Current Research

Browse by Title

# | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z 

100 Cities Project: Sensing for Solutions – Bridging Cities and Science »

This project uses remote-sensing technology to detect patterns of urbanization and their environmental consequences in 100 cities across the globe.

A Research Network for Computational Modeling in the Socioecological Sciences »

This project establishes a scientific research collaboration network to support and expand the development and use of computational modeling in the social and life sciences.

Adaptive Pathways to Climate Change (APaCC): Livestock and Livelihood Systems in Gandaki River Basin »

This project is designed to elucidate spatial and temporal dimensions of the adaptive capacities of farmers and livestock keepers vulnerable to exposure of climate and other livelihood stressors, and link this understanding to locally relevant climate adaptation portfolio in the Gandaki River Basin of the Western region of Nepal.

Advanced Photovoltaics Center »

APC focuses on disruptive and revolutionary technologies for photovoltaic power conversion based on non-traditional ultra-high efficiency, low-cost solar cells. The research center leverages ASU's large scale prototyping capabilities.

Advanced Technology Innovation Center »

ATIC's mission is to develop highly effective and efficient solutions by using the most skilled contemporary science and technology talent to foster collaborations. ATIC is supported financially by the College of Technology and Innovation and the Office of Knowledge Enterprise Development.

Alliance for Innovation in Local Government »

The Alliance for Innovation is a unique partnership between the Innovation Group, the Interanational City/County Management Association and ASU to build the capacity to be innovative in local government. Through face-to-face networking opportunities and technology services, the Alliance for Innovation is transforming local governance through discovery and application of leading ideas and practices to better serve citizens and their communities.

American Indian Policy Institute »

The American Indian Policy Institute at Arizona State University is the first program in the United States to effectively address policy and leadership challenges in Indian country. The center is a transdisciplinary effort between the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the Mary Lou Fulton College of Education and the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law. Its mission is twofold: to develop practical policy options and provide technical assistance to solve long-standing and emerging problems in Indian affairs; and to prepare ASU's American Indian students for leadership positions in their communities.

An Integrated Framework for Creation and Assessment of Sustainable Construction Processes »

This project seeks to develop sustainability metrics related to construction operations which can be used by construction companies throughout the nation and beyond.

AORA Solar Tulip »

AORA Solar NA has agreed to install the first ever Solar Tulip hybrid generating facility in the United States on university land, and ASU faculty, research staff and students will work hand in hand with AORA to enhance the system.

Applied Behavioral Health Policy, Center for »

The Center engages in a variety of initiatives and programs as it strives to inform and influence public policy, programs and practices to support those with behavioral health disabilities by synthesizing and transforming information and promoting new insight and understanding of crucial societal issues.

Arizona Initiative of Nano-Electronics »

The Arizona Initiative for Nano-Electronics (AINE) is a coordinated network of research centers focused on ASU research in nanoelectronics, including nanophotonics, molecular electronics, nanoionics and computational nanoscience. AINE's goal is to strongly impact future technology areas related to ultra-low power/ultra-high speed electronics, and hybrid biomolecular electronics at the interface between the biological and electronics worlds.

Arizona Rooftop Solar Challenge »

The Arizona Governor's Office of Energy Policy will identify best practices in finance, permitting, and zoning to move toward voluntary statewide uniformity. The project will drive adoption of an online system in five jurisdictions that allows for over-the-counter/same-day permit review.

Biodesign Institute »

The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University spurs scientific breakthroughs that improve health, protect lives and sustain our planet. Our research is aimed at predicting, preventing and detecting the onset of disease, developing renewable energy and reducing environmental damage and developing innovations that safeguard our nation and the world.

Bioelectronics and Biosensors, Center for »

The primary aim of the Center for Bioelectronics and Biosensors is to create powerful, sensitive, and selective sensors - ranging from embedded systems to handheld devices - that can detect the presence of specific chemicals in the environment, or biomarkers in the body. The Center's research can be divided up into several key themes. Some of the technologies are focused on the detection of harmful chemicals that are a threat to the environment and human health. Others look inside the body for markers or presence of disease. Still others focus on the detection of human-made threats.

BioEnergetics, Center for »

The Center for BioEnergetics focuses on improved diagnoses and treatments for diseases caused by impaired energy metabolism. The majority of these diseases are degenerative and affect children and young adults. Mitochondrial diseases have historically been classified into discreet groupings of diseases that are relatively rare. Yet, together, the more than 40 mitochondrial diseases comprise a significant human and health care burden.

Bioenergy and Photosynthesis, Center for »

The center carries out frontier multidisciplinary scientific research designed to use biological and biologically-based artificial systems to address societal energy needs in a sustainable manner, with an emphasis on solar energy conversion and bioinspired energy transformation to meet human needs, and investigates other aspects of photosynthesis that affect society and the environment.

Biological Stoichiometry of Microbes under Severe P-Limitation »

This project will investigate the biological rules that determine the elemental recipe ("stoichiometry") of microorganisms that grow under severely P-deficient conditions in a set of unique desert springs in Mexico.

Biology and Society, Center for »

The Center for Biology and Society promotes exploration of conceptual foundations and historical development of the biosciences and their diverse interactions with society. We engage in activities across multiple disciplines that allow opportunities for intellectual ferment and increased impact by creating research and educational collaborations and communication. Research programs in the Center focus around Bioethics, Policy, and Law and History and Philosophy of Science, as well as Responsible Conduct in Research. Specific current projects include the Carnap Project, Embryo Project, History and Philosophy of Systematics, and Neuroscience and Philosophy Project.

Biosocial Complex Systems, Consortium for »

The Consortium for Biosocial Complex Systems generates fresh insight into global challenges and transforms their findings into real-life applications that improve the human condition. The Center's mission is to develop and promote a new science of biosocial system dynamics that uses a complex systems paradigm, computational thinking and quantitative methods to forge a new and holistic understanding of life and society.

Bob Ramsey Executive Education Program »

The Bob Ramsey Executive Education Program provides innovative professional development programs and customized services that build the capacity of people and organizations that serve the public. The Certificate in Public Administration for International Leaders includes topics such as leadership, collaboration, public-private partnerships, community conflict resolutions, pollution, urban challenges and opportunities, information technology, and electronic government practices.

