat island effect and sustainability science: Causes, impacts, and solutions. Pp. Chapter 13 In: Pijawka, D. ed., Sustainability in the 21st Century: Pathways, Programs, and Policies. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN: 9781465266712.

2013

Brazel, A. J. 2013. Scales of climate in designing with the desert. Pp. 59-72 In: Malloy, R., J. H. Brock, A. Floyd, M. Livingston and R. H. Webb eds., Design with the Desert: Conservation and Sustainable Development. CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. Boca Raton, FL.

2012

Ruddell, D. M., A. J. Brazel and W. T. Chow. 2012. The urban heat island effect and sustainability science: Causes, impacts, and solutions. Pp. 167-184 In: Pijawka, K. and M. A. Gromulat eds., Understanding Sustainable Cities: Concepts, Cases, and Solutions. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company.

2010

Heisler, G. M. and A. J. Brazel. 2010. The urban physical environment: Temperature and urban heat islands. Pp. 29-56 In: Aitkenhead-Peterson, J. and A. Volder eds., Urban Ecosystem Ecology. American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Crop Science Society of America, Inc., and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.

2009

Wentz, E. A., W. L. Stefanov, M. Netzband, M. S. Moller and A. J. Brazel. 2009. The urban environmental monitoring/100 cities project: Legacy of the first phase and next steps. Pp. 191-204 In: Gamba, P. and M. Herold eds., Global Mapping of Human Settlement: Experiences, Datasets, and Prospects. CRC Press. Boca Raton, London, New York.

2008

Brazel, A. J. 2008. Urban climate. In: Dando, A. ed., Climate Change and Variation: A Primer for Teachers. Vol 1. National Council on Geographic Education.

2007

Brazel, A. J. 2007. Urbanization and climate. In: Dando, W. A. ed., Climate Change and Variation: A Primer for Teachers. National Council for Geographic Education.

Stefanov, W. L. and A. J. Brazel. 2007. Challenges in characterizing and mitigating urban heat islands: A role for integrated approaches including remote sensing. Pp. 219-223 In: Netzband, M. and W. L. Stefanov eds., Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning, Governance and Sustainability. Springer-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg.

Stefanov, W. L. and A. J. Brazel. 2007. Challenges in characterizing and mitigating urban heat islands: A role for integrated approaches including remote sensing. In: Netzband, M. and W. L. Stefanov eds., Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning, Governance and Sustainability. Springer-Verlag.

2006

Hartz, D. A. and A. J. Brazel. 2006. The impact of the urban heat island on frosts and freezes in Phoenix, Arizona. Pp. 594-597 Preprints, 6th International Conference on Urban Climate.

2004

Baker, L. A., A. J. Brazel and P. K. Westerhoff. 2004. Environmental consequences of rapid urbanization in warm, arid lands: case study of Phoenix, Arizona (USA). The Sustainable City III. WIT Press. Boston, MA.

2003

Brazel, A. J. and A. W. Ellis. 2003. The climate of central Arizona and Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research site (CAP LTER) and links to ENSO. In: Greenland, D., D. Goodwin and R. C. Smith eds., Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-term Ecological Research Sites. Oxford University Press. Oxford.

1987

Brazel, A. J. 1987. Urban climatology. Pp. 888-901 In: Oliver, J. E. and R. W. Fairbridge eds., Van Nostrand Reinhold. New York.

1978

Brazel, A. J. 1978. Analysis of comparability of data and of spatial variability of data.. Pp. 11-20 Department of Energy.

Posters

2015

Brazel, A. J., K. Crewe, A. Middel and S. Kaplan. 2015. Mill Avenue, Tempe, AZ downtowm microclimate - an APA-Designated Best Street. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20-24, 2015, Tourlouse, France.

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. J. Brazel, A. Middel and M. Smith. 2015. Exploring the influence of built and vegetative features on urban warming and cooling: Does spatial arrangement matter?. Poster presented at the 20th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), January 4-8, 2015, Phoenix, AZ.

2014

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, B. Turner II, S. Harlan and A. Brazel. 2014. Parcel-level land architecture and land surface temperature in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, B. L. Turner II, S. L. Harlan and A. J. Brazel. 2014. The impact of the parcel-level land architecture on land surface temperature in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. Poster presented at the AGU Fall Meeting, December 15-19, 2014, San Francisco, California.

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Linking shading patterns of trees in Phoenix, AZ, to thermal comfort. Poster presented at the 11th Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society 94th Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2014, Atlanta, GA.

