Skip to Content
Billie Turner II

Billie Turner II

Professor, School of Sustainability

Billie.L.Turner@asu.edu

480-965-1535

School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning
Arizona State University
PO Box 875302
Tempe, AZ 85287-5302

Biography

B. L. Turner II is a geographer and human-environmental scientist who works on land change from prehistory to present, urban land system design, vulnerability and resilience, and sustainability.  He works on deforestation, primarily in Mexico and Central America, and urban design in arid environments, especially the American Southwest.

Professor Turner has been involved in a number of international and national science programs examining global environmental change including those dealing with land systems of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, the International Human Dimensions Programme, DIVERSITAS, and the U.S. National Climate Assessment, and is a senior review editor for Climate Change and Land: An IPCC Special Report.  He is also the Associate Editor of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences focused on sustainability.

He teaches courses society and environment, sustainability, and land systems.

Titles Held

  • Distinguished Sustainability Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
  • Professor, School of Sustainability
  • Regents' Professor and Gilbert F White Professor of Environment and Society, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability

Education

  • PhD, Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1974
  • MA, Geography, University of Texas at Austin, 1969
  • BS, Geography, University of Texas at Austin, 1968

Expertise

External Links

Journal Articles

2017

Li, X., Y. Kamarianakis, Y. Ouyang, B. L. Turner II and A. J. Brazel. 2017. On the association between land system architecture and land surface temperatures: Evidence from a desert metropolis -- Phoenix, Arizona. Landscape and Urban Planning 163(2017):107-120. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.02.009. (link )

Zhang, Y., A. T. Murray and B. L. Turner II. 2017. Optimizing green space locations to reduce daytime and nighttime urban heat island effects in Phoenix, Arizona. Landscape and Urban Planning 165:162-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.04.009. (link )

2016

Galletti, C. S., B. L. Turner II and S. W. Myint. 2016. Land changes and their drivers in the cloud forest and coastal zone of Dhofar, Oman, between 1988 and 2013. Regional Environmental Changes 16(7):2141-2153. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-016-0942-2. (link )

Li, X., W. Li, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan, A. J. Brazel and B. L. Turner II. 2016. Remote sensing of the surface urban heat island and land architecture in Phoenix, Arizona: Combined effects of land composition and configuration and cadastral-demographic-economic factors. Remote Sensing of Environment 174(March):233-243. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.022. (link )

Turner II, B. L. 2016. Land system architecture for urban sustainability: New directions for land system science illustrated by application to the urban heat island problem. Journal of Land Use Science 11(6):689-697. DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2016.1241315. (link )

Wentz, E. A., S. Rode, X. Li, E. M. Tellman and B. L. Turner II. 2016. Impact of Homeowner Association (HOA) landscaping guidelines on residential water use. Water Resources Research 52(5):3373-3386. DOI: 10.1002/2015WR018238. (link )

2015

Laney, R. and B. L. Turner II. 2015. The persistence of self-provisioning among smallholder farmers in northeast Madagascar. Human Ecology 43(6):811-826. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-015-9791-8. (link )

2014

Anadon, J. D., O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner II and E. M. Bennett. 2014. Effect of woody-plant encroachment on livestock production in North and South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(35):12948-12953. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320585111. (link )

Li, X., S. W. Myint, Y. Zhang, C. S. Galletti and B. L. Turner II. 2014. Object-based land-cover classification for metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona, using aerial photography. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 33:321-330. DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2014.04.018 . (link )

2012

Neeti, N., J. Rogan, Z. Christman, J. R. Eastman, M. Millones, L. Schneider, E. Nickl, B. Schmook, B. L. Turner II and B. Ghimire. 2012. Mapping seasonal trends in vegetation using AVHRR-NDVI time series in the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Remote Sensing Letters 3(5):433-442. DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2011.616238. (link )

Turner II, B. L. and J. A. Sabloff. 2012. Classic Period collapse of the Central Maya Lowlands: Insights about human–environment relationships for sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(35):13908-13914. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1210106109. (link )

2011

Kinzig, A. P., C. K. Perrings, F. S. Chapin III, S. Polasky, V. K. Smith, D. Tilman and B. L. Turner II. 2011. Paying for ecosystem services—promise and peril. Science 334:603-604. DOI: 10.1126/science.1210297. (link )

2010

Dearing, J., A. K. Braimoh, A. Reenberg, B. L. Turner II and S. E. van der Leeuw. 2010. Complex land systems: The need for long time perspectives to assess their future. Ecology and Society 15(4):Art 21. (link )

Turner II, B. L. 2010. Land change in the southern Yucatán: Case studies in land change science. Regional Environmental Change 10(3):169-174. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-010-0129-1. (link )

Turner II, B. L. 2010. Vulnerability and resilience: Coalescing or paralleling approaches for sustainability science?. Global Environmental Change 20(4):570-576. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.07.003. (link )

Turner II, B. L. and M. Fischer-Kowalski. 2010. Ester Boserup: An interdisciplinary visionary relevant for sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(51):21963-21965. DOI: 1073/pnas.1013972108. (link )

2008

Turner, B. L. and P. Robbins. 2008. Land change science and political ecology: Similarities, differences, and implications for sustainability science. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 33:295-316. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.environ.33.022207.104943. (link )

2007

Clark, W. C., R. W. Kates, J. F. Richards, J. T. Mathews, W. B. Meyer, B. L. Turner II, S. T. Pickett, C. G. Boone and M. L. Cadenasso. 2007. Relationships of environmental justice to ecological theory. Bulletin for the Ecological Society of America 88:166-170. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9623(2007)88[166:ROEJTE]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Reynolds, J. F., M. Stafford-Smith, E. F. Lambin, B. L. Turner II, M. Mortimore, S. P. Batterbury, T. E. Downing, H. Dowlatabadi, R. J. Fernandez, J. E. Herrick, E. Huber-Sannwald, H. Jiang, R. Leemans, T. Lynam, F. T. Maetre, M. Ayarza and B. Walker. 2007. Global desertification: Building a science for dryland development. Science 316(5826):847-851. DOI: 10.1126/science.1131634. (link )