Broadening the Reach of Engineering through Community Engagement (BRECE) »

The Broadening the Reach of Engineering through Community Engagement (BRECE) Scholars Program provides 4 years of mentoring, academic and financial support to a cohort of 13 financially-challenged and academically-talented students to pursue engineering baccalaureate degrees in the College of Technology and Innovation at Arizona State University.

Center for Biodiversity Outcomes »

The Center for Biodiversity Outcomes strives to accelerate the success of biodiversity management and sustainable biodiversity outcomes by fostering relationships amongst academics and conservation professionals.

Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research »

Through interdisciplinary projects integrating natural sciences, social science, and engineering, the Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research project examines the effects of urbanization on a desert ecosystem and vice versa.

Cloud and Fog Processing of Organic Matter »

This project investigates the fate of organic matter in a cloud/fog system.

Combining Methods from Geochemistry and Molecular Biology to Predict the Functions of Microbial Communities »

Combining geochemical data with microbial ecological data makes it possible to predict the distribution of microbial populations and the processes that they catalyze in nature. In this research we will focus on the contrasting microbial processes of methane production (e.g., methanogenesis) and methane consumption (e.g., methanotrophy) as a framework for evaluating the linkages between geochemical predictions and the distribution, diversity, and activity of organisms that catalyze these processes.

Comparative Cross-National Analysis of Implementation of Natural Resources Rights »

This project explores the effectiveness of legal, institutional, and political mechanisms for realizing human rights in natural resources that invoke sustainability concerns.

Complex Adaptive Systems Network »

Complex Adaptive Systems Network leverages trans-disciplinary relationships to address complex global challenges in health, sustainability, security and education by creating entirely new technologies and novel solutions. This requires integration of diverse research disciplines across the University and building an extended network of global collaborations.

Computational Nanoscience, Center for »

The Center for Computational Nanoscience (CCN) brings together the faculty across campus who are currently involved in modeling and simulation. As device design is a critical factor in nanoelectronics incorporated into solar photovotaic devices, CCN is working to understand the quantum- mechanical effects in nanostructures with the goal of improved solar electronics device design.

Connection One »

Connection One is a National Science Foundation Industry-University Cooperative Research Center working closely with private industry and the federal government on various projects in RF and wireless communication systems, networks, remote sensing, and homeland security. The Center's mission is to develop the technology to enable end-to-end communication systems for a variety of applications, ranging from cellular to environmental and defense applications. One aspect of the research is the development of integrated RF and wireless circuits-on-a-chip to simplify and enable a small, portable, all-in-one communication device. An additional research focus is the development of efficient architectures and routing techniques for networked applications.

Consortium for Emerging Technologies, Military Operations and National Security »

CETMONS unique role is crucial in today's era of unprecedented and complex technological evolution. It is necessary to understand and support military operations and national security in a complicated, violent, and rapidly chaning world.

Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes »

The Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes is an intellectual network aimed at enhancing the contribution of science and technology to society's pursuit of equality, justice, freedom, and overall quality of life. The Consortium creates knowledge and methods, cultivates public discourse, and fosters policies to help decision makers and institutions grapple with the immense power and importance of science and technology as society charts a course for the future.

CyberGIS Software Integration for Sustained Geospatial Innovation »

This project will establish CyberGIS as a fundamentally new software framework comprising a seamless integration of cyberinfrastructure, GIS, and spatial analysis/modeling capabilities.

Decision Center for a Desert City »

The Decision Center for a Desert City conducts climate, water, and decision research and develops innovative tools to bridge the boundary between scientists and decision makers and put their work into the hands of those whose concern is for the sustainable future of Greater Phoenix.

Decision Theater »

The Decision Theater Network actively engages researchers and leaders to visualize solutions to complex problems. The Network provides the latest expertise in collaborative, computing and display technologies for data visualization, modeling, and simulation. The Network addresses cross-disciplinary local, national and international issues by drawing on Arizona State University’s diverse academic and research capabilities.

Determinants of Grassland Dynamics in Tibetan Highlands: Livestock, Wildlife, and the Culture and Political Economy of Pastoralism »

This project will deepen basic understanding of the complex interactions involving geophysical, biological, social, and policy factors and feedback systems that affect grassland status

Developing a Life Cycle Assessment Model for Evaluating Policy Implications of Biofuels »

This project seeks to evaluate and develop policy options for achieving sustainable regional biofuels/bioenergy production and commercialization.

Developing Best Management Practices Plan for Prevention and Treatment of Zooplankton Contamination in Algal Crop Production »

The project addresses the Program Area Priority: Crop Protection for Sustainable Feedstock Production Systems. Contamination of cultures and grazing of algae by zooplankton (e.g., rotifers, amoebas and protozoa) represents the most challenging issue for sustainable algal mass culture, preventing algae from being a practical source of oil crops for production of bioenergy and bioproducts.

Dimensions US-China: Collaborative Research: Phylogenetic, Functional, and Genetic Diversity and Ecosystem Functions in a Fragmented Landscape »

This project - jointly funded with the Chinese National Science Foundation (NSFC) - will study the relationships among ecological/evolutionary measures of biodiversity, and ecosystem functions. In particular, the investigators will investigate the hypothesis that succession drives changes in biodiversity, which in turn causes altered ecosystem function.

Do Microenvironments Govern Macroecology? »

This project couples field studies of local climate, tree establishment and tree growth with regional climate modeling and models that depict spatial processes of plant population and fire dynamics.

Drought-Net: A Global Network to Assess Terrestrial Ecosystem Sensitivity to Drought »

The Drought-Net Research Coordination Network was established to advance understanding of the determinants of terrestrial ecosystem responses to drought by bringing together an international group of scientists to conduct three complementary research coordination activities: 1) planning and coordinating new research using standardized measurements to leverage the value of existing drought experiments across the globe, 2) finalizing the design and facilitating the establishment of a new international network of coordinated drought experiments, and 3) training highly motivated graduate students to conduct synthetic and network-level research through Distributed Graduate Seminars focused on drought.