Middel, A., K. Häb, B. L. Ruddell, A. J. Brazel and C. A. Martin. 2014. Understanding the physical dynamics of microclimate: Ongoing research projects. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., S. Kaplan and A. J. Brazel. 2014. Impact of land cover on local climate - The case study of Las Vegas, NV. Poster presented at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 8-12, 2014, Tampa, FL.

Myint, S. W., B. Zheng, C. Fan, S. Kaplan, A. J. Brazel, A. Middel and M. Smith. 2014. Does the spatial arrangement of vegetation and anthropogenic land cover features matter? Case studies of urban warming and cooling in Phoenix and Las Vegas. Poster presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, December 15-19, 2014, San Francisco, California.

2013

Bleasdale, T., K. Parady, J. Declet-Barreto, D. M. Ruddell, S. L. Harlan and A. J. Brazel. 2013. A web-based interactive timeline of social-environmental change in central south Phoenix: 1860-2012. Poster presented at the 11 January 2013, 15th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting 2013, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Lorenz, D., M. Georgescu and A. J. Brazel. 2013. Assessing climate impacts of projected continental U.S. urban expansion. Poster presented at the 11 January 2013, 15th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting 2013, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2013. Impact of urban form and design on mid-afternoon microclimate in Phoenix neighborhoods. Poster presented at the 11 January 2013, 15th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting 2013, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

2012

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, S. Kaplan and S. W. Myint. 2012. Summer cooling efficiency of landscapes in Phoenix, AZ. Poster presented at 13 January 2012 CAP LTER 14th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Middel, A., K. Häb, J. P. Erickson, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2012. Impact of microclimate on residential energy consumption in different Phoenix Arizona neighborhood types. Poster presented on October 4, 2012 at the PhD Design, Environment, and the Arts Student Research Poster Exhibit and Reception, Tempe, AZ, 2012.

2011

Middel, A., A. J. Brazel, P. Gober, S. W. Myint, H. Chang and J. D. Duh. 2011. Impacts of weather variability on turbulent heat fluxes in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 12-13 January 2011 CAP LTER 13th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

Ruddell, D. M., E. A. Wentz, A. J. Brazel, J. Declet, P. G. Dixon, P. Gober, S. Grossman-Clarke, S. L. Harlan and S. R. Kelley. 2011. Environmental tradeoffs in a desert city: An investigation of water use, energy consumption, and local air temperature in Phoenix, AZ. Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the 12-13 January 2011 CAP LTER 13th Annual Poster Symposium and All Scientist Meeting, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University. (link )

2010

Declet-Barreto, J., A. J. Brazel, M. Smimizu-Menke, S. L. Harlan and . Sherman Park Neighborhood Assoc. 2010. Linking urban heat island research to community-based greening efforts: Collaborative research in community partnership. Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Poster presented at the January 14, 2010 12th Annual Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability.

Hoffman, D. A., O. Ahmad, D. M. Ruddell and A. J. Brazel. 2010. A historical analysis of threshold temperatures in Phoenix, AZ. Poster presented on May 5, 2010 at the Community of Undergraduate/Graduate Research Scholars (COURS) Poster Session, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2008

Hartz, D. A., J. S. Golden and A. J. Brazel. 2008. Heat-related morbidity: Phoenix, Arizona (2001-2006). Poster presented at 10 January 2008 CAP LTER 10th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Mensing, H. and A. J. Brazel. 2008. Rural to urban temperature gradients: CAP LTER in context of the recent trends in the Mohave and Sonoran Desert region. Poster presented at 10 January 2008 CAP LTER 10th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2006

Buyantuyev, A., A. J. Brazel and C. Eisinger. 2006. Estimating heat fluxes and the urban heat island (UHI) of Phoenix with remote sensing and meteorological data. Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Hartz, D. A., J. S. Golden, A. J. Brazel, B. C. Hedquist and K. E. Kaloush. 2006. Case study of thermographic observations of surface materials' cooling rates and neighborhood design in suburban Phoenix, Arizona. Poster presented at the January 28, 2006 American Meteorological Society's Sixth Symposium on the Urban Environment, Atlanta, GA.

Hedquist, B. C., E. Comparri, J. A. Zehnder, S. Grossman-Clarke, A. J. Brazel and P. Gober. 2006. Spatial expansion of the greater Phoenix urban heat island (1990-2004). Poster presented at the 19 January 2006 CAP LTER 8th Annual Poster Symposium, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2005

Hartz, D. A., B. C. Hedquist, L. Prashad, J. S. Golden and A. J. Brazel. 2005. Linking satellite (ASTER) images and thermography to observed neighborhood climate conditions for use in urban heat island research. Poster presented at the October 2005 Annual Meeting of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers, Phoenix, AZ.