Turner II, B. L., E. F. Lambin and A. Reenberg. 2007. The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(52):20666-20671. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0704119104. (link )

Book Chapters

2013

Grimm, N. B., C. L. Redman, C. G. Boone, D. L. Childers, S. L. Harlan and B. L. Turner II. 2013. Viewing the urban socioecological system through a sustainability lens: Lessons and prospects from the Central Arizona–Phoenix LTER Program. Pp. 217-246 In: Singh, S. J., H. Haberl, M. Chertow and M. Mirtl eds., Long Term Socio-Ecological Research. Springer.

Posters

2017

Smith, J. P., X. Li and B. L. Turner II. 2017. Lots of potential: Urban vacant land identification from high resolution remote sensing imagery. Poster presented at the 19th Annual Central-Arizona Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 13 January 2017, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

2016

Zhang, Y., X. Li and B. L. Turner II. 2016. Long Term Land-Cover Mapping in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. Poster presented at the AAAS 2016 Annual Meeting, February 14, 2016, Washington, D. C.. (link )

2015

Li, X., S. R. Shaffer, A. Mahalov, B. L. Turner II, M. Georgescu, I. Kamarianakis, E. Mack and M. Moustaoui. 2015. High-resolution fractional land-cover classification and infuence of multi-scale aggregation method for urban applications. Poster presented at the 16th Annual WRF Users Workshop, 17 June 2015, Boulder, CO. (link )

Zhang, Y. and B. L. Turner. 2015. Discovering land-cover typology of residential parcels in metropolitan Phoenix. Poster presented at the AAAS 2015 Annual Meeting, February 12-16, 2015, San Jose, CA.

Zhang, Y. and B. L. Turner. 2015. Discovering land-cover typology of residential parcels in metropolitan Phoenix. Poster presented at the Decision Center for a Desert City Annual Poster Symposium, April 27, 2015, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

2014

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, B. Turner II, S. Harlan and A. Brazel. 2014. Parcel-level land architecture and land surface temperature in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, B. L. Turner II, S. L. Harlan and A. J. Brazel. 2014. The impact of the parcel-level land architecture on land surface temperature in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. Poster presented at the AGU Fall Meeting, December 15-19, 2014, San Francisco, California.

Rode, S., E. A. Wentz, X. Li and B. L. Turner II. 2014. The impact of homeowner association landscape guidelines on residential water use. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CAP LTER Poster Symposium and All Scientists Meeting, January 17, 2014, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Stephenson, R., D. Sversvold and B. L. Turner II. 2014. Impacts of foreclosure on single family residential landscapes. Poster presented at the Decision Center for a Desert City Annual Poster Symposium, April 28, 2014, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

Presentations

2016

Li, X., A. J. Brazel, A. Middel, S. L. Harlan and B. L. Turner II. 2016. The combined impact of land architecture and socio-economic factors on surface urban heat island effects in Phoenix, Arizona. Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2016 Annual Meeting, March 29-April 2, 2016, San Francisco, CA. (link )

2014

Li, X., Y. Ouyang, A. J. Brazel and B. L. Turner II. 2014. Near-ground air temperature and landscape architecture in Phoenix, AZ: A spatio-temporal assessment. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, April 8-12, 2014, Tampa, FL.

Conference Papers

2012

Atsurni, S., J. M. Berman, G. Dantas, C. M. Febria, W. Liao, M. Talley, B. Tansel, K. M. Twigg, P. K. Westerhoff and F. You. 2012. IDR Team Summary 2: Identify what resources can be produced renewably or recovered by developing intense technologies that can be applied on a massive scale. In: Carpenter, S. R., A. V. Diez Roux, G. Hornberger, H. Mooney, M. G. Morgan, R. Morss, S. P. Murphy, S. Polasky, W. Reid, B. E. Rittmann and B. L. Turner II eds., Washington, DC. Interdisciplinary Research Team Summaries from 10-13 November 2011 Conference at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center,. (link )

Brouder, S. M., F. A. DeClerck, P. S. Kettlewell, A. M. Latta, E. F. Moran, S. C. Murray, T. L. Rabaey, P. K. Riggs, J. B. Ristaino, D. Rose and O. E. Sala. 2012. IDR Team Summary 5: Design production systems for ecosystem services that improve human outcomes related to food and nutrition. In: Carpenter, S. R., A. V. Diez Roux, G. Hornberger, H. Mooney, M. G. Morgan, R. Morss, S. P. Murphy, S. Polasky, W. Reid, B. E. Rittmann and B. L. Turner II eds., Washington, DC. Interdisciplinary Research Team Summaries from 10-13 November 2011 Conference at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center,. (link )

2012. Ecosystem Services: Charting a Path to Sustainability. In: Carpenter, S. R., A. V. Diez Roux, G. Hornberger, H. Mooney, M. G. Morgan, R. Morgan, S. P. Murphy, S. Polasky, W. Reid, B. E. Rittmann and B. L. Turner II eds., Washington, DC. Interdisciplinary Research Team Summaries from 10-13 November 2011 Conference at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center,. (link )

Reports

1995

Turner II, B. L., D. Skole, S. Sanderson, G. Fischer, L. Fresco and R. Leemans. 1995. Land-use and land-cover change. Science/Research Plan.. IGBP Report No. 35 and HDP Report No.7.