Dynamic State Transitions in Vehicular Traffic and the Effects of Driver Behavior »

The objective of this Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) program award is to investigate the effects of driver behaviors, such as car-following and lane-changing, on traffic state transitions (i.e., changes in traffic conditions such as speed). This research focuses on transitions near freeway choke points (i.e., bottlenecks), merges, and ends of queues (where vehicles encounter congestion).

Earth Systems and Engineering Management, Center for »

The Center for Earth Systems Engineering and Management (CESEM) seeks to provide the basis for understanding, designing, and managing the complex integrated built/human/natural systems that increasingly characterize our planet in the athropocene - the Age of Humans. To this end, CESEM combines research, teaching, outreach and public service in an effort to learn how engineered and built systems are integrated with natural and human systems.

Ecological Homogenization of Urban America »

This research will transform scientific understanding of an important and increasingly common ecosystem type ("suburbia") and the consequences to carbon storage and nitrogen pollution at multiple scales. In addition, it will advance understanding of how humans perceive, value and manage their surroundings.

Ecosystem Response to N and Organic C Deposition from the Urban Atmosphere »

The "Urban Air" project studies the exchange of chemical elements between land and atmosphere in urban systems.

Effects of Biocontrol and Restoration on Wildlife in Southwestern Riparian Habitats »

This project will determine if the introduction of the biocontrol agent (tamarisk leaf beetle, Diorhabda spp.) as an insect consumer and defoliator of saltcedar influences wildlife populations and communities via alterations to food resources and/or habitat.

Energy, Science, and Policy Initiative »

ESPI's objective is to to establish a strong program of research and policy engagement to understand and analyze the social dynamics of past, present, and future energy systems.

Environmental Biotechnology, Swette Center for »

The Center for Environmental Biotechnology focuses on developing microbiological systems that capture or develop renewable resources and also prevent or clean up environmental pollution. Center researchers combine engineering with microbiology, molecular biology, and chemistry in order to gain an integrated understanding of how microbial ecosystems work and can be controlled to reclaim polluted water, generate energy from waste substances, and improve public health and sustainability.

Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Center for »

EFD is a multi-disciplinary research program dedicated to understanding fluid motions in the environment through atmospheric research, industrial and basic fluid dynamics, and physical oceanography. The Center brings together faculty, staff and students to enhance interdisciplinary and individual research efforts, undergraduate and graduate education and service to industry and the state.

Exploration-Driven Online Science Education: Habitable Worlds 2.0 »

Society's response to climate change and many other challenges hinges on public understanding that science is not a body of facts and certainties in tidy disciplines, but rather a process of reasoning which often crosses disciplines and which narrows the uncertainties of knowledge. In this project, the investigators are deploying and assessing a large-enrollment undergraduate general education science course that places scientific reasoning and multidisciplinary perspectives at the heart of the experience.

Feedbacks between Human Community Dynamics and Sociological Vulnerability in a Biodiversity Hotspot »

This interdisciplinary research project focuses on people, community organizations, and the long-term health of natural ecosystems that support people's livelihoods.

Flexible Display Center »

The mission of the Flexible Display Center is to advance full-color, video rate, flexible display technology and catalyze development of a vibrant flexible display and flexible electronics industry to produce integrated electronic systems with advanced functionality. The FDC collaborates with government, academia and industry to provide comprehensive flexible electronics capabilities that bridge the high risk, resource intensive gap between innovation and product development in an information-secure environment for process, tool, and materials co-development and evaluation. Integral to the Center's mission is integrating the concept of sustainable microelectronics processing into all FDC activities.

GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation »

GeoDa develops state-of-the-art methods for geospatial analysis, geovisualization, geosimulation, and spatial process modeling, implements them through software tools, applies them to policy-relevant research in the social and environmental sciences, and disseminates them through training and support to a growing worldwide community.

Global Ethnohydrology Study »

The Global Ethnohydrology Study is a multi-year transdisciplinary project using data collected with local communities from around the globe. The goal is to better theorize how people understand and adapt to the everyday challenges of getting enough safe water, and to explicate the health and psychological impacts of that struggle.

Global Long-term Human Ecodynamics Research Coordinaton Network: Assessing Sustainabiilty on the Millennial Scale »

This Research Coordination Network grant brings together an international, multi-disciplinary team of scientists and educators to better mobilize cases of long term human ecodynamics on the century to millennial scale to aid national and global efforts to develop effective future sustainable development and to create resources for Education for Sustainable Development.

GlobalResolve »

GlobalResolve was established at ASU in 2006 as a social entrepreneurship program designed to enhance the educational experience for interested and qualified ASU students by involving them in semester-long projects that directly improve the lives of underprivileged people, and/or those in underdeveloped nations throughout the world.

HCC: Small: Modeling and Supporting Creativity During Collaborative STEM Activities »

This research will advance a novel technological approach that relies on machine learning techniques in general and Natural Language Processing (NLP) in particular to develop models and support for creativity during collaborative science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational activities.

Health Information and Research, Center for »

The Center for Health Information and Research (CHIR) employs a multidisciplinary approach to research in areas of epidemiology, health care information technology and data management, health economics and workforce, and health data mining. The goal of CHIR is to provide actionable information regarding health care policy, quality of care, public health and the health care workforce and to develop new methodologies for storing, collecting, analyzing and disseminating health information.

Healthy Lifestyles Research Center »

The overarching goal of the HLRC is to facilitate interactions among faculty that promote collaborative research into diverse aspects of how daily lifestyle habits and actions impact both short and long term health, chronic disease risk, and quality of life.

Healthy Outcomes in Aging, Center for »

The primary purpose of the center is to develop and test interventions that promote the highest level of health and quality of life for individuals who are aging within a culturally diverse society. The center emphasizes multidisciplinary, theory-based interventions across a variety of clinical settings.

Herberger Institute Research Center »

The Center supports collaborative and creative research in design and the arts. Some of the Center's work includes creating consumer-driven product concepts that improve society and the environment, understanding the interconnections between urban design and energy demand and on emerging models for the post-petroleum city, and supporting organizations, neighborhoods, and professionals in their efforts to improve the growth of quality affordable homes and sustainable communities.