Prashad, L., A. J. Brazel, J. S. Golden, B. C. Hedquist, S. L. Harlan and D. Sherwood. 2005. Remote sensing and climate from north to south in CAP LTER. Poster presented at the 19 January 2005 CAP LTER Seventh Annual Poster Symposium, International Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2004

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, D. Jenerette, N. S. Jones, L. Larsen, L. Preshad and W. L. Stefanov. 2004. Neighborhood ecosystems: Human-climate interactions in a desert metropolis. Poster presented at the 23 February 2004 Sixth Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University. Tempe, AZ. (link )

Hedquist, B. C. and A. J. Brazel. 2004. Urban heat island (UHI) measures for the S.E. metropolitan area of CAP LTER: Transects versus fixed stations. Poster presented at the 23 February 2004 Sixth Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University. Tempe, AZ. (link )

Prashad, L., W. L. Stefanov, A. J. Brazel and S. L. Harlan. 2004. Defining temperature and vegetation connections at neighborhood and regional scales in Phoenix, Arizona, using remotely sensed and ground-based measurements. Poster presented at the 23 February 2004 Sixth Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University. Tempe, AZ. (link )

2003

Jones, T., A. J. Brazel, C. Eisinger, S. L. Harlan, B. C. Hedquist, S. E. Grineski, D. Jenerette, L. Larsen, M. A. Lord, J. Parker, L. Prashad, N. J. Selover, W. L. Stefanov and D. Zeigler. 2003. Neighborhood ecosystems: Human-vegetation-climate interactions in a desert metropolis. Poster presented February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Kaye, M., A. J. Brazel, M. Netzband and M. V. Katti. 2003. Perspectivies on a decade of climate in the CAP LTER Region. Presented at February 19, 2003, CAP LTER Fifth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Prashad, L., W. L. Stefanov, A. J. Brazel and S. L. Harlan. 2003. Defining temperatures and vegetation connections at neighborhood and regional scales in Phoenix, Arizona, using remotely sensed and ground based measurements. Poster presented at 8-12 December 2003, AZENet Conference, Casa Grande, AZ.

2002

Bolin, B., A. J. Brazel, T. W. Collins, S. E. Grineski, E. J. Hackett and M. O'Donnell. 2002. Community-based research: Environmental conditions, human health, and the quality of life. Poster presented at the January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Brazel, A. J. and N. J. Selover. 2002. The evening transition in Phoenix. Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Hedquist, B. C. and A. J. Brazel. 2002. The use of GIS and visualization tools to interpret microclimate change along the Phoenix East Valley urban fringe. Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

Tomalty, R. and A. J. Brazel. 2002. Variation of solar atenuation with height in CAP LTER. Poster presented at January 17, 2002, CAP LTER Fourth Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. (link )

2001

Brazel, A. J., C. A. Martin, D. Hope, A. W. Ellis, G. Heisler, L. A. Baker, J. R. Anderson, N. J. Selover, L. B. Stabler, R. Tomalty and J. M. Blair. 2001. CAP LTER climate. Poster presented at the January 19, 2001, CAP LTER Third Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ. (link )

2000

Blair, J. M., M. J. Taylor and A. J. Brazel. 2000. Urban climate change: Defining the magnitude of islands and oases. Poster presented at 19 January 2000, CAP LTER Second Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

1999

Brazel, A. J. 1999. Simulations of urban climate in Scottsdale, AZ. Poster presented at the 22 January 1999, CAP LTER First Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe.

Presentations

2017

Brazel, A. J. and A. Middel. 2017. Microclimate 1930 to now in Tempe, AZ. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )

Middel, A., C. Wang, S. Kaplan, J. Lukasczyk, S. Myint and A. Brazel. 2017. Local climate zones in arid cities -- an assessment for Phoenix, AZ and Las Vegas, NV, USA. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA. (link )

2016

Brazel, A. J. and A. Middel. 2016. Evaluation of an urban network (AZMET) in the Phoenix metro area. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Li, X., A. J. Brazel, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan and B. L. Turner II. 2016. The combined impact of land architecture and socio-economic factors on surface urban heat island effects in Phoenix, Arizona. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Wagner, M., A. J. Brazel, V. Benson-Lira, D. Hoots, M. M. Smith and A. Middel. 2016. Thermal comfort and extreme heat: A summertime assessment of RayMan Model sensitivity in downtown Tempe, AZ. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annal Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, LA. (link )

2014

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, A. J. Brazel and B. L. Turner II. 2014. Near-ground air temperature and landscape architecture in Phoenix, AZ: A spatio-temporal assessment. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 8-12, 2014, Tampa, FL.