How Minerals Control Hydrothermal Organic Reactivity »

This research carries out a series of high temperature and pressure experiments (200 to 350 C and 70 to 100 MPa, respectively) in which well-characterized, dissolved, isotopically labelled, aqueous organic and chiral compounds are reacted with a variety of common seafloor hydrothermal oxide and sulfide minerals to examine the resulting changes in organic compounds and their rates of transformation.

Human Origins, Institute of »

The Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University is the leading research organization in the United States devoted to the science of human origins. Embedded within ASU's School of Human Evolution and Social Change, IHO pursues a transdisciplinary strategy for field and analytical paleoanthropological research central to its approximately 30-year-old founding mission-integrating social, earth, and life science approaches to the most important questions concerning the course, timing, and causes of human evolutionary change over deep time. IHO links to its research activites innovative public outreach programs that create timely, accurate information for education and lay communities.

Humanities Research, Institute for »

The Institute for Humanities Research (IHR) in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is dedicated to promoting excellence and innovation in humanities scholarship, contributing to scholarly innovation, and engaging the greater community in exploring the human dimensions of significant social, cultural, technological and scientific issues.The IHR strives to create a dynamic environment for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary scholarship and to facilitate collaboration among scholars in the humanities, social sciences and sciences for the purpose of examining issues that challenge and shape individual and collective human experience across time.

I/UCRC: Phase III Communication Circuits and Systems Research Center »

This is a third, five-year term (Phase III) of the NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Connection One (C1) at the Arizona State University.

IGERT: Solar Utilization Network (SUN) »

This Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) award focuses on the energy transition from the current fossil-fuel-based economy to one where solar energy harvested by means of photovoltaics, solar-thermal, and photosynthesis-driven bioenergy approaches will become a keystone in global human energy use.

Impact of Adaptive Interventions on Student Affect, Performance, and Learning »

This research is unique and ground breaking, as few researchers have targeted students' emotion in classrooms, gathered fine grained data on emotions during learning, or assessed the impact of specific affective treatments on a moment-to-moment basis. Students using the tutoring systems have already shown statistically significant gains and learning outcomes, as well as increased positive affect and attitudes. The new affective interventions will greatly increase the broad impact of these systems.

Improving Healthcare Outcomes in Children, Teens and Families, Center for »

The Center for Improving Health Outcomes in Children, Teens and Families is conducting interdisciplinary research to extend the science in the field of maternal/child health; translating research findings into clinical practice to improve health care and outcomes; educating health professionals, students and the public about the best research evidence to improve health outcomes; mentoring pre- and post-doctoral fellows and junior investigators in developing and testing interventions to improve health outcomes in children, teens and families; and leading innovation to improve pediatric and adolescent health care.

Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, Center for »

The Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology is focused on basic bacterial and viral infectious disease processes as well as the design and use of vaccines and protein therapeutics to combat infectious diseases. These include newly emerging pathogens and potential biological warfare agents. The Center is devising new and effective ways of producing advanced vaccines and therapeutics, and has also applied its expertise in the development of bacterial-based vaccines to genetically optimize cyanobacteria for biofuel production.

Informal Learning And Scholarship In Science And Society: A Multi-Disciplinary Workshop On Scientific Creativity And Societal Responsibility »

This conference at Arizona State University is an early-stage activity inspired by the upcoming 2016-2018 bicentennial of the conception, writing and publication of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein - or The Modern Prometheus."

Innovation through Institutional Integration (I3): The Modeling Institute »

Arizona State University's Innovation through Institutional Integration (I-3): The Modeling Institute integrates the efforts of its most successful NSF-sponsored initiatives in STEM teacher education and more: Modeling Physics (numerous NSF programs); Project Pathways (MSP); Professional Learning Community Resources (TPC); Project Learning through Engineering Design and Prime the Pipeline Project (ITEST); Ask-a-Biologist (NSDL); SMALLab (CISE & IGERT); Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER); and MARS (NASA).

Innovations in Medicine, Center for »

The Center for Innovations in Medicine attempts to transform our understanding of disease, putting aside what we think we know and approaching problems in ways that have never before been attempted. Research efforts focus on the improvement of medical diagnostics and treatment and the prevention of disease, with the ultimate goal of saving lives and improving quality of life.

INSPIRE: A Digital HPS Infrastructure for Understanding Biodiversity »

The project will establish a repository and a research system based on computational tools and digital sources, and it will develop education and training modules. The goal is to move beyond separate small collections that reside on individual computers in dispersed places, and bring together the objects of study as well as scholarly interpretations of those objects.

Instrument to Optimize DNA Sequencing by Recognition Tunneling »

Recognition Tunneling is a new analytical tool that generates a distinct electronic signal for each of the four bases in DNA, as well as identifying a modification that underlies the epigenetic code. Here, we propose to use Recognition Tunneling to develop an instrument to read the sequence of DNA as it emerges from a nanopore.

Integrating Sustainability Grand Challenges and Experiential Learning into Engineering Curricula »

The goal of this TUES Type 2 project is to incorporate sustainability grand challenges and experiential learning into classrooms and throughout engineering programs, with the aim of attracting and retaining a talented and diverse set of students who are prepared to tackle the engineering challenges of a global economy.

International Collaboration to Advance Sustainability Science in the US and Mexico »

Building on complementary skills and perspectives on problems that transcend political borders, we propose to form a new research collaboration between Arizona State University and the Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (Director, Dr. Dominguez Perez-Tejada) based in the principles and aims of sustainability science.

IRES: Population Dynamics and Complex Systems: Challenges and Opportunities »

The project provides international research experiences for 11 young Americans to carry out research at the interface of mathematics and the ecology of infectious and vector borne diseases at the Universidad de los Andes (UNIANDES) in Colombia South America.

L. William Seidman Research Institute »

Based on the vision of former Dean L. William Seidman, the Seidman Research Institute today serves as an essential link between the local, national and international business communities and the intellectual and creative resources of Arizona State University's nationally ranked school of business. From collecting and disseminating essential information about local economies to benchmarking industry practices to identifying emerging business research issues, the Seidman Research Institute's member centers have gained the recognition and respect of business practitioners and academics the world over.

Laboratory for Algae Research and Biotechnology »

The Laboratory for Algae Research and Biotechnology adds to the body of basic research on algae and cyanobacteria, while also conducting applied research into renewable energy production, environmental remediation, and human nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.

Landscape Sensitivity to Changing Climate: Plio-Pleistocene Erosion and Sedimentation in SE Arizona »

This project will establish an absolute timeline for the final stages of when basins in southeastern Arizona were filled with sediments, as well as when the basins were subsequently incised and dissected by regional erosional events.

Law, Science & Innovation, Center for »

The Center for Law, Science & Innovation is the first and largest academic center focused on the intersection of law and science. The Center bridges law and science by fostering the development of legal frameworks for new technologies and advancing the informed use of science in legal decision making. The Center facilitates transdisciplinary study and dialogue among policy-makers, academics, students, professionals and industry. It is committed to principles of balance, innovation, competitiveness and sustainability.

Legacies on the Landscape: Prehistoric Human Land Use and Long-Term Ecological Change »

This collaborative project involving ecologists and archaeologists explores how prehistoric agricultural communities have affected plant communities, soil properties, and biogeochemical cycling for thousands of years. The goal of the project is to build theory about what types of human disturbances leave legacies over different time scales, and gain insights into the ways that today's actions can affect future ecological systems.

LightWorks »

ASU LightWorks is a multidisciplinary effort to leverage ASU's unique strengths, particularly in renewable energy fields including artificial photosynthesis, biofuels, and next-generation photovoltaics.

Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics »

The mission of the Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics is to improve the ethical awareness and understanding and thereby the ethical decision-making and behavior of the ASU community and extending to society at large. The Center's goal is to create a university and community ethical culture by sponsoring, organizing and conducting an array of activities on ethics issues that occur in specific fields and professions as well as those of pressing importance in the community at large.

Long-Term Dynamics and Resilience of Terrestrial Plant and Animal Communities in the Bahamas »

This project will provide a basis for predicting the responses of Bahamian and other island ecosystems to climatic and human-related perturbations. In particular, the assessment and management of worldwide biodiversity loss depend on an improved understanding of the dynamics of ecosystems at local and regional geographical scales as well as short and long time frames.

Materials World Network: Nano-Structured InGaN Solar Cells Program »

There is a worldwide effort to increase power generation through solar cells, to meet targets in reducing greenhouse gases. One requirement is for high efficiency multijunction solar cells (MJSCs) to extract power from concentrated solar power (CSP) plants, which are expected to become central to the delivery of solar power to national and super-grid systems. This effort aims to circumvent these problems by investigating solar cells based on InxGa1-xN, which has a direct band gap of 0.7-3.4 eV, spanning most of the visible spectrum, thus promising MJSCs from a single materials system.

Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences, Center for »

The Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center (MCMSC) vision includes: bridging the gap between the biological, environmental, and social sciences and the mathematical sciences; promotion and support of cross-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary research that relies on state of the art computational, modeling and quantitative approaches; and the training of a new generation of computational mathematical, and theoretical scientists whose research is driven by the application of computational, mathematical, modeling and simulation approaches to the solution of problems that will improve the human condition.

Mathematics and Climate Change Network »

The investigators form a "Mathematics and Climate Research Network." This is a framework for an intensive effort aimed at bringing to bear the full power of modern applied mathematics and statistics on the prediction and understanding of the Earth's climate.

MCTP: Mathematics Mentoring Partnership Between Arizona State University and the Maricopa County Community College District »

This project will develop a recruitment network for mathematically talented students in community colleges in Maricopa County, Arizona, to help facilitate their successful transitions to baccalaureate programs in the mathematical sciences at Arizona State University (ASU).

Microbial Ecology to Optimize Beneficial Syntrophies to Improve Microbial Electrochemical and Dechlorinating Systems »

This research provides a novel approach to study biodegrading and bioenergy relevant mixed microbial communities. The results will provide fundamental understanding of the role of homoacetogens in electron and carbon flow in dechlorinating and ARB mixed communities. This will allow exploiting the use of complex renewable waste sources for bioenergy and bioremediation.

Modeling Anthropogenic Effects in the Spread of Infectious Diseases »

The research will incorporate the economic drivers of 'contact' into dynamic models of emerging human and animal infectious disease systems, and analyze the system dynamics with and without adaptive responses. The models will be calibrated for a set of diseases where people's trade and travel decisions are potentially important.

Modeling Wastewater Sludge Hydrolysis Aided by High Temporal Resolution Measurements through Microbial Electrochemistry »

This project addresses our need to better understand solids hydrolysis by anaerobic microorganisms, focusing on municipal wastewater sludge.

Molecular Sieve Inclusion Nanocomposite (MoSIN) Membranes for Liquid Separations »

This project is to develop and characterize a new class of chemically resistant Molecular Sieve Inclusion Nanocomposite (MoSIN) membranes for liquid separations.

Multiscale Modeling of Urban Atmospheres in a Changing Climate »

This project will develop models to simulate the urban atmosphere and its interaction with ambient climate and atmospheric circulation occurring on spatial scales which are much larger than cities.

Nanophotonics, Center for »

The Center for Nanophotonics gathers a large group of faculty members from various disciplines to foster new ideas and to carry out collaborative research with enhanced inspiration. It integrates a broad spectrum of research topics ranging from fundamental study of photon-matter interactions to practical optical sensors for medical and biological applications. The center coherently merges education and research by embedding one in the other. The center is committed to not only high standard scholarship development but also the promotion of its technology commercialization.

Nanotechnology in Society, Center for »

The Center for Nanotechnology and Society (CNS) is working to increase capacity for social learning within the nanotechnology enterprise and to increase society's capacity to engage in anticipatory governance of nanotechnology and other emerging technologies. Thorough these avenues, CNS strives to increase the ability for society to make informed decisions about evolving nanotechnology and to guide nanotechnology knowledge and innovation towards a more socially desireable outome.

Nanowire Specialty Diodes for Integrated Applications »

The objective of this research is to explore individually addressable high density arrays of specialty diodes (p/n junction, Schottky, Zener, metal-semiconductor-metal and tunnel structures) made from vertical silicon and germanium nanowires grown with the vapor-liquid-solid method.

National Center of Excellence on SMART Materials for Urban Climate and Energy at ASU »

The National Center of Excellence (NCE) on SMART Innovations provides climate and energy system solutions based on sound science and engineering to governments and industries around the globe.