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and B. L. Ruddell. 2014. Linking shading patterns of trees in Phoenix, AZ, to thermal comfort. Presentation at the 11th Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society 94th Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2014, Atlanta, GA.

2012

Brazel, A. J. 2012. Modeling regional and local climate: The case of Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Presented August 13, 2012 to the Computer Graphics and HCI Group, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany.

Middel, A., K. Häb, A. J. Brazel, C. A. Martin and S. Guhathakurta. 2012. Urban form, landscape design, and microclimate in Phoenix, Arizona. Paper presented August 10, 2012 at the 8th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC8), August 6-10, 2012, Dublin, Ireland.

2011

Gober, P., A. Middel, A. J. Brazel, S. W. Myint, H. Chang, J. D. Duh and L. House-Peters. 2011. Tradeoffs between water conservation and temperature amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for urban sustainability. Presented April 12, 2011 at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Seattle, WA.

Ruddell, D., D. Hoffman, O. Ahmad and A. J. Brazel. 2011. An analysis of historical threshold temperatures in Phoenix, AZ. Presented April 13, 2011 at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Seattle, WA.

2010

Brazel, A. J. 2010. Mitigating and adapting to heat islands under a warming climate in Phoenix, Arizona. Presented April 15 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC.

Chow, W. T. and A. J. Brazel. 2010. Urban heat island research in Phoenix, Arizona: A historical overview and future challenges to sustainability and climate change. Presentation at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Washington, D.C.

Myint, S. W., E. A. Wentz and A. J. Brazel. 2010. The impact of man-made features and natural landscapes on urban warming. Presented at the International Conference on Urbanization and Global Environmental Change, October 15-17, 2010, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

Wentz, E. A., S. W. Myint and A. J. Brazel. 2010. Outdoor water consumption and the impact on urban heat in Phoenix, Arizona. Presented April 18, 2010 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Washington, D.C.

2009

Brazel, A. J., K. Crewe and A. Middel. 2009. Tradeoffs between water and heat in Phoenix, Arizona - toward a more climatically sustainable city. Baton Rouge, LA. Presentation at the October 28-31, 32nd Annual Meeting of the Applied Geographers Organization.

Brazel, A. J., P. Gober, S. Grossman-Clarke, S. W. Myint, R. Quay, A. Miller, S. Rossi and S. Grimmond. 2009. Mitigating urban heat island effects with water- and energy-sensitive urban designs. Phoenix, AZ. Presentation on January 15, 2009 at the Eighth Symposium on the Urban Environment and 89th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, Arizona.

Hedquist, B. C., A. J. Brazel, S. Di Sabatino, W. Carter and H. J. Fernando. 2009. Phoenix urban heat island experiment: Micrometeorological aspects. Phoenix, AZ. Presented at the Eighth Conference on the Urban Environment at the January 10-15, 89th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society.

Hedquist, B. C., S. Di Sabatino, H. J. Fernando, L. S. Leo and A. J. Brazel. 2009. Results from the Phoenix, Arizona, urban heat island experiment. Yokohama, Japan. Presented at the Seventh International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC-7).

Middel, A., B. Hagen, A. J. Brazel and S. W. Myint. 2009. Simulation of possible scenarios for local scale energy balances in residential neighborhoods in Phoenix, AZ USA. Paper presented at the March 23-26, 2009 International Urban Planning and Environment Association 8th International Symposium, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

2008

Brazel, A. J. 2008. Benefits to society of urban climate research. Paper presented at the April 18, 2008 Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Boston, MA.

2007

2007. Household water consumption in an arid city: Affluence, affordance, and attitudes. Presented August 11, 2007 at the 102nd annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York, NY.

Brazel, A. J. 2007. Global climate change. Presented at the Spirit of the Senses salon.

Brazel, A. J. 2007. Heat islands and global change. Paper presented at the October 19, 2007 92nd Annual Meeting of the National Council for Geographic Education, Oklahoma City, O.

Brazel, A. J. 2007. Phoenix heat islands. Presented at March 2007 Association of American Georgraphers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Brazel, A. J. 2007. Snow and ice and climate change - southwest and global perspectives. Presented at the November 3, 2007 2nd Annual Emeritus College Symposium on Environmental Changes: Science, Politics, and Culture, Tempe, AZ.