North American Center for Transborder Studies »

NACTS focuses its research and policy efforts in the areas of borders, competitiveness, and the environment and works to diffuse the results of these efforts through events and initiatives that build public awareness about North America. NACTS accomplishes its mission by building key partnerships among northern and southern border specialists and identifying and educating key constituencies in government, the private sector, and civil society.

NSDL Middleware for Network- amd Context-Aware Recommendations »

Services are being developed to aid teachers, librarians, and learners in sharing resources and promoting further access to NSDL resources. The Middleware for Network- and Context-aware Recommendations (MiNC) being developed provides online integrated services.

NUE: Cross-disciplinary Education in Social and Ethical Aspects of Nanotechnology »

This Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) in Engineering program entitled, "NUE: Cross-disciplinary Education in Social & Ethical Aspects of Nanotechnology", at Arizona State University, will develop a unique four weeks long workshop experience for undergraduate students that will explore the social and ethical issues raised by nanotechnology, build cross-disciplinary communicative competence,

Partnership for Research in Spatial Modeling »

PRISM is the focal point at Arizona State University for interdisciplinary research in modeling and visualization to permit intelligent analysis and create spatial and dynamic knowledge. Some of PRISM's work includes geospatial modeling, modeling of urban environments, cloud development modeling, and 3D modeling such as that exhibited in ASU's Decision Theater.

Phoenix Area Social Survey »

This survey studies the relationships between people and the natural environment in the Phoenix metro area.

Photocatalytic Reduction of Nitrate in Water »

The goal of this project is to explore and optimize the use of photocatalysts as a reductive technology for treating nitrate in drinking water applications. The underlying hypothesis is nitrate can be converted to innocuous aqueous species in drinking water applications using metal-loaded photocatalysts.

Population Dynamics, Center for »

CePoD is a transdisciplinary research center drawing scholars who are interested in broad aspects of population research. The center is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area, a vibrant, rapidly growing urban center of the American Southwest. We pursue novel avenues of population research in local, regional, national and international settings.

Positioning Engineers for Urban Sustainability Transition Strategy Development »

Civil and construction engineering students must learn to deploy sustainable systems that balance economic, social, political, and community considerations, in addition to technical considerations in order to address America's declining infrastructure. The project is evaluating whether integrating sustainability concepts through project-based learning into existing undergraduate civil and construction engineering courses results in improvements in team-based problem-solving skills and whether collaborations between upper and lower division undergraduates in multiple courses improve students' ability to apply concepts taught in introductory courses to future courses.

Power Systems Engineering Research Center »

The multidisciplinary expertise of PSERC's researchers includes power systems, applied mathematics, complex systems, computing, control theory, power electronics, operations research, non-linear systems, economics, industrial organization and public policy. A key strength is ironment. In addition a strength of the research work in this area also relates to market tools and policy issues that will enable the integration of the new energy sources into power system operation and planning.

Predicting, Measuring, and Monitoring Aquatic Invertebrate Biodiversity on Dryland Military Bases »

This project integrates mathematical modeling, invertebrate sampling, and statistical estimation to develop robust methodologies for tracking biodiversity of aquatic invertebrates on dryland military bases.

Prioritizing Cooling Infrastructure Investments for Vulnerable Southwest Populations »

The objective of this collaborative research project is to develop methods for joining social and built environment vulnerability into a single framework, and will create a prioritization framework for selecting investments in cooling infrastructure that maximize the reduction in vulnerability. The vulnerability of the United States Southwest populations to heat is a result of both a city's socio-demographic profile and the built environment, yet little is known about the latter.

PSERC Collaborative Proposal for a Phase III Industry University Cooperative Research Center Program »

The proposed work addresses important improvements and advancements in the transmission and delivery of electricity.

Public Policy, Morrison Institute for »

Driven by a mission to conduct timely, applied analysis that informs, advises, and assists Arizona's state and community leaders, Morrison Institute researches public policies that impact greater Phoenix, the State of Arizona, and the nation. Through publications and forums, Morrison Institute's research serves the public officials, private sector leaders, and community members who shape public policy.

Pyrite (FeS2) Thin-Films for Photovoltaics »

The overall goal of the proposed research is to develop a fundamental understanding of the electronic and defect properties of doped and undoped pyrite thin films for solar photovoltaics.

QESST: NSF Engineering Research Center for Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies »

A major societal challenge is to generate terawatts (TWs) of electricity with minimal environmental impact. The Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (QESST) Engineering Research Center will transform the existing electricity generation system towards a sustainable and ubiquitous one by developing photovoltaic (PV) technologies with higher efficiency and novel functionality.

RCN-SEES for Urban Sustainability: Research Coordination and Synthesis for a Transformative Future »

The Urban Sustainability RCN will begin with a broadly interdisciplinary core group of academics, students, postdocs, policy-makers, city planners, managers, and other action-focused urban players representing 14 cities in various stages of transition.

RCN-SEES: Coordinating Phosphorus Research to Create a Sustainable Food System »

The goal of the P Sustainability Research Coordination Network (RCN) is to spark an interdisciplinary synthesis of data, perspectives, and understanding about phosphorus to identify and implement solutions for P sustainability.

Reinvent Phoenix: Cultivating Equity, Engagement, Economic Development and Design Excellence with TOD »

The City of Phoenix will create a new model for urban development – one that increases quality of life while maintaining desirability and attainability for the entire spectrum of incomes, ages, family sizes, and physical and developmental abilities along the light rail corridor.

Research on Education in Science, Mathematics and Technology, Center for »

CRESMET is a collaborative center that leverages intellectual and fiscal resources from key colleges in the University to study and improve education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The Center brings together individuals, programs and organizations interested in improving K-20 STEM education to research, develop, and assess educational theories, curricula and administrative policies that impact science, mathematics, engineering and technology education; and to encourage and support wide-scale sharing and implementation of effective approaches to producing a more scientifically and technologically literate populace and more capable science, mathematics, engineering, and technology majors.

Role of Human Intestinal Microbiota on Success of Surgical Weight Loss Procedures »

This project will investigate microorganisms that live in the human intestines and how they affect success or failure of weight loss after two methods of bariatric surgery. The ultimate goal is to find microorganisms that help weight loss following bariatric surgery.

Science Advanced through Virtual Institutes (SAVI): Virtual Institute for Responsible Innovation »

The goal of this project is to build research infrastructure, a virtual institute for responsible innovation. The meaning of "responsible innovation" is evolving, but roughly the term refers to a process of engagement in which stakeholders and innovators engage in mutually responsive dialogues that serve to bring about socially acceptable innovation processes and products. The proposed institute will focus specifically on nanotechnology and other emerging technologies such as synthetic biology and geo-engineering.

Service Access in Premodern Cities »

A team of urban experts at Arizona State University will compare the ways city dwellers gained access to urban services in a sample of thirty ancient and historic cities. Planners and city officials today wrestle with difficult decisions about where to locate schools, clinics, parks, and other facilities.

Sino-US Center of Conservation, Energy and Sustainability Science »

SUCCESS provides a platform for international collaborations, particularly on use-inspired, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research relevant to sustainability issues that occur during the socioeconomic development in Inner Mongolia and its neighboring regions.

Small World/Big Bodies »

The Small World/Big Bodies Project looks at the socio-cultural dimensions of the growing obesity epidemic globally. This includes a focus on understanding why stigma around obesity is so profound, who is most damaged by it, and ultimately how to fix it. A recent emphasis has been the role of stigma and identity in shaping the long-term success of bariatric surgery.

Social Dynamics and Complexity, Center for »

The Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity leverages the emerging field of complex systems to foster interdisciplinary research on fundamental questions of social life. The Center brings together scientists from such diverse fields as anthropology, biology, mathematics, philosophy, physics, psychology, and sociology to collaborate in cross-disciplinary teams.

Social Science Research, Institute for »

The Institute for Social Science Research facilitates transdisciplinary research and innovation. The Institute offers objective, relevant survey research and analysis; research technology support, and geographic information system (GIS) services to funded research projects within the university as well as community groups and organizations desiring professional research assistance.

Solar Power Lab »

Arizona State University's Solar Power Lab serves a staging ground for the new technologies and ideas that will move us forward in our quest for a more sustainable society.

Solid State Electronics Research Center »

The Center for Solid State Electronics Research seeks to provide national leadership in solid state electronics and has exhibited strong and steady growth since its founding in 1981. The Center currently provides resources and infrastructure for research and education in solid state electronics in the form of 30 laboratories covering more than 30,000 sq.ft. including a Class-100 Cleanroom administered and maintained by a complement of 10 staff and 2 student workers. CSSER has 38 faculty members, 15 post-doctoral researchers and over 80 students drawn from various disciplines including biochemistry, bioengineering, chemistry, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, materials science, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, and physics.

Solid State Science, LeRoy Eyring Center for »

LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science provides a productive environment for interdisciplinary materials research. We are proud to make our advanced facilities user-friendly and available to the entire ASU research community, as well as government and industrial researchers.

Southwest Consortium for Environmental Research and Policy »

The Consortium addresses issues pertaining to the ecologically and socioeconomically fragile environment along the US-Mexico border.

Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center »

The Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center (SIRC) is an Exploratory Center of Excellence conducting transdisciplinary minority health and health disparities research, training and community outreach.

Stardust Center for Affordable Homes and the Family »

Through research, educational outreach, advocacy and design innovation, the ASU Stardust Center for Affordable Homes and the Family supports organizations, neighborhoods, and professionals in their efforts to improve the growth of quality affordable homes and sustainable communities.

Study of Institutional Diversity, Center for the »

The Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity housed in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change is a multidisciplinary endeavor to improve our understanding of how different types of institutions-defined as the norms and rules people use to govern common resources and provide public goods-perform within different social-ecological systems.

Study of Religion and Conflict, Center for the »

The Center for the Study of Religion and Conflict at Arizona State University promotes interdisciplinary research and education on the dynamics of religion and conflict with the aim of advancing knowledge, seeking solutions and informing policy. By serving as a research hub that fosters exchange and collaboration across the university as well as with its broader publics-local, national, and global-the Center fosters innovative and engaged thinking on matters of enormous importance to us all.

SusChEM: Molecular Routes to New Classes of Polar and Non-Polar Alloy Semiconductors »

Modern research in materials science is strongly focused on the design and synthesis of materials not available in nature. The molecular approach to crystal growth exemplified by this project represents a new tool for this quest that may lead to materials with unique properties.

Sustainability of Marine Renewable Resources in Subarctic Systems Under Incumbent Environmental Variability and Human Exploitation »

These network activities focus on basic socio-ecological principles applied to the study of the sustainability of renewable resources in large marine ecosystems under incumbent climate variability and human exploitation. Through this network a gap is bridged among ecologists, mathematicians, social scientists and resource managers to provide a sound science support system for conservation.

Sustainable Health, Center for »

The Center for Sustainable Health is working to build a sustainable world where every human can live a healthy and fulfilling life.

Sustainable Infrastructures for Energy and Water Supply (SINEWS) »

The goal of this project is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the sustainability and resilience of the water and energy systems, and to offer solutions that span infrastructure design, management of the physical environment, and socio-economic policy.

Sustainable Large-Scale Deployment of Perennial Biomass Energy Crops »

By exploring bioenergy expansion through an integrated lens that incorporates physical, agricultural, and economic elements, this project will guide local to national level agencies making decisions regarding the feasibility of biomass-derived energy.

Sustainable Phosphorus Initiative »

The ASU Sustainable Phosphorus Initiative (SPI) seeks to build a credible scientific consensus on the dimensions of the phosphorus sustainability challenge, catalyze an interdisciplinary global network focused on phosphorus sustainability, and design and motivate institutional, commercial, and consumer behavior change for conservation and recycling to establish phosphorus sustainability.

Sustainable Tourism, Center for »

The Center for Sustainable Tourism, formerly the Megapolitan Tourism Research Center, is devoted to studying the role of tourism in community development in order to strengthen its contribution to viable economic, social, and environmental systems, especially in megapolitan regions around the world.