Brazel, A. J., S. L. Harlan, W. L. Stefanov, D. Jenerette, L. Larsen and N. S. Jones. 2007. Shaping of neighborhood microclimates. Presented at the August 6-10, 2007 Ecological Restoration in a Changing World at the 92 Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in conjunction with the Society for Ecological Restoration 18th International Conference, San Jose, CA.

Harlan, S. L., S. T. Yabiku, L. Larsen and A. J. Brazel. 2007. Household water consumption in an arid city: Affluence, affordance, and attitudes. Presented at the August 10-13, 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York, NY.

2006

Brazel, A. J. and N. J. Selover. 2006. Diurnal regimes of evaporation at Tempe Town Lake, Arizona. Poster presented September 2006 to the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers. Eugene, OR.

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, L. Prashad, W. L. Stefanov and L. Larsen. 2006. Neighborhood environments and vulnerability to heat stress. Presented August 11, 2006 at the 101st annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal, Canada.

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, L. Preshad, W. L. Stefanov and L. Larsen. 2006. Neighborhood environments and vulnerability to heat stress. Presented at the August 6-11 2006 91st Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal, Canada.

Hartz, D. A. and A. J. Brazel. 2006. The impact of the urban heat island on frosts and freezes in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Presentation at the June 2006, Sixth International Conference on Urban Climate, Goteborg, Sweden.

2005

Brazel, A. J. 2005. Latest urban climate research at ASU. Presented at the December 6, 2005 Greater Phoenix Water Educators Forum, Tempe, AZ.

2004

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, W. L. Stefanov, L. Larsen, S. E. Grineski, N. S. Jones, J. Parker and L. Prashad. 2004. Inequality for the 21st century: Social class, ethnicity, and vulnerability to climate change. Presentation 15-18 April 2004 at the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Harlan, S. L., A. J. Brazel, W. L. Stefanov, L. Prashad, S. E. Grineski, T. Jones and J. Parker. 2004. An interdisciplinary investigation of social class, ethnicity, and exposure to urban climate change. Presentation at the Globalization and the Environmental Justice Movement Symposium, Tucson, AZ.

2000

Anderson, J. R. and A. J. Brazel. 2000. A look at spatial and temporal climate change on the urban fringe. Presented at the 14-18 August 2000 Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society, University of California, Davis, CA.

Brazel, A. J. and G. Heisler. 2000. Some considerations in using climate data from existing weather stations or installing stations for research in Baltimore and Phoenix urban LTER sites. Presented at the 14-18 August 2000, Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society, University of California, Davis.

Chambers, F. and A. J. Brazel. 2000. Heating and cooling in Colorado mining towns. Presented at the 14-18 August 2000, Third Symposium on Urban Environment, American Meteoreological Society, University of California, Davis.

Martin, C. A., L. B. Stabler and A. J. Brazel. 2000. Summer and winter patterns of air temperature and humidity under calm conditions in relation to urban land use. Presented at 14-18 August 2000 Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society, University of California, Davis.

Tomalty, R. and A. J. Brazel. 2000. Urban influences on solar radiation in CAP LTER.. Proceedings on Urban Environment, Conference of the AMS, Davis, CA.

1999

Brazel, A. J., J. R. Anderson and N. J. Selover. 1999. Microclimate and housing waves along the urban fringe. Presented at the Proceedings Biometeorology and Urban Climatology at the Turn of the Millennium, International Congress of Biometeorology and International Conference on Urban Climatology, 8-12 November, Sydney, Australia.

Conference Papers

2006

Beeson, C., D. Blumberg, A. J. Brazel and L. Shashua-Bar. 2006. Combined methods of thermal remote sensing and mobile climate transects in Beer Sheva, Israel. Pp. 1-5 Tempe, AZ. April 14-16, 2006.

2004

Hartz, D. A., A. J. Brazel and G. M. Heisler. 2004. A case study in resort climatology of Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Stefanov, W. L., L. Prashad, C. Eisinger, A. J. Brazel and S. L. Harlan. 2004. Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area using MASTER data. Pp. 1339-1347 Istanbul, Turkey. Invited presentation at the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 20th Quadrennial Conference. . (link )

2003

Brazel, A. J., S. Grossman-Clarke, J. A. Zehnder and B. C. Hedquist. 2003. Observations and MM5 simulations of the urban heat island in Phoenix, Arizona, USA with a modified land cover scheme. Lodz, Poland.