Sustainable Water Resources for Communities under Climate Change: Can State-of-the-Art Forecasting Inform Decision-Making in Data Sparse Regions? »

This project will study decision-making for water resources management in anticipation of climate change in northern Mexico as a case study for the broader arid and semiarid southwestern North America. The goal of the project is to determine whether water resources systems modeling, developed within a participatory framework, can contribute to the building of management strategies in a context of water scarcity, conflicting water uses and highly variable and changing climate conditions.

Sustaining Digital Antiquity: Providing Preservation and Access for Archaeological Information »

Digital Antiquity's mission is to ensure preservation of and access to digital archaeological information.

SWCC Based Models for Realistic Simulation of Swell Behavior of Expansive Soils »

Current engineering practice for determining the volume change behavior of unsaturated expansive soils are mostly based on simplified tests, and correlations with index properties. Such practices can lead to uneconomical and distress prone foundation designs. Hence, there is a fundamental research need to review the current characterization practices in expansive soils and to revise them to reflect the current state of knowledge of unsaturated soil mechanics. The final outcome of this research is the development of methods for better predictions of expansive soil properties using unsaturated soil mechanics principles.

The Assembly of Photosynthetic Light-Harvesting Complexes in Whole Cells »

This interdisciplinary project will bring together sophisticated biological and structural monitoring of photosynthetic membrane assembly, function and regulation with the tools of dynamic spectroscopy required to record and analyze the detailed function of the in vivo system.

The Complexities of Ecological and Social Diversity: A Long-Term Perspective »

This research project will examine how social and ecological diversity interact to influence the resilience of societies facing major changes in their social or environmental circumstances. The goal of the investigators conducting this project is to discover configurations of diversity in ecological landscapes and in forms of social organization that make systems more or less able to cope with significant environmental or social changes without undergoing an unpleasant transformation.

The Emergence of Coupled Natural and Human Landscapes in the Western Mediterranean »

This project will collect archeological data on ancient human land use, vegetation, and land form at four Neolithic sites in Spain and Italy. These data will guide the development of models of social and natural processes that will attempt to predict the long-term outcomes of alternative patterns of land use.

Training the Next Generation Faculty and Students to Address the Infrastructure Crisis »

This TUES Type 2 project establishes the Center for Infrastructure Transformation and Education (CIT-E) as the centerpiece of a community of practice.

Transformation and Transport of Organic Carbon in the Colorado River-Reservoir System »

This project will assess the distribution, composition and reactivity of terrestrial and riverine carbon along a sequence of well-characterized reservoirs in a single watershed.

TUV Rheinland PTL, LLC »

TUV Rheinland Group has joined forces with Arizona State University to create TUV Rheinland PTL, LLC, the most comprehensive, sophisticated, state-of-the-art facility for testing and certification of solar energy equipment in the world.

Understanding Impacts of Desert Urbanization on Climate and Surrounding Environments to Foster Sustainable Cities Using Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling »

Overall goals are to better understand the impacts of changing land cover spatial distribution, patterns and arrangements within and around these cities in relation to climate change and to use this knowledge to support adaptive management and foster sustainable desert cities.

Urban Innovation, Center for »

The mission of the Center is to improve the quality of urban life in neighborhoods, cities, and urban regions by promoting innovation in governance, policy, and management. The Center contributes to the goal of "advancing urban governance in a global context" in the School of Public Affairs. Its research and outreach are both local and global.

Urban Vulnerability to Climate Change: A System Dynamics Analysis »

This project will identify community and demographic markers of high-risk environments that decision-makers can use to develop spatially informed early warning systems and heat-illness prevention programs

Urbanization and Global Environmental Change »

This collaborative project is building greater knowledge and understanding of the bidirectional interactions between global environmental change and cities, present at local, regional, and global scales, and integrating the work of decision makers, practitioners, and academic researchers.

US-Mexico Border Water & Environmental Sustainability Training (UMB-WEST) »

This project will provide US undergraduate students and graduate students with an international collaborative research experience in water resources management.

Virginia G. Piper Center for Personalized Diagnostics »

The Virginia G. Piper Center for Personalized Diagnostics is developing new diagnostic tools to pinpoint the molecular manifestations of disease based on individual patient profiles. The Center brings together multiple disciplines - biology, biochemistry, cell biology, engineering, molecular biology, bioinformatics, software development, and database management - to aid in the evaluation of human proteins according to their specific role(s) in living systems. Discovering and validating molecular biomarkers will lead to earlier diagnoses and patient-specific therapies.

Water and Environmental Technology Center »

In Phase II operation, the Water and Environmental Technology (WET) I/UCRC intends to minimize any adverse effects of emerging contaminants (EC) on human health and/or the environment.

Water Sustainability under Near-term Climate Change: A Cross-Regional Analysis Incorporating Socio-Ecological Feedbacks and Adaptations »

The main objective of this study is to understand and quantify the potential impacts of near-term climate change and population growth on freshwater sustainability - defined here as integrating daily to annual flows required to minimize human vulnerability and maximize ecosystem needs (including native biodiversity) for freshwater - by explicitly incorporating the feedbacks from human-environmental systems on water supply and demand in various target basins spanning Arizona to North Carolina.

Wavelet Analysis of High Spatial Resolution Imagery for Urban Mapping Using Infinite Scale Decomposition Techniques »

This research project aims to develop a frequency-based, multi-scale classification algorithm using overcomplete wavelet transforms that can generate higher-level spatial arrangements of objects and features for detailed urban land categorization. The investigator will seek to enhance spatial modeling and concepts that describe spatial association, spatial pattern, spatial regression, and segregation by adding decomposition procedures that can extract spatial features in different directions at infinite scale.

When Strengths Can Become Weaknesses: Emerging Vulnerabilities in Coupled Natural Human Systems under Globalization and Climate Change »

Long-lived coupled natural human systems (CNHs) are often distinguished by how they have evolved the right fit between their biophysical and social sub-systems. Researchers have characterized this fit in terms of the close feedbacks that enable a system to function well when faced with a known set of disturbance regimes. This project addresses a key question that naturally arises when these systems are exposed to a new set of disturbance regimes or novel change as is likely to occur with increased globalization and climate change: to what extent do the interdependencies that developed to strengthen the system's capacity to fit to a certain set of disturbances limit or enhance its capacity to refit to new conditions?